Zhi Song

The Third Xiangya Hospital of the Central South University, Ch’ang-sha-shih, Hunan, China

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Publications (37)69.52 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Parkinson disease (PD) is the second most common progressive neurodegenerative disorder. It is characterized by selective loss of dopamine-producing neurons and aggregation of alpha-synuclein (SNCA) in neurons of particular brain regions. At least 20 loci and 15 disease-causing genes have been identified. Rare missense or multiplication mutations in the SNCA gene have been reported to be involved in some familial and sporadic cases of PD. More recently, two novel pathogenic missense mutations (p.H50Q and p.G51D) were identified in the SNCA gene. To evaluate whether mutation(s) in the coding region of SNCA gene is related to PD in Chinese population, we investigated the SNCA gene in 502 PD patients of Chinese Han ethnicity from Mainland China. No pathogenic mutation was identified in the coding region of the gene. A known G to A transition (c.306 + 66G>A, rs10005233) in the intron 4, which does not potentially change splicing, was identified. Our data indicate that mutations in the coding region of the SNCA gene are not likely to be a common cause of PD in Chinese population.
    Acta neurologica Belgica. 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Infantile nystagmus (IN) is characterized by bilateral involuntary, periodic, and predominantly ocular oscillations. In this article, we describe a mutation screen conducted on a 4-generation family in which 4 patients were affected with X-linked IN (XLIN). Experimental study. A 4-generation Chinese Han family including 4 symptomatic members with IN and 200 normal male controls. DNA was extracted from peripheral blood, and the FERM domain-containing 7 gene (FRMD7) was amplified on DNA samples of all the available family members. The mutation screen was conducted by performing direct DNA sequencing. A nonsense mutation (R335X) in the FRMD7 gene was identified in 4 male patients and an asymptomatic female member. Although the R335X mutation in the FRMD7 gene has been previously described, the clinical features, including both disease penetrance and severity, among individuals with FRMD7 mutation in our family vary greatly. One female member with the heterozygous R335X mutation had no clinical manifestation of the disease. This incomplete penetrance suggests that random X-chromosome inactivation may play a role in the pathogenesis of IN, and that loss of functional FRMD7 may account for the development of this disorder. Our findings may be helpful in the genetic counseling of patients with nystagmus.
    Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology 02/2014; 49(1):50-3. · 1.15 Impact Factor
  • Hao Deng, Wen Zheng, Zhi Song
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    ABSTRACT: Epilepsy is a common and diverse set of chronic neurological disorders characterized by spontaneous, unprovoked, and recurrent epileptic seizures. Environmental factors and acquired disposition are proposed to play a role to the pathogenesis of epilepsy. Genetic factors are important contributors as well. Comparing to the phenotype of epilepsy caused by mutation of single gene on an autosome, the phenotype of X-linked epilepsy is more complex. X-linked epilepsy usually manifests as part of a syndrome or epileptic encephalopathy, and the variability of clinical manifestations of X-linked epilepsy may be attributed to several factors including the type of genetic mutation, methylation, X chromosome random inactivation, and mosaic distribution. As a result, it is difficult to establish the genotype-phenotype correlation, diagnostic tests, and genetic counseling. In this review, we provide an overview of the X-linked epilepsy including responsible loci and genes, the molecular biology, the associated complex phenotypes, and the interference factors. This information may provide us a better understanding of the pathogenesis of X-linked epilepsy and may contribute to clinical diagnosis and therapy of epilepsy.
    Molecular Neurobiology 11/2013; · 5.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To determine the effect of Parkinson's disease-weight bearing exercise for better balance (PD-WEBB) exercise on balance impairment and falls in people with Parkinson's disease (PD). Methods: A single-blind, randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted. The falls efficacy scale score, unified Parkinson disease rating scale (UPDRS) score and Mini-BESTest score were measured and compared between a PD-WEBB group and a control group. Results: The falls efficacy scale score, UPDRS-2 score, UPDRS-3 score and Mini-BESTest score were improved in the PD-WEBB group compared with the control group (P<0.05), with no significant change in UPDRS-1 score between the two groups. Conclusion: PD-WEBB training can significantly improve the balance impairment and quality of life to prevent falls. PD-WEBB training is suitable for PD patients in China, and is a reasonable, effective and sustainable training of family and community assessment model.
