Brooke J Damon

Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, United States

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Publications (3)8.89 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: A custom-designed three-dimensional additive manufacturing device was developed to fabricate scaffolds for intervertebral disk (IVD) regeneration. This technique integrated a computer with a device capable of 3D movement allowing for precise motion and control over the polymer scaffold resolution. IVD scaffold structures were designed using computer-aided design to resemble the natural IVD structure. Degradable polyurethane (PU) was used as an elastic scaffold construct to mimic the elastic nature of the native IVD tissue and was deposited at a controlled rate using ultra-fine micropipettes connected to a syringe pump. The elastic PU was extruded directly onto a collecting substrate placed on a freezing stage. The three-dimensional movement of the computer-controlled device combined with the freezing stage enabled precise control of polymer deposition using extrusion. The addition of the freezing stage increased the polymer solution viscosity and hardened the polymer solution as it was extruded out of the micropipette tip. This technique created scaffolds with excellent control over macro- and micro-structure to influence cell behavior, specifically for cell adhesion, proliferation, and alignment. Concentric lamellae were printed at a high resolution to mimic the native shape and structure of the IVD. Seeded cells aligned along the concentric lamellae and acquired cell morphology similar to native tissue in the outer portion of the IVD. The fabricated scaffolds exhibited elastic behavior during compressive and shear testing, proving that the scaffolds could support loads with proper fatigue resistance without permanent deformation. Additionally, the mechanical properties of the scaffolds were comparable to those of native IVD tissue.
    Biofabrication 02/2011; 3(1):015004. · 3.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: HH Stage 22 chick heart inflated ex ovo with perfusate containing propidium iodide (red) and 3000 MW dextran (green), viewed here in left sagittal plane by confocal microscopy of acrylamide slab sections. Stretch-sensitive membrane leaks were conspicuous along subendocardial trabeculae near the apex of the looped ventricle (bottom) and along inner wall of AV canal (inset), indicating peak strain of inner wall myocytes as modeled and measured by Damon et al., Developmental Dynamics 238:1535-1546.
    Developmental Dynamics 09/2009; 238(8):spcone. · 2.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The hypothesis that inner layers of contracting muscular tubes undergo greater strain than concentric outer layers was tested by numerical modeling and by confocal microscopy of strain within the wall of the early chick heart. We modeled the looped heart as a thin muscular shell surrounding an inner layer of sponge-like trabeculae by two methods: calculation within a two-dimensional three-variable lumped model and simulated expansion of a three-dimensional, four-layer mesh of finite elements. Analysis of both models, and correlative microscopy of chamber dimensions, sarcomere spacing, and membrane leaks, indicate a gradient of strain decreasing across the wall from highest strain along inner layers. Prediction of wall thickening during expansion was confirmed by ultrasonography of beating hearts. Degree of stretch determined by radial position may thus contribute to observed patterns of regional myocardial conditioning and slowed proliferation, as well as to the morphogenesis of ventricular trabeculae and conduction fascicles. Developmental Dynamics 238:1535-1546, 2009. (c) 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Developmental Dynamics 06/2009; 238(6):1535-46. · 2.59 Impact Factor