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Publications (13)17.92 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Dysfunction of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) may contribute to coronary heart disease (CHD) risk. We determined whether aggregation to lipoprotein (Lp)(a) of apolipoprotein (apo) A-I underlies HDL dysfunction conferring incident CHD risk. A representative sample of 1509 middle-aged Turkish adults was studied at 4.9-years' follow-up yielding 198 incident CHD cases. Statistical analysis was performed using multiple linear regression and Cox proportional regression analyses. In women, not age or apoA-I, rather complement C3, apoE levels and statin use were linearly related to log-Lp(a). Individuals in the low Lp(a) tertile (<6.4 mg/dL) displayed high mean triglyceride and apoE values, and geometric mean Lp(a) values increased moderately in subjects having low and mid tertiles of apoE or triglycerides, only to be lower in the high tertiles (p≤0.002). These two findings indicated the unexpected fall in Lp(a) under circumstances of high apo E (>4.5 mg/dL) and/or triglycerides (>2.0 mmol/L). Levels actually represent aggregation of Lp(a) to apoA-I in an immune complex, rendering apoA-I atherogenic. Lp(a) did not, but apoA-I did significantly predict incident CHD (HR 1.21 [95%CI 1.07; 1.37]) in Cox regression analyses after adjustment for conventional risk factors and statin use. This adverse action of apoA-I was independent of prevalent metabolic syndrome (MetS), existed in individuals in whom ATPIII-defined MetS was not identified, and was similar in magnitude to that of conventional risk factors. Beyond being atherogenic, Lp(a) may aggregate in a pro-inflammatory milieu to apoA-I, rendering apoA-I atherogenic. This process is independent of ATPIII-defined MetS and exhibits risk magnitude similar to that of conventional risk factors.
    Anadolu kardiyoloji dergisi: AKD = the Anatolian journal of cardiology 07/2013; · 0.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: We aimed to elucidate the relationship between mild-to-moderate renal impairment and the development of coronary collateral vessels (CCV) in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: We enrolled 461 patients with ACS who underwent coronary angiography for the first time. The development of CCV was assessed with the Rentrop score. Kidney function was classified according to the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). The Gensini score was used to show the extent of atherosclerosis. RESULTS: The mean eGFR value was 89.9 ± 24.3 U/l for patients with no development of collaterals and 82.7 ± 20.5 for patients who had CCV. The mean age was 59 ± 11 years and 349 patients (75.7 %) were male. Rentrop classifications 1-2-3 (presence of CCV) were determined in 222 (48.1 %) patients. The presence of CCV was significantly associated with low levels of eGFR (p = 0.001), increased serum creatinine levels (p = 0.034), high levels of serum albumin (0.036), and the Gensini score (p < 0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that the Gensini score was an independent predictor of the presence of CCV (OR = 1.090, 95 % CI: 1.032-1.151, p = 0.002). CONCLUSION: We suggest that the association between mild-to-moderate renal impairment and the presence of CCV may be explained by increased myocardial ischemia and severe CAD.
    Herz 05/2013; · 0.78 Impact Factor
  • Mustafa Duran, Sani N Murat, Ender Ornek
    Angiology 05/2013; 64(4):325-6. · 1.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess whether apolipoprotein (apo) A-I levels that generated type-2 diabetes and coronary disease among Turks contribute to prehypertension and hypertension. METHODS: A population-based sample of 2207 adults (mean age 53±11 years) was studied prospectively over a 6.5 years' follow-up. Individuals with hypertension and/or prehypertension were excluded at baseline. RESULTS: At baseline, levels of apoA-I increased in each sex, from the normotensive to prehypertensive and hypertensive group (by mean 7.6 mg/dL, p<0.001) concomitantly with age, waist circumference, fasting triglycerides, apoB, C-reactive protein (CRP) and homeostasis model assessment. In logistic regression models, adjusted for confounders comprising waist circumference or triglycerides, prehypertension was predicted independently by apoA-I at RRs of 1.23 (95%CI 0.97; 1.52) or 1.32 (95%CI 1.04; 1.74), respectively. Despite showing a positive association, apoA-I did not independently predict in similar models the development of hypertension; the determinants were rather waist circumference, or fasting triglycerides or CRP [RR 1.16 (95%CI 1.05; 1.28)] and, in women, diabetes. In a linear regression analysis for circulating apoA-I including 10 variables, apoB and in men systolic blood pressure were positively associated. CONCLUSION: In contributing to prehypertension, the pro-inflammatory apoA-I, mediated by apoB, is independent of triglyceridemia. Other inflammatory processes conjointly are likely mechanistically involved in the development of hypertension in a population with prevalent metabolic syndrome.
