Hagai Hazan-Molina

Rambam Medical Center, H̱efa, Haifa District, Israel

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Publications (29)22.99 Total impact

  • D. AIZENBUD, H. HAZAN-MOLINA, R. JACOBSON, S. SCHENDEL
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Dentofacial-deformities are traditionally treated by maxillary and mandibular osteotomies conducted separately or simultaneously. Recently, distraction osteogenesis has become an irreplaceable part of the surgical armamentarium. Our aim is to describe a combined surgical technique of simultaneous maxillary Le-Fort I advancement as a skeletal template for mandibular surgical repositioning by means of bilateral-sagittal-split-osteotomy (BSSO) with a curvilinear distractor based on a preliminary computerized presurgical prediction. Methods: Seven patients, presenting with a large skeletal open bite and severe mandibular retrusion were included. The presurgical procedure included orthodontic preparation and computerized planning. After performance of Le-Fort I maxillary advancement, a BSSO predistraction procedure was initiated. Thereafter, a curvilinear distractor was attached to the osteotomized mandible and the jaw was released allowing the distractor to be expanded freely until it could be fixed to the distal component. A simultaneous curvilinear distraction osteogenesis was then conducted. Lateral cephalometric x-rays, before and after surgery, were traced by plotting different skeletal landmark points and analyzed. Results: The average vertical changes at point I for the maxillary and mandibular incisors and at points A and B were similar (3.14-4.21 mm). However, the average horizontal changes at points I (of the mandibular incisors) and B were almost 5 times larger (14.28 mm and 15 mm, respectively). Conclusion: The described surgical protocol is a useful technique for dentofacial-deformity management by improving the reliability of the distraction and the final occlusion.
    2014 IADR/PER Congress; 09/2014
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Objective. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the developmental stage of teeth adjacent to the agenesis site in comparison to their antimeres. Materials and methods. Panoramic views of 39 patients with unilateral dental agenesis and 42 normal controls were evaluated. The dental developmental stage (normal or delayed) of the teeth adjacent to the agenesis site was determined for each patient using the Haavikko's method, while the overall dental age was determined by Becker's method. Results. No statistically significant difference was found in the developmental stage of teeth adjacent to the agenesis, compared to their antimere and to the same teeth in the normal control group. However, the prevalence of cases with no difference in development was almost double for the tooth distal to the agenesis site compared to the tooth mesial to the agenesis site in the hypodontia group (84.6% distal and 43.6% mesial; p < 0.001) and in the control group (83.3% distal and 52.4% mesial; p < 0.002). In most of the cases the tooth distal to the agenesis site was the 1st permanent molar. Conclusions. (1) No difference was found between the developmental stage of teeth adjacent to the agenesis site and their antimeres. (2) Teeth mesial to the agenesis site showed some delay in development compared to teeth distal to the agenesis site, in this study. (3) The 1st molars, which were in most of the cases the distal adjacent tooth to the site of agenesis, showed developmental stability. (4) Additional longitudinal studies are needed to examine the dental developmental pattern in patients with agenesis.
    Acta odontologica Scandinavica. 07/2014;
  • H. HAZAN-MOLINA, A. REZNICK, H. KAUFMAN, D. AIZENBUD
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    ABSTRACT: Objective:This study aimed to investigate PDL's cytokines concentration fluctuations after induction of orthodontic force with and without extracorporeal shock wave therapy in a rat model. Method: An orthodontic appliance was fabricated and applied between the molars and the incisors of rats. . In conjunction with orthodontic force commencement, the rats were treated by a single episode of 1000 shock waves and gingival crevicular fluid was collected for 3 days. The expressions and concentrations of different cytokines were evaluated by a commercial 4-multiplex fluorescent bead-based immunoassay. Every day, during three days, rats were sacrificed and the expression of different inflammatory cytokines was evaluated by immunohistochemical staining. Result: 4-multiplex fluorescent bead-based immunoassay: All cytokines displayed a similar trend in both the shockwave treated and non-treated groups whereby the concentration peaked on the first day and declined thereafter. In all cases the different cytokine concentrations in the shockwave treated group was smaller compared to the non-treated, however a statistical significant differences was found only in regards to sRANKL (p=0.011) and a trend towards statistical significance was demonstrated in IL-6 on day 1 (p=0.065). Immunohistochemical staining: The percentage of cells expressing all inflammatory cytokines during the study's first two days was reduced in a statistically significant manner in the shock wave treated group compared to the non-treated group. On the first day, the percentage of cells expressing IL-1β and RANKL in the compression side peaked in both groups, with a sequential rise in TRAP positive cells' number. Conclusion: The application of shockwave therapy during orthodontic tooth movement influences the expression of the inflammatory cytokines profile and may alternate the periodontal remodeling expected rate.
