Laurent Pison

Maastricht University, Maestricht, Limburg, Netherlands

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Publications (43)130.31 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this survey was to provide insight into current practice regarding the management of paediatric arrhythmias in Europe. The survey was based on a questionnaire sent via the Internet to the European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA) electrophysiology research network centres. The following topics were explored: patient and treatment selection, techniques and equipment, treatment outcomes and complications. The vast majority of paediatric arrhythmias concerns children older than 1 year and patients with grown-up congenital heart disease. In 65% of the hospitals there is a specialized paediatric centre, and the most commonly observed arrhythmias include Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome and atrioventricular nodal re-entry tachycardias (90.24%). The medical staff performing paediatric catheter ablations in Europe are mainly adult electrophysiology teams (82.05% of the centres). Radiofrequency is the preferred energy source used for paediatric arrhythmia ablation. Catheter ablation is only chosen if two or more antiarrhythmic drugs have failed (94.59% of the centres). The majority of the centres use flecainide (37.8%) or atenolol (32.4%) as their first choice drug for prevention of recurrent supraventricular arrhythmias. While none of the centres performed catheter ablation in asymptomatic infants with pre-excitation, 29.7% recommend ablation in asymptomatic children and adolescents. The preferred choice for pacemaker leads in infants less than 1 year old is implantation of epicardial leads in 97.3% of the centres, which continues to be the routine even in patients between 1 and 5 years of age as reported by 75.68% of the hospitals. Almost all centres (94.59%) report equally small number of complications of catheter ablation in children (aged 1-14 years) as observed in adults. Published on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved. © The Author 2014. For permissions please email:
    12/2014; 16(12):1852-6.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this survey was to describe the different strategies regarding the management of malfunctioning and recalled pacemaker and defibrillator leads across Europe. A questionnaire has been designed to assess the current practice and physician's approach to the management of leads which are faulty, unnecessary, and/or recalled. Responses to the questionnaire were received from 34 hospitals-members of the European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA) electrophysiology (EP) research network. The survey involved both very high and low volume implanting centres, with 85% of the responding centres performing lead extraction. The survey provides a panoramic view of operator's decision making in the field of malfunctioning, recalled, and redundant leads and outlines a common point of view on lead abandonment and factors influencing the decision about lead extraction. The main factors strongly influencing the decision making were patient's age (59%), the presence of the damaged leads (44%), and the lead dwelling time (44%). Regarding the lead abandonment, the main concern (61%) was the potential greater difficulty associated with lead extraction in the future. High volume extracting centres showed a greater propensity to removing the malfunctioning or recalled leads compared with low volume or non-extracting centres. This EP Wire survey gives a snapshot of the operators' approaches and options regarding redundant, malfunctioning, and recalled lead management and may form the basis for future prospective research on this topic.
    11/2014; 16(11):1674-8.
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA) survey was to explore the work-up and management of lone atrial fibrillation (AF) among the European centres. Thirty-two European centres, all members of the EHRA electrophysiology (EP) research network, responded to this survey and completed the list of questions. The prevalence of lone AF has been reported to be ≤10% by 19 (60%) of the participating centres. The presence of isolated left atrial enlargement and left ventricular diastolic dysfunction represent heart disease according to 50 and 84% of the centres, respectively, and exclude the diagnosis of lone AF. Fifty-nine per cent of responders do not routinely consider genetic testing in lone AF patients. The initial therapeutic approach in symptomatic paroxysmal lone AF is antiarrhythmic drug therapy as reported by 31 (97%) of the centres. Pulmonary vein isolation only is the first ablation strategy for patients with symptomatic persistent lone AF at 27 (84%) of the responding centres. Assessment for sleep apnoea, obesity, and intensive sports activity in lone AF is performed at 27 (84%) centres. In conclusion, this EP Wire survey confirms that the term 'lone AF' is still used in daily practice. The work-up typically includes screening for known risk factors but not genetic testing. The preferred management of paroxysmal lone AF is rhythm control with antiarrhythmic drugs, whereas pulmonary vein isolation is the first ablation strategy for the majority of patients with symptomatic persistent lone AF.
    10/2014; 16(10):1521-3.
