María P García-Muret

Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Barcino, Catalonia, Spain

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Publications (2)9.95 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Oncogenesis in the oral cavity is believed to result from genetic alterations that cause a stepwise transformation of the mucosa to invasive carcinoma. In oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) multiple cytogenetic abnormalities have been reported, but their practical significance remains uncertain. To evaluate the usefulness of the assessment of CCND1, MYC, EGFR, ERBB2 and TP53 in OSCC and lymph node metastases. Fifty-one consecutive samples of OSCC, nine lymph node biopsies showing metastatic spread from OSCC, 16 biopsies diagnosed as oral leucoplakia (OLK), 13 samples corresponding to oral lichen planus (OLP) and 14 samples from normal oral mucosa were included in the study. Clinical and histopathological characteristics were reviewed. The genetic and protein status of the CCND1, MYC, EGFR, ERBB2 oncogenes and the TP53 tumour suppressor gene were assessed by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and immunohistochemistry (IHC). The obtained results were compared with the clinical characteristics and the outcome of the OSCCs. TP53 gene losses and MYC, ERBB2, CCND1 and EGFR copy number gains and amplifications were detected in a higher proportion in OSCC and lymph node samples than in OLK and OLP samples (P < 0·005). Overexpression of p53, Myc, Cyclin D1, c-erbB-2 and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) was more prevalent in malignant samples than benign samples (P < 0·05). Correlation between FISH and IHC results was demonstrated in MYC, EGFR and CCND1 studies. The presence of two or more genetic abnormalities in the studied loci was exclusively detected in primary and metastatic OSCC. In our series, genetic abnormalities in TP53, MYC, CCND1, ERBB2 and EGFR detected by FISH were absent in inflammatory lesions, infrequent in precursor lesions and common in tumoral lesions. Evaluation of the genetic status of TP53, MYC, CCND1, ERBB2 and EGFR may be an additional diagnostic tool in distinguishing benign from malignant oral lesions in histopathologically challenging cases.
    British Journal of Dermatology 11/2010; 163(5):1028-35. · 3.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mycosis fungoide (MF) patients who develop tumors or extracutaneous involvement usually have a poor prognosis with no curative therapy available so far. In the present European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) multicenter study, the genomic profile of 41 skin biopsies from tumor stage MF (MFt) was analyzed using a high-resolution oligo-array comparative genomic hybridization platform. Seventy-six percent of cases showed genomic aberrations. The most common imbalances were gains of 7q33.3q35 followed by 17q21.1, 8q24.21, 9q34qter, and 10p14 and losses of 9p21.3 followed by 9q31.2, 17p13.1, 13q14.11, 6q21.3, 10p11.22, 16q23.2, and 16q24.3. Three specific chromosomal regions, 9p21.3, 8q24.21, and 10q26qter, were defined as prognostic markers showing a significant correlation with overall survival (OS) (P=0.042, 0.017, and 0.022, respectively). Moreover, we have established two MFt genomic subgroups distinguishing a stable group (0-5 DNA aberrations) and an unstable group (>5 DNA aberrations), showing that the genomic unstable group had a shorter OS (P=0.05). We therefore conclude that specific chromosomal abnormalities, such as gains of 8q24.21 (MYC) and losses of 9p21.3 (CDKN2A, CDKN2B, and MTAP) and 10q26qter (MGMT and EBF3) may have an important role in prognosis. In addition, we describe the MFt genomic instability profile, which, to our knowledge, has not been reported earlier.
    Journal of Investigative Dermatology 09/2009; 130(4):1126-35. · 6.19 Impact Factor