Publications (2)0 Total impact
Article: Frequency, characteristics and risk factors of carotid artery stenosis in ischaemic stroke patients at Civil Hospital Karachi.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To determine the frequency and characteristics of carotid artery stenosis in acute ischaemic stroke patients and to assess the significance of common risk factors for carotid stenosis in these patients. One hundred consecutive patients admitted with acute ischaemic stroke were included in the study. The relevant history, physical examination and laboratory investigations were done as per the Performa. Doppler ultrasound was performed during the hospitalization to find out carotid artery stenosis. Statistics analysis was done with SPSS v 14. Out of one hundred (100) patients, sixty one (61%) were males and thirty nine (39%) were females. Thirty nine patients (39%) were found to have carotid artery stenosis, all of them on the ipsilateral side corresponding to the ischaemic lesion. Eleven (11) of these patients had stenosis on the contra lateral side as well. The presence of stenosis was significantly correlated with older age and the presence of multiple risk factors. Majority (52%) of the lesions were severe to critical as determined by Doppler peak systolic velocity. Fifty nine (59%) were non calcified. Carotid artery stenosis is strongly associated with ischaemic stroke. Doppler studies are recommended for the high risk patients for the primary as well as secondary prevention of ischaemic stroke.Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association 01/2010; 60(1):8-12.
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ABSTRACT: To investigate the frequency, clinical features, management and outcome of acute acalculous cholecystitis in dengue fever patients. Forty patients were admitted with the diagnosis of dengue fever, according to the clinical manifestations and laboratory investigations. The diagnosis of dengue fever was confirmed by a positive IgM antibody test result for a late or convalescent phase blood specimen. The diagnosis of acute acalculous cholecystitis was made according to clinical features and sonographic findings. Liver function tests, complete blood counts were determined. Abdominal ultrasound was performed with a real time scanner in patients with abdominal pain and abnormal results on liver function tests. Eleven out of 40 patients of dengue fever (27.5%) had complication of acute acalculous cholecystitis. There were 8 males and 3 females. The mean and standard deviation from the onset of fever to hospital visit was 3.3 +/- 0.8 days (range 2-5 days). The mean white cell counts was 4154 +/- 1577.5 cmm. The mean platelet counts were 26,727 +/- 10460.3 cmm on presentation in hospital. The mean SGPT level was 148.5 +/- 190.17 mg/dl. Mean alkaline phosphatase was 398 +/- 214.8 mg/dl. On sonography all had thickened gall bladder. The mean gall bladder wall thickness was 5.2 +/- 1.3 mm. Three patients had ascites and one patient had pleural effusion. Acute acalculous cholecystitis was seen in a significant proportion of patients with dengue fever. All patients improved with good hydration and correction of thrombocytopenia. Based on these observations it is suggested that close observation and initial treatment of thrombocytopenia is mandatory.Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association 08/2009; 59(8):519-21.