M J Sharman

University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

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Publications (6)7.9 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background Confocal endomicroscopy (CEM) is an endoscopic technology permitting in vivo cellular and subcellular imaging. CEM aids real-time clinical assessment and diagnosis of various gastrointestinal diseases in people. CEM allows in vivo characterization of small intestinal mucosal morphology in dogs. Objective To determine the feasibility of CEM to evaluate gastric mucosal morphology in dogs and to characterize the appearance in healthy dogs. AnimalsFourteen clinically healthy research colony dogs. Methods Experimental study. Under general anesthesia, dogs underwent standard endoscopic evaluation and CEM of the gastric mucosa. In the initial 6 dogs, fluorescent contrast was provided with the fluorophore acriflavine (0.05% solution), applied topically. Subsequently, 8 dogs were assessed using a combination of fluorescein (10% solution, 15 mg/kg IV), followed by acriflavine administered topically. For each fluorophore, a minimum of 5 sites were assessed. ResultsConfocal endomicroscopy provided high quality in vivo histologically equivalent images of the gastric mucosa, but reduced flexibility of the endoscope tip limited imaging of the cranial stomach in some dogs. Intravenous administration of fluorescein allowed assessment of cellular cytoplasmic and microvasculature features. Topical application of acriflavine preferentially stained cellular nucleic acids, allowing additional evaluation of nuclear morphology. Identification of Helicobacter-like organisms was possible in 13 dogs. Conclusion and Clinical ImportanceConfocal endomicroscopy provides in vivo images allowing assessment of gastric mucosal morphology during endoscopy, potentially permitting real-time diagnosis of gastrointestinal disease.
    Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine 03/2014; DOI:10.1111/jvim.12332 · 2.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Confocal endomicroscopy (CEM) is an endoscopic technology that permits in vivo cellular and subcellular imaging of the gastrointestinal mucosa. To determine the feasibility of CEM to evaluate small intestinal mucosal topologic morphology in dogs and to characterize the appearance in healthy dogs. Fourteen clinically healthy research colony dogs. Experimental study. Dogs were anesthetized for standard endoscopic evaluation of the small intestine followed by CEM. Two fluorophores were used to provide contrast: fluorescein (10% solution, 15 mg/kg IV) before administration of topical acriflavine (0.05% solution) via an endoscopy spray catheter. A minimum of 5 sites within the small intestine were assessed and at each location, sequential adjustment of imaging depth allowed collection of a three-dimensional volume equivalent to an 'optical biopsy'. CEM-guided pinch biopsies were obtained for histologic examination. CEM provided high-quality in vivo cellular and subcellular images. Intravenous administration of fluorescein provided sufficient contrast to allow assessment of the vasculature, cellular cytoplasmic features and goblet cell numbers, and distribution. Topical application of acriflavine preferentially stained cellular nucleic acids, allowing evaluation of nuclear morphology. Quality of captured images was occasionally affected by motion artifact, but improved with operator experience. CEM provides in vivo images that allow for cellular and subcellular assessment of intestinal mucosal morphology during endoscopy. This has implications for aiding in vivo diagnosis of gastrointestinal disease.
    Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine 10/2013; 27(6). DOI:10.1111/jvim.12214 · 2.22 Impact Factor
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    M J Sharman, C S Mansfield, T Whittem
