Sara García-Serrano

Hospital Regional Universitario Carlos Haya Málaga, Málaga, Andalusia, Spain

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Publications (19)63.9 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The effects that fatty acids (FAs) exert on G protein-coupled receptor-120 (GPR120) levels, a receptor for FAs, are still unknown. We analyzed the association between GPR120 and obesity, and the FA effects on its expression.
    Molecular Nutrition & Food Research 06/2014; · 4.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Little is known about the association between iodine and human milk composition. In this study we investigated the association between iodine and different markers of oxidative stress and obesity-related hormones in human breast milk. This work is composed of two cross-sectional studies (in lactating women and in the general population), one prospective and one in vitro. In the cross-sectional study in lactating women, the breast milk iodine correlated negatively with superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activities, and with adiponectin levels. An in vitro culture of human adipocytes with 1 μM KI (dose similar to the human breast milk iodine concentration) produced a significant decrease in adiponectin, GSH-Px, SOD1 and SOD2 mRNA expression. However, after two months of treatment with KI in the prospective study, a positive correlation was found between 24-h urinary iodine and serum adiponectin. Our observations lead to the hypothesis that iodine may be a factor directly involved in the regulation of oxidative stress and adiponectin levels in human breast milk.
    Antioxidants & Redox Signaling 09/2013; · 8.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Childhood obesity has grown very fast over recent decades and now it represents a serious public health problem. The number of adipocytes is set in childhood and adolescence and then, an effective understanding of the development of adipose tissue during these periods will help in the prevention of this pathology. The current study aimed to determine which adipose tissue characteristics are related to a high weight Z-score in childhood. The current study included 82 children aged 5-130 months who underwent inguinal hernia surgery. Anthropometric variables were measured, and a nutritional and physical activity questionnaire was completed. Subcutaneous adipose tissue samples, taken during the operation, were analyzed for preadipocyte number, adipocyte volume, fatty acid composition (gas chromatography of FAME), and relative gene expression of various genes (real time PCR). The results showed that children with a higher weight Z-score spend more time in sedentary activities and less time running or involved in active games. SCD-1 activity index, arachidonic/linoleic index, and adipocyte volume were significantly higher in children with a weight Z-score greater than 0. The preadipocyte number and the genetic expression of the studied genes did not differ between the groups. A multiple regression analysis was done to determine which variables were related to the weight Z-score. R2 values indicated that the model which included adipocyte volume, SREBP-1c, SCD-1 expression, and activity index, predicted 59% of the variability in the weight Z-score among the children. The main variables associated with adipocyte volume were PPARγ, Adiponectin, CB1R expressions, as well as the SCD-1 activity and normalized weight. It was concluded that in childhood, the weight Z-score is related to adipocyte volume and adipose tissue gene expression.
    International journal of endocrinology and metabolism. 01/2013; 11(2):82-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Changes in eating habits may be influential in the ever-increasing rate of childhood obesity. Our aim was to determine whether those children who consume olive oil have a lower risk of weight gain compared with children who consume other oils. The study included 18 girls and 74 boys, all aged 13-166 months. A survey was completed for each subject about eating habits and physical activity. A sample of subcutaneous adipose tissue was also obtained for cellular study. Data were recorded on the mean size of the adipocytes, the number of preadipocytes, and the concentration of particular fatty acids. The weight and height of the children were measured 13 months later. The likelihood that after 1 year the children would have increased their body mass index (BMI) Z-score above the initial score was less in the children who consumed only olive oil (odds ratio (OR)=0.22; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.08-0.63; P=0.005). These results remained after adjusting for age, physical activity and BMI (OR=0.19; 95% CI: 0.06-0.61; P=0.005) and after adjusting for age, physical activity and adipocyte volume (OR=0.15; 95% CI: 0.04-0.52; P=0.003). Diets with mono unsaturated fatty acid (MUFA)-rich olive oil could reduce the risk of obesity in childhood.
