[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We aimed to compare the inspiratory and expiratory quantitative computed tomography (CT) densitometric data of healthy volunteers, individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) risk, and COPD patients to aid in the early diagnosis of COPD.
Of the study patients, 14 were healthy volunteers (Group I), 12 were patients at risk for COPD (Group II), and 13 were COPD patients (Group III). The high-resolution CT was performed at three levels (the upper, middle, and lower parts of the lungs). All images were evaluated with a specific program for the segmentation of pulmonary parenchyma. The mean lung density (MLD) was measured, and the emphysema index (EI) was calculated using this program.
Both MLD values and calculated EI ratios showed significant differences between Groups I and III, and Groups II and III in both expiratory and inspiratory phases (P < 0.05). However, in the comparison of healthy volunteers and patients at risk for COPD (Group I and II), only expiratory-phase MLD values showed statistically significant difference (P < 0.001).
In patients at risk for COPD, expiratory-phase MLD measurements can be used as an early diagnostic method.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a disease of increasing significance in terms of economic and social burden due to its increasing prevalence and high costs. Direct costs of COPD are mostly associated with hospitalization expenditures. In this study, our objective was to investigate the costs of hospitalization and factors affecting these costs in patients hospitalized due to acute exacerbation of COPD (AECOPD).
A total of 284 patients hospitalized AECOPD were included in the study. Data were examined retrospectively using the electronic hospital charts.
Mean duration of hospitalization was 11.38 ± 6.94 days among study patients. Rates of admission to the intensive care unit, initiation of non-invasive mechanical ventilation (NIMV) and invasive mechanical ventilation (MIV) were 37.3% (n=106), 44.4% (n=126) and 18.3% (n=52) respectively. The rate of mortality was 14.8% (n=42). Mean cost of a single patient hospitalized for an AECOPD was calculated as $1765 ± 2139. Mean cost of admission was $889 ± 533 in standard ward, and $2508 ± 2857 in intensive care unit (ICU). The duration of hospitalization, a FEV1% predicted value below 30%, having smoked 40 package-years or more, the number of co-morbidities, NIMV, IMV, ICU, exitus and the number of hospitalizations in the past year were among the factors that increased costs significantly. Hospital acquired pneumonia, chronic renal failure and anemia also increased the costs of COPD significantly.
The costs of treatment increase with the severity of COPD or with progression to a higher stage. Efforts and expenditures aimed at preventing COPD exacerbations might decrease the costs in COPD.
International journal of medical sciences 01/2012; 9(4):285-90. · 1.55 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Transthoracic biopsy (TTB) is a well-defined and effective method used for pathologic sampling in the diagnosis of the pulmonary lesions. It is less invasive in comparison to surgical procedures. In addition, diagnostic rate of tru-cut biopsy is higher than that of fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) especially for benign lesions. In this study, we presented tru-cut transthoracic biopsy (TTB) procedure results and the frequency of TTB complications with related risk factors.
A total of 102 patients were evaluated by CT scan guided tru-cut TTB in the diagnosis of lung lesions between January 2003 and December 2007. The complications due to tru-cut TTB were recorded. The factors such as the lesion depth, the lesion size, and the emphysematous changes that accompany the lesion were evaluated through χ(2) test.
Among the samples, 51% malignancy and 49% benign pathology were observed. Pneumothorax developed in 15.7% of the 102 procedures. It was found that the lesion's distance from the pleura, the size of the lesion, and emphysematous changes around the lesion significantly increased the risk of pneumothorax.
The tru-cut biopsy complications are similar to those of FNAB. In the centers where cytologic examination is insufficient in the diagnosis of lung lesions, tru-cut biopsy should be routinely performed as it is a reliable biopsy technique compared to FNAB.
Wiener klinische Wochenschrift 02/2011; 123(3-4):79-82. · 0.79 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We aimed to analyze the pre- and posttreatment serum asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), nitrate (NO(3)), vitamin B(12) and homocysteine levels in pulmonary embolism (PTE) patients and to determine the prognostic value of these variables in predicting chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). This study was conducted in 64 patients. The patients were classified into the two groups: patients with normal pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) (group I) and patients with high PAP with persistent lung perfusion defects or who died at the end of 3 months of therapy (group II). We found statistically significant differences between two groups with respect to the partial oxygen pressure, the oxygen saturation, and the PAP, but there was no difference between the two groups with respect to the pretreatment ADMA, NO(3), or homocysteine levels. The vitamin B(12) levels were higher in group II. The NO(3) levels increased and the ADMA and vitamin B(12) levels decreased with treatment in both groups. These results suggest that these parameters are not predictive of the development of CTEPH.
