Sung Hea Kim

Konkuk University Medical Center, Changnyeong, South Gyeongsang, South Korea

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Publications (22)24.74 Total impact

  • International journal of cardiology 01/2014; · 6.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There are few data regarding clinical characteristics, laboratory parameters, electrocardiographic and echocardiographic findings in takotsubo cardiomyopathy patients presenting with QT prolongation. Aim of this study was to investigate the differences in these parameters between takotsubo cardiomyopathy patients presenting with and those without QT prolongation. We performed an observational retrospective study. One hundred five patients were enrolled from the takotsubo cardiomyopathy registry database and divided according to the presence of QT prolongation. Fifty patients presented with QT prolongation (QT group) and 55 did not (NQT group). Statistical analysis was performed using Student's t-test or Mann-Whitney U test and chi-square test. QT group had higher prevalence of dyspnea (66 versus 40%, p=0.008) and cardiogenic shock (46 versus 24%, p=0.016) than NQT group. QT group had higher prevalence of ST elevation (82 versus 64%, p=0.036), T wave inversion (96 versus 58%, p=0.001), ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation (8 versus 0%, p=0.032) and classic ballooning pattern (92 versus 66%, p=0.003), but lower left ventricular ejection fraction (mean, 39.2 versus 43.5%, p=0.005). In addition, QT group had significant higher hs-C-reactive protein (median, 6.6 versus 1.7 mg/L, p=0.023), creatine kinase-MB (median, 18.6 versus 7.6 ng/mL, p=0.032) and NT-pro-brain natriuretic peptide levels (median, 3637 versus 2145 pg/mL, p=0.044). QT group required more frequent use of inotropics (46 versus 24%, p=0.016) and diuretics (58 versus 38%, p=0.042) than NQT group. The clinical features of takotsubo cardiomyopathy are different according to the presence of QT prolongation. The QT group was lesser likely to have preserved cardiovascular reserve and more likely to require hemodynamic support than the NQT group despite the entire prognosis of takotsubo cardiomyopathy is excellent regardless of QT prolongation.
    Anadolu kardiyoloji dergisi: AKD = the Anatolian journal of cardiology 01/2014; · 0.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There are limited data about characteristics of hypertension subtypes in Asian hypertensive patients and their impacts on treatment of hypertension. This prospective, multi-center, observational study evaluated 2,439 hypertensive patients. (≥ 60 years) Inadequately controlled and drug-naïve patients were categorized into three hypertension subtypes (isolated systolic hypertension [ISH], combined systolic/diastolic hypertension [SDH], and isolated diastolic hypertension [IDH]) and proportions of each hypertension subtype were evaluated. After six-month strict treatments, we compared the characteristics of patients who did not achieve target BP with those who did. In overall population, ISH was the most common subtype (53.2%, 1297/2439). However, in drug-naïve patients, SDH was predominant hypertension subtype (59.6%, 260/436). Notably, the proportion of ISH was substantially lower than previously known data. Predictors associated with failure of reaching target BP were old age (>70 years), hypertension awareness, and baseline systolic BP (≥160 mm Hg) for total patients. In drug naïve patients, hypertension awareness, ISH, and microalbuminuria were associated with treatment failure. These findings might have an impact on the evaluations and antihypertensive treatments of elderly Korean patients.
    Journal of the American Society of Hypertension (JASH) 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Dynamic left ventricular outflow tract obstruction with or without mitral regurgitation is typically observed in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, but is also occasionally seen without left ventricular hypertrophy. In this report, we present a case of cardiogenic shock that mimics ST-elevation myocardial infarction, due to dynamic left ventricular outflow tract obstruction with transient mitral regurgitation and myocardial bridging after transient complete atrioventricular block. A 65-year-old man with hypertension presented himself at the emergency department with syncope after chest pain. His initial electrocardiography showed inferior ST elevation with profound precordial ST depression and transient complete atrioventricular block. Due to sustained hypotension, an intra-aortic balloon pump was applied. His coronary angiography revealed almost normal right coronary artery and left circumflex artery and only a severe myocardial bridge in the mid-segment of his left anterior descending artery. Instead, severe mitral regurgitation was found without regional wall motion abnormality both in the left ventriculography and the portable echocardiography. However the severe mitral regurgitation completely disappeared in follow up echocardiography the day after. The pressure gradient across the left ventricular outflow tract was measured at 8.95 mmHg during the resting state, and was increased to 38.95 mmHg during the Valsalva state. The patient presented with a case of cardiogenic shock that mimicked ST-elevation myocardial infarction due to dynamic left ventricular outflow tract obstruction combined with myocardial bridging in the mid-left anterior descending artery.
