Hai-Jie Yang

Temasek Life Sciences Laboratory, Tumasik, Singapore

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Publications (4)14.67 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The widespread NG2-expressing neural progenitors in the central nervous system (CNS) are considered to be multifunctional cells with lineage plasticity, thereby possessing the potential for treating CNS diseases. Their lineages and functional characteristics have not been completely unraveled. The present study aimed to disclose the lineage potential of clonal NG2(+) populations in vitro and in vivo. Twenty-four clones from embryonic cerebral cortex-derived NG2(+) cells were induced for oligodendrocyte, astrocyte, neuronal and chondrocyte differentiation. The expression profiles of neural progenitor markers chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan 4 (NG2), platelet-derived growth factor-α receptor (PDGFαR); nestin and neuronal cell surface antigen (A2B5) were subsequently sorted on cells with distinct differentiation capacity. Transplantation of these NG2(+) clones into the spinal cord was used to examine their lineage potential in vivo. In vitro differentiation analysis revealed that all the clones could differentiate into oligodendrocytes, and seven of them were bipotent (oligodendrocytes and astrocytes). Amazingly, one clone exhibited a multipotent capacity of differentiating into not only neuronal-glial lineages but also chondrocytes. These distinct subtypes were further found to exhibit phenotypic heterogeneity based on the examination of a spectrum of neural progenitor markers. Transplanted clones survived, migrated extensively and differentiated into oligodendrocytes, astrocytes or even neurons to integrate with the host spinal cord environment. These results suggest that NG2(+) cells contain heterogeneous progenitors with distinct differentiation capacities, and the immortalized clonal NG2(+) cell lines might provide a cell source for treating spinal cord disorders.
    Cytotherapy 01/2012; 14(5):608-20. · 3.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) has been implicated in tumor metastasis yet its function in melanoma progression remains unclear. Here, we demonstrate that stably silencing NCAM expression in mouse melanoma B16F0 cells perturbs their cellular invasion and metastatic dissemination in vivo. The pro-invasive function of NCAM is exerted via dual mechanisms involving both cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) pathways. Pharmacologic inhibition of PKA and PI3K leads to impaired cellular invasion. In contrast, forced expression of constitutively activated Akt, the major downstream target of PI3K, restores the defective cellular invasiveness of NCAM knock-down (KD) B16F0 cells. Furthermore, attenuation of either PKA or Akt activity in NCAM KD cells is shown to affect their common downstream target, transcription factor cAMP response element binding protein (CREB), which in turn down-regulates mRNA expression of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), thus contributes to impaired cellular invasion and metastasis of melanoma cells. Together, these findings indicate that NCAM potentiates cellular invasion and metastasis of melanoma cells through stimulation of PKA and PI3K signaling pathways thus suggesting the potential implication of anti-NCAM strategy in melanoma treatment.
    The international journal of biochemistry & cell biology 01/2011; 43(4):682-90. · 4.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Parkinson's disease (PD) is primarily caused by severe degeneration and loss of dopamine neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta. Thus, preventing the death of dopaminergic neurons is thought to be a potential strategy to interfere with the development of PD. In the present work, we studied the effect of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) on 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+)-induced apoptosis in human neuroblastoma SH-EP1 cells. We found that the PI3K/AKT pathway plays a central role in IGF-mediated cell survival against MPP+ neurotoxicity. Furthermore, we demonstrated that the protective effect of AKT is largely dependent on the inactivation of GSK-3β, since inhibition of GSK-3β by its inhibitor, BIO, could mimic the protective effect of IGF-1 on MPP+-induced cell death in SH-EP1 cells. Interestingly, the IGF-1 potentiated PI3K/AKT activity is found to negatively regulate the JNK related apoptotic pathway and this negative regulation is further shown to be mediated by AKT-dependent GSK-3β inactivation. Thus, our results demonstrated that IGF-1 protects SH-EP1 cells from MPP+-induced apoptotic cell death via PI3K/AKT/GSK-3β pathway, which in turn inhibits MPP+-induced JNK activation.
    Apoptosis 10/2010; 15(12):1470-9. · 4.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by a progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons in substantia nigra with unknown etiology. Neuropathology seen in the brains of PD patients can be closely mimicked by MPP(+)-induced neurotoxicity in vitro. In this study, we used an S-type human neuroblastoma cell line (SH-EP1) as a model to investigate the involvement of NF-kappaB and JNK pathways in MPP(+)-induced neurotoxicity. We show that NF-kappaB was activated by MPP(+) as evidenced by NF-kappaB p65 nuclear translocation, the increased DNA binding activity and a rapid phosphorylation of NF-kappaB inhibitor (IkappaBalpha). NF-kappaB partially mediated the neurotoxicity of MPP(+), as suggested by the reduction of MPP(+)-induced cell death by both a specific IkappaB kinase (IKK) inhibitor and a dominant negative form of IkappaBalpha (IkappaBalpha-M). Besides NF-kappaB, JNK and c-Jun/AP-1 were also activated upon MPP(+) stimulation. Inhibition of JNK activation with a specific JNK inhibitor partially reduced the MPP(+)-mediated cell death. Similarly, inhibition of c-Jun/AP-1 activation, either by a dominant negative c-Jun or c-Jun/AP-1 inhibitor, significantly attenuated MPP(+)-mediated cell death. These results suggest that both JNK and c-Jun/AP-1 activation are pro-apoptotic. Furthermore, we provide clear evidence for the existence of a crosstalk between the NF-kappaB and JNK signaling as MPP(+)-induced activation of JNK and c-Jun/AP-1 was strongly down-regulated in IkappaBalpha-M cells. In conclusion, we demonstrate that in SH-EP1 cells MPP(+)-induced neurotoxicity is partially mediated by NF-kappaB which in turn acts on the activation of JNK and c-Jun/AP-1. These results may point to a combined inhibition of NF-kappaB and JNK as a new approach to PD therapy.
    Neurochemistry International 09/2009; 56(1):128-34. · 2.66 Impact Factor