    IADR General Session and Exhibition 2014; 06/2014
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Objective. Traumatic lesion of the lip buccal mucosa may develop due to a repetitive lip sucking habit, secondary to a dental space which opened in the dental in adult patients. The non surgical treatment approach is based on increasing of patient's awareness to the sucking habit along with the creation of a change in the oral and dental surrounding tissues. The following case included a failure to identify a traumatic habit of lower lip sucking, resulting in a buccal mucosa overgrowth. Combined conservative periodontal and orthodontic approach will be presented to address this clinical issue without any need for surgical intervention. Material and methods. 56 year old female patient presented with a complaint of unaesthetic appearance of the intraoral right buccal mucosa of the lower lip at rest position due to an intensive repetitive sucking habit of the right lower lip segment. We initiated a non surgical treatment approach including increasing the patient's awareness to the sucking habit, controlling the periodontal disease and orthodontic treatment to align and level the dental arch and to close the residual space. Result. The soft tissue overgrowth on the lip buccal mucosa almost completely subsided spontaneously as a result of conservative dental and behavioral management without the need for any oral surgery intervention. A 10 years follow-up revealed no repetitive oral mucosa overgrowth, no spaces reopening and no sucking habit redevelopment. Conclusion. Implementation of a morphological correction will assist the patient in breaking the habit and creating an environment that may effectively prevent the reoccurrence of the habit.
    Acta odontologica Scandinavica. 06/2014;
  • Stephen A Schendel, Hagai Hazan-Molina, Dror Aizenbud
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    ABSTRACT: Dentofacial deformities are traditionally treated by maxillary and mandibular osteotomies conducted separately or simultaneously. Recently, distraction osteogenesis has become an irreplaceable part of the surgical armamentarium, for its ability to induce new bone formation between the surfaces of bone segments that are gradually separated by incremental traction, along with a simultaneous expansion of the surrounding soft-tissue envelope. The aim of this article is to describe a combined surgical technique consisting of simultaneous maxillary Le Fort I advancement and mandibular surgical repositioning by means of bilateral sagittal split osteotomy with a curvilinear distractor based on a preliminary computerized presurgical prediction.
    Plastic and reconstructive surgery 04/2014; 133(4):874-7. · 2.74 Impact Factor
  • H. HAZAN-MOLINA, A.Z. REZNICK, H. KAUFMAN, D. AIZENBUD
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: This study aimed to investigate PDL's cytokines concentration fluctuations after induction of orthodontic force with and without extracorporeal shock wave therapy in a rat model. Method: An orthodontic appliance was fabricated and applied between the molars and the incisors of rats. . In conjunction with orthodontic force commencement, the rats were treated by a single episode of 1000 shock waves and gingival crevicular fluid was collected for 3 days. The expressions and concentrations of different cytokines were evaluated by a commercial 4-multiplex fluorescent bead-based immunoassay. Every day, during three days, rats were sacrificed and the expression of different inflammatory cytokines was evaluated by immunohistochemical staining. Result: 4-multiplex fluorescent bead-based immunoassay: All cytokines displayed a similar trend in both the shockwave treated and non-treated groups whereby the concentration peaked on the first day and declined thereafter. In all cases the different cytokine concentrations in the shockwave treated group was smaller compared to the non-treated, however a statistical significant differences was found only in regards to sRANKL (p=0.011) and a trend towards statistical significance was demonstrated in IL-6 on day 1 (p=0.065). Immunohistochemical staining: The percentage of cells expressing all inflammatory cytokines during the study's first two days was reduced in a statistically significant manner in the shock wave treated group compared to the non-treated group. On the first day, the percentage of cells expressing IL-1β and RANKL in the compression side peaked in both groups, with a sequential rise in TRAP positive cells' number. Conclusion: The application of shockwave therapy during orthodontic tooth movement influences the expression of the inflammatory cytokines profile and may alternate the periodontal remodeling expected rate.