    BMC Research Notes 11/2013; 6(1):478.
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: With the increased use of cardiac computed tomography (CT), radiation dose remains a major issue, although physicians are trying to reduce the substantial risks associated with use of this diagnostic tool. This study was performed to investigate recognition of the level of radiation exposure from cardiac CT and the differences in the level of awareness of radiation before and after the Fukushima nuclear plant accident. METHODS: We asked 30 physicians who were undergoing training in internal medicine to determine the equivalent doses of radiation for common radiological examinations when a normal chest X-ray is accepted as one unit; questions about the absolute radiation dose of cardiac CT data were also asked. RESULTS: According to the results, 86.6% of respondents believed the exposure to be 1 mSv at most, and 93.3% thought that the exposure was less than that of 100 chest X-rays. This finding indicates that their perceptions were far lower than the actual amounts. Even after the occurrence of such a large nuclear disaster in Fukushima, there were no significant differences in the same subjects' overall awareness of radiation amounts. CONCLUSIONS: Even after such a major social issue as the Fukushima nuclear accident, the level of awareness of the accurate radiation amount used in 64-channel multidetector CT (MDCT) by clinical physicians who order this test was not satisfactory. Thus, there is a need for the development of effective continuing education programs to improve awareness of radiation from ionizing radiation devices, including cardiac CT, and emphasis on risk-benefit evaluation based on accurate knowledge during medical training.
    BMC Research Notes 04/2013; 6(1):170.
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    ABSTRACT: TIMI frame count (TFC) provides a quantitative index of coronary microvascular dysfunction. Previous studies suggested the degree of frame count reserve (FCR) and slow coronary flow (SCF) correlated with microvascular dysfunction. We investigated the clinical implication of FCR and SCF for the evaluation of microvascular angina (MA). We included consecutive 77 patients with the complaint of chest pain, who subsequently had normal coronary angiography. TFC was obtained from left anterior descending artery. Intracoronary nitroprusside (15μg) was infused to induce hyperemia, and repeat angiogram was performed after 30seconds. FCR were calculated by dividing basal TFC by hyperemic TFC. SCF was defined as being present when TFC was more than 28. All patients underwent a treadmill test without medication after angiography. After the treadmill test, patients were divided into a MA group (40 patients) and a control group (37 patients). FCR were similar in both groups (2.0±1.0 and 2.1±0.9, MA and control group, respectively). However, hyperemic TFC induced by nitroprusside was significantly higher in the MA group (10.9±4.7) than in the control group (9.0±3.5, p<0.05). Patients who showed SCF had a significantly greater incidence of MA (78.5%; 11/14 patients) than that with normal coronary flow (46.0%; 29/63 patients, p<0.05). The higher hyperemic TFC and presence of SCF were found to have a diagnostic value for MA.
    Microvascular Research 02/2013; · 2.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Risk stratification of the early repolarization pattern (ERP) is needed to identify malignant early repolarization. J-point elevation with a horizontal ST segment was recently suggested as a malignant feature of the ERP. In this study, the prevalence of the ERP with a horizontal ST segment was examined among survivors of sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) without structural heart disease to evaluate the value of ST-segment morphology in risk stratification of the ERP. METHODS: We reviewed the data of 83 survivors of SCA who were admitted from August 2005 to August 2010. Among them, 25 subjects without structural heart disease were included. The control group comprised 60 healthy subjects who visited our health promotion center; all control subjects were matched for age, sex, and underlying disease (diabetes mellitus, hypertension). Early repolarization was defined as an elevation of the J point of at least 0.1 mV above the baseline in at least two continuous inferior or lateral leads that manifested as QRS slurring or notching. An ST-segment pattern of <0.1 mV within 100 ms after the J point was defined as a horizontal ST segment. RESULTS: The SCA group included 17 men (64%) with a mean age of 49.7 +/- 14.5 years. The corrected QTc was not significantly different between the SCA and control groups (432.7 +/- 37.96 vs. 420.4 +/- 26.3, respectively; p = 0.089). The prevalence of ERP was not statistically different between the SCA and control groups (5/25, 20% vs. 4/60, 6.7%, respectively; p = 0.116). The prevalence of early repolarization with a horizontal ST segment was more frequent in the SCA than in the control group (20% vs. 3.3%, respectively; p = 0.021). Four SCA subjects (16%) and one control subject (1.7%) had a J-point elevation of >2 mm (p = 0.025). Four SCA subjects (16%) and one (1.7%) control subject had an ERP in the inferior lead (p = 0.025). CONCLUSION: The prevalence of ERP with a horizontal ST segment was higher in patients with aborted SCA than in matched controls. This result suggests that ST morphology has value in the recognition of malignant early repolarization.
    BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 12/2012; 12(1):122. · 1.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: There have been few data to review and analyze the temporal preference of the onset of Tako-tsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC). Aim of this study was to investigate chronobiological variations in the occurrence of TTC and changes of these variations according to age and gender. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-seven patients were enrolled from our TTC registry database from January 2004 to December 2010 in Korea. RESULTS: The median age of the entire study population was 59 years (inter-quartile range 53-72 years). The majority of patients were women (n = 101, 74%). The onset of TTC differed as a function of season (P = .001), with the peak in July and the nadir in March. Events were most frequent in summer (n = 53%, 38.7%) and least so in winter (n = 26, 19%, chi-square = 13.92, P = .003). TTC was most frequent in the morning (n = 56, 40.9%) and least so at night (n = 22, 16.1%, chi-square = 21.98, P = .001). Also, TTC was most frequent on Monday (n = 34, 24.8%) and least so on Saturday (n = 7, 5.1%, chi-square = 30.44, P = .001). Stressor pattern, age and gender do not influence these increases of occurrence in summer, on Monday, and in the morning of TTC. CONCLUSIONS: TTC seems to exhibit a temporal variation of occurrence with preferred peaks during morning, Monday, and summer. Stressor pattern, age and gender do not influence these temporal patterns of the occurrence of TTC. Further studies are needed to investigate the potential link between chronobiological variations of TTC onset and underlying pathophysiologic mechanisms.
    Heart & lung: the journal of critical care 10/2012; · 1.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Slow coronary flow (SCF) is characterized by delayed contrast dye opacification without significant stenosis of epicardial coronary arteries. However, the pathophysiology and clinical implications of SCF are not fully understood. Some reports have suggested that SCF might be caused by atherosclerosis in the coronary artery microvasculature. Measuring carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and pulse wave velocity (PWV), which are non-invasive and simple diagnostic tools, was developed to detect subclinical atherosclerosis. Thus, we determined IMT and PWV, and their possible relationship in a SCF group and a normal coronary flow (NCF) group of patients. We included 101 patients who complained of chest pain but had a normal coronary angiogram. Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction frame count (TIMI frame count, TFC) was evaluated in the left and right coronary arteries. We defined SCF as a TFC of more than 25. Carotid IMT was measured by ultrasonography in both common carotid arteries. PWV was calculated from pulse transit time between the brachial and ankle arteries. Fifteen patients were included in the SCF group and 86 patients in the NCF group. Male patients (n=11, 73.3%) were significantly more common in the SCF group than in the NCF group (n=37, 43.0%, p<0.05). The TFC of the SCF and NCF groups were 28.8±3.5 and 15.7±4.5, respectively. The carotid IMT in the SCF group increased significantly compared to that in the NCF group (1.2±0.3 mm vs. 0.8±0.1 mm, p<0.01). However, no significant difference in PWV was observed between the two groups. SCF may reflect early atherosclerotic changes in the coronary artery microvasculature.
    Korean Circulation Journal 11/2011; 41(11):666-70.
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    ABSTRACT: Infective endocarditis is rarely caused by Burkholderia cepacia. This infection is known to occur particularly in immunocompromised hosts, intravenous heroin users, and in patients with prosthetic valve replacement. Most patients with Burkholderia cepacia endocarditis usually need surgical treatment in addition to antimicrobial treatment. Here, we report the case of a patient who developed Burkholderia cepacia-induced native valve endocarditis with consequent cerebral involvement without any predisposing factors; she was successfully treated by antimicrobial agents only. In this report, we also present literature review of relevant cases.
    BMC Infectious Diseases 01/2011; 11:114. · 3.03 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Cardiac Failure - J CARD FAIL. 01/2011; 17(8).
