Hyun-Woong Park

Konyang University, Nonsan, South Chungcheong, South Korea

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Publications (4)6.18 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: We evaluated discrepancy of calcium detection between gray scale intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and virtual histology (VH)-IVUS and the association between coronary calcium and plaque composition. METHODS: Study population consisted of 162 consecutive patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention with VH-IVUS study. Subjects were divided into 3 groups based on gray scale IVUS findings; No calcification group (n=50), spotty group (n=56) who had a lesion containing only small calcium deposits within an arc <90° and diffuse group (n=56) who had a diffuse calcified lesion with an arc ≥90° in ≥1 cross-sectional image of the lesion. RESULTS: No calcification group was younger than spotty and diffuse groups (54.4±13.0years vs. 61.1±10.7years and 64.2±9.9years, p=0.011 and p<0.001, respectively). No calcification group had some degree of dense calcium (5. 7±6.9mm(3)) by VH-IVUS analysis. Furthermore, calcified volume by VH-IVUS in no calcification group was similar to those in spotty group (5.7±6.9mm(3) vs. 5.4±4.4mm(3)). Dense calcium volume was correlated directly with plaque volume (r=0.65, p<0.001), fibrous volume (r=0.54, p<0.001), fibro-fatty volume (r=0.29, p<0.001) and lipid core volume (r=0.77, p<0.001). In multiple regression analysis, lipid core volume (β=0.287, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.187-0.388, p<0.001) was an independent predictor of dense calcium volume. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that coronary calcium can be present even if invisible in gray scale IVUS and associated with lipid core volume, which is a characteristic of plaque vulnerability.
    International journal of cardiology 07/2012; · 6.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Undiagnosed diabetes mellitus (DM) or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) is not uncommon in patients with coronary atherosclerosis and is known to be associated with abnormal scores for atherosclerosis surrogates. We sought to determine the prevalence of undiagnosed DM or IGT, and the association between insulin resistance (IR) and atherosclerosis surrogates in patients with coronary atherosclerosis. The study population consisted of 187 consecutive patients with angiographically proven coronary atherosclerosis (mean: 61 years old, 94 males). We measured carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and flow mediated brachial artery dilatation (FMD). We also did oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTT), quantitative insulin-sensitivity check indexes (QUICKI) and homeostasis model assessment-IR (HOMA-IR). Abnormal OGTT was found in 164 patients (87.7%), even though there were only 63 known cases of DM (33.7%). There were 58 patients (31%) with newly diagnosed IGT and 43 patients (23%) with newly diagnosed DM. There were 71 patients (38%) who had IR (defined as measured HOMA-R >/=3.0). HOMA-IR showed a positive correlation with body mass index (BMI) (r=0.275, p<0.001) and triglycerides (r=0.2, p=0.01), whereas QUICKI had a negative correlation with BMI (r=-0.26, p<0.001), total cholesterol (r=-0.15, p=0.04), triglycerides (r=-0.21, p=0.004) and low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) (r=-0.17, p=0.02). HOMA-IR and QUICKI were not significantly correlated with IMT or FMD. This study suggests that there is a high incidence of undiagnosed DM and IGT, but atherosclerosis surrogates are not associated with IR in patients with coronary atherosclerosis.
    Korean Circulation Journal 02/2010; 40(2):62-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Carotid artery intima-media thickness (CIMT) has recently been recommended as a non-invasive tool for primary prevention of cardiovascular events; the association between CIMT and adverse cardiovascular events is well-known. We sought to evaluate the prevalence and significance of carotid artery plaque, especially in patients with coronary atherosclerosis. The study population consisted of 1,705 consecutive patients {933 males (54.7%); mean age, 59.7+/-10.9 years} who underwent coronary angiography and carotid artery scanning using high-resolution ultrasonography. Carotid plaque was defined as a focal structure encroaching into the arterial lumen by at least 50% of the surrounding IMT value or a thickness >1.2 mm. Carotid plaque was identified in 30.3% (516/1,705) of the patients. Of patients in whom the plaque location could be evaluated (n=1,027), carotid plaque was located at the common carotid artery {n=64/267 (24.0%)}, carotid bulb {n=194/267 (72.7%)}, and at both sites {n=9/267 (3.4%)}. The prevalence of hypertension (58.5% vs. 45.2%, p<0.001) and diabetes mellitus (30.6% vs. 23.5%, p=0.007) was higher in patients with carotid plaques. The patients with carotid plaques were older (65.4+/-8.9 years vs. 57.2+/-10.7 years, p<0.0001), had a thicker CIMT (0.89+/-0.20 mm vs. 0.77+/-0.16 mm, p<0.001), and higher fasting blood sugar (FBS) levels (132.1+/-60.7 mg/dL vs. 121.6+/-47.1 mg/dL, p<0.001) than those without carotid plaque. Patients with carotid plaque more frequently presented with acute coronary syndrome (32.4% vs. 23.9%, p<0.001) than those without carotid plaque. Significant coronary artery stenosis by coronary angiography (75.4% vs. 58.3%, p<0.001), especially multi-vessel disease (46.3% vs. 27.2%, p<0.001), was more frequent in patients with carotid plaques. On multivariate analysis, old age (>/=65 years), hypertension, and increased CIMT (>/=1.0 mm) were independent predictors of carotid plaque. Carotid plaque (odds ratio, 1.85; 95% confidence interval, 1.39-2.45; p<0.001) was an independent predictor of multivessel disease based on multivariate regression analysis. Carotid plaque was common (30.3%) in Korean patients with coronary atherosclerosis, but it is still relatively uncommon compared to Western populations. Carotid plaque was associated with old age, hypertension, and increased IMT, and was an independent predictor of multi-vessel disease.
    Korean Circulation Journal 08/2009; 39(8):317-21.
  • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases 01/2008; 65(2).

Publication Stats

14 Citations
6.18 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2010
    • Konyang University
      • College of Medicine
      Nonsan, South Chungcheong, South Korea
  • 2009
    • Konyang University Hospital
      Gaigeturi, Jeju, South Korea