F. Hajji

Military Hospital Mohammed V, Rabat, Rabat, Rabat-Salé-Zemmour-Zaër, Morocco

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Publications (26)75.17 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We evaluate the efficiency of α-adrenergic antagonists on stone clearance after extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) in patients with lower ureteral stones. A total of 356 patients with solitary lower ureteral stones who underwent single ESWL sessions were divided into 2 groups. Group 1 received our standard medical therapy, and Group 2 was treated with 0.4 mg/day tamsulosin for a maximum of 2 weeks. All patients were re-evaluated with plain film radiography and ultrasound each week during the treatment period. A computed tomography scan was systematically performed 3 months after ESWL. In total, 82 of the 170 patients in Group 1 (48.2%) and 144 of the 186 patients in Group 2 (77.4%) (p = 0.002) were stone-free. Among the patients with stones 10 to 15 mm in diameter, the stone-free rate was 38.4% in Group 1 and 77.1% in Group 2 (p = 0.003). Average stone expulsion time was 10.6 days and 8.4 days in Groups 1 and 2, respectively. Ureteral colic occurred in 40 patients (23.5%) in Group 1, but only in 10 patients (5.3%) in Group 2 (p = 0.043). The only side effect of tamsulosin was slight dizziness in 5 of the 186 patients in Group 2 (2.6%). Adjunctive therapy with α1-adrenergic antagonists after ESWL is more efficient than, and equally as safe as, lithotripsy alone to manage patients with lower ureteral stones. The adding of α-blockers is more reliable and helpful for stones with a large dimension, and can also decrease stone elimination time and episodes of ureteral colic.
    Canadian Urological Association journal = Journal de l'Association des urologues du Canada 01/2014; 8(1-2):E8-E11. · 1.66 Impact Factor
  • Progrès en Urologie 11/2012; 22(13):787. · 0.80 Impact Factor
  • Fouad Hajji, Abdellatif Janane
    New England Journal of Medicine 04/2012; 366(17):1625. · 54.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To assess the diagnostic significance of prostate-specific antigen (PSA), density (PSAD) accuracy, and PSAD adjusted by transition zone volume (PSATZD) in men with PSA levels between 2.0 and 4.0ng/ml.
    Revue Neurologique - REV NEUROL. 02/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the diagnostic significance of prostate-specific antigen (PSA), density (PSAD) accuracy, and PSAD adjusted by transition zone volume (PSATZD) in men with PSA levels between 2.0 and 4.0 ng/ml. Between 2000 and 2010, 138 men with PSA levels between 2 and 4.0 ng/ml underwent transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS) and 12-core prostate biopsy. Diagnostic accuracies for various cut-offs of PSAD and PSATZD were investigated according to subdivided PSA levels of 2.0 to 3.0 ng/ml and 3.1 to 4.0 ng/ml. The detection rate of prostate cancer was 23,8% (32/134). The percentage of patients with extracapsular disease was 28.1% (10/32) and primary Gleason grade 4 or 5 was obtained in 8/32 (25%) patients. The transition zone volume and PSATZD in cancer cases were significantly different in comparison with those in non-cancer cases. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for PSATZD was significantly higher in comparison with that for PSAD in the same subdivided PSA ranges. The diagnostic efficiency for PSATZD was higher than that for PSAD. The diagnostic efficiency showed the highest value at the cut-off level for PSATZD of 0.23 and 0.28 in men with PSA levels of 2.0 to 3.0 ng/ml and 3.1 to 4.0 ng/ml, respectively. The use of PSATZD cut-offs as a biopsy indication may reduce many unnecessary biopsies without missing most prostate cancer cases in the PSA range of 2.0 to 4.0 ng/ml.
