Ahmad Fakhro

Leibniz-Institute of Vegetable and Ornamental Crops, Großbeeren, Brandenburg, Germany

Are you Ahmad Fakhro?

Claim your profile

Publications (4)8.42 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: As Pepino mosaic virus has become a pathogen of major importance in worldwide tomato production, information is needed on possible differences between the sensitivity of cultivars towards infection. Furthermore, it is important what hosts other than Solanaceae may be virus reservoirs and are, therefore, threats for tomato cultivation. Two PepMV isolates (PepMV-Sav, E397, a European tomato isolate and PV-0554, a Peruvian pepino isolate) differing in their origin and virulence were used for several experiments to investigate these issues. The response to mechanical inoculation with PepMV was studied using 25 tomato cultivars, seven indicator plant species, and nine other possible horticultural host plants. Symptom development after infection with PepMV was monitored and the virus was detected by DAS-ELISA and IC-RT-PCR. Garlic and broad bean were shown to be additional hosts of PepMV depending on the virus isolate. Nicotiana benthamiana seems to be the most sensitive indicator among all tested indicator plants developing symptoms. Both PepMV isolates infected all tested tomato cultivars. Development of disease symptoms depended on the cultivar and the virus isolate but symptoms were not visible in all cases. None of the cultivars showed tolerance against the two isolates but two responded with a lower susceptibility at an absorbance level of 0.2 (healthy control 0.09). It was observed that some cultivars grown hydroponically showed also lower losses in biomass and yield. Data indicated a correlation between absorbance level in DAS-ELISA and reduction in total tomato growth. KeywordsDAS-ELISA–IC-RT-PCR–Indicator plants–PepMV–Potexvirus–Solanaceae–Symptoms
    European Journal of Plant Pathology 01/2011; 129(4):579-590. · 1.71 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Pepino mosaic virus (PepMV) was shown to be efficiently transmitted between tomato plants grown in a closed recirculating hydroponic system. PepMV was detected in all plant parts after transmission via contaminated nutrient solution using ELISA, immunocapture RT-PCR, RT-PCR, electron microscopy, and by inoculation to indicator plants. Detection of PepMV in nutrient solution was only possible after concentration by ultracentrifugation followed by RT-PCR. Roots tested positive for PepMV 1–3 weeks after inoculation, and subsequently a rapid spread from the roots into the young leaves and developing fruits was found within 1 week. PepMV was only occasionally detected in the older leaves. None of the infected plants showed any symptoms on fruits, leaves or other organs. Pre-infection of roots of tomato cv. Hildares with Pythium aphanidermatum significantly delayed PepMV root infections. When mechanically inoculated with PepMV at the 2–4 leaf stage, yield loss was observed in all plants. However, only plants of cv. Castle Rock recorded significant yield losses when infected via contaminated nutrient solution. Yield losses induced by infection with PepMV and/or P. aphanidermatum ranged from 0·4 up to 40% depending on experimental conditions.
    Plant Pathology 05/2010; 59(3):443 - 452. · 2.97 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This is the first report of Pepino mosaic virus (PepMV) occurring in tomato plants grown in plastic greenhouses in a Mediterranean city in Syria. One tomato fruit from sixty samples tested positive for this virus by DAS-ELISA. Biotest assay, RT-PCR, and sequencing confirmed the presence of PepMV. The highest sequence identity of the Syrian isolate was with the EU-tomato strains of PepMV.
    Phytopathologia Mediterranea 01/2010; 49(1):99-101. · 0.79 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Piriformospora indica is a root endophytic fungus with plant-promoting properties in numerous plant species and induces resistance against root and shoot pathogens in barley, wheat, and Arabidopsis. A study over several years showed that the endophyte P. indica colonised the roots of the most consumed vegetable crop tomato. P. indica improved the growth of tomato resulting in increased biomass of leaves by up to 20%. Limitation of disease severity caused by Verticillium dahliae by more than 30% was observed on tomato plants colonised by the endophyte. Further experiments were carried out in hydroponic cultures which are commonly used for the indoor production of tomatoes in central Europe. After adaptation of inoculation techniques (inoculum density, plant stage), it was shown that P. indica influences the concentration of Pepino mosaic virus in tomato shoots. The outcome of the interaction seems to be affected by light intensity. Most importantly, the endophyte increases tomato fruit biomass in hydroponic culture concerning fresh weight (up to 100%) and dry matter content (up to 20%). Hence, P. indica represents a suitable growth promoting endophyte for tomato which can be applied in production systems of this important vegetable plant not only in soil, but also in hydroponic cultures.
    Mycorrhiza 09/2009; 20(3):191-200. · 2.96 Impact Factor