ABSTRACT: Pediatric neurosurgeons are increasingly called on to provide prognostic data regarding the antenatal diagnosis of ventriculomegaly. This study was designed to determine if there is a correlation between prenatal MR imaging results and the need for ventricular shunt placement during the neonatal period.
The authors retrospectively reviewed the prenatal MR imaging data of 38 consecutive patients who had been referred for neurosurgical consultation following the diagnosis of ventriculomegaly. The outcome measure was placement of a ventricular shunt. Assessed parameters included prenatal atrial diameter (AD), gestational age at MR imaging, time between imaging studies, presence of concomitant CNS anomalies, laterality of ventriculomegaly, fetal sex, and temporal evolution of ventriculomegaly. Logistic regression analysis was completed with the calculation of appropriate ORs and 95% CIs.
Six patients (16%) required shunt placement, all with an AD > or = 20 mm (mean 23.8 mm) at the time of imaging. Eight patients had presented with an AD > or = 20 mm. Atrial diameter was the only presenting feature that correlated with shunt placement (OR 1.58, 95% CI 1.10-2.25, p = 0.01). Logistic regression analysis revealed no statistical correlation between the need for ventricular shunting and gestational age at MR imaging, time between imaging studies, fetal sex, presence of additional CNS anomalies, and laterality of the ventriculomegaly.
When assessed using MR imaging, an AD > or = 20 mm at any gestational age is highly associated with the need for postnatal shunting. Patients with concomitant CNS anomalies did not require shunts at a greater rate than those with isolated ventriculomegaly. Further studies are required to assess the long-term outcome of this patient population.
Journal of Neurosurgery Pediatrics 05/2009; 3(5):365-70. · 1.53 Impact Factor