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    ABSTRACT: AimCurrent targeted left ventricular (LV) lead placement strategy is directed at the latest activated region during intrinsic activation. However, cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is most commonly applied by simultaneous LV and right ventricular (RV) pacing without contribution from intrinsic conduction. Therefore, targeting the LV lead to the latest activated region during RV pacing might be more appropriate. We investigated the difference in LV electrical activation sequence between left bundle-branch block (LBBB) and RV apex (RVA) pacing using coronary venous electro-anatomic mapping (EAM).Methods and resultsTwenty consecutive CRT candidates with LBBB underwent intra-procedural coronary venous EAM during intrinsic activation and RVA pacing using EnSite NavX. Left ventricular lead placement was aimed at the latest activated region during LBBB according to current recommendations. In all patients, LBBB was associated with a circumferential LV activation pattern, whereas RVA pacing resulted in activation from the apex of the heart to the base. In 10 of 20 patients, RVA pacing shifted the latest activated region relative to LBBB. In 18 of 20 patients, the LV lead was successfully positioned in the latest activated region during LBBB. For the whole study population, LV lead electrical delay, expressed as percentage of QRS duration, was significantly shorter during RVA pacing than during LBBB (72 ± 13 vs. 82 ± 5%, P = 0.035).Conclusion Right ventricular apex pacing alters LV electrical activation pattern in CRT patients with LBBB, and shifts the latest activated region in a significant proportion of these patients. These findings warrant reconsideration of the current practice of LV lead targeting for CRT.
    European Journal of Heart Failure 10/2014; · 5.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Left ventricular (LV) lead placement in the latest activated region is an important determinant of response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). We investigated the feasibility of coronary venous electroanatomic mapping (EAM) to guide LV lead placement to the latest activated region.
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    ABSTRACT: There is limited literature available regarding PV (pulmonary vein) stenosis management. Starting from its incidence, subsequent follow up using imaging technologies to monitor the success and the way of managing different groups pose varied opinions. However, with newer technological advancements and better understanding of mechanism of the atrial fibrillation ablation, the incidence of PV stenosis secondary to catheter ablation is declining. This paper highlights the current trends and future of management of PV stenosis secondary to catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation.
    Journal of Atrial Fibrillation 08/2014; 7(1).
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    ABSTRACT: Adenosine administration after pulmonary vein (PV) isolation using radiofrequency and cryoablation can cause acute recovery of conduction to the PVs and predicts atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence. This study evaluated whether adenosine testing after second-generation balloon devices (cryothermal and laser) could reveal dormant PV reconduction and recurrence rate of AF.
    Journal of interventional cardiac electrophysiology : an international journal of arrhythmias and pacing. 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Bipolar radiofrequency (RF) devices are used epicardially by cardiac surgeons and cryoballoon endocardially by cardiac electrophysiologists for atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation, but in separate entities. The study's objective was to evaluate the feasibility and safety of combining an endocardial cryoballoon with epicardial bipolar RF ablation for the treatment of AF.
    Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery 06/2014; · 1.11 Impact Factor
  • Chest 06/2014; 145(6):1435. · 7.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA) survey was to assess clinical practice in relation to stroke and bleeding risk evaluation in atrial fibrillation, particularly regarding the use of risk evaluation schemes, among members of the EHRA electrophysiology (EP) research network. In this EP Wire survey, we have provided some insights into current practice in Europe for the use of these risk assessment schemes. There were some obvious practice differences. However, reassuring information on current practice in Europe was evident, but more focus on renal function is warranted, especially facing the fact that novel oral anticoagulants are used for antithrombotic therapy.
    Europace 05/2014; 16(5):698-702. · 2.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Inherited arrhythmia disorders associated with structurally normal heart (i.e. long and short QT syndrome, Brugada syndrome, catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia, early repolarization syndrome, idiopathic ventricular fibrillation) cause 10% of 1.1 million sudden deaths in Europe and the USA. The purpose of this European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA) electrophysiology wire survey was to assess the European clinical practice adopted for the diagnosis and management of these disorders. The survey was based on an electronic questionnaire sent out to the EHRA Research Network centres. Responses were received from 50 centres in 23 countries. The results of the survey show that inherited arrhythmia syndromes have a relatively low burden and are diagnosed and managed in accordance with the current guidelines. However, more than 50% of centres do not participate in any existing registry underlining the need for establishing a pan-European registry of these disorders.
