F Finana

Centre de Recherche Pierre Fabre, Tolosa de Llenguadoc, Midi-Pyrénées, France

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Publications (11)37.12 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: μ-opioid receptors have been shown to form heterodimers with several G protein coupled receptors involved in pain regulation such as α(2A)-adrenergic and neurokinin 1 receptors. Because the 5-HT(1A) receptor is also involved in pain control, we investigated whether it can interact with the μ-opioid receptor in cell lines. Using epitope-tagged μ-opioid and 5-HT(1A) receptors, we show that both receptors can co-immunoprecipate when expressed in the same cells. This physical interaction was corroborated by a Bioluminescence Resonance Energy Transfer signal between the μ-opioid receptor fused to Renilla luciferase and the 5-HT(1A) receptor fused to the Green Fluorescent Protein. Consistent with the presence of functional heterodimers, the μ-opioid receptor activated a Gα(o) protein covalently fused to the 5-HT(1A) receptor in membrane preparations as well as a Gα(15) protein fused to the 5-HT(1A) receptor in living cells. We demonstrate that both receptors can coexerce control of the ERK1/2 pathway: for example, μ-opioid receptor-induced ERK1/2 phosphorylation was selectively desensitized by 5-HT(1A) receptor activation. Although 5-HT(1A) and μ-opioid receptors were capable to internalize in response to their own activation, they were ineffective to induce the co-internalization of their partners. Thus, we show a functional heterodimerization of μ-opioid and 5-HT(1A) receptors in cell lines, a complex that might play a role in the control of pain in vivo. These results also support the potential therapeutic action of 5-HT(1A) agonists against nociceptive processes.
    Cellular Signalling 04/2012; 24(8):1648-57. · 4.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We developed a cellular Bioluminescent Resonance Energy Transfer (BRET) assay based on the interaction of TrkB fused to Renilla luciferase with the intracellular adaptor protein Shc fused to Enhanced Yellow Fluorescent Protein (EYFP). The TrkB agonist Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) induced a maximum BRET signal as of 10 min with an EC(50) value of 1.4 nM, similar to the other endogenous agonists NT-3 and NT-4/5, 1.5 nM and 0.34 nM, respectively. Interestingly, measure of the BRET signal with increasing expression of Shc-EYFP, in the presence or absence of BDNF, suggested a conformational change of preformed TrkB/Shc complexes rather than Shc recruitment. Furthermore, the Y516F TrkB mutant deficient to bind Shc as well as the kinase-dead K572R TrkB mutant was unable to respond to BDNF and exhibited a lower basal BRET signal than that of the wild-type TrkB receptor, again suggesting a preformed complex with constitutive activity. The double YY706/707FF TrkB mutant in the kinase activation loop also showed reduced basal activity but surprisingly kept its capacity to enhance BDNF-induced interaction with Shc, though with less efficacy. The Trk selective kinase inhibitors K252a and BMS-9 blocked BDNF-induced BRET signal with similar potency (100-150 nM), the preferential c-Met inhibitor PF-2341006 being one order of magnitude less potent. Remarkably, in the absence of BDNF, K252a and BMS-9 also reduced basal activity to the level of the Y516F TrkB mutant, suggesting that these compounds were able to reduce the TrkB constitutive activity. BRET responses of mutants and to kinase inhibitors thus reveal a complex level of interaction between TrkB and Shc and suggest that this BRET assay could be of great utility to test blockers of TrkB signalling in a physiologically relevant context.
