Min Goo Lee

Yonsei University Hospital, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (235)1078 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We previously reported that benzopyrimido-pyrrolo-oxazinedione BPO-27 inhibits the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) chloride channel with low nanomolar potency and reduced cystogenesis in a model of polycystic kidney disease. Here, we used computational chemistry and patch-clamp to show that enantiomerically pure (R)-BPO-27 inhibits CFTR by competition with ATP, whereas (S)-BPO-27 is inactive. Docking computations using a homology model of CFTR structure suggested that (R)-BPO-27 binds near the canonical ATP binding site, which was supported by molecular dynamics simulations showing a lower binding energy for the (R) vs. (S) stereoisomers. Three additional lower-potency BPO-27 analogs were modeled in a similar fashion, with the binding energies predicted in the correct order. Whole-cell patch-clamp showed linear CFTR currents with a voltage-independent (R)-BPO-27 block mechanism. Single channel recordings in inside-out patches showed reduced CFTR channel open probability and increased channel closed-time by (R)-BPO-27 without altered unitary channel conductance. At a concentration of (R)-BPO-27 that inhibited CFTR chloride current by ~50%, the EC50 for ATP activation of CFTR increased from 0.27 to 1.77 mM, but was not changed by CFTRinh-172, a thiazolidinone CFTR inhibitor that acts at a site distinct from the ATP binding site. Our results suggest that (R)-BPO-27 inhibition of CFTR involves competition with ATP. The American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics.
    Molecular pharmacology 07/2015; DOI:10.1124/mol.115.098368 · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lamotrigine (LTG)-induced maculopapular eruption (MPE) often causes treatment discontinuation and rising burdens on current healthcare systems. We conducted a genome-wide association study to identify novel susceptibility loci associated with LTG-induced MPE in patients with epilepsy. We enrolled patients with LTG-induced MPE (n=34) and utilized the Korea Association Resource project cohort as a control group (n=1214). We explored associations between LTG-induced MPE and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) through imputation and replicated these associations in samples from 59 LTG-induced MPE cases and 98 LTG tolerant-controls. We found two novel SNPs associated with LTG-induced MPE: rs12668095 near CRAMP1L/TMEM204/IFT140/HN1L (P=4.89×10(-7)) and rs79007183 near TNS3 (P=3.15×10(-10)), both of which were replicated in an independent cohort. These two validated SNPs may be good candidate markers for predicting LTG-induced MPE in epilepsy patients, although further experimental validation is needed. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    Epilepsy Research 06/2015; 115. DOI:10.1016/j.eplepsyres.2015.05.014 · 2.19 Impact Factor
  • PLoS ONE 05/2015; 10(5):e0126706. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0126706 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) play a key role in liver fibrosis, and inactivating HSCs has been considered a promising therapeutic approach. We previously showed that albumin and its derivative designed for stellate cell-targeting, retinol-binding protein-albumin domain III fusion protein (referred to as R-III), inactivate cultured HSCs. Here, we investigated the mechanism of action of albumin/R-III in HSCs and examined the anti-fibrotic potential of R-III in vivo. R-III treatment and albumin expression downregulated retinoic acid (RA) signaling which was involved in HSC activation. RA receptor agonist and retinaldehyde dehydrogenase overexpression abolished the anti-fibrotic effect of R-III and albumin, respectively. R-III uptake into cultured HSCs was significantly decreased by siRNA-STRA6, and injected R-III was localized predominantly in HSCs in liver. Importantly, R-III administration reduced CCl4- and bile duct ligation-induced liver fibrosis. R-III also exhibited a preventive effect against CCl4-inducd liver fibrosis. These findings suggest that the anti-fibrotic effect of albumin/R-III is, at least in part, mediated by downregulation of RA signaling and that R-III is a good candidate as a novel anti-fibrotic drug. © 2015 The Authors. Published under the terms of the CC BY 4.0 license.