    Zhong nan da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Central South University. Medical sciences 11/2013; 38(11):1172-1176.
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    ABSTRACT: Exome sequencing in a large essential tremor (ET) family identified a novel nonsense mutation (p.Q290X) in the fused in sarcoma gene (FUS) as the cause of this family. Because of the clinical overlap between ET and Parkinson's disease (PD), the role of FUS in an independent cohort of PD patients from China mainland was evaluated. The entire coding region of FUS in 508 Chinese Han patients with PD and the identified variants in 633 normal controls were evaluated. A variant was further screened in an additional 382 controls for the frequency in our population. A novel variant c.696C > T (p.Y232Y) in 2 sporadic patients with PD and six variants (c.52C > A, p.P18T; c.52C > T, p.P18S; c.147C > A, p.G49G; c.291C > T, p.Y97Y; c.684C > T, p.G228G; c.1176G > A, p.M392I) without significant difference in genotypic and allelic distributions in our PD cohort were identified. The FUS gene is not a genetic risk factor for PD in the population of Chinese Han ethnicity.
    Parkinsonism & Related Disorders 09/2013; · 3.27 Impact Factor
  • Hao Deng, Xiaofei Xiu, Zhi Song
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    ABSTRACT: Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological disorders characterized by abnormal electrical activity in the central nervous system. The clinical features of this disorder are recurrent seizures, difference in age onset, type, and frequency, leading to motor, sensory, cognitive, psychic, or autonomic disturbances. Since the discovery of the first monogenic gene mutation in 1995, it is proposed that genetic factor plays an important role in the mechanism of epilepsy. Genes discovered in idiopathic epilepsies encode for ion channel or neurotransmitter receptor proteins, whereas syndromes with epilepsy as a main feature are caused by genes that are involved in functions such as cortical development, mitochondrial function, and cell metabolism. The identification of these monogenic epilepsy-causing genes provides new insight into the pathogenesis of epilepsies. Although most of the identified gene mutations present a monogenic inheritance, most of idiopathic epilepsies are complex genetic diseases exhibiting a polygenic or oligogenic inheritance. This article reviews recent genetic and molecular progresses in exploring the pathogenesis of epilepsy, with special emphasis on monogenic epilepsy-causing genes, including voltage-gated channels (Na(+), K(+), Ca(2+), Cl(-), and HCN), ligand-gated channels (nicotinic acetylcholine and GABAA receptors), non-ion channel genes as well as the mitochondrial DNA genes. These progresses have improved our understanding of the complex neurological disorder.
    Molecular Neurobiology 08/2013; · 5.47 Impact Factor
  • Parkinsonism & Related Disorders 06/2013; · 3.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Variants in the leucine-rich repeat and lg domain containing nogo receptor-interacting protein 1 gene (LINGO1) have been identified to be associated with the increased risk of essential tremor (ET), especially among Caucasians. To explore whether the LINGO1 gene plays a role in ET susceptibility, we performed a systematic genetic analysis of the coding region in the LINGO1 gene. Four nucleotide variants have been genotyped, including three known variants (rs2271398, rs2271397, and rs3743481), and a novel G→C transition (ss491228439). Extended analysis showed no significant difference in genotypic and allelic distributions between 151 patients and 301 control subjects for these four variants (all P > 0.05). However, further sex-stratified analysis revealed that the C allele of rs2271397 and ss491228439 contributed the risk of ET in female (P = 0.017, OR = 2.139, 95 % CI 1.135 ~ 4.030 for rs2271397 and P = 0.038, OR = 1.812, 95 % CI 1.027 ~ 3.194 for ss491228439). Haplotype analysis indicated that A465-C474-C714 haplotype was significantly associated with increased risk of ET in female (P = 0.041, OR = 1.800, 95 % CI 1.020 ~ 3.178). Our results indicate that the LINGO1 variants are associated with ET in Chinese Han female patients.