    IADR Israeli Division Meeting 2013; 06/2013
  • Dror Aizenbud, H Hazan-Molina, M Peled, A Rachmiel
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    ABSTRACT: Cleft-affected patients are characterized by a normal/almost normal posterior maxillary width and a severe anterior constriction of the maxilla in the mixed dentition period. The purposes of this paper were to present: two cases of unilateral cleft-affected patients treated with a reverse quad-helix appliance; and a new method for differential expansion of the premaxillary area of the palatal cleft using a reverse quad-helix expander, thus enabling improved access for the surgeons during secondary bone graft procedures.
    Pediatric dentistry. 01/2013; 35(4):120-3.
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Tooth autotransplantation has developed into a safe and predictable procedure, which preserves the continuity of the dental arch and the alveolar process and provides an acceptable aesthetic and physiological outcome. AIM: To describe our experience with autotransplantation of the developing mandibular premolar to the iliac crest grafted alveolar cleft as part of the cleft patient's treatment protocol. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Four cleft affected patients were referred to the Orthodontic and Craniofacial Department, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel due to loss of teeth in the cleft area. In all cases, orthodontic closure of the missing teeth space in the maxillary dental arch was considered inappropriate and therefore autotransplantation of the extracted mandibular premolar to the bone-grafted alveolar cleft site was conducted. RESULTS: None of the transplanted teeth in the reported cleft affected patients had signs or symptoms of progressive root pathology, gingival disease or advanced tooth mobility. Long-term clinical follow-up examination revealed improved facial aesthetics and occlusal relationships along with increased self-esteem and welfare of the patients' with no need for future dental restorative treatment. CONCLUSION: Autotransplantation of mandibular premolars should be considered an alternative to prosthodontics in cleft affected patients as an integral part of the cleft patient's treatment protocol.
    Journal of cranio-maxillo-facial surgery: official publication of the European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery 12/2012; · 1.25 Impact Factor
  • Hagai Hazan-Molina, Liran Levin, Shmuel Einy, Dror Aizenbud
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Objective. The aim was to review the literature on aggressive periodontitis diagnosed during or before the initiation of orthodontic treatment and to propose preventive recommendations before, during and after orthodontic treatment. Materials and methods. Literature searches of free text and MeSH terms were performed by using PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library and the appropriate studies were selected. The retrieved articles were analyzed and the relevant data was tabulated according to different parameters. Results. A total of 220 articles were found in the preliminary search. Eighteen studies, all case reports, describing 21 cases from this search met all the criteria. The mean age of the reported cases was 21.12 years, all treated with combined periodontal and orthodontic modalities. Most of the reported cases were female. Conclusion. An interdisciplinary dental team must approve the periodontal health prior to and during the course of the orthodontic therapy. In subjects with periodontal pathology, a periodontal consultation and interceptive/corrective therapy should be performed prior to commencing with orthodontic treatment. Orthodontic treatment should be postponed or replanned in order to shorten treatment duration and reduce the orthodontic forces exerted on the aggressive periodontitis involved dentition.
    Acta odontologica Scandinavica 12/2012; · 1.41 Impact Factor
  • Dror Aizenbud, Hagai Hazan-Molina, Shmuel Einy, Dorit Goldsher
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    ABSTRACT: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is one of the most powerful tools in diagnostic imaging. With the growing rates of orthodontic treatment, there are increasing chances of post-orthodontic treatment patients permanently wearing fixed retainers who shall undergo MRI examination.Three adolescent patients were referred for craniofacial MRI examination. All the patients had completed full orthodontic treatment with a retention protocol of permanently wearing bonded gold solder-filled wire fixed retainers. In the first 2 cases, the MRI examination was performed on a 1.5-T system and in the last case on a 3-T system.All the images achieved were of good quality and high resolution. No adverse effects were reported by the first 2 patients including no complaint of heat sensation or any other discomfort in the anterior teeth area. The third patient complained of a headache during the MRI examination.Radiologists and technicians may consider allowing performance of MRI examination using 1.5-T systems when a gold solder-filled wire fixed retainer is involved with no concern regarding the patient's health or the accuracy of the MRI scans.
