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ABSTRACT: To determine the 3 year safety and efficacy of crush-stenting with paclitaxel-eluting stents.
The optimum two-stent strategy for treatment of coronary bifurcation lesions is undetermined. Crush-stenting is advocated to minimize restenosis through complete circumferential stent coverage; long-term follow-up data are lacking.
In a single center prospective registry, 100 consecutive patients with bifurcation lesions were treated with the Crush technique. The vast majority (93%) were true bifurcations, predominantly involving the left anterior descending and diagonal arteries. Technical success was 98%. Final kissing balloon dilatation, which became standard practice during the study, was attempted in 68 patients and successful in 51. Abciximab was used in all cases. There were no peri-procedural stent thromboses. Follow-up was 100% at 3 years. Symptom-driven target lesion revascularisation was 8% at 3 years. Cumulative 3-year major adverse cardiac events was 28% (7 cardiac deaths, 15 myocardial infarctions, 11 target vessel revascularisations). Absence of a final kissing inflation predicted repeat revascularisation but not death, infarction or stent thrombosis. Three probable stent thromboses occurred, of which two were very late.
Where a two-stent bifurcation strategy is required, Crush-stenting with paclitaxel-eluting stents is safe and effective in the long-term. Failure to perform a final kissing dilatation increases the likelihood of revascularisation but not other adverse events.
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions 03/2010; 75(4):605-13. · 2.51 Impact Factor