Satoko Arai

Dokkyo Medical University, Tochigi, Tochigi-ken, Japan

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Publications (7)13.55 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine whether serum KL-6 and surfactant protein D (SP-D) levels predict the prognosis of patients with interstitial pneumonia (IP) in cases of polymyositis (PM) and dermatomyositis (DM). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty consecutive patients with PM (n = 17) or DM (n = 33) and active IP, 6 of whom died of respiratory failure, were enrolled in this study. Serum KL-6 and SP-D levels were measured every 2-4 weeks. Medical records were reviewed retrospectively. Univariate analyses and multivariate analyses with a logistic regression model were conducted. RESULTS: Serum KL-6 and SP-D levels were elevated in patients with active IP. At the time of diagnosis of active IP, the serum KL-6 level was within the normal range in 28 % of patients and the SP-D level was within the normal range in 46 % of patients. Serum KL-6 level increased up to 3 months after starting treatment and then decreased gradually to baseline, whereas SP-D level peaked within the first 4 weeks after treatment and decreased rapidly to normal levels. Patients with poor prognosis showed increases in KL-6 and SP-D levels during the first 4 weeks after treatment, which was confirmed by uni- and multivariate analyses. Comparing the marker levels at 2-4 weeks after treatment with those at 0 weeks, an increase in the ratio over 1.70 for KL-6 and over 1.75 for SP-D, and an increase in KL-6 over 850 U/ml during the first 4 weeks after treatment, were poor prognostic factors. CONCLUSIONS: Increases in serum KL-6 and SP-D levels during the first 4 weeks after starting therapy, but not their levels at any one time point, predict poor prognosis in patients with PM/DM. When marked increases of KL-6 and SP-D levels during the first 4 weeks are found or are predicted by serial measurement of the markers, patients have risks of poor prognosis and additional therapy should be considered.
    Modern Rheumatology 09/2012; · 1.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the usefulness of F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) imaging in the management of patients with inflammatory myopathy. We examined whether FDG-PET scanning detects myositis or extramuscular lesions in patients with polymyositis (PM) and dermatomyositis (DM). FDG-PET imaging was performed in 24 patients with active inflammatory myopathy (PM, 11; DM, 13). The images were read by radiologists in a blinded manner. FDG uptake into muscles was judged positive when the intensity of muscles was higher than or equal to that of the liver. As controls, FDG imaging findings of patients with a lung mass and without muscle diseases were used. To investigate associations between FDG-PET findings and clinical/laboratory findings, the patients' medical records were reviewed retrospectively. Increased FDG uptake in muscles was found in 8 of 24 (33%) patients. In 67 of 69 (97%) controls without muscle diseases, no muscle FDG uptake was detected. The sensitivity of FDG-PET to detect myositis was lower than that of electromyogram (EMG), magnetic resonance imaging, and muscle biopsy. There were no significant differences in clinical manifestations between patients with and without increased FDG uptake in muscles, although patients with FDG muscle uptake had a tendency to have extended myositis with endomysial cell infiltration. FDG-PET detected neoplasms in patients with associated malignancy. FDG uptake in lungs was found in 7 of 18 patients with interstitial lung disease. FDG-PET imaging has limited usefulness for the evaluation of myositis in patients with PM/DM because of its low sensitivity, although it might be useful for detection of malignancy in these patients.
    The Journal of Rheumatology 07/2012; 39(8):1659-65. · 3.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: Trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole (TMP-STX), an agent used for prophylaxis against pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) in immunocompromised hosts, causes serious adverse effects (AEs) in some patients. The objective of this study was to identify the risk factors for AEs caused by TMP-STX in connective tissue disease (CTD) patients and to describe the clinical features of the AEs. METHODS: The medical records of 539 patients (CTDs 312, pulmonary diseases 227) receiving TMP-STX for prophylaxis against PCP were reviewed retrospectively. Patients with human immunodeficiency virus were excluded. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to identify the risk factors. RESULTS: Adverse events caused by TMP-STX occurred in 22 of 312 (7.05 %) CTD patients, while only six of 227 (2.64 %) pulmonary disease patients developed AEs. The incidence of AEs was significantly higher in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) (11.0 %) and mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) (33.3 %) patients than in other CTD patients. AEs occurred in 25 % of patients with anti-RNP antibody. Univariate analysis revealed that SLE, MCTD, and anti-RNP antibody were risk factors for AEs in CTD patients. Further multivariate analyses demonstrated that only anti-RNP antibody positivity was a risk factor for AEs. Systemic inflammation, including fever, was a characteristic manifestation of the AEs in CTD patients, particularly those with anti-RNP antibody. CONCLUSIONS: Positivity for anti-RNP antibody is a risk factor for AEs caused by TMP-STX in CTD patients. Systemic inflammation, including fever, might be a characteristic feature of the AEs in CTD patients, particularly those with anti-RNP antibody.