    Actas urologicas españolas 12/2011; 36(2):93-8. · 1.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: ObjectiveA number of large-scaled studies carried out in western countries have proven a positive relationship between serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) level and prevalence of positive bone scan findings, in newly diagnosed prostate cancer patients. The aim of our study is to verify that the tendency occurs as well in North-African population, as well as to establish a possible correlation between PSA level, bone scan result, and Gleason score.Material and methodsRecords of 348 patients diagnosed to have prostatic adenocarcinoma were reviewed retrospectively for bone scan results, PSA levels, and Gleason score. Statistical analyses were performed using the Fisher's exact test, by a statistical software (statistical package for the social sciences “SPSS”, version 11.5.1, Chicago, IL) with differences at P < 0.05 considered significant.ResultsBased on positive bone scintigraphy 102 patients were proven to have bone metastases. None of these patients had a PSA level of lower than 10 ng/ml. Six metastatic patients had PSA level between 11 and 20 ng/ml. 45 metastatic cases had serum PSA between 21 and 100. Concerning PSA level over 101 ng/ml, 51 men had positive bone scan.Conclusion Based on the PSA level, the likelihood of positive bone scan result can be postulated. According to PSA levels, staging investigations can be more selective for our patients. The risk of positive bone scan is so low that it is not required for patients with PSA level lower than 10 ng/ml. On the other hand, on studying the correlation between Gleason score and PSA level or bone scan results, no statistically significant relationship was established.ResumenObjetivoNumerosos estudios a gran escala realizados en países occidentales han demostrado una relación positiva entre el nivel sérico de antígeno prostático específico (APE) y la prevalencia de hallazgos positivos en la gammagrafía ósea en pacientes recientemente diagnosticados de cáncer de próstata. El objetivo de nuestro estudio es comprobar si esta tendencia aparece también en población norteafricana, así como determinar si se produce una relación entre los niveles de APE, los resultados de la gammagrafía ósea y la escala de Gleason.Material y métodoSe revisaron de manera retrospectiva las historias clínicas de 348 pacientes diagnosticados de adenocarcinoma prostático, extrayendo los resultados de las gammagrafías óseas, los niveles de APE y la escala de Gleason. Se llevó a cabo un análisis estadístico mediante la prueba exacta de Fisher, utilizando el programa estadístico SPSS (Paquete Estadístico para las Ciencias Sociales, versión 11.5.1, Chicago), considerando significativa una p < 0,05.ResultadosMediante la gammagrafía ósea se demostró la existencia de metástasis óseas en 102 pacientes. Ninguno de estos pacientes tenía un nivel de APE menor de 10 ng/ml. Seis pacientes con metástasis tenían un nivel de APE entre 11 y 20 ng/ml. En 45 casos con metástasis se hallaron niveles de APE sérico entre 21 y 100. En relación con los niveles de APE superiores a 101 ng/ml, 51 hombres presentaban gammagrafía ósea positiva.ConclusiónTomando como referencia los niveles de APE, se podría presuponer la probabilidad de un resultado positivo en la gammagrafía ósea. Según los niveles de APE, las investigaciones de estadificación pueden ser más selectivas en el caso de nuestros pacientes. En pacientes con un nivel de APE inferior a 10 ng/ml, el riesgo de presentar una gammagrafía ósea positiva es tan bajo que no sería necesario realizarla. Por otro lado, no se ha establecido una relación con significado estadístico entre la escala de Gleason y el nivel de APE o los resultados de la gammagrafía ósea.
    Actas Urológicas Españolas (English Edition). 10/2011; 35(9):534–539.
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: To evaluate total body bone mineral density and regional bone mineral density in patients with prostate cancer with and without metastases, and to correlate them with bone scintigraphy findings. Patients and Methods: 135 patients with prostatic carcinoma and 50 healthy subjects were investigated with bone scintigraphy and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. The bone scintigraphic findings were classified as normal (score 0: n=55), abnormal but not typical for metastases (score 1: n=45), and typical pattern of metastases (score 2: n=35). Results: The patients with bone metastases prostate cancer had significantly higher total bone mineral density and regional bone mineral density of trunk and pelvis than healthy controls and prostate cancer patients without bone metastases. There was a significant positive correlation between bone scan score and total bone mineral density and regional bone mineral density of trunk and pelvis (r=0.328; P<0.05; r=0.60; P<0.001; r=0.480; P<0.001, respectively). Conclusion: Bone metastasis is a major cause of morbidity in prostatic cancer, bone loss during hormonal treatment is currently effective. Our results show that patients of prostate cancer with bone metastases have increased bone mineral density (BMD) in the pelvis and trunk, possibly because of a predominance of osteoblastic over osteolytic metastases demonstrated by 99mTc MDP bone scan.
    Actas urologicas españolas 08/2011; 35(7):414-419. · 1.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate total body bone mineral density and regional bone mineral density in patients with prostate cancer with and without metastases, and to correlate them with bone scintigraphy findings. 135 patients with prostatic carcinoma and 50 healthy subjects were investigated with bone scintigraphy and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. The bone scintigraphic findings were classified as normal (score 0: n=55), abnormal but not typical for metastases (score 1: n=45), and typical pattern of metastases (score 2: n=35). : The patients with bone metastases prostate cancer had significantly higher total bone mineral density and regional bone mineral density of trunk and pelvis than healthy controls and prostate cancer patients without bone metastases. There was a significant positive correlation between bone scan score and total bone mineral density and regional bone mineral density of trunk and pelvis (r=0.328; P<0.05; r=0.60; P<0.001; r=0.480; P<0.001, respectively). Bone metastasis is a major cause of morbidity in prostatic cancer, bone loss during hormonal treatment is currently effective. Our results show that patients of prostate cancer with bone metastases have increased bone mineral density (BMD) in the pelvis and trunk, possibly because of a predominance of osteoblastic over osteolytic metastases demonstrated by (99m)Tc MDP bone scan.
