Mauricio Vargas

IDIBAPS August Pi i Sunyer Biomedical Research Institute, Barcino, Catalonia, Spain

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Publications (7)11.22 Total impact

  • Oncología radioterápica: Principios, métodos, gestión y práctica clínica, Edited by Felipe A. Calvo, 01/2010: pages 1161-1169; Aran Editores., ISBN: ISBN: 978-84-92977-05-5
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    ABSTRACT: Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of certain genes involved in drug metabolism correlate with survival. We evaluated the presence of SNPs in six genes (CYP2C8, GSTT1, GSTP1, MDR1-57, MDR1-62, and ERCC1) and the response rate (RR), time to progression (TTP), and overall survival (OS) of advanced head and neck cancer patients treated with weekly paclitaxel. SNPs in CYP2C8, MDR1-57, and MDR1-62 genes were more frequent than wild-type genes in our patients. RR was 45% (21/47), and median TTP in responders was 5.1 months. OS for all patients was 5.6 months. Response was higher in SNPs of MDR1-62, MDR1-57, or in two or more accumulated genes than in those with wild-type genes. OS was significantly longer in patients with two or more accumulated SNPs (P = .039). Response rate and OS were significantly higher in patients with two or more accumulated SNPs.
    The Laryngoscope 07/2009; 119(8):1484-90. · 2.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We describe a rare case of metastasis to the pa ra - na sal sinuses. The lesion had an immunohistochemical (positivity for cytokeratin 20, negativity for cytokeratin 7, overexpression of p53) and in situ hybridisation profile (neither lesions showed deletion for p53) consistent with metastasis from the earlier rectal adenocarcinoma. The correct typification of intestinal-type neoplasms requires a combination of morphological, immunohistochemical and, sometimes, molecular analysis.
    Clinical and Translational Oncology 03/2009; 11(2):117-9. · 1.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Myxoid liposarcomas (MLS) have a tendency to metastasize to unusual sites. We report an unusual case of bone metastases not detected by bone scan and neither by fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (PET-FDG) and successfully identified with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a patient with metachronic MLS. Histopathological examination of the primary tumor evidenced a tumor with unfavorable prognostic markers, and the biopsy of an iliac bone lesion confirmed the diagnosis of metastatic disease. On histological grounds, the tumor showed features of a more differentiated neoplasm without foci of round cells or necrosis in the latter. MRI allowed the identification of disseminated disease compared to computed tomography (CT) and PET scans. Thus, because of the heterogeneous histological features of MLS and the biological behavior of the disease, a combined approach of FDGPET-CT and MRI, may allow a more accurate staging of soft tissue sarcomas.
    Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging 04/2008; 27(3):625-8. · 2.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Skull-base metastases are very unfrequent. Occipital condyle syndrome (OCS) is usually underdiagnosed. Until now few cases have been reported in the literature. We present a 71-year-old woman with metastatic rectum adenocarcinoma, with right occipital headache and ipsilateral hypoglossal palsy, diagnosed by computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of OCS due to a skull-base metastasis and treated with radiation therapy.
    Clinical and Translational Oncology 02/2008; 10(1):58-60. · 1.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Whole brain radiation therapy (WBRT) remains a recommended treatment for patients with brain metastases in terms of symptom palliation, especially when extracranial systemic disease is present. The aim of the study was to determine the clinical correlation between pre-existing leukoaraiosis and posterior leukoencephalopathy secondary to WBRT. We retrospectively reviewed the results of WBRT treatment in 44 patients with melanoma brain metastases. The neuroimaging abnormalities of the white matter (T2-weighted MRI) were graded over time. From the 37 evaluable patients the mean age was 53 years old, 23 male and 14 female. Vascular risk factors were present in 22 patients (59.5%). The WBRT total dose was 20 Gy/5fr (n=21) and 30 Gy/10fr (n=16). Leukoaraiosis pre-WBRT was observed in 9/37 patients (24.3%) and leukoencephalopathy post-WBRT in 2/37 (5.4%). Univariate analysis of prognostic factors (sex, age and vascular risk factors) for leukoaraiosis was conducted observing statistically significant differences for patients with age>or=65 years old (p=0.003). Nineteen patients survived more than 3 months. Twelve patients (63.2%) suffered from vascular risk factors. Univariate analysis demonstrated previous leukoaraiosis as a prognostic factor for developing further leukoencephalopathy after WBRT (p=0.015). Radiation-induced leukoencephalopathy is greater in patients with pre-existing leukoaraiosis. Because of the potential of long-term survival in a small subset of patients with brain metastases and the risk of radiation-induced dementia, neurotoxicity reduction in patients with leukoaraiosis is an important goal of treatment.
    Clinical and Translational Oncology 09/2007; 9(9):590-5. · 1.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lip cancer is frequently treated with surgery although radiation therapy offers comparable results. The aim of the study was to evaluate the local cure rate in patients with lip carcinoma treated with 192-Ir low dose rate interstitial brachytherapy. Fifty-four patients with a mean age of 70 years (range, 40-90 years) were retrospectively evaluated. The tumour location was the superior lip in 4 (7.4%) and the inferior lip in 50 (92.6%). Tumour stage was T1N0 in 33 patients and T2N0 in 21 patients. The radioactive sources with hypodermic needles in 49 patients (90.7%) and plastic tubes in 5 (9.3%) were placed parallel and equidistant from one another across the tumour volume according to the Paris system rules. The median dose was 61.5 Gy (range, 60-65 Gy). All patients experienced acute brisk skin and mucositis RTOG grade III around the implanted volume, subsiding within 4-6 weeks after the implant. Local control was achieved in 98% of patients. The mean follow-up was 7 years. Low dose rate interstitial brachytherapy with 192-Iridium is a well established and efficacious way to achieve local control of the tumour in lip cancer. It offers the advantage of avoiding surgery in an elderly population.
    Clinical and Translational Oncology 05/2007; 9(4):251-4. · 1.60 Impact Factor