    Cellular Signalling 09/2009; 22(1):158-65. · 4.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Like other biogenic amine G protein-coupled receptors, mutation of the conserved aspartatic residue into alanine at position 116 (D116A(3.32)) in the 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)(1A) receptor greatly affects 5-HT binding and signal transduction. [(3)H]8-Hydroxy-2-dipropylaminotetralin (8-OH-DPAT) and [(3)H]-N-(2-(4-(2-methoxyphenyl)-1-piperazinyl)ethyl)-N-(2-pyridinyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide trihydrochloride (WAY100,635) are capable to bind the 5-HT(1A)-D116A mutant and, using these radioligands, we show here that this mutation dramatically reduces the affinities of the selective 5-HT(1A) agonists N-(3-chloro-4-fluorobenzoyl)-4-fluoro-4-[(5-methylpyridin-2-yl)-methylamino methyl]piperidine (F13640), 3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl-(4-fluorophenyl-4-{[(5-methyl-6 methylamino-pyridin-2-ylmethyl)-amino]-methyl}-piperidin-1-yl-methanone (F13714), and 2-[5-[3-(4-methylsulfonylamino)benzyl-1,4-oxadiazol-5-yl]-1H-indole-3-yl]ethylamine (L694247) and that of 5-carboxamidotryptamine. Although to a lesser extent, the binding of buspirone, (+)-flesinoxan, (-)-pindolol, and (-)-8-OH-DPAT are also highly decreased. In contrast, affinities of the 5-HT(1A) ligands WAY100,635, spiperone, (-)-4-(dipropylamino)-1,3,4,5-tetrahydrobenz {c,d}indole-6-carboxamide (LY228,729), and 1-[2-(4-fluorobenzoylamino)ethyl]-4-(7-methoxynaphtyl) piperazine (S14506) and the prototypical 5-HT(1A) agonist (+)-8-OH-DPAT are only slightly affected by the mutation, suggesting a moderate contribution of Asp116 to the binding pocket for these latter. Furthermore, LY228,729, S14506, and (+)-8-OH-DPAT induce a potent and efficacious coupling of the 5-HT(1A)-D116A receptor to G protein activation as measured by Ca(2+) mobilization and guanosine 5'-O-(3-[(35)S]thio)triphosphate binding in Chinese hamster ovary cells as well as by G protein-coupled inwardly rectifying potassium channel current activation in Xenopus laevis oocytes. It is interesting that the selective 5-HT(1A) antagonist WAY100,635 shows potent partial agonist activity at the 5-HT(1A)-D116A mutant, whereas spiperone maintains its inverse agonist properties. The pharmacological approach reported here re-evaluates the binding and functional properties of the 5-HT(1A)-D116A receptor and describes for the first time this mutant as a receptor activated solely by synthetic ligands (RASSL), with a rich pharmacology. By bioengineering animal models incorporating this RASSL, one may further explore the role of 5-HT(1A) receptor signaling in the central nervous system as well as G(i) protein-mediated signaling pathways in other tissues.
    Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 08/2009; 331(1):222-33. · 3.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We studied the protease activated receptor-1 coupling to a serum response element (SRE)-dependent luciferase activity readout in transfected COS-7 cells. Thrombin, with a pEC50 of 10.5, was 3000-fold more potent than the peptide agonists SFLLR and its derived compound C721-40 in stimulating luciferase activity, although the three agonists exhibited similar efficacy at the maximal concentration tested. Interestingly, SFLLR- and C721-40-induced luciferase activity was biphasic, suggesting that at least two populations of G proteins couple to the receptor. Further pharmacological characterization of this system was performed using selective protease activated receptor-1 antagonists. SCH203099 and ER-112787 blocked SFLLR-induced luciferase activity with similar potencies (pK(B) of 7), slightly higher than that exhibited by an arylisoxazole derivative compound from Merck (pK(B) of 6.1). These values correlated with their affinities established by competition binding experiments using [3H]-C721-40 as radioligand for protease activated receptor-1. Transduction mechanisms of protease activated receptor-1 coupling to SRE-dependent luciferase activity were examined using specific inhibitors. The Ca2+ chelator BAPTA-AM, as well as the calmodulin inhibitors W-7 and ophiobolin A, robustly inhibited SFLLR-induced SRE activation. Overexpression of RGS2 and a dominant negative rhoA protein abolished the SFLLR signal in an additive manner, suggesting a major role of Gq and G12/13 proteins. Furthermore, inhibition of phospholipase C, MAP-kinases, phosphatidyl inositol-3 kinase, rho-kinase and Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinases, all downstream effectors of Gq and G12/13, partially blocked the SFLLR-induced luciferase signal. Taken together, this SRE-luciferase assay reveals a complex network of transduction pathways of protease activated receptor-1 in accordance with the pleiotrophic action of thrombin.
    Biochemical Pharmacology 06/2006; 71(10):1449-58. · 4.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The role of RGS proteins on dopaminergic D2S receptor (D2SR) signalling was investigated in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO)-K1 cells, using recombinant RGS protein- and PTX-insensitive G alphao proteins. Dopamine-mediated [35S]GTPgammaS binding was attenuated by more than 60% in CHO-K1 D2SR cells coexpressing a RGS protein- and PTX-insensitive G(alphao)Gly184Ser:Cys351Ile protein versus cells coexpressing a similar amount of PTX-insensitive G alphaoCys351Ile protein. Dopamine-agonist-mediated Ca2+ responses were dependent on the coexpression with a G alphao Cys351Ile protein and were fully abolished upon coexpression with a G alphaoGly184Ser:Cys351Ile protein. These results suggest that interactions between the G alphao protein and RGS proteins are involved in efficient D2SR signalling.