    Journal of Molecular Neuroscience 06/2013; · 2.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Studies have shown that glycolysis increases during seizures, and that the glycolytic metabolite lactic acid can be used as an energy source. However, how lactic acid provides energy for seizures and how it can participate in the termination of seizures remains unclear. We reviewed possible mechanisms of glycolysis involved in seizure onset. Results showed that lactic acid was involved in seizure onset and provided energy at early stages. As seizures progress, lactic acid reduces the pH of tissue and induces metabolic acidosis, which terminates the seizure. The specific mechanism of lactic acid-induced acidosis involves several aspects, which include lactic acid-induced inhibition of the glycolytic enzyme 6-diphosphate kinase-1, inhibition of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor, activation of the acid-sensitive 1A ion channel, strengthening of the receptive mechanism of the inhibitory neurotransmitter γ-minobutyric acid, and changes in the intra- and extracellular environment.
    Neural Regeneration Research 05/2013; 8(14):1316-26. · 0.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We conducted genetic analysis of the fused in sarcoma gene (FUS) in Chinese Han patients with essential tremor (ET) in a case-control association study. One hundred eighty unrelated patients with ET were screened for mutations in the coding region and exon-intron boundaries of FUS. Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction analysis was performed to evaluate if the c.1176G>A variant results in change of splice site. Two hundred seventy-three normal control subjects were also analyzed when DNA variants were identified in ET cohort. A novel missense mutation, c.1176G>A (p.M392I), in FUS was identified in a 62-year-old patient. Four known variants (c.52C>A, p.P18T; c.147C>A, p.G49G; c.291T>C, p.Y97Y; c.684C>T, p.G228G) were observed in the case-control study without statistically significant differences in genotype and allele distributions. Mutation(s) in FUS might be associated with a small subset of ET cases in the Chinese population.
    Neurobiology of aging 04/2013; · 5.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Growing evidences show that genetic abnormalities play an important role in the etiopathogenesis of Parkinson disease (PD). At least 18 genetic loci and 13 disease-related genes for parkinsonism have been identified. Recently, the p.Ala502Val and p.Arg1205His variants in the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4-gamma 1 gene (EIF4G1) were found to be associated with PD. To evaluate whether the EIF4G1 p.Ala502Val and p.Arg1205His variants are related to PD in Chinese Han population, we conducted genetic examination of these two variants in 425 PD patients from Mainland China and none was found in our patients. We did identify a known non-pathogenic polymorphism c.3660C>T (p.Ala1220Ala, rs143852330) in a 73-year-old male patient. Our results, consistent with other recent reports, suggest that the EIF4G1 p.Ala502Val and p.Arg1205His variants are a rare cause of PD, at least in Chinese population.
    Neuroscience Letters 04/2013; · 2.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: (1) Neuronal synchronization underlies brain functioning, and it seems possible that blocking excessive synchronization in an epileptic neural network could reduce or even control seizures. (2) Local field potential coupling is a very common phenomenon during synchronization in networks. Removal of neurons or neuronal networks that are coupled can significantly alter the extracellular field potential. Interventions of coupling mediated by local field potentials could result in desynchronization of epileptic seizures. (3) The synchronized electrical activity generated by neurons is sensitive to changes in the size of the extracellular space, which affects the efficiency of field potential transmission and the threshold of cell excitability. (4) Manipulations of the field potential fluctuations could help block synchronization at seizure onset.