    Anadolu kardiyoloji dergisi: AKD = the Anatolian journal of cardiology 04/2013; · 0.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The relevance of serum apolipoprotein E (apoE) levels to two hypertriglyceridemic dyslipidemias has not been clarified. We explored, in a cross-sectional (and short-term prospective) evaluation, the independent relationship of serum apoE to the atherogenic dyslipidemia, hypertriglyceridemia with elevated apoB (HtgB) and to apoA-I dysfunctionality, previously shown in Turkish adults to be independent of apoE genotype. Serum apoE concentrations were measured by immunonephelometry in 1,127 middle-aged adults. In multivariable regression analysis, apoE concentrations showed log-linear associations with apoB and apoA-I levels, waist circumference, independent of C-reactive protein (CRP), homeostatic model assessment (HOMA) index and other confounders. The likelihood of atherogenic dyslipidemia and of HtgB roughly tripled per 1-SD increment in apoE concentrations, additively to apoE genotype, HOMA, apoA-I, CRP concentrations and waist circumference; yet apoA-I, protective against atherogenic dyslipidemia, appeared to promote HtgB, a finding consistent with apoA-I dysfunctionality in this setting. Each 1-SD increment in the apoE level was moreover, associated in both genders with MetS (at OR 1.5), after adjustment for sex, age, apoB, apoA-I and CRP, or for apoE genotypes. Circulating apoE predicted in both genders age-adjusted prevalent and incident coronary heart disease (CHD), independent of apoE genotype and CRP (OR 1.32 [95 % CI 1.11; 1.58]). To conclude, in a general population prone to MetS, elevated apoE concentrations are strongly linked to HtgB and atherogenic dyslipidemia, irrespective of apoE genotype, are associated with MetS and CHD. Excess apoE reflects pro-inflammatory state and likely autoimmune activation.
    Lipids 10/2012; · 2.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Early detection of atrial fibrillation patients at high risk for stroke is important. There are some studies which indicate that mean platelet volume (MPV) determines the prognosis and risk in patients with a stroke. In this study, our aim was to investigate the association between the MPV measured in stroke patients with atrial fibrillation. Consecutive patients referred to our center between January 2010 and April 2012 were included in this study. The patients with atrial fibrillation were classified into two groups according to presence or absence of a history of stroke by combining data from the medical histories after a thorough review of the medical records. MPV determination was made within 24 h following the onset of stroke. We studied 63 consecutive stroke patients with atrial fibrillation and 77 atrial fibrillation patients without stroke history. In receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, the value for MPV levels to detect stroke with a sensitivity of 63.5% and specificity of 64.4% was 9.4 fl. High MPV (>9.4 fl) was significantly associated with the occurrence of stroke [odds ratio (OR) 4.021, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1709-9464, P < 0.001]. Our study supports the hypothesis that a high MPV is associated with an increased risk of stroke in atrial fibrillation patients.