    FEBS Letters 02/2003; 533(1-3):67-71. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The role of RGS proteins on dopaminergic D2S receptor (D2SR) signalling was investigated in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO)-K1 cells, using recombinant RGS protein- and PTX-insensitive Gαo proteins. Dopamine-mediated [35S]GTPγS binding was attenuated by more than 60% in CHO-K1 D2SR cells coexpressing a RGS protein- and PTX-insensitive GαoGly184Ser:Cys351Ile protein versus cells coexpressing a similar amount of PTX-insensitive GαoCys351Ile protein. Dopamine-agonist-mediated Ca2+ responses were dependent on the coexpression with a GαoCys351Ile protein and were fully abolished upon coexpression with a GαoGly184Ser:Cys351Ile protein. These results suggest that interactions between the Gαo protein and RGS proteins are involved in efficient D2SR signalling.
    Febs Letters - FEBS LETT. 01/2003; 533:67-71.
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    ABSTRACT: Fusion proteins were constructed between either a wild-type or mutant Thr370Lys 2B-adrenoceptor (2B AR) and a mouse G15 protein to analyze ligand-receptor interactions at a receptor/G15 protein density ratio of 1. Activation of the wild-type 2B AR-G15 fusion protein in CHO-K1 cells by (-)-adrenaline induced a time- and concentration-dependent (pEC50 = 7.37 ± 0.13) increase in the intracellular Ca2+ concentration, which could be antagonized by RX 811059 (pKB = 7.55 ± 0.15). Whereas d-medetomidine and oxymetazoline were as efficacious agonists as (-)-adrenaline, the following ligands displayed partial agonist properties: BRL 44408 < atipamezole < clonidine < UK 14304 < BHT 920. A comparison with the mutant Thr370Lys 2B AR-G15 fusion protein displayed similar Ca2+ kinetics and a ligand-mediated receptor activation profile characterized by higher potencies and greater maximal Ca2+ responses for the ligands being investigated, including the putative antagonists dexefaroxan and idazoxan. RX 811059 and RX 821002 remained silent. Similar conclusions could be made on enhancement of the ligands’ intrinsic activities by coexpression of the mutant Thr370Lys 2B AR with either a G15 or GO Cys351Ile protein. The Thr370Lys 2B AR-G protein interactions may modify the tertiary structure of the mutant receptor in such a way that some putative 2 AR antagonists are capable of stabilizing an active receptor conformation, thereby generating positive efficacy.
    Journal of Neurochemistry 12/2001; 74(1):375 - 384. · 3.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Variations in the measurement of ligand's intrinsic activity between receptor subtypes is a common consequence of unequal receptor:G protein density ratios. We have investigated ligand activation at the alpha2-adrenoceptor (alpha2-AR) subtypes under defined expression conditions of one receptor molecule for one Galpha protein molecule using fusion proteins. Fusion between either a wt alpha2C AR or a mutant Thr382Lys alpha2C AR and a chimeric Galphaq/il protein displayed robust, transient (-)-adrenaline-mediated Ca2+ responses with similar potencies (pEC50: 7.78 and 7.66) and kinetic properties. A comparison of the intrinsic activities of alpha2 AR agonists found d-medetomidine to be the only compound with an efficacy similar to that of (-)-adrenaline. The Ca2+ responses as mediated by UK 14304, oxymetazoline and clonidine became more potent and efficacious at the Thr381Lys alpha2C AR, whereas the response as mediated by talipexole displayed a higher potency with an unaltered maximal response. Whereas only small differences in ligand's intrinsic activities between the wt alpha2A, alpha2B and alpha2C AR fusion proteins were observed with most ligands, oxymetazoline was virtually silent at the alpha2A AR while active as a partial and apparently full agonist at the alpha2C AR and alpha2B AR, respectively. The mutant alpha2 AR subtypes could be differentiated using the apparent positive efficacy of ligands that used to be defined as antagonists. The following rank order of maximal responses was observed for the Thr381Lys alpha2C AR: idazoxan approximately equals SKF 86466 > atipamezole > dexefaroxan; Thr373Lys alpha2A AR: SKF 86466 > idazoxan = atipamezole > dexefaroxan; and Thr370Lys alpha2B AR: atipamezole > idazoxan dexefaroxan. RX 811059 (10 microM) was the only compound to be completely silent at both the wt and mutant alpha2 AR subtypes. In conclusion, silent alpha2 AR ligands are probably rare in these specified alpha2 AR systems. Most antagonists may actually possess partial agonist properties at the alpha2 AR subtypes, which are facilitated by the same mutation in the distal portion of their third intracellular loop.