    Neural Regeneration Research 03/2013; 8(8):745-53. · 0.14 Impact Factor
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    Regulatory Peptides 03/2013; 182:62. · 2.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Metabolic modulation of neuronal excitability is becoming increasingly important as an antiepileptic therapy. It was reported that the glycolytic inhibitor 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG) and the activation of the ATP-sensitive potassium ion channel (KATP channel) had an antiepileptic effect in models of epilepsy. To explore whether 2-DG exerts an antiepileptic effect through upregulation of the KATP channel subunits Kir6.1 and Kir6.2, the expression of these subunits in hippocampus of five groups of mice with pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus (SE) was evaluated. A seizure group with pilocarpine-kindling convulsions (EP) was compared to similar groups treated with high, medium, and low 2-DG concentrations (100-500 mg/kg) and a normal control group (Con). Kir6.1 and Kir6.2 mRNAs and proteins were analyzed at 4 h, 1 days (acute period), 7 days (latent period), 30, and 60 days (chronic period) following SE. In the seizure group (compared to the Con group), hippocampal expression of Kir6.1 and Kir6.2 increased dramatically at 1, 7, and 30 days, and was further increased after treatment with medium and high dose 2-DG (all P < 0.05). Our results suggest that 2-DG may exert an antiepileptic effect through up-regulation of mRNAs and protein levels of Kir6.1 and Kir6.2, which may therefore be used as molecular targets in the treatment of epilepsy with 2-DG.
    Neurochemical Research 03/2013; · 2.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The F-box only protein 48 gene (FBXO48) is located in 2p13.3, the disease gene locus of Parkinson disease type 3 (PARK3), and it is one of the paralogs of the F-box only protein 7 gene (FBXO7), which is a causative gene of the Parkinson disease type 15 (PARK15; also known as Parkinsonian-pyramidal disease, PPD). To determine whether genetic mutation in the coding region of the FBXO48 gene plays a role in the etiology of PD, we screened DNA samples from 350 Chinese Han patients with PD. No mutation in the coding region of the FBXO48 gene was identified in our PD cohort, suggesting that mutations in the coding region of the FBXO48 gene play little or no role in the development of PD.
    Neuroscience Letters 02/2013; · 2.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Wilson's disease (WD) is an autosomal recessive inherited disorder caused by mutations in the ATPase Cu(2+) transporting beta polypeptide gene (ATP7B). The detailed metabolism of copper-induced pathology in WD is still unknown. Gene mutations as well as the possible pathways involved in the ATP7B deficiency were documented. The ATP7B gene was analyzed for mutations in 18 Chinese Han families with WD by direct sequencing. Cell viability and apoptosis analysis of ATP7B small interfering RNA (siRNA)-treated human liver carcinoma (HepG2) cells were measured by 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and Hoechst 33342 staining. Finally, the expression of B-cell CLL/lymphoma 2 (BCL2), BCL2-associated X protein (BAX), sterol regulatory element binding protein 1 (SREBP1), and minichromosome maintenance protein 7 (MCM7) of ATP7B siRNA-treated cells were tested by real-time polymerase chain reaction (real-time PCR) and Western blot analysis. Twenty different mutations including four novel mutations (p.Val145Phe, p.Glu388X, p.Thr498Ser and p.Gly837X) in the ATP7B gene were identified in our families. Haplotype analysis revealed that founder effects for four mutations (p.Arg778Leu, p.Pro992Leu, p.Ile1148Thr and p.Ala1295Val) existed in these families. Transfection of HepG2 cells with ATP7B siRNA resulted in decreased mRNA expression by 86.3%, 93.1% and 90.8%, and decreased protein levels by 58.5%, 85.5% and 82.1% at 24, 48 and 72 hours, respectively (All P<0.01). In vitro study revealed that the apoptotic, cell cycle and lipid metabolism pathway may be involved in the mechanism of WD. Our results revealed that the genetic cause of 18 Chinese families with WD and ATP7B deficiency-induce apoptosis may result from imbalance in cell cycle and lipid metabolism pathway.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(7):e66526. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease is characterized by bilateral granulomatous uveitis with neurologic, auditory, and dermatologic manifestations. However, acute myelitis complicating VKH disease has rarely been reported. A 50-year-old Chinese Han woman presented with difficulty walking, numbness on the left side of the body, and difficulty with urination. The patient was diagnosed with incomplete VKH disease and received corticosteroid treatment prior to the neurological presentation. Acute myelitis was diagnosed based on both clinical and spinal-cord MRI findings. Clinicians should consider acute myelitis as a rare possible neurological manifestation in VKH disease patients, and early systemic administration of corticosteroids will suppress the acute inflammatory process and prevent recurrences. This report raises the possibility that VKH disease and acute myelitis share common pathogenic pathways.