    The Journal of craniofacial surgery 11/2012; 23(6):e654-7. · 0.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate PDL's cytokine concentration fluctuations after induction of orthodontic force with and without extracorporeal shock wave therapy in a rat model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An orthodontic appliance was fabricated and applied between the molars and the incisors of rats. The rats were treated by a single episode of 1000 shock waves and gingival crevicular fluid was collected for 3 days. The expression and concentration of IL-1β and VEGF were evaluated by ELISA assay. On day 3 all rats were sacrificed and histologic and immunohistochemical assays were applied. RESULTS: IL-1β concentration rose in both the treated and non treated shockwave groups on the first day, however it was statistically significantly higher in the treated group on day 2. No statistically significant difference was detected between the groups on day 3. The number/area of TRAP positive cells was higher in the non shockwave group than in the treated group. The percentage of cells expressing VEGF displayed the opposite trend. The findings regarding the immunohistochemical assay for IL-1β corresponded with those of the ELISA assay on day 3. CONCLUSION: The application of shockwaves during orthodontic tooth movement influences the expression of IL-1β and VEGF and may alternate the periodontal remodelling expected rate.
    Archives of oral biology 10/2012; · 1.65 Impact Factor
  • D. AIZENBUD, H. HAZAN-MOLINA, S. EINY, D. GOLDSHER
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: MRI is one of the most powerful tools in diagnostic imaging. With the growing rates of orthodontic treatment, there are increasing chances for post-orthodontic treatment patients permanently wearing fixed retainer to undergo MRI examination. Our aim is to describe 3 cases with fixed post-treatment orthodontic retainers who underwent an MRI examination without its removal. Methods: Three adolescent patients were referred to an MRI brain study. All the patients have completed full orthodontic treatment with a retention protocol of permanently wearing bonded Ortho-FlexTech™ fixed retainers. In the first two cases the MRI study was performed on a 1.5T system and on the last case on 3T system. Results: All study's images achieved were of good quality and high resolution. No adverse effects were reported by the first two patients including complaint on heat sensation or any other discomfort in the anterior teeth area. The third patient complained on a headache during the MRI study, assumed to be an episode of tension headache. Consequently both fixed retainer were removed. Conclusions: Radiologists and technicians may consider allowing MRI examination performance on 1.5T systems where Ortho-FlexTech™ is involved with no concern regarding the patient health or the accuracy and the diagnostic value of MRI images.
    PER/IADR Congress 2012; 09/2012
  • D. AIZENBUD, H. HAZAN-MOLINA, M. COHEN, A. RACHMIEL
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: Distraction osteogenesis is used to increase the vertical and transversal bone volume of the alveolar ridge and requires 3 dimensional vector controls. Temporary anchorage devices (TADs) may be inserted into the transported segment enabling distraction vector control by exerting orthodontic force. Our aim was to describe a combined orthodontic surgical technique involving vertical alveolar distraction using TADs. Methods: Four patients, who presented with extensive anterior alveolar ridge bone loss combined with the incisors and canines, underwent treatment according to a combined surgical orthodontic protocol, including presurgical orthodontic preparation and a preimplantation surgical augmentation stage involving vertical distractor insertion. During the active vertical alveolar distraction process, 3 TADs were inserted. Intraoral orthodontic elastics were attached to the main orthodontic archwire exerting multidirectional forces to control the vertical distraction vector. After 3 months of vector controlling and active bone molding, the TADs were removed. Results: Anterior alveolar ridge augmentation using distraction osteogenesis was achieved. The application of TADs for best anterior segment curvature enabled dental implant insertion, best positioning and restoration. Conclusions: A combined surgical orthodontic management protocol involving vertical alveolar distraction osteogenesis for augmentation purposes is an efficient treatment method to improve alveolar ridge volume and is the best architecture for the preimplantation stage.
