[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Self-adhesive resin cements do not require the surface treatment of teeth and are said to release fluoride, which makes them suitable candidates for bonding of orthodontic brackets. The objectives of this study was to investigate the shear bond strength (SBS) of self-adhesive resin cements on etched on non-etched surfaces in vitro and to assess their fluoride release features.
Four fluoride-releasing dual-cure self-adhesive resin cements were investigated. For SBS experiment, 135 freshly extracted human maxillary premolars were used and divided into nine groups of 15 teeth. In the control group, brackets were cemented by Transbond XT (3M Unitek, USA), in four groups self-adhesive resin cements were used without acid-etching and in four groups self-adhesive cements were applied on acid-etched surfaces and the brackets were then deboned in shear with a testing machine. Adhesive remnant index (ARI) scores were also calculated. For fluoride release investigation, 6 discs were prepared for each self-adhesive cement. Transbond XT and Fuji Ortho LC (GC, Japan) served as negative and positive control groups, respectively. The fluoride release of each disc into 5 ml of deionized water was measured at days 1, 2, 3, 7, 14, 28, and 56 using a fluoride ion-selective electrode connected to an ion analyzer. To prevent cumulative measurements, the storage solutions were changed daily.
The SBS of brackets cemented with Transbond XT were significantly higher compared to self-adhesives applied on non-etched surfaces (P<0.001). However, when the self-adhesive resin cements were used with enamel etching, no significant differences was found in the SBS compared to Transbond XT, except for Breeze. The comparisons of the ARI scores indicated that bracket failure modes were significantly different between the etched and non-etched groups. All self-adhesive cements released clinically sufficient amounts of fluoride for an extended period of time.
For the tested cements, the strongest bonds were obtained by enamel acid-etching prior to bracket bonding. All the self-adhesive resin cements had significant long-term fluoride release and could be recommended as suitable fluoride-releasing orthodontic bonding materials.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Green Tea is one of the most ancient and popular therapeutic beverages consumed around the world. This product is made from the leaf of the plant called "Camellia sinensis". It can be prepared as a drink, which can have many systemic health effects or an "extract" can be made from the leaves to use as medicine. Green tea is reported to contain thousands of bioactive ingredients which are almost contributed by polyphenols which plays a key role in prevention and treatment of many diseases. Special consideration is given to antioxidant potential of the green tea and mechanisms by which it acts as antioxidant. The aim of this literature review was to illustrate therapeutic properties of the plant "Green tea" which is known as a medicinal herb on oral and periodontal health. In this study, first we introduced particular information about the tea, such as plant morphology, its active constituents and medicinal supplements. Then we described some important oral and periodontal diseases with essence of easy understanding and at the end explained documents of how green tea and its supplements could improve oral and periodontal health.
Journal of medicinal plant research 11/2011; 523(23):5465-5469. · 0.88 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: As the exact etiology of recurrent aphthous stomatitis remains unknown, its treatment has primarily been palliative to relieve the pain, associated inflammation, and duration of the lesions by using antibacterial mouthrinses, analgesics, and immunomodulators. Nevertheless, no treatment has been universally effective in management of recurrent aphthous stomatitis, which necessitates the search for novel therapeutic agents. The aim of this study was to assess the clinical efficacy of the aqueous extract of Rosa damascena, which has reported anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive properties, in the treatment of recurrent aphthous stomatitis.
This was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled investigation. Fifty patients were enrolled in this 2-week study; the clinical efficacy of the mouthwash on pain, size, and number of ulcers in the test group was compared with that of the placebo group on days 4, 7, 11, and 14.
There were no statistically significant differences between baseline parameters. However, statistical analysis indicated a significant difference on days 4 and 7 between the placebo and test groups for all parameters.
This study showed that mouthwash containing Rosa damascena extract was more effective than the placebo in the treatment of recurrent aphthous stomatitis.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of the present retrospective study was to evaluate the local effects of smoking on periodontium and to assess the patterns of periodontitis (pocket depths and attachment loss) in smokers and non-smokers.
In this study, records of 126 non-smokers and 51 smokers (≥ 5 cigarettes/day) periodontitis patients were evaluated and probing pocket depth (PPD), clinical attachment level (CAL) and bleeding on probing (BOP) data were collected from clinical patients records. Patients' data were subject to two sample t-tests to assess the difference between the groups and to analysis of variance using the generalized linear model to seek associations between smoking and site positions, age and clinical parameters.
The difference between CAL of smokers and non-smokers was greatest at the anterior maxillary palatal sites (P = 0.002) and reached 1 mm. When the effect of different site positions as well as smoking as a between subject variable and age as a co-variate on the attachment level measurements were assessed using analysis of variance, significant effects for smoking, jaw (lower versus upper) and anterior-posterior position as well as age were detected. No significant interactions were found between smoking and any of the three position variables.
Lack of interaction between smoking and any of the three position variables indicates that the destructive effects of smoking on the periodontal tissues maybe mainly from systemic side-effects and almost independent of the site position within the mouth, although some additional local effects may be present in areas such as anterior palatal sites.
International Journal of Dental Hygiene 02/2011; 9(4):291-5. DOI:10.1111/j.1601-5037.2010.00496.x · 1.06 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study assessed the influence of current oral contraceptive pills on periodontal health in young females.
