To investigate the clinicopathologic features, the complications of splenectomy and the survival of epithelial ovarian cancer patients with splenic metastasis.
A retrospective study was performed of 32 patients with epithelial ovarian cancer who underwent splenectomy for tumor cytoreduction at Zhejiang Cancer Hospital between Jan 1998 and Jun 2006.
Of 32 patients, 23 patients (72%) were serous adenocarcinoma and 9 were non-serous adenocarcinoma. According to pathological grade, none was of G1, 11 were of G2, 21 were of G3. Postoperatively, 20 patients were left with no residual tumor, 7 were with < or = 2 cm and 5 were with > 2 cm residual tumor. Postoperative complications developed in 8 patients (25%), including subphrenic abscess, wound infection, gastric perforation, gastrorrhagia, phlebothrombosis, and bowel obstruction. The median follow up was 38 months, estimated 2-year and 5-year overall survival were 70% and 36%. Univariate analysis revealed that histological grade, residual tumor and courses of chemotherapy were influencing factors of the survival (P < 0.05), but multivariate analysis indicated that only residual tumor and courses of chemotherapy independently influenced survival (P < 0.05).
In epithelial ovarian cancer patients with splenic metastasis, low grade serous adenocarcinoma is most common. Splenectomy as part of cytoreductive surgery is associated with modest morbidity and mortality. Residual tumor and courses of chemotherapy are independent factors associated with the prognosis of the patients.
Zhonghua fu chan ke za zhi 04/2008; 43(3):197-200.