    Modern Rheumatology 03/2012; · 1.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Reactivation of cytomegalovirus (CMV) occurs during intensive immunosuppressive therapies. However, the influence of CMV reactivation on prognosis in patients with immunosuppressive therapies for collagen-vascular diseases (CVD) is not fully understood. To determine whether CMV reactivation affects the prognosis of patients with CVD and to identify risk factors of CMV reactivation, we reviewed, retrospectively, the medical records of 109 CVD patients who were treated with glucocorticoid (prednisolone ≥20 mg/day) and were tested for CMV antigen (CMV-Ag). CMV-Ag was detected in 34 of the 109 patients. First-time CMV-Ag detection was within 50 days from the start of intensive immunosuppressive therapy in 82% of the patients. Common manifestations at first-time CMV-Ag detection were fever, arthralgia, and rash, although 52.9% of the patients were asymptomatic. The risk factors for CMV reactivation were old age (>65 years) and high-dose glucocorticoids (PSL ≥50 mg). During the 4-year study period, 18% of patients with positive CMV-Ag and 5% of those without CMV-Ag died. Patients with CMV-Ag (max CMV number ≥5/10(5) WBC) had a significantly poorer prognosis. Multivariate analysis confirmed CMV reactivation as an independent poor prognostic factor in CVD patients. Causes of death were exacerbation of pre-existing interstitial pneumonia and infection other than CMV. Our results demonstrate that CMV reactivation, particularly with a high CMV-Ag number, is a poor prognostic factor in CVD patients. Patients with older age and high-dose glucocorticoids have a high risk of CMV reactivation.
    Modern Rheumatology 09/2011; 22(3):438-45. · 1.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 58-year old Japanese woman who had been diagnosed with and managed for systemic sclerosis (SSc) with pulmonary arterial hypertension died suddenly. However, the autopsy revealed marked right ventricular dilatation, and the myocardium had been replaced by fatty tissue. These findings were consistent with arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD). A literature search identified nine cases of SSc with ARVD in Japan, including this case; this number is significantly higher than the value estimated from the prevalences of ARVD and SSc in Japan, suggesting an association between these two rare diseases.
    Modern Rheumatology 06/2011; 22(1):152-7. · 1.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Autoantibody against platelet-derived growth factor receptors (PDGFRs) has been reported in scleroderma (SSc). However, it remains unknown whether anti-PDGFRs antibody exists in collagen vascular diseases other than SSc. To answer the question, we developed an ELISA system and examined sera from patients with SLE (n = 75), SSc (n = 31), RA (n = 25) and control individuals. We also reviewed medical records to clarify clinical features of patients with anti-PDGFRα antibody. To examine the functions of anti-PDGFRα antibody in patients, fibroblasts were cultured and stimulated in the presence of purified IgG from patients, and their cell numbers were counted. Anti-PDGFRα antibody was detected in 29% of patients with SLE and in 21% of patients with SSc. Anti-PDGFRα antibody was found in 36% with active SLE, but in 10% in an inactive phase. Immunosuppressive therapy decreased the titer of the antibody. Patients with anti-PDGFRα antibody frequently developed a rash and hematological abnormalities, particular hemolytic anemia. Moreover, anti-PDGFRα antibody in SLE failed to demonstrate agonistic or antagonistic activities on PDGFR signaling. These findings indicate that nonfunctional anti-PDGFRα autoantibody exists in patients with SLE as well as those with scleroderma, and that the antibody could be a marker of disease activity and may be a marker of a subgroup of SLE.
    Modern Rheumatology 10/2010; 20(5):458-65. · 1.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report the case of a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) who first revealed hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS), which was treated successfully with glucocorticoid and intravenous cyclophosphamide. The patient then demonstrated refractory thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) with normal a disintegrin and metalloprotease with thrombospondin motifs (ADAMTS)-13 activity that responded well to rituximab. After rituximab treatment, the patient showed a flare of HPS that was controlled by additional intravenous cyclophosphamide treatment. This case showed that TTP with normal ADAMTS-13 activity is B-cell dependent and indicated that B-cell depletion might exacerbate some autoimmune conditions in SLE.
    Modern Rheumatology 09/2009; 20(1):81-5. · 1.72 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

15 Citations
13.55 Total Impact Points


  • 2010–2012
    • Dokkyo Medical University
      • School of Medicine
      Tochigi, Tochigi-ken, Japan
  • 2009
    • Dokkyo University
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan