Gokhan Ocakoglu

Uludag University, United States

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Publications (21)30.16 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the role of adiponectin and visfatin in the pathophysiology of pre-eclampsia (PE) and how their concentrations correlate with the severity of the disease and neonatal outcomes. A prospective case-control study was carried out in 52 preeclamptic and 28 healthy pregnant women during the third trimester. The maternal plasma concentrations of adiponectin and visfatin were determined. Neonatal outcomes were also recorded. Mean maternal plasma adiponectin concentrations in healthy pregnant women did not differ significantly from those of mild PE and severe PE groups. The plasma adiponectin levels of PE patients with small for gestational age (SGA) and those without SGA did not differ significantly, but the median plasma visfatin concentration of patients with SGA fetus was significantly higher if the patient was preeclamptic (p = 0.036). The severity of preeclampsia did not change the plasma levels of adiponectin and visfatin, but the median plasma visfatin concentration of patients with SGA fetuses were significantly higher if the patient was preeclamptic. Altered levels of adipocytokines strongly imply that the regulation of adipocytokines in PE is different and more complex compared to that in healthy pregnancy.
    Clinical and experimental obstetrics & gynecology 01/2013; 40(2):261-7. · 0.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To compare the efficacy and patients' tolerance of a new mixed biphasic oral contrast solution with routine biphasic oral contrast agent in magnetic resonance (MR) enterography (MRE). Thirty-seven patients (group 1) had MRE with the new mixture, whereas 14 patients (group 2) had MRE with biphasic oral contrast agent (lactulose). Magnetic resonance enterography images were evaluated by 2 experienced radiologists. Each intestinal segment was evaluated for luminal distension (LD), distinction from the surrounding tissue (wall conspicuity), and the confidence of radiologist for evaluation of the specified segment (radiological evaluation confidence). Comparisons between the 2 groups were performed using the Mann-Whitney U test. Interrater and intrarater agreement values were obtained. In addition, patients' acceptability and tolerance were assessed. The new mixture was more effective than the oral contrast agent used in group 2 for LD, wall conspicuity, and radiological confidence. The values of interrater and intrarater agreement in scoring LD, wall conspicuity, and radiological confidence were generally moderate. Our new mixture allowed good-quality enterographic images, and this solution was well tolerated by patients. In addition, this mixture is useful for evaluation of small bowels and colonic segments. We suggest the use of it for enterographic examinations.
    Journal of computer assisted tomography 01/2013; 37(1):65-74. · 1.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of the inferior turbinates is a popular surgical intervention that aims to reduce turbinate volume. However, in a few studies, the amount of volume loss was analyzed objectively. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of RFA on the inferior turbinate by comparing its volume before and 6 weeks after surgery via computed tomography (CT) and the change in minimal cross-sectional areas (MCAs) via acoustic rhinometry objectively. Eighteen patients who underwent RFA with the diagnosis of isolated bilateral inferior turbinate hypertrophy were enrolled in the study. All patients were evaluated pre- and postoperatively with paranasal CT and acoustic rhinometry quantitatively for the assessment of inferior turbinate volume decrement and nasal cavity volume increment. Also, the subjective relief of obstructive symptoms was assessed with a visual analogue scale. There were significant reductions in volume for both right and left turbinates in the tomographic evaluation (p  =  .007 and .004, respectively). Acoustic rhinometry revealed nonsignificant increments for both MCA1 and MCA2 values except MCA2 of the right side. We also indicated a statistically significant correlation between the mean volume reduction in CT and improvement in mean MCA2 volume (2 to 5 cm from the nostril) obtained from acoustic rhinometric data in 36 turbinates (r  =  .337, p  =  .044). We showed that the use of RFA was highly effective in both reducing turbinate volume (demonstrated by radiologic findings and rhinometric analysis) and improving obstructive symptoms in patients with an isolated inferior turbinate.
    Journal of otolaryngology - head & neck surgery = Le Journal d'oto-rhino-laryngologie et de chirurgie cervico-faciale 08/2012; 41(4):274-81. · 0.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: An activating mutation of Janus kinase 2 (JAK2-V617F) was previously described in chronic myeloproliferative disorders (MPD). In previously published studies, the frequency of the JAK2-V617F mutation was determined to be 80-90 % for patients with polycythemia vera (PV) and 40-70 % for essential thrombocythemia (ET). In this study, we analyzed the relationship between the JAK2-V617F mutation and clinical-hematological parameters in Turkish patients with MPD and compared these findings with published studies from other geographic regions. A total of 148 patients were studied; of which, 70 were diagnosed with PV and 78 with ET. The mutation status of JAK2 was determined using a tetra-primer polymerase chain reaction. We found that 80 % of the PV group and 42 % of the ET group were positive for the JAK2-V617F mutation. When all patients were analyzed, the levels of white blood cells, hemoglobin and splenomegaly were significantly different in patients with the JAK2-V617F mutation (p < 0.05). To our knowledge, this study is the first to evaluate the relationship between MPD and JAK2-V617F in Turkish patients. The JAK2-V617F mutation is frequently detected in the Turkish patients with MPD, and especially in patients with PV. Hence, it would be useful to include JAK2 mutation screening in the initial evaluation of patients suspected to have MPD.
    Molecular Biology Reports 06/2012; 39(9):8663-7. · 2.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate and compare the effectiveness of magnesium sulfate (MgSO(4)) and mannitol in the treatment of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) in eclamptic women. This retrospective analysis includes 62 eclamptic women between 22 and 40 weeks of gestation who were diagnosed with PRES in a tertiary care center. To treat neurological symptoms, 34 women received magnesium sulfate (Group 1) and the remaining 28 received 20% mannitol (Group 2) at the discretion of treating physician. Ten patients from both Group 1 (29%) and Group 2 (35.7%) were normotensive at admission. 59 of 62 patients presented with seizure. All patients underwent fluid attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Parietooccipital region and cerebellum were the most commonly affected areas. The duration of treatment was significantly shorter in Group 1 than Group 2 (p < 0.001). Neurological examinations and the recovery after treatment were significantly better in favor of MgSO(4) group (p = 0.039). Mannitol is not superior to magnesium sulfate in achieving neurological recovery. Magnesium sulfate seems to be the agent of choice for treatment of PRES.
    Archives of Gynecology 03/2012; 286(2):287-93. · 0.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: This prospective study aimed to evaluate the use of three-dimensional sampling perfection with application-optimized contrasts using different flip-angle evolutions (3D-SPACE) in the diagnosis of spontaneous third ventriculostomy (STV) and to compare it with phase-contrast cine magnetic resonance imaging (PC-MRI). METHODS: PC-MRI and 3D-SPACE images were obtained in 15 patients with hydrocephalus for evaluation of STV as well as in 10 control cases. The presence of STV was evaluated visually by two experienced radiologists on both PC-MRI and 3D-SPACE images, and the results were statistically compared. RESULTS: There was a strong correlation between PC-MRI and SPACE scores for both readers (correlation coefficient [r]=0.784; P=0.001). There was also a good correlation between PC-MRI scores and consensus-based results. Interobserver reliabilities were strong for all STV scores. In addition, there was excellent correlation between 3D-SPACE scores and consensus-based results (first reader's kappa value: 0.87; second reader's kappa value: 1). CONCLUSION: 3D-SPACE can provide morphological-physiological information for the evaluation of STV with no need for additional PC-MRI analysis or other sequences. As a non-invasive test, it can also be included among the first line of choices of MRI sequences for patients with obstructive hydrocephalus.
    Journal of Neuroradiology 02/2012; · 1.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Polymorphisms in the X-ray repair cross complementing 1 (XRCC1) gene have been found to be associated with susceptibility to various types of cancers. We investigated the association between the XRCC1 gene Arg399Gln polymorphism and the susceptibility to lung cancer in Turkish patients. To determine the association of this polymorphism with the risk of lung cancer in Turkish patients, a hospital-based case-control study was designed, involving 67 patients with lung cancer and 60 control subjects with no cancer history who were matched for age and gender. XRCC1 genotypes (Arg/Arg, Arg/Gln, and Gln/Gln) were determined using polymerase chain reaction–restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis on genomic DNA. No statistically significant relationship was determined between the lung cancer and control groups (p>0.05). Among the patients, 61% were Arg/Arg, 28% were Arg/Gln, and 11% were Gln/Gln. Among the controls, 50% were Arg/Arg, 38% were Arg/Gln, and 12% were Gln/Gln. There was no difference in the distribution of XRCC1 genotypes or the frequencies of the Arg (75% versus 69%) and Gln (25% versus 31%) alleles between the lung cancer patients and controls. Our results suggest that the XRCC1 gene Arg399Gln polymorphism is not associated with an increased risk for the development of lung cancer in Turkish patients.
    Indian Journal of Human Genetics 01/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the effects of short-term use of atorvastatin on CD34+/VEGF-R2+/CD133+/CD45- endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) count after on-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG). Between Feb-2010 and May-2010, we randomly assigned, in a placebo-controlled, double-blind study, 60 consecutive patients who underwent isolated, first-time CABG to receive either 14-day atorvastatin (40 mg/day) or placebo preoperatively. Urgent CABG and recent myocardial infarction were excluded. EPCs were quantified (cells/μl) by flow cytometric phenotyping obtained from venous blood samples collected preoperatively (T(1)), 6-hours (T(2)), and on the 5th day postoperatively (T(3)). Levels of markers of inflammation and serum cardiac troponin I were also measured preoperatively and daily until day-5 after surgery. There were no differences in baseline risk factors including cholesterol profiles, and EuroSCORES between the groups. The composite primary end-point, favored statin group with higher amount of circulating, early EPC count (cells/μl) at all time points compared with placebo (T(1), 2.30±0.02 versus 1.58±0.03, p<0.001; T(2), 5.00±0.06 versus 2.19±0.06, p<0.001; T(3), 3.03±0.08 versus 1.78±0.02, p<0.001). Postoperative hsCRP rise were inversely correlated with EPC count, and were significantly lower in the statin group (T(1), 0.8 ± 0.1 versus 2.2±1.5, p<0.001; T(2), 72.9±3.2 versus 96.0±3.6, p<0.001; T(3), 4.3±1.2 versus 11.4±4.1, p<0.001). Furthermore, the incidence of postoperative atrial fibrillation was significantly lower in the statin group compared to placebo (3.3% versus 23%, p=0.02). Short-term atorvastatin use increases circulating early EPCs both pre- and post-operatively and is associated with better preservation of sinus rhythm and reduced hsCRP levels. (ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01096875).
    Stem cell reviews 11/2011; 8(3):963-71. · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to describe the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in patients with ischiofemoral impingement (IFI) and to evaluate the reliability of these MRI findings. Seventy hips of 50 patients with hip pain and quadratus femoris muscle (QFM) edema and 38 hips of 30 control cases were included in the study. The QFM edema and fatty replacement were assessed visually. Ischiofemoral space (IFS), quadratus femoris space (QFS), inclination angle (IA), hamstring tendon area (HTA), and total quadratus femoris muscle volume (TQFMV) measurements were performed independently by two musculoskeletal radiologists. The intra- and interobserver reliabilities were obtained for quantitative variables. IFS, QFS, and TQFMV values of the patient group were significantly lower than those of controls (P < 0.001). HTA and IA measurements of the patient group were also significantly higher than in controls (P < 0.05). The QFM fatty replacement grades were significantly higher in the patient group than in the control group (P < 0.001). Inter- and intra-observer reliabilities were strong for all continuous variables. Clinicians and radiologists should be aware of IFI in patients with hip or groin pain, and MRI should be obtained for the presence of the QFM edema/fatty replacement, narrowing of the IFS-QFS, and other features that may help in the clinical diagnosis of IFI for the proper diagnosis and treatment of the disease.
    Skeletal Radiology 08/2011; 41(5):575-87. · 1.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate neurochemical and structural changes in the patients with newly diagnosed obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) by MR spectroscopy (MRS), T2 relaxometry, and diffusion weighted imaging (DWI). Following the acquisition of routine cranial MR, MRS, T2 relaxometry, and DWI images; spectroscopic metabolite ratios and DWI-T2 relaxometry findings of the thalami, hippocampi, frontal white matter (FWM) and frontal cortex of 24 OSAS patients and 9 controls were statistically compared. The relationship between two groups was evaluated with Mann-Whitney test. Spectroscopic measurements in the frontal cortex and frontal white matter of the OSAS patients revealed significantly lower NAA/Cr ratios than those of the control group (P=0.004 and P=0.006, respectively). The measurements in the frontal white matter of the OSAS patients exhibited significantly lower NAA/Cho ratios compared with those of the control group (P=0.005). Thalamic Cho/Cr ratios of the patient group were significantly higher than those of the control group (P=0.002). In terms of the ADC-T2 relaxometry values, there was no significant relationship between the patient and the control groups (P>0.05). MRS is a useful and non-invasive modality in showing neurochemical changes in various regions of the brain but our data does not show any change on diffusion weighting or T2 quantification in the OSAS group. DWI and T2 relaxometry appear to be not effective techniques to evaluate the brain structural changes of the patients with newly diagnosed OSAS.
    European journal of radiology 02/2011; 81(3):491-5. · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to examine the structural-neurochemical abnormalities of the frontal white matter (FWM), deep gray matter nuclei, and pons in patients with Wilson's disease (WD) using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI). Nine patients with WD and 14 age-matched controls were examined with MRS. N-Acetylaspartate (NAA), choline (Cho), and creatine (Cr) peaks were calculated. DWI scans from six WD patients and six controls were also obtained. The relative metabolite ratios and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values of the WD patients were compared to those of the control subjects by using statistical measures. Measurements in the thalamus and pons showed significantly lower NAA/Cho and NAA/Cr ratios in the WD group than in the control group (P < 0.05). Thalamic and pontine Cho/Cr ratios in the patient group were significantly higher than those of the control group (P < 0.05). No statistically significant relation was found between the patient and control groups as a result of the MRS examinations of FWM and all ADC measurements (P > 0.05). MRS is a noninvasive, valuable modality for detecting structural-neurochemical changes of the brain stem and deep gray matter in patients with WD. The contribution of DWI in these patients is limited.
    Japanese journal of radiology 11/2010; 28(9):663-71. · 0.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the usage of duplex power Doppler ultrasound (PDUS) for the differentiation of benign and malignant thyroid nodules. We prospectively examined 77 thyroid nodules in 60 patients undergoing ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB). Each nodule was described according to size, inner structure, borders, parenchymal echogenicity, peripheral halo formation, and the presence of calcification (B-mode ultrasound findings). Vascularity as determined by PDUS imaging was defined as non-vascular, peripheral, central, or of mixed type. For each nodule, the pulsatility index (PI) and resistive index (RI) values were obtained. Results of FNAB and surgical pathological examination (if available) were used as a proof of final diagnosis to categorize all nodules as benign or malignant. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed to establish cut-off, sensitivity, and specificity values associated with RI-PI values. A significant relationship was observed between malignancy and irregular margins, microcalcifications, and hypoechogenicity on ultrasound examination (p < 0.05). The pattern of vascularity as determined by PDUS analysis was not a statistically significant criterion to suggest benign or malignant disease in this study (p > 0.05). The central, peripheral, and mean RI-PI values were higher in malignant nodules when compared to the other cytologies (p < 0.05). Vascularity is not a useful parameter for distinguishing malignant from benign thyroid nodules. However, RI and PI values are useful in distinguishing malignant from benign thyroid nodules.
    Korean journal of radiology: official journal of the Korean Radiological Society 11/2010; 11(6):594-602. · 1.32 Impact Factor
  • Oktay Algin, Gokhan Gokalp, Gokhan Ocakoglu
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    ABSTRACT: Accurate assessment of the morphology of sacroiliac joint (SIJ) bone cortex and cartilage bears importance in terms of detecting sacroiliitis in its earliest period. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacies of fat-saturated T1-weighted (T1WFS) spin-echo, three-dimensional (3D)-fast low angle shot (3D-FLASH), and 3D-double excitation in the steady-state (3D-DESS) sequences for the detection of SIJ cartilage and bone cortex abnormalities in patients with clinically suspected active sacroiliitis. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed in 9 controls and 30 patients with suspected active sacroiliitis. T1WFS, short tau inversion recovery, 3D-DESS with FS, 3D-FLASH with FS, postcontrast (the same precontrast T1WFS sequence) T1WFS, and subtracted images were obtained in all the cases. The bone cortex and cartilaginous morphology were visually scored on the T1WFS, 3D-DESS, and 3D-FLASH images. MRI findings were statistically evaluated. Active sacroiliitis was observed in 28 patients (49 SIJs) that were examined by postcontrast and subtracted images. T1WFS, 3D-DESS, and 3D-FLASH images revealed cartilage erosions in 26 (47 SIJs), 28 (55 SIJs), and 28 (55 SIJs) patients, respectively. Cartilage and bone cortex erosion scores in SIJs were significantly higher in 3D-DESS and 3D-FLASH images than in T1WFS images (P < .05). Bone erosion scores assessed on T1WFS and 3D-FLASH images of active sacroiliitis patients, were found to be significantly different (P < .05). A similar relationship was not determined between 3D-DESS and T1WFS sequences (P > .05). 3D-FLASH sequence with FS is recognized as the most useful sequence for the detection of cartilaginous and cortical bone abnormalities.
    Academic radiology 10/2010; 17(10):1292-8. · 2.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine the distinctive features of normal-pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) and other dementias on routine T1-weighted and T2-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) images. Also, the contribution of these parameters to the diagnosis and treatment of NPH was investigated. Routine MR images were used to investigate the morphologic features (dilatation of Sylvian cisterns, narrowness of convexity sulci, thickness of corpus callosum (TCC), and dilatation of perihippocampal fissures) and the flow void phenomenon (FVP) in patients with idiopathic NPH (INPH) and other dementias. Routine MR images of 18 patients with INPH, 11 with dementias other than INPH, and 20 controls were retrospectively examined. Morphologic features and the FVP were graded subjectively. The TCC was measured quantitatively. Morphologic parameters, the FVP, and the shunt response were assessed using Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U tests. The mean FVP score was significantly higher in patients with INPH (2.89 +/- 0.75) than in controls and patients with other dementias (1.1 +/- 0.85 and 1.09 +/- 0.83, respectively) (P < .001). There was significant difference in terms of TCC between patients with INPH (3 +/- 0.7 mm), those with other dementias (1.9 +/- 0.7 mm), and controls (5.2 +/- 0.8 mm) (P < .001). Significant differences in terms of other morphologic features were found between patients with INPH and those with other dementias (P < .05). No significant difference was found between morphologic parameters and the FVP and the outcome of cerebrospinal fluid diversion (P > .05). Intense FVP is a signature of but is not pathognomonic for INPH. The morphologic analysis of MR images can be distinctive for the diagnosis of INPH or dementias other than INPH. Detailed evaluation of morphologic features and the FVP in routine MR workup of dementia will be useful for accurate diagnosis.
    Academic radiology 08/2009; 16(11):1373-80. · 2.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the study was to investigate the diagnostic value of contrast-enhanced MRI using the subtraction technique in the detection of active sacroiliitis. Magnetic resonance imaging was performed in 8 asymptomatic volunteers and 50 patients with clinically suspected active sacroiliitis. On precontrast MR images, T1-weighted spin-echo images with and without fat saturation (T1WFS and T1W), STIR and 3D-FLASH images with fat saturation were obtained in the semicoronal plane using a 1.5 Tesla imager. Postcontrast MRI was performed using the same T1WFS sequence as before contrast injection for all volunteers and patients. Postcontrast images were subtracted from fat-suppressed precontrast images. Enhancement within the joint space and bone marrow was considered to demonstrate active sacroiliitis. In 50 patients (100 sacroiliac joints [SIJs]), 40 (76 SIJs) were considered to have active sacroiliitis based on MR images. Bone marrow edema was present in 33 patients (62 SIJs) on STIR images. Routine MRI allowed identification of contrast enhancement in SIJs on postcontrast T1WFS images in 31 patients (49 SIJs). Contrast enhancement was observed in 40 patients (76 SIJs) who were examined by MRI using the subtraction technique. Contrast enhancement was significantly more conspicuous on subtraction images than on non-subtracted postcontrast T1WFS images (Mann-Whitney U test, p<0.001). Contrast-enhanced MRI with subtraction technique may be useful for early detection of active sacroiliitis.
    Skeletal Radiology 06/2009; 38(10):983-8. · 1.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sixty patients were randomized to low-dose and high-dose groups, receiving a maximum total dose 1400 g of misoprostol by the vaginal route to compare the efficacy of the protocols for second trimester termination of pregnancy. Outcome measures to be compared between the groups were success rates, time to termination, blood loss, complications and side-effects. Yet time to termination was significantly shorter in the high-dose than in the low-dose group (923 +/- 571 vs 1307 +/- 828 min; p < 0.05). The distance between the internal cervical os and the placenta was positively correlated with the duration of the termination process (r = 0.508, p < 0.001). Induction to the fetal expulsion period is shorter with the higher dose without any significant increase in morbidity. A shorter distance between the internal cervical os and the placenta may forecast a shorter termination process.
    Clinical and experimental obstetrics & gynecology 01/2009; 36(4):245-7. · 0.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is to determine statistics knowledge of physicians and students according to their major branches and statutes and find out their thoughts on the importance they give to the biostatistics education and finally decide at which semester the biostatistics education should be given. The questionnaire was applied to 498 undergraduate students, 103 resident physicians and 94 academic staff in Medical School. According to the data, the first choice of the students and the residents is that the biostatistics education should be given at the beginning of the residency. It is seen that there is a correlation between being agree with biostatistics is useful for career and being agree with biostatistics is very important for medicine science. Our results indicate that there is no significant difference on the level of the statistics knowledge between the undergraduate students and the resident physicians. Residents, who are involved in the researches gain increment both on knowledge of general statistics and tests such as non-parametric statistics and sampling techniques. Also another surprising result has been discovered that sampling knowledge of the academic staff is quite insufficient. In the light of those findings, we believe that great importance should be given to the biostatistics education so that the biostatistics education will improve physician's analytical thinking ability, understanding and interpreting statistical results in medical studies. Hence they will manage to use statistics properly.
    01/2008;
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    ABSTRACT: Sexual dimorphic characteristics, which play an important role in human evolution studies and biological research, can be studied morphologically and metrically. Geometric morphometrics allows a better assessment of morphological characteristics. Statistical shape analysis has a long history in neuroanatomical and other research. The aim of this study was to identify shape differences of the corpus callosum between genders. Landmark coordinate data were collected from two-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging scans of 93 homogeneously aged patients, 45 men and 48 women. These data were analyzed using Euclidean distance matrix analysis and thin plate spline analysis. The general shape variability of the corpus callosum of men was greater than that of women (men, 0.134; women, 0.097). We found no significant difference between sexes in the general shape of the corpus callosum, but we did find significant differences in the distances between some landmarks. Deformation of the corpus callosum between men to women was mainly detected in the posterior of the corpus callosum. These results serve as a reference for future studies on shape alterations of the corpus callosum associated with certain conditions.
    The Anatomical Record Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology 08/2007; 290(7):825-30. · 1.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There are several anthropometric studies regarding the nose, however none of them involves data about a statistical shape analysis. In this study, a landmark-based geometric morphometric technique was used to analyze the nasal shapes in a young Turkish adult population.A population of 75 female and 75 male volunteer Turkish young adults whose ages ranged 18-39 years (24.82 +/- 5.64 year) was examined. The stratified sampling method was used to determine the subjects according to the seven main geographic regions of Turkey. All data was obtained from standardized digital photographic images taken from anterior, lateral and inferior aspects by using standard anthropometric measurement methods. Euclidean Distance Matrix Analysis (EDMA) is used to calculate all possible linear distances among landmarks by creating matrixes for each subject.Today, the anthropometric methods and surgical practice intersected at a point to treat the congenital or post-traumatic facial disfigurements in various racial or ethnic groups. Rhinoplasty surgeons require access to facial databases based on accurate anthropometric measurements to perform optimum correction in both sexes. There should be some points brought to mind during the cosmetic nasal surgery for men because of different expectations, which is not technically different from the one for women. This study is a way to clarify these important points and a basis for further clinical studies enhancing the plans of the corrective surgery.
    Journal of Craniofacial Surgery 02/2007; 18(1):219-24. · 0.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Angiogenic factors induce tumour growth and angiogenesis which leads to tumour metastasis and a poor survival rate. This study aimed to assess the possible roles of nitric oxide (NO) and vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) in the overall survival of patients with late stage lung cancer. The study was carried out with primary lung carcinoma patients (n=31) and healthy controls (n=15). Pre- and post-cisplatin-based chemotherapy serum nitrite/nitrate levels were measured as nitrite after enzymatic conversion followed by Griess reaction and serum VEGF-A analysis was performed using ELISA. After patient follow-up, survival rates were calculated by using the Kaplan-Meier method [Dudek et al. Cancer Invest 2005; 23(3):193-200]. The serum nitrite/nitrate and VEGF-A levels of lung cancer patients and the control group were 93.7+/-48.9 and 63.7+/-32.2 microM (p=0.018), and 620+/-491 and 255+/-157 pg/mL (p=0.001), respectively. High nitrite/nitrate (>67.2 microM) concentration had statistically significant effects on overall survival (Cox analysis, p=0.026). The overall survival of the lung cancer patients with higher serum nitrate concentrations was significantly less than the ones with lower serum nitrite/nitrate (Kaplan-Meier survival functions test, log rank significance=0.0007). Our results suggest that having a high serum nitrite/nitrate concentration is a strong indicator of poor survival for late stage lung cancer patients. However, this conclusion deserves to be elucidated further by using a larger sample size.
    Clinical Biochemistry 09/2006; 39(9):898-903. · 2.45 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

71 Citations
30.16 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2008–2012
    • Uludag University
      • • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology (Faculty of Medicine)
      • • Department of Biostatistics
      United States
  • 2010
    • Ankara Atatürk Training and Research Hospital
      Engüri, Ankara, Turkey