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    ABSTRACT: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a major cause of heart failure associated with left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD). The prognosis of LVSD is significantly influenced by the etiology of heart failure and therefore, differentiation of significant CAD from other etiologies is important. Carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and plaque are useful predictors for cardiovascular events, including stroke and CAD. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the predictive value of carotid IMT and plaque for the diagnosis of CAD in LVSD patients. Seventy-three (n= 73, 47 male, 67.6±12.4 years) patients hospitalized for heart failure with severe LVSD were retrospectively enrolled. The severity of CAD was analyzed by the Duke Jeopardy Score system, and carotid IMT and plaque were measured according to the Mannheim Carotid IMT Consensus. Significant CAD was found in 41 patients (56.1%, CAD group) on coronary angiography. Mean common carotid artery (CCA) IMT (0.74±0.05 mm vs. 1.04±0.04 mm, p<0.01) was significantly higher in the CAD group. Plaque in CCA (6.25% vs. 19.5%, p<0.01) and plaque in bulb (25.0% vs. 60.9%, p<0.001) were significantly higher in the CAD group. Mean CCA IMT {odds ratio (OR) 2.61, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.134-4.469, p<0.01} and plaque in bulb (OR 4.69, 95% CI 1.702-12.965, p<0.01) were significant predictors for the diagnosis of CAD according to multivariate logistic regression analysis. In patients with severe LVSD, mean CCA IMT and bulb plaque can be useful additional predictors for the diagnosis of CAD.
    Korean Circulation Journal 12/2010; 40(12):665-70.
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Aortic stiffening contributes to the left ventricular (LV) afterload, hypertrophy, and substrate for diastolic dysfunction. It is also known that aortic elastic properties could be investigated with color tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) in aortic upper wall. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the relation of aortic upper wall TDI and aortic stiffness and other parameters of LV diastolic function. Methods: We examined aortic upper wall by TDI at the 3 cm above the aortic valves because of patient's chest discomfort or dyspnea. We excluded the patient with arterial hypertension or reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) or significant valvular heart disease. So a total of 126 (mean age 53.8 ± 13.9 years, male 49.2%) patients were enrolled in this study and divided normal LV filling group (N = 31) and abnormal LV filling group (N = 95). Results: Aortic upper wall early systolic velocity and late diastolic velocity were not different between the two groups. Only aortic upper wall early diastolic velocity (AWEDV) was related to aortic stiffness index (r =−0.25, P = 0.008), distensibility (r = 0.28, P = 0.003), early diastolic (Em) (r = 0.45, P = 0.001), E/Em (r =−0.26, P = 0.003), and significantly reduced in abnormal LV filling group (6.19 ± 2.50 vs 8.18 ± 2.87, P = 0.001). Conclusions: AWEDV is decreased significantly in abnormal LV filling patients. It is statistically related to aortic stiffness, distensibility and parameters of abnormal LV filling, Em, E/Em. TDI velocity of the aortic upper wall can be a helpful tool for evaluating aortic stiffness, distensibility, and diastolic function.
    Echocardiography 09/2009; 26(9):1069 - 1074. · 1.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 55-year-old man had undergone successful percutaneous intervention with a sirolimus-eluting stent, placed in the right coronary artery (2.5 x 33 mm) and distal left circumflex artery (3.0 x 28 mm) without high pressure ballooning. Twelve months later he presented with unstable angina. Angiography revealed two fracture sites on the right coronary artery-deployed stent, with a large aneurysm and an aneurysmal dilatation of the left circumflex artery without stent fracture. Due to the potential risk of aneurysmal rupture, he underwent coronary artery bypass grafting and ligation of the aneurysm.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 09/2009; 88(2):664-5. · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background and Objectives: To evaluate the accuracy and the clinical utility of the Coaguchek ® XS, a portable po- int-of-care coagulometer, compared to standard laboratory methods in Korean patients. Subjects and Methods: We included 107 patients with atrial fibrillation on long-term oral warfarin therapy. The prothrombin time as ex- pressed by the international normalized ratio (INR) was measured by the portable Coaguchek ® XS system as well as standard laboratory methods. Agreement between the two methods was defined as a difference of less than 0.3 between the INR values. Results: The INR determined by the portable Coaguchek ® XS had excellent correlation with the values obtained by standard methods (r=0.984, p3.0). There was a 91.6% agreement between the two methods. Only nine cases (8.4%) had a difference of more than 0.3; this was mainly noted in the high INR group. Conclusion: The portable self-testing of the INR by the Coaguchek ® XS might be a reliable
    Korean Circulation Journal 01/2009; 39(2).