    PER/IADR Congress 2012; 09/2012
  • D. AIZENBUD, M. ZACKS, I. ABU-EL-NAJ, H. HAZAN-MOLINA
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: Tooth autotransplantation has developed into a safe and predictable procedure, which preserves the continuity of the dental arch and the alveolar process and provides an acceptable esthetic and physiologic outcome. Our aim was to describe our experience with autotransplantation of the developing mandibular premolar to the iliac crest grafted alveolar cleft as part of the cleft patient's treatment protocol. Methods: Four cleft affected patients were referred to the Orthodontic and Craniofacial Department, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel due to loss of teeth in the cleft area. In all cases, orthodontic closure of the missing teeth space in the maxillary dental arch was considered inappropriate and therefore autotransplantation of the extracted mandibular premolar to the bone-grafted alveolar cleft site was conducted. Results: All the transplanted teeth in the reported cleft affected patients presented no signs or symptoms of progressive root pathology, gingival disease or advanced tooth mobility. Long-term clinical follow-up examination revealed improved facial esthetics and occlusal relationships along with increased self-esteem and welfare of the patients' with no need for future dental restorative treatment. Conclusions: Autotransplantation of mandibular premolars should be considered an alternative to prosthodontics in cleft affected patients as an integral part of the cleft patient's treatment protocol.
    PER/IADR Congress 2012; 09/2012
  • H. HAZAN-MOLINA, H. KAUFMAN, A. REZNICK, D. AIZENBUD
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: Extracorporeal generated shock waves were introduced in medical therapy approximately 20 years ago in order to disintegrate kidney stones. Over the last 10 years, they have been used to stimulate healing processes. No report to date has examined its influence on different inflammation mediators and growth factors in the periodontium. Orthodontic tooth movement is a model including the induction of an aseptic inflammation and its resolution. Our aim is to investigate PDL's cytokines concentration fluctuations after induction of orthodontic force with and without extracorporeal shock wave therapy in a rat model. Methods: An orthodontic appliance was fabricated and applied between the molars and the incisors of rats. The rats were treated by a single episode of 1000 shock waves and gingival crevicular fluid was collected for 3 days. The expression and concentration of IL-1β, IL-6, sRANKL and TNF-α were evaluated by LUMINEX assay. On each day rats were sacrfied and histologic and immunohistochemical assays were applied. Results: In the Luminex assay the concentration of all different cytokines in the ESWT/+ group was smaller compared to the ESWT/- group, however it was statistically significant only in sRANKL (p=0.011) and with a trend towards statistical significance in IL-6 (p=0.065). The percentage of cells expressing RANKL and the number/area of TRAP positive cells in the compression side were statistically significant higher in the ESWT/+ group compared to the ESWT/- only on the first and second day. In the tension side, no statistically significant difference was detected between the ESWT/+ and ESWT/- groups both in the percentage of cells expressing RANKL and the number/area of TRAP positive cells. Conclusions: The application of shockwave therapy during orthodontic tooth movement influences the expression of the inflammatory cytokines profile and may alternate the periodontal remodeling expected rate.
    PER/IADR Congress 2012; 09/2012
  • Dror Aizenbud, Corneliu Ciceu, Adi Rachmiel, Hagai Hazan-Molina
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    ABSTRACT: Cleft-affected cases present a variable degree of transversal constriction of the maxilla. Our aim is to present a new method for differential expansion of the premaxillary area in unilateral cleft lip and palate-affected patients.The reverse quad helix appliance is made of a 0.036-in stainless-steel wire soldered to 2 bands placed on maxillary deciduous canines or first primary molars (or first permanent premolars). It incorporates 4 helical loops forming an inverse W-arch design. The spring is positioned posterior to the banded teeth; thus, the expansion effect is focused in the anterior maxillary region.A reverse quad helix appliance was activated and cemented in 20 patients for premaxillary expansion. Upper arch width was assessed by means of plaster study models in the anterior and posterior maxillary regions. The mean anterior occlusal expansion achieved by the reverse quad helix (9.60 [±5.24] mm) is statistically significantly larger than that achieved in the posterior region (5.50 [±3.07] mm) (P < 0.0001). The reverse quad helix is an efficient appliance for differential expansion of the anterior maxillary region as a preparatory stage for secondary bone graft procedures in unilateral cleft lip and palate-affected patients.
