[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: [Purpose] This study was to examine the effects of 12 weeks of Tai Chi (TC) exercise on antioxidant capacity, and DNA damage/repair in young females who did not perform regular physical exercise. [Subjects and Methods] Ten female students from a Chinese university voluntarily participated in this program. All of them practiced the 24-form simplified Tai Chi, 5 times weekly, for 12 weeks. Plasma levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH), hydroxyl radical inhibiting capacity (OH·-IC), 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), and 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase (OGG1) were measured at 0, 8, and 12 weeks. Heart rate (HR) was monitored during the last set of the training session at 4, 8, and 12 weeks. [Results] Plasma SOD and OH·-IC levels were increased at 8 and 12 weeks compared to the baseline (0 weeks). Gpx and GSH levels did not change significantly throughout the study period. The plasma MDA level was decreased significantly at 8 weeks but not at 12 weeks compared to the baseline value. While the plasma 8-OHdG level did not change throughout the study period, the plasma OGG1 level was significantly increased at 8 and 12 weeks compared to the baseline value. [Conclusion] TC practice for 12 weeks efficiently improved the oxidative stress response in young females who did not perform regular physical exercise. The TC exercise also increased the DNA repairing capacity.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective
To verify the effects of scraping therapy on the weightlifting ability by measuring the subjective sensation, and changes of biomarkers.
Five students, who have been trained for 3 years in a sport school in China were participated in this study. A course of scraping therapy was applied to intervene during the normal 7-week of weightlifting training programme. The ability of weightlifting, the scale of rating perceived exertion and serum biochemical markers were measured before and after the intervention.
Scraping therapy caused a significant increase in weightlifting ability (P<0.05). The level of rating perceived exertion remained stable with the increase in the training volume. Immuno-globulin A was significantly increased (P<0.05), and creatine kinase and blood urea nitrogen were significantly decreased (P<0.05). No significant changes were observed in white blood cell, neutrophil, and testosterone.
Scraping therapy may facilitate weightlifting ability mainly by decreasing weight sensation and improving serum biochemical parameters.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine 02/2014; 34(1):52–56. · 0.59 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Tetrahydrocurcumin (THC), a major metabolite of curcumin, possesses strong antioxidant and cardioprotective properties. However, the activities of THC in hypertension and its associated complications remain unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of THC on hemodynamic status, aortic elasticity and oxidative stress in rats with N-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME)-induced hypertension. Hypertension was induced in male Sprague-Dawley rats by administration of L-NAME (50 mg kg(-1) body weight) in drinking water for 5 weeks. THC at a dose of 50 or 100 mg kg(-1) per day was administered daily during the fourth and fifth weeks when the hypertensive state had been established. The effects of THC on hemodynamics, aortic elasticity, endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) protein expression and oxidative stress markers were assessed. Marked increases in blood pressure, peripheral vascular resistance, aortic stiffness and oxidative stress were found in rats after L-NAME administration. THC significantly reversed these deleterious effects by reducing aortic wall thickness and stiffness. These effects were associated with increased aortic eNOS expression, elevated plasma nitrate/nitrite, decreased oxidative stress with reduced superoxide production and enhanced blood glutathione. Our results provide the first evidence that THC attenuates the detrimental effect of L-NAME by improving the hemodynamic status and aortic elasticity concomitant with reduction of oxidative stress. The present study suggests that THC might be used as a dietary supplement to protect against cardiovascular alterations under nitric oxide-deficient conditions.
Hypertension Research 11/2011; 35(4):418-25. · 2.79 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Inhibition of nitric oxide synthesis with N ( ω )-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) induces marked hypertension and oxidative stress. Curcumin (CUR) has been shown strong antioxidant property. Tetrahydrocurcumin (THU), a major metabolite of CUR, possesses several pharmacological effects similar to CUR; however, it is less studied than CUR. We investigated whether CUR and THU could prevent vascular dysfunction and inhibit development of hypertension in L-NAME-treated rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were administered with L-NAME (50 mg/kg/day) in drinking water for 3 weeks. CUR or THU (50 and 100 mg/kg/day) was fed to animals simultaneously with L-NAME. L-NAME administration induced increased arterial blood pressure and elevated peripheral vascular resistance accompanied with impaired vascular responses to angiotensin II and acetylcholine. CUR and THU significantly suppressed the blood pressure elevation, decreased vascular resistance, and restored vascular responsiveness. The improvement of vascular dysfunction was associated with reinstating the marked suppression of eNOS protein expression in the aortic tissue and plasma nitrate/nitrite. Moreover, CUR and THU reduced vascular superoxide production, decreased oxidative stress, and increased the previously depressed blood glutathione (GSH) and the redox ratios of GSH in L-NAME hypertensive rats. The antihypertensive and some antioxidant effects of THU are apparently more potent than those of CUR. This study suggests that CUR and THU prevented the development of vascular dysfunction induced by L-NAME and that the effects are associated with alleviation of oxidative stress.