Seventy women ranging in age from 17 to 35 years (mean 24 years) had a comprehensive periodontal examination. Their current and previous oral contraceptive pill use was assessed by a questionnaire. A periodontal assessment was performed that included recording the following: plaque index, gingival index, probing depth, and attachment level at six sites per tooth. The periodontal health of women taking birth control pills for at least two years was compared to that of women not taking an oral contraceptive. The control and test groups were matched for socioeconomic status, age, oral habits, occupation, and educational levels.
Although there was no difference in plaque index levels between the two groups, current oral contraceptive pill users had higher levels of gingival inflammation and bleeding on probing. However, no significant differences were found regarding mean probing depths and attachment loss between the two groups.
As birth control policies are advocated by most countries, and because oral contraceptives are the most widely used method for birth control, a need exists to assess the effects of oral contraceptives on the periodontal health of young women. Although additional studies are needed to better understand the mechanism of OC-induced gingivitis, female patients should be informed of the oral and periodontal side effects of OCs and the need for meticulous home care and compliance with periodontal maintenance.
The journal of contemporary dental practice 05/2010; 11(3):033-40.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of applying Bio-Oss, an anorganic bovine bone xenograft (control group) to the combined use of Bio-Oss and Bio-Gide (a bioabsorbable collagen membrane) (test group) in human mandibular Class II furcation defects.
A total of 18 furcations (8 tests and 10 controls) in 14 patients suffering from chronic periodontitis were treated in this randomized clinical trial. Open vertical and horizontal furcation depths (OVFD and OHFD), vertical and horizontal clinical attachment levels (VCAL, HCAL), probing depth (PD) and free gingival marginal level (GML) were among the clinical parameters measured prior and six months after treatment, at re-entry surgery. The data were analysed by statistical tests while a p value less than 0.05 was considered significant.
At the surgical re-entry, the mean reduction for OVFD of the control and test groups was 1.9 +/- 1.3 and 2.1 +/- 1.0, and for OHFD 2.1 +/- 0.7 and 2.4 +/- 1.3, respectively. The control and test treatments resulted in significant reductions in PD, VCAL and HCAL measurements at re-entry but there was no statistically significant difference between the two treatments in all soft and hard tissues measurements.
This clinical trial failed to demonstrate the superiority of the combined use of Bio-Gide and Bio-Oss to the use of Bio-Oss alone, although both therapies resulted in significant gains in attachment level and bone fill.
Australian Dental Journal 10/2009; 54(3):220-7. DOI:10.1111/j.1834-7819.2009.01122.x · 1.10 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Antimicrobial efficacy of three spray disinfectants--0.525 percent sodium hypochlorite (bleach), deconex and Sanosil--was evaluated on contaminated alginate disks. Disks were sprayed eight to 10 times after rinsing in water for 15 seconds. The samples were then placed into plastic bags containing a sterile moist cotton roll for 10 minutes. The use of 0.525 percent sodium hypochlorite sprayed onto the surface of alginate effectively disinfected 96.6 percent of the samples.
Journal of the California Dental Association 08/2009; 37(7):471-7.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Introduction: The use of radiotherapy, alone or in conjunction with surgical resection, is common in treating head and neck tumours. However, ionising radiation induces unavoidable changes in the surrounding normal tissues, causing severe complications. Therefore, we decided to study different effects of radiotherapy on gingiva and oral mucosa. Methods and Materials: This prospective analytical study was performed on 30 patients with head and neck cancers referred to the radiotherapy department of Ghaem Hospital from March to October 2006. Data were collected by means of interviews, clinical examinations and patients' medical file investigation. The impact of different dosages of radiation on gingiva and oral mucosa was investigated. Data analysis was performed using general linear model (GLM), Cochran and multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) tests via SPSS V. 11.5 software. Results: A direct relationship between increase in radiation dosage, irritation of oral mucosa, ulcer development and mucositis was observed. But there was no significant relationship between NUG (necrotising ulcerative gingivitis) and perléche and radiation dosage. Periodontal index (PI), gingival index (GI) and papillary bleeding index (PBI) were increased, but due to limited time of study (6-7 weeks), no change in gingival recession was observed. Plaque index (PLI) decreased during treatment process because of oral hygiene instructions. Conclusion: The oral and periodontal health status of head and neck cancer patients before and during radiotherapy has been described in this article. The authors believe that prevention or reduction of side-effects of radiation should be an integral part of treatment as they may have tremendous effect on the patient's quality of life. This study supports the need for dental assessment and treatment planning before radiation therapy.
Journal of Radiotherapy in Practice 12/2008; 7(04). DOI:10.1017/S1460396908006390
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The effect of tea, cola, orange juice, and distilled water on the color stability of a porcelain (VITA VMK 95) and a reinforced composite rein (GC Gradia) was evaluated. Standardized specimens for each material was prepared. Specimens from each group were immersed in staining solutions at 50 degree Celsius for 30 days. Tea caused the most significant color change. DeltaE of all of the materials was changed after the immersion in all of the staining solutions during the experimental process.
Journal of the California Dental Association 10/2008; 36(9):673-80.