  • Korean Circulation Journal 01/2008; 38(12).
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    ABSTRACT: The novel parameter T(E-E'), which is the time interval between the onset of the early diastolic mitral inflow velocity (E) and the early diastolic mitral annular velocity (E'), is reported to be related to the constant of the left ventricular (LV) relaxation, and T(E-E') is also reported to be useful for predicting the LV filling pressure. To investigate the effect of preload reduction via hemodialysis on T(E-E'), 28 pairs of echocardiographic evaluations were performed just before and immediately after hemodialysis, including the measurement of the T(E-E') as well as measurement of the conventional echocardiographic parameters. The baseline T(E-E') was 17.9 +/-28.1 ms, which correlated with the ratio of E/E' (r=0.49, p=0.008). After hemodialysis, T(E-E') was shortened to -3.2+/-34.1 ms, which was a significant change from baseline (p=0.001). As T(E-E') is a preload dependent parameter, the intravascular volume status should be taken into account when the clinical application of T(E-E') is considered as an index of LV relaxation.
    Circulation Journal 06/2007; 71(5):669-74. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ischemia-modified albumin, a new marker of myocardial ischemia, is known to elevate during ischemia induced by percutaneous coronary intervention. It is, however, not known whether ischemia-modified albumin also elevates during transient coronary vasospasm. We evaluated ischemia-modified albumin in patients undergoing intracoronary ergonovine spasm provocation test (n=26). For additional comparison, ischemia-modified albumin was also evaluated in elective percutaneous coronary intervention patients (n=18) and in patients with normal coronary angiography (n=10). Blood samples were taken from the arterial sheath before the procedure, just after procedural completion, or balloon inflation. Median ischemia-modified albumin level elevated significantly in patients with positive provocation test compared with baseline [n=16, 106.0 (interquartile range 96.5, 115.5) versus 128.5 (114.8, 171.8) U/ml, P<0.001], whereas it did not change in patients with negative provocation test [n=10, 109.5 (103.3, 115.0) versus 113.5 (104.0, 118.3) U/ml, P=0.108]. Ischemia-modified albumin was also higher after percutaneous coronary intervention [113.5 (101.0, 131.5) versus 151.0 (129.3, 231.0) U/ml, P<0.0001] and did not change in patients with normal coronary angiography [108.5 (99.3, 114.0) versus 110.0 (108.0, 114.0) U/ml, P=0.085]. Ischemia-modified albumin elevation higher than 9 U/ml after provocation test could detect the presence of coronary vasospasm, with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.975 (95% confidence interval 0.921-1.000), with a sensitivity of 94% and a specificity of 99%. Serum albumin levels were within reference range for all patients and there was no significant relationship between albumin and baseline ischemia-modified albumin or postischemic ischemia-modified albumin. Thus, ischemia-modified albumin may have a role as a biochemical marker for transient myocardial ischemia induced by coronary vasospasm.
    Coronary Artery Disease 04/2007; 18(2):83-7. · 1.11 Impact Factor
  • Circulation Journal - CIRC J. 01/2007; 71(5):669-674.
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    ABSTRACT: Background and Objectives:In clinical practice, significant recurrence of mitral regurgitation (MR) is ob- served frequently even after surgical treatment for ischemic MR (IMR). The purpose of this study is to evaluate the recurrence rate of MR and to investigate perioperative predictors for its recurrence following surgery for IMR. Subjects and Methods:We retrospectively analyzed 106 patients who underwent surgical management for IMR. Echocardiographic parameters, such as severity of MR, ejection fraction, diastolic left ventricular (LV) dimen- sion, systolic LV dimension, left atrial size, LV sphericity index, mitral valve (MV) tenting area, MV tenting height (TH), tethering distance, MV intraleaflet angle (MVILa), and MV intraleaflet height (MVILh) were me- asured. Results:Two types of surgery were performed to treat IMR, including valvuloplasty combined with coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)(group A, n=79) and LV volume reduction surgery combined with CABG (group B, n=27). Significant MR was detected echocardiographically 5.4±6.7 months after the surgery. The overall recurrence rate of MR was 17% (n=18), and 15.2% (n=12) in group A and 22.2% (n=6) in group B. The preoperative TH and the postoperative MVILh were independent perioperative predictors for the recurrence of significant MR according to multiple logistic regression analysis (p
    01/2006;