Rossarin Karnpean

Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Changwat Khon Kaen, Thailand

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Publications (8)13.24 Total impact

  • Rossarin Karnpean
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    ABSTRACT: Fetal blood sampling is a procedure that involves the drawing of a blood sample from the umbilical vein of the umbilical cord, which can be performed after 18 weeks gestation. Fetal blood sampling is a preferable method for prenatal diagnosis of thalassemia in second trimester or late pregnancy. Additionally, it is suggested to be performed in cases in which mosaicisms are identified by amniocentesis or chorionic villus sampling (CVS), areas where DNA analysis is not available, and when mutations of the parents are not known. Laboratory steps regarding prenatal diagnosis by fetal blood sampling were summarized, including the ensuring of fetal origin, determination of red blood cell parameters, fetal hemoglobin analysis, and finally fetal DNA analysis. The objective of this review is to present an overview of procedures in terms of benefits, laboratory interpretations, and some limitations.
    04/2014; 97 Suppl 4:S49-55.
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    ABSTRACT: AEBart's disease is a thalassemia intermedia usually characterized by the interaction of α(0)-thalassemia with either deletional or non-deletional α(+)-thalassemia in Hb E heterozygote. Genotypic and phenotypic features are heterogeneous. We studied the hematologic and molecular characteristics of this disease in a cohort of 173 Thai patients encountered at our center in northeast Thailand. Hemoglobin and DNA analyses identified patients with deletional AEBart's disease (n=84), Hb Constant Spring AEBart's disease (n=81), Hb Paksé-AEBart's disease (n=5), AEBart's disease with codon 30 mutation (n=1) and two hitherto un-described forms of AEBart's disease due to interaction of Hb E heterozygote and α(0)-thalassemia with the -α(16.6)kb deletional α(+)-thalassemia (n=1) and Hb Q-Thailand (n=1). Different phenotypic expression of these AEBart's diseases with low Hb, Hct and MCV and increased RDW values with marked reduction in Hb E levels were observed. It was found that all these forms of AEBart's disease showed similar thalassemia intermedia phenotypes but those with non-deletional forms were relatively more anemic. Our data confirm that in such area with high prevalence of hemoglobinopathies such as Southeast Asia, identification of rare thalassemia alleles in a thalassemia intermedia patient should not be ignored. Careful consideration of different phenotypic expression may help in providing presumptive diagnosis of this disease where access to molecular testing is limited. However, molecular diagnostic is useful for predicting the clinical outcome and improving genetic counseling of these complex hemoglobinopathies.
    Blood Cells Molecules and Diseases 12/2013; · 2.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: With the lack of fetal blood specimens in routine practice, little is known about red blood cell (RBC) parameters of fetuses with various thalassemia syndromes. This study aimed to describe these in various forms of thalassemia. Materials and Methods: The study was performed on 93 fetal blood specimens obtained from pregnant women by cordocentesis during 18-24 weeks of gestation. RBC parameters were recorded on automated analyzer. Hemoglobin (Hb) and DNA analyses were performed for definite genotyping. Results: No significant difference in RBC parameters was observed between non-thalassemic fetuses and those with β-thalassemia trait, Hb E trait, homozygous Hb E and β-thalassemia/Hb E disease. However, in those with α(0)-thalassemia trait and double heterozygous α(0)-thalassemia/Hb E, slight reduction in mean corpuscular volume (MCV) was noted. Fetuses with the Hb H disease showed significant reductions in Hb, MCV and mean corpuscular Hb (MCH). Marked reductions in Hb, hematocrit, MCH and mean cell Hb concentration and increased RBC distribution width with numerous nucleated RBC were clearly observed in Hb Bart's hydrops fetalis. Conclusion: Simple analysis of fetal RBC parameters is useful for making presumptive prenatal diagnosis of α-thalassemia syndromes including Hb H disease and Hb Bart's hydrops fetalis which can then be confirmed by Hb and DNA analyses.
    Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy 09/2013; · 1.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Background: No external quality assessment program for hemoglobin (Hb) analysis in the prevention and control of thalassemia has been established in Thailand. To improve the first line provisional diagnostics, the first proficiency testing (PT) program has been established. Methods: External Hb controls prepared at our center were sent to Hb analysis laboratories all over the country. Three cycles per year were performed in 2010 and 2011. In each cycle, two control samples with corresponding hematological parameters, designated as husband and his pregnant wife were supplied for Hb analysis. Each member analyzed the control samples in their routine practices. The results of Hb analysis, laboratory interpretation and risk assessment of the expected fetus for severe thalassemia diseases targeted for prevention and control were entered into the report form and sent back to our center. Participants reports were analyzed and classified into four different quality groups; Excellent (when all the three parameters are correct), Good (correct Hb analysis and interpretation but incorrect risk assessment), Fair (correct Hb analysis but incorrect interpretation and risk assessment) and Needs improvement (incorrect Hb analysis). Results: It was found that most participants could report correct Hb types and quantifications but some misinterpretations and risk assessments were noted. These were clearly seen when control samples with more complexity were supplied. Conclusions: These results indicate a further improvement is required in the laboratory interpretation and knowledge of the laboratory diagnosis of thalassemia. The established system should facilitate the prevention and control program of thalassemia in the region.
    Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine 12/2012; · 3.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effectiveness of the URIT-2900 Hematology Analyzer for screening of hemoglobinopathies commonly found in Southeast Asian populations was examined. Appropriate cut-off values of MCV and MCH for screening of α(0) and β thalassemias were derived from the receiver operator characteristic curve conducted initially on 279 subjects with various thalassemia genotypes. Validation was performed additionally in a cohort of another unrelated 313 subjects. The best cut off values of MCV and MCH were found to be 78fL and 27pg, respectively. Using these cut off values in combination with the dichlorophenolindophenol test in screening of α(0) thalassemia, β thalassemia and Hb E in a cohort study revealed 100% sensitivity, 79.6% specificity, 80.0% positive predictive value and 100% negative predictive value. The combined blood cell counting using the URIT-2900 Automated Hematology Analyzer and dichlorophenolindophenol test is suitable for population screening of thalassemia and hemoglobinopathies in Southeast Asia.
    Clinical biochemistry 07/2011; 44(10-11):889-93. · 2.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We describe the molecular and hematological profiles of thalassemia syndromes caused by interactions of hemoglobin (Hb) Q-Thailand [α74(EF3) Asp-His] and various hemoglobinopathies found in 52 unrelated adult Thai subjects. Ten genotypes including several previously undescribed conditions were observed, which were classified into 4 groups. Group I included 26 Hb Q-Thailand heterozygotes and a homozygotous subject. Group II included subjects with Hb Q-Thailand and other α-thalassemia alleles in trans including 1 compound Hb Q-Thailand/α(+)-thalassemia (-α(3.7)), 2 Hb Q-Thailand/Hb Constant Spring disease and 6 Hb H/Q-Thailand disease. The average levels of Hb Q-Thailand were found to be 29.8%, 82.3%, 34.7%, 49.2-49.3% and 79.4%, respectively. Both Hbs Bart's and H were observed in addition to Hb Q-Thailand in all 6 cases with Hb Q-H disease but not in a homozygous Hb Q-Thailand. Group III included 7 double heterozygotes for Hb Q-Thailand/Hb E, 3 Hb Q-Thailand/Hb E/α(+)-thalassemia (-α(3.7)), 3 heterozygous Hb Q-Thailand/homozygous Hb E and 1 triple heterozygote for Hb Q-Thailand/Hb Constant Spring/Hb E. In this group, Hbs E (α(A)(2)β(E)(2)), Q-Thailand (α(QT)(2)β(A)(2)) and QE (α(QT)(2)β(E)(2)) were observed on both HPLC and capillary electrophoresis. The Hb QE, rather than Hb Q-Thailand, was detected in all 3 cases with heterozygous Hb Q-Thailand and homozygous Hb E. The remaining two cases in group 4 were double heterozygotes for Hb Q-Thailand and β(0)-thalassemia in which Hb Q-Thailand, elevated Hb A(2) (α(A)(2)δ(2)), and Hb QA(2) (α(QT)(2)δ(2)) were detected. DNA analysis identified the Hb Q-Thailand mutation (α74: GAC-CAC) and the linked (-α(4.2)) in all cases. Analysis of α-globin gene haplotype provided the first evidence of a single origin of this Hb variant in Thai population.
    Blood Cells Molecules and Diseases 10/2010; 45(3):210-4. · 2.26 Impact Factor
  • Acta Haematologica 10/2009; 122(1):51. · 0.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hemoglobin (Hb) Bart's hydrops fetalis is a fatal condition associated with homozygous alpha(0)-thalassemia. Prenatal diagnosis of the disease is usually done by gap-PCR; however, misdiagnosis can occur with allelic dropout. Diagnosis using more than one method is preferred. We describe a double-check PCR assay for accurate prenatal diagnosis. The study was conducted on 64 fetuses at risk of homozygous alpha(0)-thalassemia encountered at our routine thalassemia diagnosis laboratory. Chorionic villus sample (CVS), amniotic fluid or fetal blood specimens were obtained from pregnant women at risk and analyzed by two PCR methods. In the first method, the SEA alpha(0)-thalassemia deletion of parents and fetuses were determined by gap-PCR routinely run in our laboratory. In another method, two specific fragments located 5' to the zeta(2) gene (XbaI fragment) and the alpha(2)-globin gene (RsaI fragment) together with the gap-PCR fragment were multiply co-amplified to determine the presence or absence of normal and alpha(0)-thalassemia alleles. The molecular diagnosis of alpha(0)-thalassemia was possible in all 64 fetuses using the two PCR approaches. The final diagnoses included 13 normal, 29 unaffected heterozygote and 22 homozygote alpha(0)-thalassemia fetuses.The two PCR assays disclosed no discordant result in the diagnosis of the Hb Bart's hydrops fetalis caused by alpha(0)-thalassemia.The combined PCR assay for gap-PCR, zeta(2) XbaI and alpha(2) RsaI fragments, described here, is simple, accurate and applicable in the prenatal diagnosis of Hb Bart's hydrops fetalis in a routine setting.
    Acta Haematologica 07/2009; 121(4):227-33. · 0.89 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

10 Citations
13.24 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2009–2013
    • Khon Kaen University
      • • Graduate School
      • • Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences
      • • Centre for Research and Development of Medical Diagnostic Laboratories
      Khon Kaen, Changwat Khon Kaen, Thailand