    Blood coagulation & fibrinolysis: an international journal in haemostasis and thrombosis 10/2012; · 1.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: Impaired function of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) particles generates cardiometabolic disorders in people prone to impaired glucose tolerance for which clinical biomarkers need delineation. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective population-based study. METHODS: Totally, data of 2725 adults followed-up over 7.3±3.0 years were analyzed by Cox regression analysis. C-reactive protein (CRP), complement C3 (C3), triglycerides (Trg) and HDL-cholesterol were tested to predict risk for incident diabetes or coronary heart disease (CHD). RESULTS: Beyond atherogenic dyslipidemia, high-Trg/normal HDL-cholesterol category was associated with elevated CRP and diabetes risk in women. Normotriglyceridemic men with normal HDL-cholesterol showed higher apolipoprotein A-I levels and higher diabetes risk than men having low HDL-cholesterol. Diabetes risk doubled in hypertriglyceridemic women regardless of HDL-cholesterol. Trg/HDL-C>2 in men and Trg>1.7 mmol/L in women were best predictors of diabetes. C3>1.3 g/L served additively in women alone. Regarding CHD risk, not CRP, but C3 contributed independently to Trg/HDL>2 in men [RR 2.46 (95% CI 1.33; 4.53)]; a high ratio was merely additive to elevated CRP in women. Among five cut-off values, predictive values for diabetes were highest for CRP >2.5 mg/L in men, Trg>1.7 mmol/L and C3>1.3 g/dL in women. CONCLUSION: Trg/HDL-C ratio >2 and/or CRP >2.5 mg/L in men and Trg>1.7 mmol/L+C3>1.3 g/dL in women are most appropriate markers regarding impaired antiinflammatory or atheroprotective HDL function. In normotriglyceridemic men with normal HDL-cholesterol levels, diabetes risk may be elevated due to presumably dysfunctional apolipoprotein A-I.
    Anadolu kardiyoloji dergisi: AKD = the Anatolian journal of cardiology 09/2012; · 0.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We evaluated the associations of short stature with coronary heart disease (CHD) risk or overall mortality, which vary with sex and ethnicity/race. Such associations were studied prospectively at a mean 13.5-years' follow-up in a population-based sample of 3394 Turkish adults (mean age 44±11 years) using Cox proportional hazards models. Covariates of height were sought in sex-specific tertiles. Height averaged 162.7±6.5 cm. Age-adjusted estimated marginal means for serum triglycerides, C-reactive protein and complement C3 in women (but not men) were significantly higher with decreasing height tertiles. In sex- and age-adjusted models, height was associated in men with neither incident CHD, nor death. In women, 1-SD increment (6.5 cm) in height only tended to marginal inverse association with CHD, but predicted significantly all-cause death (HR 0.83, 95% CI 0.59-0.98); HR attenuated only marginally after further adjustment for family income bracket, smoking status, alcohol usage, systolic blood pressure, serum high-density lipoprotein (HDL)- and non HDL-cholesterol. A threshold below 160 cm of female height doubled the adjusted risk of death compared to taller women. In contrast to men, short stature in Turkish women tends to be an independent risk marker for CHD, and height below 160 cm is a strong marker of death. Gender-specific early-life influences enhancing pro-inflammatory state may affect death and future CHD.
    Anadolu kardiyoloji dergisi: AKD = the Anatolian journal of cardiology 03/2012; 12(4):289-97. · 0.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background. B-type natriuretic peptide has been shown to be a very sensitive and specific marker of heart failure. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of percutaneous closure of ventricular septal defects with Amplatzer septal occluders on brain natriuretic peptide levels. Methods. Between 2008 and 2011, 23 patients underwent successfully percutaneous ventricular septal defect closure in 4 cardiology centers. Brain natriuretic peptide levels were measured in nine patients (4 male, mean ages were 25.3 ± 14.3) who underwent percutaneous closure with Amplatzer occluders for membranous or muscular ventricular septal defects were enrolled in the study. Brain natriuretic peptide levels were measured one day before and one month after the closure. Patients were evaluated clinically and by echocardiography one month after the procedure. Results. Percutaneous closures of ventricular septal defects were successfully performed in all patients. There was not any significant adverse event in patients group during followup. Decrease in brain natriuretic peptide levels after closure were statistically significant (97.3 ± 78.6 versus 26.8 ± 15.6, P = 0.013). Conclusion. Brain Natriuretic Peptide levels are elevated in patients with ventricular septal defects as compared to controls. Percutaneous closure of Ventricular Septal Defect with Amplatzer occluders decreases the BNP levels.