    Journal of Clinical Neurology 01/2013; 9(1):61-4. · 1.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate whether gene expression in chromosome 15q13-q22.3 region is responsible for the development of Tourette syndrome (TS). Eighty-four unrelated Chinese Han patients with TS (male/female = 68/16; mean age 9.92 ± 3.98 years) and 100 sex, age, and ethnicity matched normal controls (male/female = 80/20; mean age 10.90 ± 5.86 years) were enrolled in this study. We performed quantitative real-time PCR on a subset of seven genes: the L-histidine decarboxylase gene (HDC), the HECT domain and RCC-1 like domain 1 gene (HERC1), the HECT domain and RCC-1 like domain 2 gene (HERC2), the cholinergic receptor, neuronal nicotinic alpha polypeptide 7 gene (CHRNA7), the ubiquitin protein ligase E3A gene (UBE3A), the ubiquitin specific peptidase 3 gene (USP3) and the amyloid precursor protein-binding protein A2 gene (APBA2) previously reported to be stably expressed in brain tissue. A significant difference was shown for the APBA2 gene expression of peripheral lymphocytes between Chinese Han TS group and healthy controls (relative expression: 0.21 ± 0.16-fold decrease in patients versus normal, P < 0.01). Indicating that the APBA2 gene is a promising peripheral blood biomarker that discriminates between patients with TS and healthy subjects. Further studies into this gene and its protein products may provide insights into the pathogenesis of TS. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    American Journal of Medical Genetics Part B Neuropsychiatric Genetics 10/2012; · 3.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This review discusses the experimental and clinical studies those show the expression of connexin 36 in the central nervous system and the possible role of connexin 36 in epileptic seizure. All articles used in this review were mainly searched from PubMed published in English from 1996 to 2012. Original articles and reviews were selected if they were related to the expression of connexin 36 in the central nervous system and its role in epilepsy. The distribution of connexin 36 is developmentally regulated, cell-specific and region-specific. Connexin 36 is involved in some neuronal functions and epileptic synchronization. Changes in the connexin 36 gene and protein were accompanied by seizures. Selective gap junction blockers have exerted anticonvulsant actions in a variety of experiments examined in both humans and experimental animals. Connexin 36 plays an important role in both physiological and pathological conditions in the central nervous system. A better understanding of the role of connexin 36 in seizure activity may contribute to the development of new therapeutic approaches to treating epilepsy.
    Chinese medical journal 07/2012; 125(13):2365-70. · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The changed process of bioenergy and the effects of electrode interfering on penicillin-induced epileptic brains in epileptic seizures rats were investigated. Fifty Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into 4 groups, i. e. normal saline control group (group A), penicillin model group (group B), metal electrode interfere group (group C) and insulated electrode interfere group (group D). The epileptogenic potential and the expressions of the beta subunit of-ATP synthase( ATP5B) in hippocampal neurons were measured. The epileptogenic foucus potential and expressions of ATP5B in hippocampus neurons showed that the trend increased at first and decreased implantation of later, and the implantation of metal electrodes decreased the epileptogenic foucus potential at corresponding time point, but had no effect on the expressions of ATP5B. The change of epileptogenic focus potential was reduced by implantation of metal electrode, possibly due to the alteration of corrosponding bioenergy metabolism which had participated in the process of epileptic seizure.
    Sheng wu yi xue gong cheng xue za zhi = Journal of biomedical engineering = Shengwu yixue gongchengxue zazhi 04/2012; 29(2):287-90.

Publication Stats

73 Citations
69.52 Total Impact Points


  • 2009–2014
    • The Third Xiangya Hospital of the Central South University
      Ch’ang-sha-shih, Hunan, China
  • 2009–2013
    • Central South University
      • • Center of Experimental Medicine
      • • Department of Neurology
      • • Xiangya School of Medicine
      • • Department of Medical Informatics
      Changsha, Hunan, China
  • 2012
    • Xiangya Hospital of Central South University
      Ch’ang-sha-shih, Hunan, China