Archiv für Experimentelle Pathologie und Pharmakologie 03/2011; 383(5):519-29. · 2.15 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cadmium (Cd) is a heavy metal which causes concern as an environmental toxicant. Therapy with chelating agents is considered to be the rational treatment against metal poisoning. This study was designed to evaluate whether meso-2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) could alleviate oxidative stress and vascular dysfunction in mice with subchronic exposure to Cd. Male ICR mice received CdCl2 (100 mg/L) via drinking water for 8 weeks. After Cd exposure, DMSA at a dose of 25 mg/kg or 50 mg/kg was intragastrically administered once daily for 5 consecutive days at the end of Cd treatment. It was found that Cd-induced hypertension and markedly blunted vascular responses to vasoactive agents, including acetylcholine, phenylephrine and sodium nitroprusside. Treatment with DMSA significantly restored blood pressure and improved vascular responsiveness when compared with Cd-treated controls. Moreover, DMSA protected against Cd-induced severe oxidative stress by normalization of the redox ratios of glutathione to glutathione disulfide and suppression of plasma malondialdehyde, plasma protein carbonyl, urinary nitrate/nitrite, and superoxide production from thoracic aorta. DMSA partially reduced Cd contents in the blood, heart, liver and kidneys. In conclusion, our present study provides the first evidence of the therapeutic efficacy of DMSA against oxidative stress and vascular dysfunction in Cd-intoxicated mice.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Free radical-induced vascular dysfunction plays a key role in the pathogenesis of vascular disease found in chronic diabetic patients. Morus alba (MA) leaf extract is promoted for good health especially in diabetic patients. Interestingly, antidiabetic and antioxidant activities of MA have been reported in experimental animals. Thus, the hypothesis of this study was that the long-term treatment with MA could improve vascular reactivity of chronic diabetic rats. To test this hypothesis, we examined the effect of long-term treatment with MA on the vascular responses to vasoactive agents in streptozotocin-induced chronic diabetic rats. The diabetic rats were either orally administered with distilled water, MA (0.25, 0.5 and 1 g/kg per day) or subcutaneously injected with insulin (4 U/kg per day) for 8 weeks. After each treatment, the fasting blood glucose, blood pressure, vascular responses to vasoactive agents and tissue malondialdehyde were examined. Morus alba at the doses of 0.5 and 1 g/kg, which significantly reduced blood glucose level, also significantly decreased the high blood pressure in diabetic rats. Vascular responses of the chronic diabetic rats to vasodilators, acetylcholine (3-30 nmol/kg) and sodium nitroprusside (1-10 nmol/kg) were significantly suppressed by 26% to 44% and 45% to 77% respectively, whereas those to vasoconstrictor, phenylephrine (0.01-0.1 micromol/kg) were significantly increased by 23% to 38% as compared to normal rats. Interestingly, the administration of 0.5 and 1 g/kg MA or 4 U/kg insulin significantly restored the vascular reactivities of diabetic rats. Moreover, 8 weeks of diabetes resulted in the elevation of malondialdehyde content in tissues (liver, kidney, heart, and aorta), and MA treatment significantly lessened this increase. These results provide the first evidence for the efficacy of MA in restoring the vascular reactivity of diabetic rats, the mechanism of which may associate with the alleviation of oxidative stress.
Nutrition research 08/2009; 29(8):602-8. · 2.59 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Oxidative stress is implicated in various pathological conditions, including septic shock, and other diseases associated with local or systemic inflammation. Curcumin, a major component from turmeric (Curcuma longa), possesses diverse anti-inflammatory, anti-tumour and antioxidant properties. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of curcumin on modulation of vascular dysfunction and oxidative stress induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in mice. Male ICR mice were treated with curcumin (50 or 100 mg/kg), administered intragastrically, either before or after intraperitoneal injection of LPS (10 mg/kg). Fifteen hours after LPS administration, arterial blood pressure was measured and vascular response to vasoactive agents were assessed. Aortic tissues and blood samples were taken for assays of antioxidant and oxidative stress markers. LPS caused marked hypotension, tachycardia and vascular hyporeactivity. The mean arterial pressures in responses to phenylephrine, acetylcholine, and sodium nitroprusside of LPS-treated mice were significantly decreased when compared with the untreated controls. Curcumin modulated heart rate and restored arterial blood pressure in a dose-dependent manner in both protectively- and therapeutically-treated regimens. Furthermore, the vascular responsiveness of LPS-treated mice was improved by curcumin. Interestingly, the improvements of haemodynamics and vascular response during endotoxaemia were related to alleviation of oxidative stress by reducing aortic-derived superoxide production, suppression of lipid peroxidation and protein oxidation, and decrease in urinary nitric oxide metabolites with preservation of the ratio of glutathione/glutathione disulfide. This study provides the first evidence for the potential role of curcumin in prevention and treatment of vascular dysfunction in mice with endotoxaemia elicited by LPS.
European journal of pharmacology 07/2009; 616(1-3):192-9. · 2.59 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study was to test the inhibitory action of Mentha cordifolia (MC) extract on the development of hypertension in N G -nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME)-induced hypertensive rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats received L-NAME (50 mg/kg/day) in drinking water and were either intragastrically administered with MC extract (200 mg/kg/day) or deionized water for 3 weeks. Significant increases in mean arterial blood pressure (MAP; 162.3 ± 2.7 vs 92.9 ± 5.4 mmHg), heart rate (HR; 414.7 ± 13.1 vs 331.7 ± 16.2 beat/min) and hindlimb vascular resistance (HVR; 39.1 ± 3.8 vs 12.6 ± 0.6 mmHg/min/100 g tissue/ml) in L-NAME-treated group compared to that of control group were observed. The MC extract markedly reduced the MAP about 16.7% in L-NAME group which was associated with reductions in HR and HVR. The MC extract alleviated a decrease in vascular responses to acetylcholine in the hypertensive rats. Increased levels of plasma malondialdehyde (MDA) and superoxide production in vascular tissues in hypertensive rats were restored by MC extract. The MC extract contains high level antioxidant in the form of total phenolic compounds. Our results indicated that the MC extract inhibited progress of hypertension in L-NAME group, and this effect might involve the antioxidant capacity of the extract.