    Actas urologicas españolas 07/2011; 35(7):414-9. · 1.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A number of large-scaled studies carried out in western countries have proven a positive relationship between serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) level and prevalence of positive bone scan findings, in newly diagnosed prostate cancer patients. The aim of our study is to verify that the tendency occurs as well in north-african population, as well as to establish a possible correlation between PSA level, bone scan result, and Gleason score. Records of 348 patients diagnosed to have prostatic adenocarcinoma were reviewed retrospectively for bone scan results, PSA levels, and Gleason score. Statistical analyses were performed using the Fisher exact test, by a statistical software (statistical package for the social sciences "SPSS", version 11.5.1, Chicago, IL) with differences at P<0,05 considered significant. Based on positive bone scintigraphy 102 patients were proven to have bone metastases. None of these patients had a PSA level of less than 10 ng/ml. Six metastatic patients had PSA level between 11 and 20 ng/ml. 45 metastatic cases had serum PSA between 21 and 100. Concerning PSA level over 101 ng/ml, 51 men had positive bone scan. Based on the PSA level, the likelihood of positive bone scan result can be postulated. According to PSA levels, staging investigations can be more selective for our patients. The risk of positive bone scan is so low that it is not required for patients with PSA level less than 10 ng/ml. On the other hand, on studying the correlation between Gleason score and PSA level or bone scan results, no statistically significant relationship was established.
    Actas urologicas españolas 06/2011; 35(9):534-9. · 1.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) concomitant to surgery has been reported to reduce Fournier's gangrene (FG) mortality compared to exclusive surgical debridement. Most report from centers with relatively few patients using only surgical procedure. To assess efficiency of aggressive debridement with adjunctive HBOT. To evaluate Fournier's gangrene severity score index (FGSI) predictive value. 70 Fournier's gangrene (FG) treated by surgical debridement and HBOT. Data were evaluated physical examination findings, admission and final laboratory tests, surgical debridement extent, and antibiotic used. Patients had adjunctive (HBOT). FGSI, developed to assign a score describing the acuity of disease, was used. This index presents patients' vital signs, metabolic parameters (sodium, potassium, creatinine, and bicarbonate levels, and white blood cell count) and computes a score relating to the severity of disease at that time. Data were assessed according to whether the patient survived or died. All patients underwent surgical debridement. Wound debridement was regularly performed in the post operative period. Of 70 patients, 8 died (11.4%) and 62 survived (88.5%). Difference in age between survivors (median age, 50.0 yr) and non survivors (median age, 54.5 yr) was not significant (p=0.321). Median extent of body surface area involved in necrotizing process in patients who survived and did not survive was 2.4% and 4.9%, respectively (p=0.001). Except for albumin, no significant differences were found between survivors and nonsurvivors. Median admission FGSI scores for survivors and non survivors were 2.1±2.0 and 4.2±3.8, (p=0.331). FGSI score did not predict disease severity and the patient's survival. Metabolic aberrations, extent of disease seemed to be important risk factors for predicting FG severity and patient survival.
    Actas urologicas españolas 06/2011; 35(6):332-8. · 1.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To evaluate the prognostic value of HER2 expression in non-muscle invasive bladder transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) with special emphasis in the high grade population. Materials and methods (patients): Tissue microarrays (TMA) were performed with representative TUR-B specimens from 84 patients with non-muscle invasive bladder TCC (40 pT1GII and 44 pT1GIII) treated in our institution. Depth of invasion and grade were uniformly assigned by the same pathologist who performed blind immunohistochemical analysis with Hercep test: 3+ was considered strong positive HER2 overexpression. Other clinico-pathological variables were also assessed. Results: HER2 protein overexpression was detected in 30/44 (68.2%) pT1GIII lesions and predicted recurrence in this subgroup of bladder TCC (p<0.01). Negative HER2 expression was detected in 26/40 (65%) cases with pT1GII TCC, and this condition was more frequent in unifocal tumours, without angiogenesis, with low recurrence rate and without progression. Recurrence-free survival can also be anticipated by HER 2 expression within pT1GII tumours (p<0.01). Conclusion: HER2 expression using Hercep test may be useful to predict recurrence in non-muscle invasive bladder TCC. The potential application of this study, especially regarding prediction of response to BCG, should be prospectively confirmed in multi-institutional trials.