    The Journal of craniofacial surgery 09/2012; 23(5):e440-3. · 0.81 Impact Factor
  • Dror Aizenbud, Hagai Hazan-Molina, Marie Cohen, Adi Rachmiel
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    ABSTRACT: Distraction osteogenesis is used to increase the vertical and transverse bone volume of the alveolar ridge and requires 3-dimensional vector controls. Temporary anchorage devices (TADs) may be inserted into the transported segment, enabling distraction vector control by exerting orthodontic force. The authors' aim was to describe a combined orthodontic surgical technique involving vertical alveolar distraction using TADs. Four patients who presented with extensive anterior alveolar ridge bone loss combined with the incisors and canines underwent treatment according to a combined surgical orthodontic protocol, including presurgical orthodontic preparation and a preimplantation surgical augmentation stage involving vertical distractor insertion. During the active vertical alveolar distraction process, 3 TADs were inserted. Intraoral orthodontic elastics were attached to the main orthodontic archwire exerting multidirectional forces to control the vertical distraction vector. After 4 to 5 months of vector controlling and active bone molding, the TADs were removed. Anterior alveolar ridge augmentation using distraction osteogenesis was achieved. The application of TADs for better anterior segment curvature enabled dental implant insertion, ideal positioning, and restoration. A combined surgical orthodontic management protocol involving vertical alveolar distraction osteogenesis for augmentation purposes using TADs enables improved alveolar ridge volume and architecture for the preimplantation stage.
    Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery: official journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons 06/2012; 70(8):1815-26. · 1.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Advancements in computers, prototyping, and imaging, especially over the last 10 years, have permitted the adoption of three-dimensional imaging protocols in the health care field. In this article, the authors present an integrated simulation system for craniofacial surgical planning and treatment. Image fusion technology, which involves combining different imaging modalities, was utilized to create a realistic prototype and virtual image that can be manipulated in real time. The resultant data can then be shared over the Internet with distantly located practitioners.
    Rambam Maimonides medical journal. 04/2012; 3(2):e0012.
  • D Aizenbud, H Hazan-Molina, M Cohen, A Rachmiel
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    ABSTRACT: This report describes a combined orthodontic surgical technique involving vertical alveolar distraction using temporary anchorage devices (TADs) in cases of massive alveolar ridge bone and teeth loss. A combined surgical orthodontic protocol included presurgical orthodontic preparation and a preimplantation surgical augmentation stage for insertion of a vertical distractor. During the active vertical alveolar distraction process TADs were inserted. Intraoral orthodontic elastics were attached to the main orthodontic archwire exerting multidirectional forces to control the vertical distraction vector. After 3 months of vector controlling and active bone moulding, the TADs were removed. Anterior alveolar ridge augmentation using distraction osteogenesis was achieved. The application of TADs for better anterior segment curvature enabled dental implant insertion, better positioning and restoration. A combined surgical orthodontic management protocol involving vertical alveolar distraction osteogenesis for augmentation purposes is an efficient treatment method to improve alveolar ridge volume for the preimplantation stage.
    International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 02/2012; 41(2):168-70. · 1.52 Impact Factor
  • Hagai Hazan-Molina, Hadar Zigdon, Shmuel Einy, Dror Aizenbud
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    ABSTRACT: Aggressive periodontitis is diagnosed mainly by clinical and radiographic examination. Diagnosis in the primary dentition indicates a choice between conservative and radical treatment that involves extractions, depending on the severity of the case. The purpose of this report was to present a case of aggressive periodontitis in a systemically healthy child and to discuss the periodontal and orthodontic aspects. A 7-year-old girl presented with bleeding on probing of approximately half of the dentition, deep periodontal pockets around all primary molars, and increased tooth mobility. An individual oral hygiene program was initiated. The primary maxillary right molar and all primary mandibular molars were extracted, and clear vacuum-formed removable retainers were fabricated and used as space maintainers. The patient was followed longitudinally for 2 years, and no space loss was recorded. Clear vacuum-formed removable retainers mainly involve occlusal crown attachment and, therefore, decrease the risk of plaque accumulation, gingival irritation, and aggressive periodontitis in the permanent dentition.
    Pediatric dentistry. 01/2012; 34(3):254-8.

Publication Stats

32 Citations
22.99 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2009–2014
    • Rambam Medical Center
      • Faculty of Medicine
      H̱efa, Haifa District, Israel
  • 2012–2013
    • Technion - Israel Institute of Technology
      • Ruth and Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine
      Haifa, Haifa District, Israel
    • Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital at Stanford
      Palo Alto, California, United States
  • 2011
    • Hebrew University of Jerusalem
      • Department of Community Dentistry
      Jerusalem, Jerusalem District, Israel
    • Barzilai Medical Center Ashkelon
      Majdal, Southern District, Israel