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    ABSTRACT: This study described the pharmacokinetics of the intravenous fluorophore, fluorescein, and aimed to evaluate its utility for use in upper gastrointestinal confocal endomicroscopy (CEM). Six healthy, mature, mixed-breed dogs were anesthetized and then dosed intravenously with fluorescein at 15 mg/kg. Blood samples were collected at predetermined time-points. Dogs were examined by upper gastrointestinal confocal endomicroscopy and monitored for adverse effects. Plasma fluorescein concentrations were measured using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with UV/Vis detection. Mean plasma concentration at 5 min was 57.6 ± 18.2 mg/L, and plasma concentrations decreased bi-exponentially thereafter with a mean concentration of 2.5 mg/L ± 1.26 at 120 min. Mean terminal plasma elimination half-life (t(½β) ) was 34.8 ± 8.94 min, and clearance was 9.1 ± 3.0 mL/kg/min. Apparent volume of distribution at steady-state was 0.3 ± 0.06 L/kg. Fluorescein provided optimal fluorescent contrast to enable in vivo histologically equivalent evaluation of topologic mucosal morphology within the first 30 min following intravenous administration. Adverse effects were not observed. Based upon the calculated clearance, a constant rate infusion at a rate of 0.18 mg/kg/min is predicted to be adequate, following an initial loading dose (2 mg/kg), to maintain plasma concentration at 20 mg/L for optimal CEM imaging during the study period.
    Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics 12/2012; 36(5). DOI:10.1111/jvp.12031 · 1.32 Impact Factor
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    M J Sharman, C S Mansfield
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    ABSTRACT: Sinonasal aspergillosis is an uncommon, yet debilitating and often frustrating condition to treat in dogs despite years of research evaluating pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment. The disease is most commonly caused by non-invasive fungal infection, thought to be secondary to altered innate and/or adaptive immune responses. Attempts to confirm this have however failed. A variety of conflicting opinions regarding the diagnosis and treatment of sinonasal aspergillosis exist. Often the use of a particular treatment protocol is based upon personal or regional preference. Evaluation of the veterinary literature demonstrates that the evidence base in support of individual treatment recommendations is weak. A number of recent publications have helped to expand the current knowledge base and therefore our understanding of important practicalities for both diagnostic options and treatment protocols. The following review examines the current evidence for the pathogenesis of sinonasal aspergillosis in dogs, as well as the various diagnostic options. The available evidence for frequently utilised -therapeutic options and their likely outcomes is also explored.
    Journal of Small Animal Practice 07/2012; 53(8):434-44. DOI:10.1111/j.1748-5827.2012.01245.x · 0.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The current report describes the diagnosis of a nasopharyngeal granuloma due to a fungal infection by Trichosporon loubieri. This is the first report of successful treatment of nasal granuloma formation caused by Trichosporon species infection in a cat.
    03/2010; 12(4):345-50. DOI:10.1016/j.jfms.2009.11.004
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    ABSTRACT: A 5-year-old, female Ragdoll cat was diagnosed with an intra-abdominal mycetoma involving the ileocaecal region. Diagnosis was obtained via histopathological examination following surgical resection of the mass and an ileocolic anastomosis. The initial surgery was complicated by lymphangiectasia, chylous abdominal effusion and mild bacterial leakage from the anastomosis site. A second, exploratory laparotomy was performed to augment the anastomosis with serosal patching and omentalisation and to investigate a cystic structure observed on follow-up abdominal ultrasound. Initial amoxycillin clavulanate (Clavulox; Pfizer Animal Health) therapy was ineffective, but clindamycin (Antirobe; Pfizer Animal Health) proved successful in resolving the infection. Abdominal actinomycetoma in the cat may be an under-diagnosed condition due to its close resemblance to neoplastic disease. Standard diagnostic and therapeutic regimens are commonly ineffective in Actinomyces species infections. Surgical resection along with adjunctive, long-term, selective antimicrobial therapy is effective and prognosis is good for localised lesions.
    Journal of Feline Medicine & Surgery 02/2009; 11(8):701-5. DOI:10.1016/j.jfms.2008.10.007 · 1.22 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

12 Citations
7.90 Total Impact Points


  • 2012–2014
    • University of Melbourne
      • Faculty of Veterinary Science
      Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
  • 2010
    • Murdoch University
      • School of Veterinary and Life Sciences
      Perth City, Western Australia, Australia
  • 2009
    • University of Sydney
      • Faculty of Veterinary Science
      Sydney, New South Wales, Australia