    European Journal of Endocrinology 06/2011; 165(3):435-9. · 3.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The overproduction of intestinal lipoproteins may contribute to the dyslipidemia found in diabetes. We studied the influence of diabetes on the fasting jejunal lipid content and its association with plasma lipids and the expression of genes involved in the synthesis and secretion of these lipoproteins. The study was undertaken in 27 morbidly obese persons, 12 of whom had type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The morbidly obese persons with diabetes had higher levels of chylomicron (CM) triglycerides (P < 0.001) and apolipoprotein (apo)B48 (P = 0.012). The jejunum samples obtained from the subjects with diabetes had a lower jejunal triglyceride content (P = 0.012) and angiopoietin-like protein 4 (ANGPTL4) mRNA expression (P = 0.043). However, the apoA-IV mRNA expression was significantly greater (P = 0.036). The jejunal triglyceride content correlated negatively with apoA-IV mRNA expression (r = -0.587, P = 0.027). The variables that explained the jejunal triglyceride content in a multiple linear regression model were the insulin resistance state and the apoA-IV mRNA expression. Our results show that the morbidly obese subjects with diabetes had lower jejunal lipid content and that this correlated negatively with apoA-IV mRNA expression. These findings show that the jejunum appears to play an active role in lipid homeostasis in the fasting state.
    The Journal of Lipid Research 12/2010; 51(12):3516-23. · 4.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Animal studies have revealed the association between stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 (SCD1) and obesity and insulin resistance. However, only a few studies have been undertaken in humans. We studied SCD1 in visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) from morbidly obese patients and their association with insulin resistance, sterol regulatory element binding protein-1 (SREBP-1) and ATPase p97, proteins involved in SCD1 synthesis and degradation. The insulin resistance was calculated in 40 morbidly obese patients and 11 overweight controls. Measurements were made of VAT and SAT SCD1, SREBP-1 and ATPase p97 mRNA expression and protein levels. VAT and SAT SCD1 mRNA expression levels in the morbidly obese patients were significantly lower than in the controls (P = 0.006), whereas SCD1 protein levels were significantly higher (P < 0.001). In the morbidly obese patients, the VAT SCD1 protein levels were decreased in patients with higher insulin resistance (P = 0.007). However, SAT SCD1 protein levels were increased in morbidly obese patients with higher insulin resistance (P < 0.05). Multiple linear regressions in the morbidly obese patients showed that the variable associated with the SCD1 protein levels in VAT was insulin resistance, and the variables associated with SCD1 protein levels in SAT were body mass index (BMI) and ATPase p97. In conclusion, these data suggest that the regulation of SCD1 is altered in individuals with morbid obesity and that the SCD1 protein has a different regulation in the two adipose tissues, as well as being closely linked to the degree of insulin resistance.
    Molecular Medicine 11/2010; 17(3-4):273-80. · 4.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: As interleukin-6 (IL-6) has an important role in general metabolism with high circulating levels in obesity and other associated diseases, the factors regulating its synthesis and release have been considered possible therapeutic targets and have recently been studied. We examined the influence of three different diets, each having a different fatty acid composition--saturated, monounsaturated or polyunsaturated (coconut oil, olive oil and sunflower oil diets), on IL-6 release from rat adipocytes, and the interaction between diet and other regulatory factors of IL-6 release, such as epinephrine. A group of rats was assigned to one of the three different diets, each with a significantly different concentration of saturated, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids. Samples were taken from the omental adipose tissue for measurement of the triacylglycerol fatty acid composition of the tissues and for adipocyte isolation. IL-6 release from adipocytes was measured in vitro, under nonstimulated conditions and also with two concentrations of epinephrine in the medium. Animals fed with the olive oil diet showed lower values of IL-6 release with and without epinephrine stimulation. IL-6 release from adipocytes varied according to the diet, but not according to epinephrine dose. However, a significant interaction was found between the epinephrine dose and the diet in IL-6 release regulation. IL-6 release from adipocytes was markedly regulated by the dietary fatty acid composition, even under epinephrine stimulation, with lower values of IL-6 release in the olive oil diet. The study also showed that epinephrine regulation of IL-6 release was related to the diet.
