[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The optimal schedule and regimen of chemotherapy (CT) in association with chemoradiation has not been established in stage III non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We have compared three schedules of non-platinum-based CT plus either radiotherapy or chemoradiation. From May 2001 to June 2006, 158 patients with unresectable stage III NSCLC were enrolled in a randomized phase II trial with overall response rate (ORR) as the primary endpoint. The initial design included three arms: sequential CT followed by thoracic radiation (TRT); concurrent CT/TRT followed by consolidation CT; and induction CT followed by concurrent CT/TRT. However, based on the preliminary results of the RTOG 9410 trial, the sequential arm was closed when 19 patients had been enrolled. All patients received two cycles of docetaxel 40mg/m(2) days 1 and 8 plus gemcitabine 1200mg/m(2) days 1 and 8, as either induction or consolidation therapy. Concurrent CT/TRT consisted of docetaxel 20mg/m(2) and carboplatin AUC 2 weekly plus 60Gy TRT. No differences were found in ORR between the two arms (56% and 57%). Hematological toxicity was mild but significantly superior with consolidation CT; the esophagitis rate was similar in both arms (16% and 15%). With a median follow-up of 57 months, no differences were found in median survival (13.07 and 13.8 months) or 5-year survival (16.4% and 22%). This regimen cannot be recommended as an alternative to platinum-based CT/TRT although it has an acceptable toxicity profile and encouraging long-term survival data (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01652820).
Lung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands) 04/2013; · 3.14 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to analyze prognostic variables associated with long-term survival in patients with stage III non-small-cell lung cancer enrolled in a Spanish Lung Cancer Group (SLCG) phase II trial.
Between May 2001 and June 2006, 139 patients were enrolled. The initial design included 3 arms: sequential chemotherapy (CT) followed by standard thoracic radiation therapy (TRT; RT), concomitant CT/TRT followed by consolidation CT, or induction CT followed by CT/TRT. Based on the results of the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group 9410 trial, the sequential arm was closed. Induction or consolidation therapy comprised docetaxel plus gemcitabine. Concomitant treatment comprised docetaxel plus carboplatin plus 60 Gy TRT. A univariate and a Cox proportional hazard regression analysis of the following 11 variables were performed: age, sex, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (PS), histology, forced expiratory volume in 1 second, disease stage, nodal status, hemoglobin level, completion of RT treatment, completion of induction or consolidation plus concomitant treatment, and RT delay.
With a median follow-up of 23 months for living patients, median survival was 13.07 months for the consolidation arm and 14.65 months for the induction arm. The 4-year survival rates were 25.37% and 32.35%, respectively. Only RT treatment completion (P < .0001) and induction or consolidation plus concomitant treatment completion (P < .0001) were associated with longer survival.
Based on this retrospective analysis of patients enrolled in the SLCG 0008 randomized phase II study, age, sex, PS, and clinical parameters are not good predictors of overall survival; however, completion of treatment is needed to achieve long-term results.
Clinical Lung Cancer 06/2009; 10(3):180-6. · 2.04 Impact Factor