João Correia

Centro Hospitalar do Porto, Porto, Distrito do Porto, Portugal

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Publications (10)21.91 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To investigate whether CCR5 deletion is associated with susceptibility to Behçet's disease (BD) in a Portuguese population.
    Clinical and experimental rheumatology 09/2014; 32 Suppl 84(4):72-74. · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The impact of Behçet's disease on higher cognitive functions is still poorly understood. We proposed (1) to characterize the neuropsychological profile of Behçet's disease patients with (Neuro-BD) and without (BD) neurological manifestations; (2) to identify which clinical, psychopathological, and genetic variables are related to neuropsychological performance; and (3) to explore the association between cognitive functioning and neuroimaging findings in BD patients. Fifteen Neuro-BD and 35 BD patients in the nonactive phase of their illness underwent a neurological examination, performed a comprehensive battery of neuropsychological tests, and answered the hospital anxiety and depression scale. Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-B*51 genotyping was also performed. Patients' neuropsychological performances were compared to those of healthy demographically matched subjects. Within one month from the testing date, a subset of 20-BD patients underwent a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan. Fifty-three percent of Neuro-BD and 40% of BD patients were impaired at least on one neuropsychological measure (i.e., digit span-forward). Poorer cognitive functioning in Neuro-BD was associated with parenchymal involvement, whereas in BD it was related to presence of white matter changes in the frontal lobes, history of headache complaints, or higher levels of anxiety and depression. Current prednisone intake had a positive impact on neuropsychological performance. Disease duration, time since onset of neurological manifestations, or presence of HLA-B*51 allele had no significant influence. Our results indicate that Behçet's disease may affect cognitive abilities in the absence of overt neurological symptoms. These findings point to an insidious course of neurological involvement.
    Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 09/2009; 1173:217-26. · 4.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a clinically heterogeneous disease translating the different genetic and environmental factors involved. Polymorphisms at several loci, including the major histocompatibility complex (MHC), have been associated worldwide with SLE, although inconsistencies exist among these studies mainly due to genetic heterogeneity between populations and sample characteristics. The aim of the present study was to investigate in Portuguese SLE the association of HLA-DRB1 alleles with clinical patterns of the disease and severity. Two hundred eighteen Portuguese patients with SLE--42% of whom had kidney involvement--were studied for HLA-DRB1. Clinical and laboratory manifestations were correlated with HLA allele frequencies. HLA-DRB1 * 03 allele frequency was significantly higher in SLE patients--as a whole and as either with or without renal involvement--compared to controls, while HLA-DRB1 * 09 and DRB1 * 13 allele frequencies were decreased. Regarding the relationship with the presence or absence of specific clinical manifestations, it was only found that HLA-DRB1 * 08 allele frequency was increased in patients with neurological involvement. No association with the presence or absence of anti-dsDNA, anti-sm or antiphospholipid antibodies, or antiphospholipid syndrome, was observed. These results were reproducible when analysis was repeated only with patients with more than 5 years of evolution. As in other populations HLA-DRB1 * 03 is a susceptibility allele in Portuguese SLE patients, while HLA-DRB1 * 09 and DRB1 * 13 alleles may be protective alleles, not only for the disease, but for the development of nephritis. No correlations with the different clinical manifestations were found, except with the neurological system.
    Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 09/2009; 1173:575-80. · 4.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is mainly a disease of fertile women and the coexistence of pregnancy is by no means a rare event. How SLE and its treatment affects pregnancy outcome is still a matter of debate. Assessment of the reciprocal clinical impact of SLE and pregnancy was investigated in a cohort study. We reviewed the clinical features, treatment, and outcomes of 43 pregnant SLE patients with 51 pregnancies followed from 1993 to 2007 at a tertiary university hospital. The age of patients was 28.7 +/- 5.4 years and SLE was diagnosed at age of 23.0 +/- 6.1 years. Previous manifestations of SLE included lupus nephritis (14 patients) and secondary antiphospholipid syndrome (11 patients). Thirty-five pregnant patients (69%) were in remission for more than 6 months at the onset of pregnancy. Patients were being treated with low doses of prednisone (29), hydroxychloroquine (20), azathioprine (five), acetylsalicylic acid (51), and low molecular weight heparin (13). Sixteen pregnancy-associated flares were documented, mainly during the second trimester (42%) and also in the following year after delivery (25%). Renal involvement was found in 11 cases (68%). Spontaneous abortion occurred in 6%, 16% had premature deliveries, and 74% were delivered at term. No cases of maternal mortality occurred. No cases of fetal malformation were recorded. There was one intrauterine fetal death and one neonatal death at 24 gestational weeks. Pregnant women with SLE are high risk patients, but we had a 90% success rate in our cohort. A control disease activity strategy to target clinical remission is essential.
    Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology 08/2009; 38(2-3):302-6. · 5.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is an inflammatory chronic disease characterized by the presence of autoantibodies, immunocomplex production and organ injury. Several alterations of the immune system have been described, namely of CD4 T cells, with particular focus on regulatory subgroup. Quantify peripheral CD4 T cells in a population of patients with SLE and correlate it with lupus activity, affected organs, therapeutics and infections. Retrospective study involving all SLE patients seen in the clinical immunology outpatient clinic of the Hospital Geral Santo António, Porto that has done some peripheral blood flow cytometry study. Twenty-nine patients have been evaluated, 16 were taking glucocorticoids and six immunossupressors. The mean SLEDAI at the study time was nine and the ECLAM was three. Thirty-one percent of the patients had leukopenia, 76% lymphocytopenia and the same number CD4 depletion. Fifty-five percent of the patients had CD4 levels lower than 500/mm3, 31% lower than 200/mm3. All patients with SLEDAI > or = 20 and ECLAM > or = 4 had CD4 counts inferior to 500/mm3 and all patients with inactive disease had CD4 superior to 500/mm3. There have been three opportunistic infections: cryptococcal meningitis, pulmonary aspergilosis, Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia, all in patients with CD4 counts lower than 500/mm3. Decreased CD4 T cells counts have been very common in this study population. There is an inverse relation between CD4 cells counts and disease activity. Opportunistic infections occurred in patients with severe CD4 depletion.
    Acta reumatologica portuguesa 01/2009; 34(2A):200-6. · 0.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-B*51 is a well-known genetic factor associated with Behçet's disease (BD). To analyse the influence of HLA-B*51 and other HLA class I alleles in BD susceptibility in a Portuguese population and its association with disease severity, we studied 78 BD patients and 208 healthy controls. The patients were classified into two severity groups as described by Gul et al. As expected, a higher frequency of HLA-B*51 was found. The frequency of HLA-Cw*16 alleles was significantly higher in patients. Regarding severity, HLA-B*27 frequency was higher in the severe group compared with controls and with the mild group. Thus, HLA-B*51 and HLA-Cw*16 seem to confer susceptibility to BD in this patients. HLA-B*27 may be important as a prognostic factor.
    Tissue Antigens 10/2008; 72(4):379-82. · 2.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lupus nephritis (LN) is a frequent and serious manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus. However, the outcome has progressively improved in the last 3 decades and this was due to more efficient and early treatment of LN and comorbid situations. The aim of our study was to analyze our experience and outcome in LN, to evaluate clinicopathologic and clinicolaboratory correlations and to search for risk factors for renal and patient survival. We conducted a retrospective study of 78 patients with biopsy-proven LN. Acute renal failure and subnephrotic proteinuria with microhematuria occurred each one in 39.7% of the patients, nephrotic syndrome in 16.7% and nephritic syndrome in 3.8%. The mean serum creatinine at presentation was 1.45 +/- 1.03 mg/dl and the creatinine clearance was 68.2 +/- 40.3 ml/min. Class IV LN existed in 71.8%, Class III in 20.5%, Class V in 6.4% and Class VI in 1.3%. The treatment included steroids and cytotoxic agents in 87.5% of the patients with proliferative LN. Hypertension, serum creatinine and acute renal failure at presentation, as well as significant chronicity on renal biopsy, were significantly correlated with the progression to chronic renal failure in our population. Males were more prone to develop renal flares. 3.8% of the patients died, 9% lost their renal function, 26.9% are in remission, 33.3% still have subnephrotic proteinuria and microhematuria, 7.7% have nephrotic syndrome and 19.2% have chronic renal failure. The mean global follow-up was 102 +/- 74 months and 96.2% of the patients survived. The actuarial renal survival was 96.1% in the first year; 89.9% at 5 years; and 83.7% at 10 and 20 years. We can say that hypertension, serum creatinine and acute renal failure at the onset and significant chronicity on renal biopsy, proved to be risk factors for chronic renal failure in our study population. Male gender was a risk factor for renal flares. The achieved global outcome can be considered a good result.
    Clinical nephrology 03/2002; 57(2):114-9. · 1.29 Impact Factor
  • Article: [Uveitis].
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    ABSTRACT: Uveitis is a general term that refers to the inflammation of uveal tract, which is an important cause of blindness in young people. It is well known that uveitis can be the initial manifestation of a systemic disease (S.D.), and may appear years before the diagnosis of the primary disease. Uveitis should be integrated in a systemic study with proper testing. Therefore, the diagnosis is a matter for the ophthalmologist and the Specialist in internal medicine. We have made a retrospective study of 71 patients with chronic uveitis or panuveitis. We found 54.9% of primary uveitis and 45.1% of S.D. associated uveitis, most of them with Behçet's disease (16/71) and Ankylosing Spondilytis (7/71). HLA typing of the patients showed a decreased frequency of HLA A1 and HLA A3 antigens and an increased frequency of the HLA B27 antigen, when compared to a Portuguese control population. We confirmed the important role of HLA B27 as an independent susceptibility factor for anterior uveitis. The lowest HLA A3 frequency was observed in the group of S.D. associated uveitis, which could suggest that this antigen may play a role as a factor of resistance to uveitis.
    Acta médica portuguesa 11/1998; 11(10):877-81.
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    ABSTRACT: We report a case of a 23 year-old man admitted to hospital with cough, fever and recurrent episodes of haemoptysis. Laboratory findings, which included a pulmonary biopsy, established the diagnosis of Idiophatic Pulmonary Hemosiderosis (IPH). Despite a number of morphologic, immunologic and ultrastructural studies, the etiology and pathogenesis of this disease remain indetermined. To diagnose an IPH all the other causes of pulmonary hemorrhage must be excluded. This is a rare disease, even more rare in adults. Based on these facts the authors publish this article, which includes the case report and a literature review.
    Acta médica portuguesa 02/1996; 9(1):41-4.
  • Revue De Medecine Interne - REV MED INTERNE. 01/1993; 14.