[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Pregnant women with the vascular complication of preeclampsia show altered lipid metabolism characterized by elevated circulating triglycerides and nonesterified free fatty acids. We have compared the effect of maternal plasma from women with and without preeclampsia on cultured vascular endothelial cells and determined whether these plasma-induced changes were reproduced with free fatty acid solutions of palmitic, oleic and linoleic acid, representative of circulating levels reported in preeclampsia.
Lipid accumulation was quantified by oil-red O staining, apoptosis by terminal dUTP nick-end labelling (TUNEL) and the measurement of mitochondrial redox capacity, and membrane potential recorded using MTT reduction and JC-1 accumulation for human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) exposed to plasma and free fatty acids.
Lipid droplet accumulation was significantly increased in cultured HUVECs conditioned with maternal plasma from pregnancies with preeclampsia compared with normal uncomplicated controls. This increase was replicated following exposure to free fatty acids at the combined concentrations defined in preeclampsia. Plasma from these women also caused a significant decrease in mitochondrial dehydrogenase activity, a marked reduction in mitochondrial membrane potential and an increase in apoptosis compared with normal pregnancy. Again these effects were reproduced using free fatty acids in combination at the levels previously associated with preeclampsia.
These findings support the concept of a circulating pathogenic factor for preeclampsia and highlight the possibility that this factor is not a single compound but perhaps the combined elevation of the free fatty acids palmitic, oleic and linoleic acid in the maternal circulation.
Journal of hypertension 07/2009; 27(6):1293-302. · 4.02 Impact Factor
[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Variants in UGT1A1 have previously been associated with toxicity from irinotecan chemotherapy. We conducted a pragmatic prospective cohort study to establish the relevance of UGT1A1 variants in the prediction of severe diarrhea and neutropenia in patients with colorectal cancer receiving irinotecan in a routine clinical setting.
Genotyping of UGT1A1*28 and c.-3156G>A was undertaken in an unselected, prospective cohort of 96 individuals treated with irinotecan at a single major UK oncology centre. Data on cytotoxic drugs received, and toxicity for all irinotecan treatment cycles were collected from case notes. Over 95% (92/96) of patients received an intermediate dose of irinotecan (180 mg/m(2), twice weekly). Irinotecan was given in combination with other cytotoxic drugs in 93/96 subjects and Grade 3 or 4 toxicity occurred in 23% of subjects.
No association was found between UGT1A1*28 or c.-3156G>A and neutropenia. However, individuals carrying two copies of UGT1A1*28 (p = 0.04; OR: 14; 95% CI: 1.1-185) or c.-3156G>A (p = 0.03) had a significantly increased risk of diarrhea over all cycles.
Our findings indicate that UGT1A1 genotyping is not a good predictor of hematological toxicity in patients treated with intermediate irinotecan doses. However, it may be useful in the identification of patients at risk of severe diarrhea.
Pharmacogenomics 06/2009; 10(5):733-9. · 3.86 Impact Factor
Pharmacogenomics 01/2009; 10(5):733-739. · 3.86 Impact Factor