[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To examine the effectiveness of a computer-tailored support tool for lifestyle modification developed for employees, we conducted an intervention study of pre-post test design. The program was based on principles of behavior science referring to goal setting processes, self monitoring, and feedback. The program of the support process was fully automated. A total of 650 participants of four workplaces in Japan completed the baseline assessment, 185 (28.5%) of those returned for the post-test assessment 4 months later. There were significant improvements in lifestyle behaviors between baseline and post-test: In men, low energy intake (p<0.01) and exercise frequency (p<0.05), and in women, low salt intake (p<0.05) and exercise frequency (p<0.05). Furthermore, significant improvements were shown in the stage of change between baseline and post-test: Low salt intake (p<0.01) and regular exercise in men (p<0.01). Our results suggest a possibility that the program, utilizing a computer-tailored lifestyle modification support tool developed for use by employees, had a positive effect on participants' lifestyle behaviors in Japanese workplaces. The degree to which our results generalize to effects of the program is unclear but examination to develop more efficient and effective programs is warranted.
Industrial Health 08/2009; 47(3):333-41. DOI:10.2486/indhealth.47.333 · 1.12 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study was conducted to develop and evaluate a health promotion program for sales representatives in order to improve their cardiovascular disease risk factors. The subjects were male employees working as sales representatives at a manufacturing company in Tokyo. All subjects had at least one abnormality detected in the annual health checkups, but no medication was needed to treat their abnormality. This study employed a quasi-experimental design. The intervention group consisted of 32 employees, and the control group consisted of 43 employees. The program consisted of education on nutrition, physical activity, and cardiovascular risk factors through individual counseling for 30 min by health nurses. Evaluation was conducted 6 months after the follow-up. When only the data of employees who showed an abnormal value before the intervention were analyzed, the prevalence of hyper-cholesterolemia in the intervention and control groups after intervention differed significantly (p = 0.04) at 41.7% and 77.3%, respectively. Changes in total cholesterol from the baseline were significantly greater in the intervention group than in the control group (− 25.7 vs. − 8.7 mg/dl, p = 0.02). This study showed that a workplace health promotion program developed for sales representatives to improve cardiovascular risk factors was effective in decreasing the total cholesterol level.
International Congress Series 06/2006; 1294:131-134. DOI:10.1016/j.ics.2006.05.003