[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Endothelial injury related to oxidative stress is a key event in cardiovascular diseases, such as hypertension and atherosclerosis. The activation of the redox-sensitive Kv1.5 potassium channel mediates mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS)-induced apoptosis in vascular smooth muscle cells and some cancer cells. Kv1.5 channel is therefore taken as a new potential therapeutic target for pulmonary hypertension and cancers. Although Kv1.5 is abundantly expressed in vascular endothelium, there is little knowledge of its role in endothelial injury related to oxidative stress. We found that DPO-1, a specific inhibitor of Kv1.5, attenuated H(2)O(2)-evoked endothelial cell apoptosis in an in vivo rat carotid arterial model. In human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and human pulmonary arterial endothelial cells (HPAECs), angiotensin II and oxLDL time- or concentration-dependently enhanced Kv1.5 protein expression in parallel with the production of intracellular ROS and endothelial cell injury. Moreover, siRNA-mediated knockdown of Kv1.5 attenuated, whereas adenovirus-mediated Kv1.5 cDNA overexpression enhanced oxLDL-induced cellular damage, NADPH oxidase and mitochondria-derived ROS production and restored the decrease in protein expression of mitochondria uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2). Collectively, these data suggest that Kv1.5 may play an important role in oxidative vascular endothelial injury.
PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(11):e49758. · 3.73 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Xyloketal B is a novel marine compound with unique chemical structure isolated from mangrove fungus Xylaria sp. (no. 2508). Pretreatment with xyloketal B (0.63-40 microM) significantly improved oxLDL (150 microg/ml)-induced injury in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) without either toxic or proliferative effects. Xyloketal B concentration-dependently attenuated oxLDL-induced ROS generation, peroxynitrite formation and decrease of Bcl-2 expression. In addition, xyloketal B significantly inhibited NADPH oxidase activity, as well as mRNA expression of gp91phox and p47phox. Furthermore, xyloketal B alone augmented the production of nitric oxide (NO). Collectively, these data indicate that xyloketal B protects against oxLDL-induced endothelial oxidative injury probably through inhibiting NADPH oxidase-derived ROS generation, promoting NO production and restoring Bcl-2 expression, making it a promising compound for further evaluation in the treatment of atherosclerosis.