    International journal of obesity (2005) 03/2010; 34(8):1328-32. · 5.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) may play a protective role in the regulation of vascular function, partly mediated by its effects on superoxide dismutase (SOD). The aim of this study was to determine the association between PPARgamma expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and SOD activity in morbidly obese persons with varying degrees of insulin resistance (IR). We studied in 10 morbidly obese persons (five with no IR and five with high IR) the effect of a high-fat meal on the plasma activity of various antioxidant enzymes and the mRNA expression of PPARgamma in PBMC. The high-fat meal resulted in a significant decrease in plasma SOD activity, glutathione reductase (GSH-Rd) activity, and mRNA expression of PPARgamma only in the group of morbidly obese persons with high IR. PPARgamma expression after the high-fat meal correlated with the IR levels (r = -0.803, P = 0.009) and the plasma SOD activity (r = 0.903, P = 0.001). Likewise, the reduction in PPARgamma expression correlated with the increase in free fatty acids (FFA) (r = 0.733, P = 0.016). In conclusion, the decreased expression of PPARgamma in PBMC in morbidly obese persons after a high-fat meal was associated with the state of IR, the plasma SOD activity, and the changes in the concentration of FFA.
    Obesity 10/2009; 18(5):952-8. · 3.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The physiological role of apelin in obesity and diabetes remains unclear. Although apelin has been studied in persons with different conditions, no studies have yet examined the joint influence of obesity and diabetes on apelin levels. We measured the changes in apelin levels in morbidly obese subjects, with and without diabetes, and in the inverse situation of improvement in carbohydrate metabolism as a result of bariatric surgery. The study was undertaken in 54 morbidly obese persons, 16 of whom had type 2 diabetes mellitus, before and 7 months after undergoing bariatric surgery, and in 12 healthy, nonobese persons. Measurements were made of apelin levels and insulin sensitivity by an intravenous glucose tolerance test. The apelin levels in the morbidly obese patients prior to surgery were significantly higher than those of the controls only when the morbidly obese subjects were diabetic (P < 0.005). Apelin levels correlated significantly in the morbidly obese patients with serum triglycerides (r = 0.292, P = 0.032) and glucose (r = 0.337, P = 0.039). Bariatric surgery resulted in a significant decrease in apelin levels only in the morbidly obese subjects with impaired fasting glucose or diabetes. The change in apelin levels correlated significantly in the morbidly obese patients with the changes in serum glucose (r = 0.338, P = 0.038) and insulin sensitivity (r = -0.417, P = 0.043). This study demonstrates that obesity is not the main determinant of the rise in apelin levels. The association between apelin levels and glucose concentrations and insulin sensitivity provides evidence that apelin may play a role in the pathogenesis of diabetes.
    Obesity Surgery 09/2009; 19(11):1574-80. · 3.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The postprandial state seems to have a direct influence on oxidative status and insulin resistance. We determined the effect of an increase in plasma triglycerides after a high-fat meal on oxidative stress in severely obese patients with differing degrees of insulin resistance. The study was undertaken in 60 severely obese persons who received a 60-g fat overload with a commercial preparation. Measurements were made of insulin resistance, the plasma activity of various antioxidant enzymes, the total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and the plasma concentration of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS). The patients with greater insulin resistance had a lower plasma superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity (P < 0.05) and a greater glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activity (P < 0.05). The high-fat meal caused a significant reduction in SOD activity and an increase in the plasma concentration of TBARS in all the patients. Only the patients with lower insulin resistance experienced a significant increase in plasma catalase activity (2.22 +/- 1.02 vs. 2.93 +/- 1.22 nmol/min/ml, P < 0.01), remaining stable in the patients with greater insulin resistance. These latter patients had a reduction in plasma TAC (6.92 +/- 1.93 vs. 6.29 +/- 1.80 mmol/l, P < 0.01). In conclusion, our results show a close association between the degree of insulin resistance and markers of oxidative stress, both before and after a high-fat meal. The postprandial state causes an important increase in oxidative stress, especially in severely obese persons with greater insulin resistance. However, we are unable to determine from this study whether there is first an increase in oxidative stress or in insulin resistance.
    Obesity 12/2008; 17(2):240-6. · 3.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Antioxidized LDL (anti-oxLDL) antibodies have recently been suggested to be protective against the development of diabetes. We measured the changes in anti-oxLDL antibody levels in the inverse situation of improvement in carbohydrate metabolism. The study was undertaken in 73 morbidly obese individuals, 21 of whom had type 2 diabetes, before and 7 months after they underwent bariatric surgery and in 11 healthy, nonobese individuals. Measurements were made of the area under the curve of glucose (AUC(Glu)) by an intravenous glucose tolerance test and of oxidized LDL (oxLDL) and IgG and IgM anti-oxLDL antibodies. The morbidly obese patients with diabetes had significantly higher levels of oxLDL compared with the morbidly obese patients with normal fasting glucose and the control subjects and significantly lower levels of IgM anti-oxLDL antibodies. An inverse correlation was found between the levels of oxLDL and IgM anti-oxLDL antibodies (r = -0.352, P = 0.012). Although the levels of IgG and IgM anti-oxLDL antibodies rose after surgery, this increase was only significant in the diabetic patients, who experienced an improvement in their metabolic profile. Different multiple linear regression models showed that the AUC(Glu) was the main factor explaining the behavior of the levels of oxLDL and anti-oxLDL antibodies. We found a close association between carbohydrate metabolism and IgM anti-oxLDL antibodies, which were significantly reduced in the morbidly obese patients with diabetes. The improvement in carbohydrate metabolism after bariatric surgery led to a significant increase in the levels of IgG and IgM anti-oxLDL antibodies.
    Diabetes care 11/2008; 31(12):2258-64. · 7.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent studies suggest that measuring the free-fatty acids (FFA) during an intravenous glucose tolerance test (IVGTT) may provide information about the metabolic associations between serum FFA and carbohydrate and insulin metabolism. We evaluated the FFA profile during an IVGTT and determined whether this test changes the composition and concentration of FFA. An IVGTT was given to 38 severely obese persons before and 7 months after undergoing bariatric surgery and also to 12 healthy, nonobese persons. The concentration and composition of the FFA were studied at different times during the test. The concentration of FFA fell significantly faster during the IVGTT in the controls and in the severely obese persons with normal-fasting glucose (NFG) than in the severely obese persons with impaired-fasting glucose (IFG) or type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) (P < 0.05). Significant differences were found in the time to minimum serum concentrations of FFA (control = NFG < IFG < T2DM) (P < 0.001). These variables improved after bariatric surgery in the three groups. The percentage of monounsaturated and n-6 polyunsaturated FFA in the control subjects and in the obese persons, both before and after surgery, decreased significantly during the IVGTT. In conclusion, during an IVGTT, severely obese persons with IFG or T2DM experienced a lower fall in the FFA than the severely obese persons with NFG and the controls, becoming normal after bariatric surgery.
    Obesity 10/2008; 17(1):10-5. · 3.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although various studies have noted fatty-acid-mediated regulation of adipocyte lipolysis, determining the isolated effect of a single fatty acid is more difficult. We examined the influence of dietary oleic acid on adipose cell lipolytic activity and the tissue fat content independently of the variation in other dietary fatty acids. We fed 48 rats with six diets designed so that the oleic acid content was not correlated with the content of any other fatty acid and studied the lipolytic activity and fatty acid content of the tissues. There were no differences in the weight of the animals after the diet. The muscle fat content and the epinephrine-stimulated lipolytic activity varied significantly according to the dietary levels of oleic acid and the tissues, showing a dose-dependent behavior of the dietary oleic acid concentration. The results of this study show that diets rich in oleic acid have a beneficial effect on the regulation of lipid metabolism and body weight homeostasis.
    The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry 04/2008; 19(11):727-31. · 4.55 Impact Factor
  • Clinical Nutrition Supplements 01/2008; 3:67-68.
  • Clinical Nutrition Supplements 01/2008; 3:183-184.
