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Publications (2)9.27 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Ethylene signalling regulates plant growth and development. However, its roles in salt stress response are less known. Here we studied functions of EIN2, a central membrane protein of ethylene signalling, and its interacting protein ECIP1 in salt stress responses. Mutation of EIN2 led to extreme salt sensitivity as revealed by phenotypic and physiological changes, and overexpression of C-terminus of EIN2 suppressed salt sensitivity in ein2-5, indicating that EIN2 is required for salt tolerance. Downstream components EIN3 and EIL1 are also essential for salt tolerance because ein3-1eil1-1 double mutant showed extreme salt-sensitive phenotype. A MA3 domain-containing protein ECIP1 was further identified to interact with EIN2 in yeast two-hybrid assay and GST pull-down assay. Loss-of-function of ECIP1 resulted in enhanced ethylene response but altered salt response during seed germination and plant growth. Double mutant analysis revealed that ein2-1 was epistatic to ecip1, and ecip1 mutation partially suppressed ethylene-insensitivity of etr2-1 and ein4-1. These studies strengthen that interactions between ECIP1 and EIN2 or ethylene receptors regulate ethylene response and stress response.
    Plant Cell and Environment 07/2011; 34(10):1678 - 1692. · 5.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ethylene receptor is the first component of ethylene signaling that regulates plant growth, development and stress responses. Previously, we have demonstrated that tobacco subfamily 2 ethylene receptor NTHK1 had Ser/Thr kinase activity, and overexpression of NTHK1 caused large rosette, reduced ethylene sensitivity, and increased salt sensitivity in transgenic Arabidopsis plants. Here we found that N-box mutation in the NTHK1 kinase domain abolished the kinase activity and led to disruption of NTHK1 roles in conferring reduced ethylene sensitivity and salt sensitive response in transgenic Arabidopsis plants. However, N-box mutation had partial effects on NTHK1 regulation of rosette growth and expression of salt- and ethylene-responsive genes AtNAC2, AtERF1 and AtCor6.6. Mutation of conserved residues in the H box did not affect kinase activity, seedling growth, ethylene sensitivity or salt-induced epinasty in transgenic plants but did influence NTHK1 function in control of specific salt- and ethylene-responsive gene expression. Compared with NTHK1, the tobacco subfamily 1 ethylene receptor NtETR1 had His kinase activity and played a weak role in regulation of rosette growth, triple response and salt response. Mutation of the conserved His residue in the NtETR1 H box eliminated phosphorylation and altered the effect of Ntetr1-1 on reporter gene activity. These results imply that the Ser/Thr kinase activity of NTHK1 is differentially required for various responses, and NTHK1 plays a larger role than NtETR1.
    Plant and Cell Physiology 08/2009; 50(9):1636-50. · 4.13 Impact Factor