    EMBO Molecular Medicine 04/2015; 7(6). DOI:10.15252/emmm.201404527 · 8.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Dysferlinopathy comprises a group of autosomal recessive muscular dystrophies caused by mutations in the DYSF gene. Due to the large size of the gene and its lack of mutational hot spots, analysis of the DYSF gene is time-consuming and laborious using conventional sequencing methods. By next-generation sequencing (NGS), DYSF gene analysis has previously been validated through its incorporation in multi-gene panels or exome analyses. However, individual validation of NGS approaches for DYSF gene has not been performed. Here, we established and validated a hybridization capture-based target-enrichment followed by next-generation sequencing to detect mutations in patients with dysferlinopathy. With this approach, mean depth of coverage was approximately 450 fold and almost all (99.3%) of the targeted region had sequence coverage greater than 20 fold. When this approach was tested on samples from patients with known DYSF mutations, all known mutations were correctly retrieved. Using this method on 32 consecutive patient samples with dysferlinopathy, at least two pathogenic variants were detected in 28 (87.5%) samples and at least one pathogenic variant was identified in all samples. Our results suggested that the NGS-based screening method could facilitate efficient and accurate genetic diagnosis of dysferlinopathy. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    Neuromuscular Disorders 03/2015; 25(6). DOI:10.1016/j.nmd.2015.03.006 · 3.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Anoctamin 6 (ANO6) is a member of the recently identified TMEM16/anoctamin protein family comprising Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) channels that generate outward-rectifying ionic currents in response to intracellular Ca(2+) increase. ANO6 is also essential for Ca(2+)-dependent phospholipid scrambling required for blood coagulation. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)-fluoxetine, sertraline, and paroxetine-that are used for the treatment of major depressive disorders can increase the risk of upper gastrointestinal bleeding after chronic treatment. However, at the earlier stage of intake, which is 1-7 days after the treatment, the possibility of blood coagulation might also increase, but transiently. Therefore, in this study, we investigated whether therapeutic SSRI concentrations affected the Cl(-) current or phospholipid scrambling activity of ANO6 by assessing ANO6 currents (I ANO6), phosphatidylserine (PS) exposure, and platelet aggregation. In the whole-cell patch mode, SSRIs facilitated Ca(2+)-dependent activation of IANO6 in ANO6-transfected cells, as evidenced by a significant decrease in the delay of IANO6 generation. On the other hand, in the inside-out patch clamp configuration, SSRIs showed an inhibitory effect on ANO6 currents, suggesting that SSRIs activate ANO6 via an indirect mechanism in intact cells. SSRIs also facilitated Ca(2+)-dependent PS exposure and α-thrombin-induced platelet aggregation. These results indicate that SSRIs at clinically relevant concentrations promote Ca(2+)-dependent activation of ANO6, which may have potential clinical implications such as the underlying mechanism of SSRI-induced adverse drug reactions.
    Pflügers Archiv - European Journal of Physiology 01/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00424-015-1692-6 · 3.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: GJB2 alleles containing two cis mutations have been rarely found in non-syndromic hearing loss. Herein, we present a Korean patient with non-syndromic hearing loss caused by the R75Q cis mutation with V37I, which arose de novo in the father and was inherited by the patient. Biochemical coupling and hemichannel permeability assays were performed after molecular cloning and transfection of HEK293T cells. Student's t-tests or analysis of variance followed by Tukey's multiple comparison test was used as statistical analysis. Biochemical coupling was significantly reduced in connexin 26 (Cx26)-R75Q- and Cx26-V37I-transfected cells, with greater extent in Cx26-R75Q and Cx26-R75Q+V37I cells. Interestingly, our patient and his father with the mutations had more residual hearing compared with patients with the dominant mutation alone. Although the difference in hemichannel activity between R75Q alone and R75Q in combination with V37I failed to reach significance, it is of note that there is a possibility that V37I located upstream of R75Q might have the ability to ameliorate R75Q expression. Our study emphasizes the importance of cis mutations with R75Q, as the gene effect of R75Q can be modulated depending on the type of additional mutation.
    01/2015; 47:e169. DOI:10.1038/emm.2015.32
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    ABSTRACT: The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is a polytopic transmembrane protein that functions as a cAMP-activated anion channel at the apical membrane of epithelial cells. Mutations in CFTR cause cystic fibrosis and are also associated with monosymptomatic diseases in the lung, pancreas, intestines, and vas deferens. Many disease-causing CFTR mutations, including the deletion of a single phenylalanine residue at position 508 (ΔF508-CFTR), result in protein misfolding and trafficking defects. Therefore, intracellular trafficking of wild-type and mutant CFTR has been studied extensively, and results from these studies significantly contribute to our general understanding of mechanisms involved in the cell-surface trafficking of membrane proteins. CFTR is a glycoprotein that undergoes complex N-glycosylation as it passes through Golgi-mediated conventional exocytosis. Interestingly, results from recent studies revealed that CFTR and other membrane proteins can reach the plasma membrane via an unconventional alternative route that bypasses Golgi in specific cellular conditions. Here, we describe methods that have been used to investigate the conventional and unconventional surface trafficking of CFTR. With appropriate modifications, the protocols described in this chapter can also be applied to studies investigating the intracellular trafficking of other plasma membrane proteins.
    Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.) 01/2015; 1270:137-154. DOI:10.1007/978-1-4939-2309-0_11 · 1.29 Impact Factor
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    Joo Hyung Han, Seung Kim, Hoon Jang, So Won Kim, Min Goo Lee, Hong Koh, Ji Hyun Lee
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    ABSTRACT: Hereditary spherocytosis (HS), a common form of inherited hemolytic anemia, is a heterogeneous group of disorders with regard to clinical severity, protein defects, and mode of inheritance. Causal mutations in at least five genes have been reported so far. Because multiple genes have been associated with HS, clinical genetic testing that relies on direct sequencing will be a challenge. In this study, we used whole exome sequencing to identify a novel nonsense mutation in ANK1 (p.Q1772X, NM_020476) that resulted in a truncated protein in a Korean patient with HS. Sanger sequencing confirmed the two affected individuals in the patient's family were heterozygous for the mutation. This is the first report of a Korean family that carries an ANK1 mutation responsible for HS. Our results demonstrate that next generation sequencing is a powerful approach for rapidly determining the genetic etiology of HS.
    PLoS ONE 01/2015; 10(6):e0131251. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0131251 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    Jinsei Jung, Min Goo Lee
    The Journal of General Physiology 01/2015; 145(1):75-7. DOI:10.1085/jgp.201411283 · 4.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The goals of this study were to investigate the clinical activity, safety and biomarkers of dacomitinib, an irreversible tyrosine kinase inhibitor of EGFR, HER2 and HER4, in recurrent and/or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of head and neck (R/M-SCCHN). Experimental Design: Patients were eligible if the diseases were not amenable to curative treatment and had progressed on platinum-based chemotherapy, and were treated with dacomitinib 45mg/day. The primary endpoint was objective response rate by RECISTv1.1. Exploratory analysis included the characterization of somatic mutation, gene copy number, gene expression, p16INK4A expression by immunohistochemistry, and investigation of their relationship with clinical outcomes. Results: Forty-eight patients were evaluable for efficacy and toxicity. Ten patients (20.8%) had partial responses and 31 patients (65%) had stable diseases. The median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 3.9 months (95% CI, 2.9-5.0) and 6.6 months (95% CI, 5.4-10.3). Adverse events were mostly grade 1-2. Mutations in PI3K-pathway (PIK3CA, PTEN) and high expression of inflammatory cytokines (IL6, IL8, IL1A, IL1B, IL4, and TNF) were significantly associated with shorter PFS (2.9 v 4.9 months without mutations, P=0.013; 2.8 v 9.9 months with low expression, P=0.004). Those harboring PI3K-pathway mutations or high inflammatory cytokine expression had shorter median OS (6.1 v 12.5 months lacking PI3K-pathway mutations and with low inflammatory cytokine expression, P=0.005). Conclusions: Dacomitinib demonstrated clinical efficacy with manageable toxicity in platinum-failed R/M-SCCHN patients. Screening of PI3K-pathway mutation and inflammatory cytokine expression may help identify which R/M-SCCHN patients are likely to gain benefit from dacomitinib. Copyright © 2014, American Association for Cancer Research.
    Clinical Cancer Research 11/2014; 21(3). DOI:10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-14-1756 · 8.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Molecular inversion probe (MIP)-based capture is a scalable and effective target-enrichment technology that can use synthetic single-stranded oligonucleotides as probes. Unlike the straightforward use of synthetic oligonucleotides for low-throughput target capture, high-throughput MIP capture has required laborious protocols to generate thousands of single-stranded probes from DNA microarray because of multiple enzymatic steps, gel purifications and extensive PCR amplifications. Here, we developed a simple and efficient microarray-based MIP preparation protocol using only one enzyme with double-stranded probes and improved target capture yields by designing probes with overlapping targets and unique barcodes. To test our strategy, we produced 11 510 microarray-based duplex MIPs (microDuMIPs) and captured 3554 exons of 228 genes in a HapMap genomic DNA sample (NA12878). Under our protocol, capture performance and precision of calling were compatible to conventional MIP capture methods, yet overlapping targets and unique barcodes allowed us to precisely genotype with as little as 50 ng of input genomic DNA without library preparation. microDuMIP method is simpler and cheaper, allowing broader applications and accurate target sequencing with a scalable number of targets. © The Author(s) 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Nucleic Acids Research.