    Archiv für Experimentelle Pathologie und Pharmakologie 05/2001; 363(5):526-36. · 2.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Antipsychotic drugs comprise a wide range of structurally diverse compounds and are considered to be antagonists at dopamine D2 receptors. High-resolution kinetic analyses of their antagonist properties was performed by monitoring dynamic dopamine (DA)-antagonist interactions at the recombinant human dopamine D(2short) receptor. Time-dependent Ca2+ responses were measured following activation of a chimeric G(alphaq/o) protein in Chinese hamster ovary-K1 cells. DA (10 microM) induced a rapid, high-magnitude Ca2+ response (T(max) = 13.2 +/- 0.7 s) followed by a low-magnitude phase, which continued throughout the recorded time period (15 min). Of a large series of putative DA antagonists, (+)-UH 232 and bromerguride demonstrated positive, DA-like intrinsic activity at the presumably unoccupied, DA-free receptor; the other antagonists being silent. Antagonists differed in terms of their abilities to prevent the high-magnitude Ca2+ phase in the antagonist-bound receptor state, and to reverse the low-magnitude Ca2+ phase in the DA-bound state. The benzamide derivatives tropapride and nemonapride fully antagonized both the high- and low-magnitude Ca2+ response. Haloperidol, risperidone, and S 14066 also antagonized both responses but with a maximal effect of only 62 to 79%. Although preventing the high-magnitude response (85-95%), the further putative antagonists (+)-butaclamol (6%), bromerguride (27%), and domperidone (41%) reversed the low-magnitude response only weakly and partially. These Ca2+ data indicate that putative DA antagonists act differently, in particular, at the DA-bound D(2short) receptor.
    Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 05/2001; 297(1):133-40. · 3.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A fusion protein was constructed between the recombinant human alpha2A-adrenoceptor and a mouse G alpha15 protein to measure the efficacy of agonist-induced Ca2+ responses at a receptor:G alpha15 protein stoichiometry of 1. Activation of this fusion protein in CHO-K1 cells by (-)-adrenaline induced a time- and concentration-dependent (pEC50: 7.28+/-0.04) increase in the intracellular Ca2+ concentration. The magnitude of the Ca2+ response was related to the amount of the fusion protein and the number of surface alpha2A-adrenoceptor binding sites as estimated by [3H]RX 821002 binding. Whereas UK 14304 was as efficacious as (-)-adrenaline, the following ligands displayed partial agonist properties [Emax in percentage vs. (-)-adrenaline: d-medetomidine (76+/-3) > BHT 920 (53+/-3) > clonidine (39+/-4) > oxymetazoline (10+/-1)]. This ligand activation profile was not affected over a 30-fold range of expression of the fusion protein in contrast to the observed enhancement of the partial agonists' maximal responses by co-expression of the alpha2A-adrenoceptor with increasing amounts of the G alpha15 protein. In conclusion, the fusion protein approach opens perspectives to quantify intrinsic activities of ligands under controlled experimental conditions of a fixed receptor:G alpha15 protein ratio of 1.
    Archiv für Experimentelle Pathologie und Pharmakologie 07/2000; 361(6):672-9. · 2.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fusion proteins were constructed between either a wild-type or mutant Thr370Lys alpha2B-adrenoceptor (alpha2B AR) and a mouse Galpha15 protein to analyze ligand-receptor interactions at a receptor/Galpha15 protein density ratio of 1. Activation of the wild-type alpha2B AR-Galpha15 fusion protein in CHO-K1 cells by (-)-adrenaline induced a time- and concentration-dependent (pEC50 = 7.37+/-0.13) increase in the intracellular Ca2+ concentration, which could be antagonized by RX 811059 (pK(B) = 7.55+/-0.15). Whereas d-medetomidine and oxymetazoline were as efficacious agonists as (-)-adrenaline, the following ligands displayed partial agonist properties: BRL 44408 < atipamezole < clonidine < UK 14304 < BHT 920. A comparison with the mutant Thr370Lys alpha2B AR-Galpha15 fusion protein displayed similar Ca2+ kinetics and a ligand-mediated receptor activation profile characterized by higher potencies and greater maximal Ca2+ responses for the ligands being investigated, including the putative antagonists dexefaroxan and idazoxan. RX 811059 and RX 821002 remained silent. Similar conclusions could be made on enhancement of the ligands' intrinsic activities by coexpression of the mutant Thr370Lys alpha2B AR with either a Galpha15 or Galphao Cys351Ile protein. The Thr370Lys alpha2B AR-Galpha protein interactions may modify the tertiary structure of the mutant receptor in such a way that some putative alpha2 AR antagonists are capable of stabilizing an active receptor conformation, thereby generating positive efficacy.
    Journal of Neurochemistry 01/2000; 74(1):375-84. · 3.97 Impact Factor