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Publications (3)8.12 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The root of Acanthopanax senticosus (also called Eleutherococcus senticosus or Siberian ginseng) has been used extensively in China, Russia and Japan as an adaptogen to fight against stress and fatigue. The present study was designed to ascertain the anti-fatigue property of Acanthopanax senticosus by load-weighted swimming test, sleep deprivation test, also to isolate and characterize the active constituents. Animals were orally administered with the extract of Acanthopanax senticosus. The anti-fatigue effects of the four fractions with different polarities from the 80% ethanol extract, and the different eluates collected from D101 macroporous resin chromatography and eleutheroside E, were examined based on the weight-loaded swimming capacity (physical fatigue) and the change of biochemical parameters in ICR mice. Moreover, the active fraction was later submitted to sleep-deprived mice (mental fatigue). The results shown that the n-butanol fraction significant extends the swimming time of mice to exhaustion. Furthermore, the 60% ethanol-water eluate, more purified eleutherosides (including eleutheroside E, E(2) and derivatives), were the exactly active constituents. Two compounds were isolated, which were identified as eleutheroside E, E(2). The eleutherosides possess the potent abilities to alleviate fatigue both in physical and mental fatigue. Eleutheroside E may be responsible for the pharmacological effect of anti-fatigue. Furthermore, the possible mechanisms were reduced the level of TG by increasing fat utilization, delayed the accumulation of blood urea nitrogen (BUN), and increased the LDH to reduce the accumulation of lactic acid in muscle and then protect the muscle tissue.
    Journal of ethnopharmacology 10/2010; 133(1):213-9. · 2.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Phytochemical investigation of a dichloromethane-soluble extract of Vitexnegundo seeds led to the isolation of five labdane diterpenes, negundoins A-E (1-5), a 9,10-seco-abietane diterpene, negundoin F (6), a sandaracopimara-7,15-diene diterpene, negundoin G (7), and two known diterpene derivatives (8, 9). Their chemical structures were elucidated by detailed spectroscopic analyses on the basis of NMR, IR, and MS data. The anti-inflammatory effects of metabolites 1-7 were also evaluated in vitro. Compounds 3 and 5 were among the most potent inhibitors on nitric oxide production by LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages, with IC(50) values of 0.12 and 0.23 microM, respectively. Further studies revealed that compounds 3 and 5 (5 microM) significantly reduced the levels of the iNOS protein to 0.40+/-0.13% and 41.02+/-6.02%, respectively, and COX-2 protein to 2.06+/-0.53% and 26.40+/-7.43%, respectively.
    Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry 11/2009; 18(1):175-81. · 2.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Membranous glomerulonephritis (MGN) remains the most common cause of adult-onset nephrotic syndrome in the world and up to 40% of untreated patients will progress to end-stage renal disease. Although the treatment of MGN with immunosuppressants or steroid hormones can attenuate the deterioration of renal function, numerous treatment-related complications have also been established. In this study, the ameliorative effects of arctiin, a natural compound isolated from the fruits of Arctium lappa, on rat glomerulonephritis induced by cationic bovine serum albumin (cBSA) were determined. After oral administration of arctiin (30, 60, 120 mg/kgd) for three weeks, the levels of serum creatinine (Scr) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and 24-h urine protein content markedly decreased, while endogenous creatinine clearance rate (ECcr) significantly increased. The parameters of renal lesion, hypercellularity, infiltration of polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN), fibrinoid necrosis, focal and segmental proliferation and interstitial infiltration, were reversed. In addition, we observed that arctiin evidently reduced the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) and pro-inflammatory cytokines including interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha), suppressed nuclear factor-kappaB p65 (NF-kappaB) DNA binding activity, and enhanced superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity. These findings suggest that the ameliorative effects of arctiin on glomerulonephritis is carried out mainly by suppression of NF-kappaB activation and nuclear translocation and the decreases in the levels of these pro-inflammatory cytokines, while SOD is involved in the inhibitory pathway of NF-kappaB activation. Arctiin has favorable potency for the development of an inhibitory agent of NF-kappaB and further application to clinical treatment of glomerulonephritis, though clinical studies are required.
    Phytomedicine: international journal of phytotherapy and phytopharmacology 07/2009; 16(11):1033-41. · 2.97 Impact Factor