    Europace 04/2014; 16(4):600-3. · 2.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) with enlarged atria or previous pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) are challenging patients for catheter ablation. Thoracoscopic surgery is an effective treatment for these patients but comes at the cost of an increase in adverse events. Recently, electrophysiological (EP) guided approaches to thoracoscopic surgery have been described which consist of EP guidance by measurement of conduction block across ablation lines. In this study we describe the efficacy and safety of EP-guided thoracoscopic surgery for AF in patients with enlarged atria and/or prior failed catheter ablation. A total of 72 patients were included. Two different approaches to EP-guided thoracoscopic surgery were implemented: epicardial or endocardial EP-guidance at the time of surgery. Residual intraoperative conduction requiring additional ablation was detected with epicardial or endocardial mapping techniques in 50% and 11%, respectively. Additional epicardial or endocardial ablation was performed until bidirectional block was confirmed. Follow-up consisted of an ECG and a 24h Holter at 3, 6 and 12months after the procedure. A total of 57 patients (79%) had freedom of AF and were off anti-arrhythmic drugs at one year follow-up (30 paroxysmal (83%), 27 persistent AF (75%)). Adverse events occurred in 13 patients (6 major). None of our patients died and all events were reversible. EP-guidance of thoracoscopic surgery can be safely performed both epicardially and endocardially and is associated with a high rate of long-term maintenance of sinus rhythm in patients with enlarged atria and/or a previously failed ablation.
    International journal of cardiology 02/2014; · 6.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this European Heart Rhythm Association survey was to provide an insight into the current use of remote monitoring for cardiac implantable electronic devices in Europe. The following topics were explored: use of remote monitoring, infrastructure and organization, patient selection and benefits. Centres using remote monitoring reported performing face-to-face visits less frequently. In many centres (56.9%), a nurse reviews all the data and forwards them to the responsible physician. The majority of the centres (91.4%) stated that remote monitoring is best used in patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators and those live far from the hospital (76.6% top benefit). Supraventricular and ventricular arrhythmias were reported to be the major events detected earlier by remote monitoring. Remote monitoring will have a significant impact on device management.
    Europace 01/2014; 16(1):129-32. · 2.77 Impact Factor
  • Laurent Pison
    Annals of cardiothoracic surgery. 01/2014; 3(1):78-9.
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    ABSTRACT: We evaluated the safety and effectiveness of the hybrid thoracoscopic endocardial epicardial technique for the treatment of lone atrial fibrillation. Between 2009 and 2012, a cohort of 78 consecutive patients (median age 60.5 years, 77% male) underwent ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) as a stand-alone procedure using a thoracoscopic, hybrid epicardial-endocardial technique. All patients underwent continuous 7-day Holter monitoring at 3 months, 6 months, 1 year and yearly thereafter. All patients reached 1-year follow-up. Median follow-up was 24 months [interquartile range 12-36]. No death or conversion to cardiopulmonary bypass occurred. No patient demonstrated paralysis of the phrenic nerve. Overall, the incidence of perioperative complications was 8% (n=6). At the end of follow-up, sixty-eight patients (87%) were in sinus rhythm (SR) with no episode of AF, atrial flutter or atrial tachycardia lasting longer than 30 seconds and off antiarrhythmic drugs (ADD). Among patients with long-standing persistent AF, 15 (100%) were in SR and off AAD. Success rates were 82% (n=28) in persistent and 76% (n=22) in paroxysmal AF (P=0.08). No patient died and no thromboembolic/bleeding events or procedure-related complications occurred during the follow-up. Thoracoscopic hybrid epicardial endocardial technique proved to be effective and safe in the treatment of LAF and to represent an important new suitable option to treat stand-alone AF. Our findings need to be confirmed by further larger studies.
    Annals of cardiothoracic surgery. 01/2014; 3(1):38-44.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA) survey was to assess clinical practice in relation to the tools and techniques used for cardiac implantable electronic devices procedures in the European countries. Responses to the questionnaire were received from 62 members of the EHRA research network. The survey involved high-, medium-, and low-volume implanting centres, performing, respectively, more than 200, 100-199 and under 100 implants per year. The following topics were explored: the side approach for implantation, surgical techniques for pocket incision, first venous access for lead implantation, preference of lead fixation, preferred coil number for implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) leads, right ventricular pacing site, generator placement site, subcutaneous ICD implantation, specific tools and techniques for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), lead implantation sequence in CRT, coronary sinus cannulation technique, target site for left ventricular lead placement, strategy in left ventricular lead implant failure, mean CRT implantation time, optimization of the atrioventricular (AV) and ventriculo-ventricular intervals, CRT implants in patients with permanent atrial fibrillation, AV node ablation in patients with permanent AF. This panoramic view allows us to find out the operator preferences regarding the techniques and tools for device implantation in Europe. The results showed different practices in all the fields we investigated, nevertheless the survey also outlines a good adherence to the common standards and recommendations.
