Xiaoling Zhao

Sichuan Agricultural University, Hua-yang, Sichuan, China

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Publications (4)7.14 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: In this study, we quantified the expression of CRBP1 and CRBP3 in Roman layer (R) and Erlang mountainous chickens (SD02 and SD03), to discern the tissue, breed and age-related expression patterns in order to discover potential involvement in egg production and other related reproduction traits. Real-time quantitative PCR assays were developed for accurate measurement of CRBP1 and CRBP3 mRNA levels in different tissues from chickens at four ages (12, 20, 32 and 45 weeks). We found that the CRBP1 and CRBP3 were expressed in all six tissues examined in all three breeds of chicken at 32 weeks. CRBP1 mRNA levels in SD02 kidneys were slightly higher than those in SD03 and R at 12 weeks, whereas, at the other three time points, the expression levels of CRBP1 in SD03 were higher than those in SD02 and R. In addition, there was higher hepatic expression of CRBP3 mRNA in layers (R) compared to broilers (SD02 and SD03) at 20 and 32 weeks. An age-related expression pattern of CRBP1 gene was evident in liver (P < 0.01), but not in pituitary (P > 0.05). Overall, the expression level of CRBP1 gene in kidney, ovary and oviduct at the different ages had a "decline-rise-decline" trend in all three breeds. In contrast, in pituitary, hypothalamus, liver and kidney CRBP3 mRNA expression levels were significantly different at various ages (P < 0.05) and exhibited a "rise-decline-rise" pattern in all three breeds. Our results show that the expression of CRBP1 and CRBP3 in chicken tissues exhibit specific developmental changes and age-related patterns.
    Molecular Biology Reports 04/2014; · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) among chickens has been well established as being associated with disease resistance and pathogens infection, but the genetic differences in MHC between chickens susceptible to certain infections and those chickens that remain uninfected have not been sufficiently determined. In this study, we sought the genetic basis that may underlie differences in susceptibility to infection among chickens by challenging four groups of broilers with Marek's disease virus (MDV). Over the course of the experiment, lesions began to appear between 21 and 35 days post challenge (dpc), and commercial broilers were not necessarily better than indigenous chickens in terms of disease resistance. The four groups showed neutral resistance to MDV infection validated by challenge results and evolutionary analysis of exons 2 and 3 of the MHC class I region. Several variable sites in exon 2 and exon 3 were exclusively appeared in infected chickens. Exon 3 was likely more crucial than exon 2 in disease resistance. Our observations offered a support for a potential association between promiscuous pathogens and conspicuous genetic diversity in the MHC class I region.
    Infection, genetics and evolution: journal of molecular epidemiology and evolutionary genetics in infectious diseases 11/2013; · 3.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Adipose differentiation-related protein gene (ADP) plays an important role in controlling lipid accumulation in mammals. It may also affect lipid deposition in birds. However, the molecular mechanism of its actions in birds remains unknown. In the present study, the coding sequence of ADP cDNA for Chinese native breed Sichuan Mountainous Black-bone chicken (MB) was first cloned from abdominal fat using reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR). This putative MB ADP cDNA (1,881 bp) encodes an open reading frame of 438 amino acids (AA) and shares high AA sequence identity with that of red jungle fowl (99%), duck (92%), house mouse (70%), human (70%), chimpanzee (70%), pig (70%), domestic cow (69%) and domestic sheep (68%). Further analysis using bioinformatics shows the deduced MB ADP protein has the typical characters of PAT (Perilipin, Adipophilin and Tip47) family. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) analysis revealed that ADP expresses in chicken leg muscle, whole brain, heart, liver, pectoralis muscle, abdominal fat and subcutaneous fat. Ontogenetic expression studies shows ADP expression levels in abdominal fat, subcutaneous fat and pectoralis muscle were prior to that in leg muscles at posthatch day (P) 84. But, its levels in abdominal fat and subcutaneous fat were less than that in leg muscles at P28, 42, 56 and 70, respectively. The ADP expression levels in subcutaneous fat and abdominal fat were stable from P28 to P70 and both were less than their counterparts at P84. However, it changed greatly in pectoralis muscle, liver, brain, heart and leg muscle at all points. Patterns of ADP expression suggest that ADP plays an important role in fat development, but further study is needed to reconfirm its function in a large population and in other breeds with different genetic backgrounds.
    Molecular Biology Reports 09/2009; 37(6):2839-45. · 1.96 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Poultry Science - J POULT SCI. 01/2009; 46(2):87-94.