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    ABSTRACT: Visfatin has shown to be increased in obesity and in type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to determine the change in plasma visfatin in severely obese (SO) persons after weight loss following bariatric surgery in relation to glucose concentration. Visfatin and leptin were studied in 53 SO persons (BMI, 54.4 +/- 6.8 kg/m(2)) before and 7 months after bariatric surgery and in 28 healthy persons (BMI, 26.8 +/- 3.8 kg/m(2)). All of the patients underwent bariatric surgery with biliopancreatic diversion or gastric bypass. The pre-surgery levels of visfatin in the SO group were greater than in the control group (55.9 +/- 39.9 vs. 42.9 +/- 16.6 ng/mL, p = 0.024). This increase was significant in the SO group with impaired fasting glucose (63.4 +/- 36.6 ng/mL) and diabetes (60.0 +/- 46.0 ng/mL). SO patients with normal fasting glucose had similar levels of visfatin to the controls. Seven months after surgery, visfatin levels were significantly increased (84.8 +/- 32.8 ng/mL, p < 0.001). This increase was independent of the pre-surgical glucose levels. The type of bariatric surgery had no influence on visfatin levels. Post-surgical visfatin was significantly correlated with the post-surgery plasma concentrations of leptin (r = 0.39, p = 0.014). Plasma levels of visfatin in the SO group were increased but only when accompanied by high glucose levels, even in the range of impaired fasting glucose. Bariatric surgery causes an increase in visfatin, which is correlated mainly with the changes produced in the leptin concentration.
    Obesity 10/2007; 15(10):2391-5. · 3.92 Impact Factor
  • Atherosclerosis Supplements - ATHEROSCLER SUPPL. 01/2007; 8(1):182-182.
  • Atherosclerosis Supplements - ATHEROSCLER SUPPL. 01/2007; 8(1):58-59.
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    ABSTRACT: Obesity is often associated with hyper-secrection of insulin. Impaired fasting glucose (IFG) has recently been redefined as a fasting plasma glucose of 5.6-6.9 mmol/L. The aim of this study was to determine whether changes in insulin secretion in morbidly obese persons also commence with normal serum glucose levels. 32 morbidly obese subjects were studied before and after bariatric surgery. Measurements were made of glucose tolerance (K(G)), insulin sensitivity (SI), first-phase insulin release and the disposition index (DI) from a frequently sampled intravenous glucose tolerance test. In morbidly obese subjects, the SI (P<0.01), DI (P<0.01) and first-phase insulin release (P<0.02) started changing with serum glucose levels considered to be normal (5.00-5.28 mmol/L). K(G) showed a clear slope according to the baseline glycemia status (P<0.05), and it was significantly related with the DI, both before (r=0.76, P<0.001) and after (r=0.57, P=0.002) surgery. Following surgery, all the variables significantly associated with insulin secretion and insulin sensitivity recovered significantly. The most significant changes occurred in morbidly obese individuals with IFG. Morbidly obese subjects show slopes of insulin sensitivity and insulin secretion in accordance with their baseline serum glucose levels. The fall in first-phase insulin release begins when serum glucose values are considered normal. Morbidly obese persons with the IFG phenotype have a specific pattern of insulin sensitivity and insulin secretion. K(G) clearly discriminates the clinical phenotypes, depending on baseline serum glucose levels.
    Obesity Surgery 09/2006; 16(9):1179-88. · 3.10 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

165 Citations
63.90 Total Impact Points


  • 2009
    • Hospital Regional Universitario Carlos Haya Málaga
      • Departamento de Endocrinología y Nutrición
      Málaga, Andalusia, Spain
  • 2008–2009
    • Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Diabetes y Enfermedades Metabólicas Asociadas
      Barcino, Catalonia, Spain
    • Hospital Universitario Virgen de la Victoria de Málaga
      Málaga, Andalusia, Spain
    • Instituto de Salud Carlos III
      • CIBER of Diabetes and Associated Metabolic Diseases (CIBERDEM)
      Madrid, Madrid, Spain
    • Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red-Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y la Nutrición (CIBERobn)
      Santiago, Galicia, Spain