    Europace 11/2013; 15(11):1664-8. · 2.77 Impact Factor
  • Heart rhythm: the official journal of the Heart Rhythm Society 10/2013; · 4.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA) survey is to assess the implementation and use of imaging techniques in cardiac electrophysiology (EP) and device procedures across European cardiovascular centres. Forty European centres, all members of the EHRA EP research network, responded to this survey. Thirty-one centres (88%) use transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) to evaluate left atrial size and/or volume before atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. Sixteen centres (46%) perform delayed-enhancement cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to guide ventricular tachycardia ablation. Electroanatomical mapping (EAM) systems are available in >65% of responding centres and the use of robotic catheter and remote magnetic navigation systems is limited to <10%. Fusion of EAM data with cardiac computed tomography (CT) and/or MRI is performed in up to 43% of AF ablation procedures. Seventeen out of 35 (49%) responding centres also perform TTE to predict a favourable response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). Imaging of the cardiac venous system with CT and identification of myocardial scar using CT or MRI, is not routinely performed in the majority of centres [32 (91%) and 26 (75%) centres, respectively) prior to CRT. This EHRA survey shows that several imaging techniques are used to guide catheter ablation and CRT procedures in European centres. Echocardiographic imaging, EAM techniques, and cardiac CT/MRI are commonly used.
    Europace 09/2013; 15(9):1333-6. · 2.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this EHRA survey was to examine the current clinical practice of screening and risk evaluation for sudden cardiac death in ischaemic and non-ischaemic cardiomyopathy with a focus on selection of candidates for implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy, timing of ICD implantation, and use of non-invasive and invasive diagnostic tests across Europe. A systematic screening programme for sudden cardiac death existed in 19 out of 31 centres (61.3%). Implantation of ICDs according to the inclusion criteria of MADIT-II and SCD-HeFT trials was reported in 30 and 29% of centres, respectively, followed by MADIT-CRT (18%), COMPANION (16%), and combined MADIT and MUSTT (7%) indications. In patients with severe renal impairment, ICD implantation for primary prevention of sudden death was always avoided in 8 centres (33.3%), was not used only if creatinine level was >2.5 mg/dL in 10 centres (32.2%), and in patients with permanent dialysis in 8 centres (33.3%). Signal-averaged electrocardiography and heart rate variability were never considered as risk stratification tools in 23 centres (74.2%). Implantation of a loop recorder was performed in patients with borderline indications for ICD therapy in 6 centres (19.4%), for research purposes in 5 (16.1%), and was never performed in 20 (64.5%) centres. In conclusion, the majority of participating European centres have a screening programme for sudden cardiac death and the selection of candidates for ICD therapy was mainly based on the clinical risk stratification and not on non-invasive and invasive diagnostic tests or implantable loop recorder use.
    Europace 07/2013; 15(7):1059-62. · 2.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this survey was to provide insight into current practice regarding the use of antiarrhythmic drugs for atrial fibrillation (AF) among members of the European Heart Rhythm Association research network. Thirty-seven centres responded. Rhythm control was preferred in patients with significant AF-related symptoms by 73% of centres, in all patients after a first detected episode by 59%, and in young patients even if AF was well tolerated by 49% of centres. The most common strategy after successful conversion of the first AF episode was a 'wait-and-see' approach without initiation of antiarrhythmic drugs (49%). Conventional β-blockers were always or sometimes used as first-choice drugs for AF prevention by 76% of centres. Only 11% used dronedarone regularly as a first-choice drug. The diagnostic work-up for exclusion of heart disease prior to initiation of class IC antiarrhythmic drugs was limited. Markers monitored for proarrhythmia risk were QRS duration for class IC drugs (68%) and the QT interval for sotalol and amiodarone (65%). In conclusion, rhythm control is more widely employed than expected. Beta-blockers are widely used for AF prevention in contrast to the limited use of the new drug dronedarone.
    Europace 04/2013; 15(4):478-81. · 2.77 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

135 Citations
130.31 Total Impact Points


  • 2012–2014
    • Maastricht University
      • Cardiologie
      Maestricht, Limburg, Netherlands
    • Isar Heart Center
      Münchenbernsdorf, Thuringia, Germany
  • 2009–2014
    • Maastricht Universitair Medisch Centrum
      • Central Diagnostic Laboratory
      Maestricht, Limburg, Netherlands
  • 2013
    • Attikon University Hospital
      Athínai, Attica, Greece
    • Azienda Ospedaliera Santa Maria della Misericordia
      Udine, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Italy
    • Università di Pisa
      Pisa, Tuscany, Italy
  • 2012–2013
    • Vilnius University Hospital Santariškių Klinikos
      Vil'nyus, Vilniaus Apskritis, Lithuania