    The Scientific World Journal 01/2012; 2012:328697. · 1.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We evaluated the association of serum uric acid (SUA) level and development of coronary collateral vessels (CCVs) in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Patients (n = 224) with ACS were included in the study. Coronary collateral vessels were graded according to the Rentrop scoring system. Rentrop grade 0 was accepted as absence of CCV (group 1; n = 117) and Rentrop grade ≥1 was accepted as presence of CCV (group 2; n = 107). Rentrop 0-1 (poor CCV) were determined in 167 patients and Rentrop 2-3 (good CCV) were determined in 57 patients. Both presence of CCV (P < .001) and development of good CCV (P = .003) were significantly associated with low levels of SUA. We suggest that high levels of SUA affect the CCV development negatively in nondiabetic and nonhypertensive patients with ACS.
    Angiology 09/2011; 63(6):472-5. · 1.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The angiographical incidence of coronary anomalies was 1.3%. Anomalous origin of the left main coronary artery arising from the right sinus of Valsalva is extremely rare occurring in approximately 0.019% of angiographic series. Most of these anomalies are not clinically important. Percutaneous coronary intervention plays an important role in the management of acute myocardial infarction, and coronary anomalies may determine a lower success rate of this intervention. We report here the unusual case of a patient with single coronary ostium and acute inferior myocardial infarction who underwent successful coronary stenting.
    Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine 03/2011; 12(6):436-8. · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between the severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) and level of Lipoprotein (LP)(a). The study included 52 CAD patients and a control group consisting of 38 individuals. The patients were classified into three groups based on the clinical form of CAD (stable angina pectoris, SAP, unstable angina pectoris, UAP, and myocardial infarction,MI), and were further divided into three groups based on CAD severity (1-, 2- and 3-vessel). Serum Lp(a) levels were monitored 4, 8, and 24 h, 10 and 30 days following acute MI in 18 patients. Based on regression analysis, Lp(a) was not correlated with other lipoproteins or with risk factors of CAD, such as body mass index, smoking, family history, diabetes, age, gender, and hypertension (r = 0.08-0.22). 72% of the patients in the CAD group and 24% of the control group had an Lp(a) level > 30 mg dL(-1) (P = 0.004), and Lp(a) levels were higher in 3-vessel patients than in 2-vessel and 1-vessel CAD patients (86% vs. 68%, P = 0.02 and 86% vs. 62%, P=0.01, respectively). Serum Lp(a) levels were higher in the UAP and MI groups than in the SAP group (48 ± 44.7 mg dL(-1), 49 ± 36.1 mg dL(-1) and 31.2 ± 22.3 mg dL(-1), respectively, P=0.02). Lp(a) levels increased after acute MI, and reached peak levels 10 days post-MI (41% increase, P=0.001) and remained considerably elevated (18%) 30 days post-MI (P=0.01). Serum Lp(a) was higher in the UAP and MI patients in comparison with the SAP patients, and was higher in 3-vessel CAD in comparison with 1- and 2-vessel CAD patients.
    Clinical and investigative medicine. Medecine clinique et experimentale 01/2011; 34(1):E14-20. · 1.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 56-year-old previously healthy man was admitted to our hospital with a severe chest pain that started shortly after being stung by a honeybee. He did not have any allergic symptoms and there was no cutaneous or respiratory evidence of allergy on physical examination. Electrocardiographic and biochemical markers were consistent with an acute coronary syndrome. Coronary angiography demonstrated a significant thrombotic lesion in the right coronary artery. Here, a rare and unexpected event is presented, the development of acute coronary syndrome after a bee sting.
    Emergency Medicine Journal 10/2009; 26(10):754-5. · 1.65 Impact Factor