Michal Cernoch

University of Pardubice, Pardubice, Pardubicky kraj, Czech Republic

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Publications (5)22.5 Total impact

  • Martin Hájek, František Skopal, Michal Cernoch
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    ABSTRACT: The effects of phase separation temperatures (5-90°C) on losses of higher fatty acid (C(16) and C(18)) ethyl esters in the glycerol phase were investigated. Losses of ethyl esters produced from ethanolysis of rapeseed oil were 30-60% higher when NaOH rather than KOH was used as homogeneous catalyst. The losses decreased with an increase in separation temperature, resulting in an increase in the yield of the ester phase. The concentration of impurities (e.g. alkali metals, free glycerol and glycerides) in the ester phase increased with increasing separation temperature due reversible transesterification and reciprocal solubility of the compounds. Carbonates formed during neutralization of the catalysts are also transesterification catalysts and they cause reverse reaction. The ethyl ester bound in the glycerol phase during NaOH-mediated catalysis can be extracted by heating the separated glycerol phase to 60-90°C. The ester yield is increasing with increasing separation temperature, however with decreasing quality.
    Bioresource Technology 02/2012; 110:288-91. · 4.75 Impact Factor
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    Michal Cernoch, Martin Hájek, Frantisek Skopal
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    ABSTRACT: Many samples of rapeseed oil ethyl ester were prepared by alkaline-catalyzed transesterification at various conditions (reaction time, temperature, amount of catalyst, the molar ratio of ethanol to oil, the rotations of a disperser and the purification by water). The concentrations of the key impurities for biodiesel quality (the concentrations of monoglycerides, diglycerides, triglycerides, free glycerol, ethanol, free fatty acids, water) and some qualitative parameters (flash point, carbon residue, kinematics viscosity at 40 degrees C) were determined and then the relationships among them were found out. The relationships were characterized by the linear or non-linear statistical models. The found models enable the better understanding of the significance of the qualitative parameters and estimate them from the concentrations of impurities. The temperature dependence was also measured in the case of the viscosity of ethyl ester and used rapeseed oil.
    Bioresource Technology 10/2010; 101(19):7397-401. · 4.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In biodiesel production, glycerol is formed as a side product and it is contained in the glycerol phase. This phase contains (besides glycerol): water, soaps, alcohol, traces of catalyst and glycerides and the remaining esters. In this paper, a new method for the determination of esters in the glycerol phase is introduced. The determination enables the minimization of the losses of biodiesel within the production process. It is based on the gradient RP-LC method (water and acetonitrile) with refractometric detection. The analysis is easy and the samples do not need any treatment (only dilution by water) and has a low detection limit. The results of this method were compared with the results of two other published methods: isocratic HPLC and GC. The disadvantage of these two methods is that they need extensive treatment of the sample, which takes many hours, and they are able to determine only the sum of esters. The new method is reliable, much faster and able to differentiate esters of almost each higher fatty acid (e.g. linoleic, linolenic, strearic alkyl ester) in the glycerol phase.
    Talanta 06/2010; 82(1):283-5. · 3.50 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Michal Cernoch, Martin Hájek, Frantisek Skopal
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    ABSTRACT: The distribution of ethyl esters, triglycerides, diglycerides, monoglycerides, and glycerol between the ester and glycerol phase was investigated after the ethanolysis of rapeseed oil at various reaction conditions. The determination of these substances in the ester and glycerol phases was carried out by the GC method. The amount of ethyl esters in the glycerol phase was unexpectedly high and therefore the possibility of the reduction of this amount was investigated. The distribution coefficients and the weight distributions of each investigated substance were calculated and compared mutually. The distribution coefficients between the ester and glycerol phase increase in this sequence: glycerol, monoglycerides, diglycerides, ethyl esters, and triglycerides. Soaps and monoglycerides in the reaction mixture cause a worse separation of ethyl esters from the reaction mixture. The existence of a non-separable reaction mixture was observed also, and its composition was determined.
    Bioresource Technology 12/2009; 101(7):2071-5. · 4.75 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Michal Cernoch, Martin Hájek, Frantisek Skopal
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    ABSTRACT: The alkaline-catalyzed (KOH) ethanolysis of rapeseed oil with the help of a mechanical disperser was researched in this study. The effects of chosen reaction conditions (independent variables: the reaction temperature and time, the amount of catalyst, the molar ratio ethanol to oil and the rotation frequency of the disperser) on the ethanolysis process and ways for the improvement of the transesterification and separation process were studied. The transesterification of oil, the separation of the ester phase from the glycerol phase and qualitative properties of the ester phase were monitored by many dependent variables (e.g. the yield of the ester phase, the weight concentration of glycerides, the content of potassium ions, etc.). The measured data was analyzed by multi-linear regression with the help of many statistical tests (significance of parameters, exclusion of outliers, etc.). The created mathematical models describing the relations between the independent and dependent variables were verified by several independent experiments.
    Bioresource Technology 09/2009; 101(4):1213-9. · 4.75 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

19 Citations
67 Downloads
376 Views
22.50 Total Impact Points

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Institutions

  • 2009–2012
    • University of Pardubice
      • Department of Physical Chemistry
      Pardubice, Pardubicky kraj, Czech Republic