Publications (3)6.32 Total impact
Article: Agonist-dependent potentiation of vanilloid receptor transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 function by stilbene derivatives.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) is a nonselective cation channel activated by capsaicin, low pH, and noxious heat and plays a key role in nociception. Understanding mechanisms for functional modulation of TRPV1 has important implications. One characteristic of TRPV1 is that channel activity induced by either capsaicin or other activators can be sensitized or modulated by factors involving different cell signaling mechanisms. In this study, we describe a novel mechanism for the modulation of TRPV1 function: TRPV1 function is modulated by 4,4'-diisothiocyanatostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid (DIDS) and its analogs. We found that, in rat dorsal root ganglion neurons, although DIDS did not induce the activation of TRPV1 per se but drastically increased the TRPV1 currents induced by either capsaicin or low pH. DIDS also blocked the tachyphylaxis of the low pH-induced TRPV1 currents. 4-Acetamido-4'-isothiocyanatostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid (SITS), a DIDS analog, failed to enhance the capsaicin-evoked TRPV1 current but increased the low pH-evoked TRPV1 currents, with an effect comparable with that of DIDS. SITS also blocked the low pH-induced tachyphylaxis. DIDS also potentiated the currents of TRPV1 channels expressed in human embryonic kidney 293 cells, with an effect of left-shifting the concentration-response curve of the capsaicin-induced TRPV1 currents. This study demonstrates that DIDS and SITS, traditionally used chloride channel blockers, can modify TRPV1 channel function in an agonist-dependent manner. The results provide new input for understanding TRPV1 modulation and developing new modulators of TRPV1 function.Molecular pharmacology 02/2012; 81(5):689-700. · 4.53 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Injury or inflammation induces release of a range of inflammatory mediators. Bradykinin is one of the most important inflammatory mediators and plays a crucial role in mediating inflammatory pain. It is well known that multiple ion channels located in the nociceptors participate in pain sensation. Recent studies demonstrate an important role of bradykinin in regulating the function and expression of pain-related ion channels. This paper summarizes the recent advances in the understanding of the role of bradykinin in modulation of the channels and discusses future possibilities in the treatment of inflammatory pain.Yao xue xue bao = Acta pharmaceutica Sinica 10/2009; 44(10):1066-71.
Article: Specificity of Gbetagamma signaling depends on Galpha subunit coupling with G-protein-sensitive K(+) channels.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Many neurotransmitters activate G-protein-gated inwardly rectifying K(+) (Kir3) channels by stimulating G-protein-coupled receptors. However, in native systems, only receptors coupled to pertussis-toxin (PTX)-sensitive G proteins (Gi/Go) have been shown to be able to activate Kir3 channels through the betagamma subunits of G proteins (Gbetagamma), whereas activation of receptors coupled to PTX-insensitive G proteins such as Gq or Gs do not activate Kir3 channels. The question remains as to how signaling specificity is achieved and what are its key determinants. In this study, we have used the Xenopus oocyte expression system to investigate specific activation of Kir3 channels by heterotrimeric G proteins. We have demonstrated the activation of Kir3.4 channels by agonist stimulation of non-PTX-sensitive G proteins under conditions of Galpha subunit overexpression. We present evidence to suggest a key role for the coupling efficiency of Galpha subunits in determining the specificity of Gbetagamma signaling to the channel.Pharmacology 08/2009; 84(2):82-90. · 1.79 Impact Factor