Mediators of Inflammation 01/2011; 2011:215057. · 2.42 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the insulin resistance and serum leptin levels in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), and to compare body mass indexes (BMI) of OSAS patients with matched controls without OSAS. Method: Twenty eight patients having apnea-hypopnea index (AHI)≥5 included in the study. Thirty two healthy subjects assumed as a con-trol group. Venous blood was obtained in the fasting state for the measurement of glucose, insulin and leptin levels. Insulin resistance index was based on the homeostasis model assesment method (HOMA-IR). Result: There was no significant difference in the serum leptin lev-els (control group, 32.88±24.22 ng/ml, OSAS group, 24.93±25.84 ng/ ml) and HOMA-IR (control group, 3.01±1.81, OSAS group, 2.58±1.21) between control group and OSAS patients. Insulin resistance and cir-culating plasma leptin concentrations in OSAS patients were indepen-dent of the AHI and were not different from the control group.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We aimed to analyze the pre- and posttreatment serum asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), nitrate (NO3), vitamin B12 and homocysteine levels in pulmonary embolism (PTE) patients and to determine the prognostic value of these variables in predicting chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). This study was conducted in 64 patients. The patients were classified into the two groups: patients with normal pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) (group I) and patients with high PAP with persistent lung perfusion defects or who died at the end of 3 months of therapy (group II). We found statistically significant differences between two groups with respect to the partial oxygen pressure, the oxygen saturation, and the PAP, but there was no difference between the two groups with respect to the pretreatment ADMA, NO3, or homocysteine levels. The vitamin B12 levels were higher in group II. The NO3 levels increased and the ADMA and vitamin B12 levels decreased with treatment in both groups. These results suggest that these parameters are not predictive of the development of CTEPH.
Mediators of Inflammation 01/2011; 2011. · 2.42 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In Turkey, bituminous coal mining is performed only in Zonguldak coal basin since 1940. Pneumoconiosis surveillance programs and dust control measures are in effect, but published pneumoconiosis data from this area is lacking. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the change in prevalence and case detection between 1985 and 2004 and assess the correlation between the dust concentration in workplaces and the prevalence of pneumoconiosis. Data on respirable dust concentrations and number of workers diagnosed as pneumoconiosis between 1985 and 2004 were obtained from Turkish Coal Enterprises authorities. Mean respirable dust concentrations in workplaces underground and on the ground were 1.66 mg/m(3) and 0.73 mg/m(3) respectively. Total number of workers decreased from 38.231 in 1985 to 12.261 in 2004 including 8932 underground workers. In this period, pneumoconiosis has not been reported in the ground workers. Incidence of pneumoconiosis ranged between 0.17-2.8 percent and prevalence ranged between 1.23-6.23 percent between 1985 and 2004. Radiologic opacities compatible with pneumoconiosis were predominantly small opacities. This is the first report about the incidence and prevalence rate of coal worker's pneumoconiosis in the main coal mining area of Turkey. Dust measurement and screening standards should be improved and adapted to international standards and we conclude that surveillance data should be closely monitored in this region and further epidemiologic studies in this area are warranted.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome obstructive sleep apnea syndrome is associated with symptoms including habitual snoring, witness apnea and excessive daytime sleepiness. Also obstructive sleep apnea syndrome is related to some occupations which are needed attention for work accident. We aimed to determine the prevalence of snoring, witnessed apnea and excessive daytime sleepiness in coal workers and healthy adults in Zonguldak city center, and also evaluate the differences between these groups. This study consisted of 423 underground coal workers and 355 individuals living in centre of Zonguldak. Study and comparison group were chosen by nonstratified randomized sampling method. Data were collected by a questionnaire that included information regarding snoring, witnessed apnea and excessive daytime sleepiness. Mean age was 43.3 ± 6.05 years in miners and 44.3 ± 11.8 years in comparison group. In miners, snoring frequency was determined as 42.6%, witnessed apneas were 4.0%, and daytime sleepiness were 4.7%. In comparison group, these symptoms were 38.6%, 4.8% and 2.8% respectively. There were no statistical differences between coal workers and comparison group in these symptoms. Also snoring prevalence was higher in smoker miners. We found that major symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in coal workers are similar to general population in Zonguldak. Further studies that constucted higher populations and with polysomnography are needed to evaluate these findings.