    Actas urologicas españolas 04/2011; 35(4):189-194. · 1.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the prognostic value of HER2 expression in non-muscle invasive bladder transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) with special emphasis in the high grade population. MATERIALS AND METHODS (PATIENTS): Tissue microarrays (TMA) were performed with representative TUR-B specimens from 84 patients with non-muscle invasive bladder TCC (40 pT1GII and 44 pT1GIII) treated in our institution. Depth of invasion and grade were uniformly assigned by the same pathologist who performed blind immunohistochemical analysis with Hercep test: 3+ was considered strong positive HER2 overexpression. Other clinico-pathological variables were also assessed. HER2 protein overexpression was detected in 30/44 (68.2%) pT1GIII lesions and predicted recurrence in this subgroup of bladder TCC (p<0.01). Negative HER2 expression was detected in 26/40 (65%) cases with pT1GII TCC, and this condition was more frequent in unifocal tumours, without angiogenesis, with low recurrence rate and without progression. Recurrence-free survival can also be anticipated by HER 2 expression within pT1GII tumours (p<0.01). HER2 expression using Hercep test may be useful to predict recurrence in non-muscle invasive bladder TCC. The potential application of this study, especially regarding prediction of response to BCG, should be prospectively confirmed in multi-institutional trials.
    Actas urologicas españolas 03/2011; 35(4):189-94. · 1.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: ObjectiveA number of large-scaled studies carried out in western countries have proven a positive relationship between serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) level and prevalence of positive bone scan findings, in newly diagnosed prostate cancer patients. The aim of our study is to verify that the tendency occurs as well in north-african population, as well as to establish a possible correlation between PSA level, bone scan result, and Gleason score.
    Actas urologicas españolas 01/2011; 35(9):534-539. · 1.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This article has been withdrawn at the request of the author(s) and/or editor. The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/withdrawalpolicy.
    European journal of radiology 01/2011; · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: IntroductionHyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) concomitant to surgery has been reported to reduce Fournier's gangrene (FG) mortality compared to exclusive surgical debridement. Most report from centers with relatively few patients using only surgical procedure. To assess efficiency of aggressive debridement with adjunctive HBOT. To evaluate Fournier's gangrene severity score index (FGSI) predictive value.
    Actas urologicas españolas 01/2011; 35(6):332-338. · 1.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To assess the value of endorectal magnetic resonance imaging (eMRI) for detecting the tumour site, tumour size, and disease extent in North African patients with localized prostatic adenocarcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The MRI findings were compared with the histopathologic parameters of radical prostatectomy specimens in 190 patients. Results: The histologic examination revealed 372 cancer foci. Endorectal MRI detected 218 cancer foci. The accuracy, sensitivity, and positive predictive values of endorectal MRI for detecting tumour foci greater than 1 cm in diameter were 79.8, 85.3, and 92.6%, respectively. The corresponding value for detecting tumour foci smaller than 1 cm was 24.2, 26.2, and 75.9%, respectively. The maximal tumour diameter on endorectal MRI correlated with that shown by histologic examination for tumours larger than 1 cm in diameter. However, it did not correlate significantly with the histologic diameter of tumours smaller than 1 cm. The accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive values, and negative predictive values of endorectal MRI were 74.7, 57.1, 82.1,57.1, and 82.1%, respectively, for the detection of extracapsular extension and were 75.8, 62.1, 81.8, 60.0, and 83.1%, respectively, for local staging. CONCLUSION: The results of the present study suggest that eMRI was useful for predicting local extension, as well as tumour site and tumour size, of cancer foci greater than 1 cm in diameter.
    International Urology and Nephrology 09/2010; · 1.33 Impact Factor
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    Clinical urology. 09/2010; 4(september):156-159.
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    ABSTRACT: The renocolic fistula is a rare entity, which has occurred exceptionally in a traumatic not iatrogenic context, we report a case of renocolic fistula complicating penetrating abdominal trauma from a gunshot.
    Progrès en Urologie 03/2010; 20(3):230-2. · 0.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The simultaneous presence of primary carcinomas in the same patient is uncommon and synchronous primary tumors involving the kidney and pancreas are extremely rare. There are a few reports in the English literature of synchronous primary malignancies of the kidney and pancreas. We present a 62-year-old man who had weight loss of 9 kg and epigastric pain. Findings showed a Furhman grade II renal papillary carcinoma confined to the kidney and a synchronous well differentiated pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Key WordsSynchronous double cancer–renal cell carcinoma–pancreatic carcinoma
    African Journal of Urology 01/2010; 16(4):128-131.
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    ABSTRACT: The renocolic fistula is a rare entity, which has occurred exceptionally in a traumatic not iatrogenic context, we report a case of renocolic fistula complicating penetrating abdominal trauma from a gunshot.
    Progres En Urologie - PROG UROL. 01/2010; 20(3):230-232.