    Nucleic Acids Research 11/2014; 43(5). DOI:10.1093/nar/gku1188 · 9.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Microglia are immune effector cells in the central nervous system that participate in tissue repair, inflammatory responses, and neuronal degeneration. The most important signaling factor in the differentiation of immune-active cells after stimulation is the sustained high calcium concentration in the cytosol, which is called store-operated calcium entry (SOCE). Recently, the molecular identity of the store-operated channel (SOC) has revealed that Orai1, Orai2, Orai3, Stim1, and Stim2 constitute the most of SOC. In this study, we demonstrate that Orai1- and Stim1-mediated SOC regulated the phagocytic activity and cytokine release of primary isolated murine microglia.RT-PCR analysis revealed that primary cultured microglia from neonatal ICR mouse brains had Orai1, Orai2, Orai3, and Stim1. To elucidate the role of SOCE in the immune functions of microglia, pharmacological inhibitors or knockdown with Orai1 or Stim1 siRNA was applied, and UDP-induced phagocytic activity and LPS-induced cytokine secretion activity were compared. The pharmacological inhibition and siRNA effect was verified by measuring thapsigargin (TG)-, ATP-, or UDP-activated SOCE Ca2 + influx and proper siRNA-mediated knockdown was verified by western blot analysis. UDP-induced phagocytic activity was inhibited by pharmacological inhibitors of SOCE, such as SKF96365 or 2-APB, and knockdown of Orai1 and Stim1. Cytokine secretion of TNF-α and IL-6 by LPS treatment was also inhibited by SKF96365 and knockdown of Orai1 and Stim1. Meanwhile, LPS stimulation-induced NF-κB activation was not altered, but NFAT1 activity was attenuated with Stim1 knockdown. These results indicate that SOCE, which was composed of Orais and Stim1, regulates UDP-induced phagocytosis and LPS-stimulated cytokine secretion in microglia.
    Cellular Signalling 11/2014; 27(1). DOI:10.1016/j.cellsig.2014.11.003 · 4.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Squamous metaplasia in airway epithelium is a pathological process arising from abnormal remodeling/repair responses to injury. Proteolytic maturation of many growth and differentiation factors involved in tissue remodeling is controlled by proprotein convertases (PCs). However, the role of these convertases in airway remodeling remains poorly understood. Using a retinoic acid deficiency-induced squamous metaplasia model of cultured human nasal epithelial cells (HNECs), we observed a significant increase in the expression of PC5/6A, a PC member, and bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2), a candidate substrate for PC5/6A. Specific lentiviral shRNA-mediated PC5/6A knockdown decreased BMP-2 expression and maturation, decreased expression of squamous cell markers, and increased expression of ciliated cell markers. Dec-RVKR-CMK, a PC inhibitor, and LDN-193189, a BMP receptor inhibitor, suppressed squamous differentiation, promoted mucociliary differentiation, and down-regulated the BMP-2/Smad1/5/8/p38 signaling pathways. Dec-RVKR-CMK also decreased expression of PC5/6A, but not furin, another PC member, suggesting the involvement of PC5/6A in squamous differentiation of HNECs. Overexpression of PC5/6A and BMP-2 in the human nasal epithelial cell line RPMI-2650 demonstrated that PC5/6A can activate BMP-2. Under retinoic acid-sufficient culture conditions for mucociliary differentiation of HNECs, short-term expression of PC5/6A by the adenovirus system and addition of exogenous BMP-2 induced squamous differentiation. Furthermore, PC5/6A and BMP-2 were highly expressed in metaplastic squamous epithelium of human nasal polyps. Taken together, PC5/6A is involved in squamous differentiation of HNECs, possibly through up-regulation of the BMP-2/pSmad1/5/8/p38 signaling pathway, pointing to a potential therapeutic target for the prevention of chronic airway diseases that exhibit squamous metaplasia.
    American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology 10/2014; 52(6). DOI:10.1165/rcmb.2014-0029OC · 4.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: Our study aimed to identify the association of norepinephrine transporter gene (SLC6A2), synaptosomal-associated protein of the 25-kDa gene (SNAP-25), and latrophilin 3 gene (LPHN3) with osmotic-controlled release oral delivery system methylphenidate (OROS MPH) treatment response. Methods: One hundred thirty-nine children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) were recruited. We selected rs192303, rs3785143 in SLC6A2; rs3746544 (1065 T>G) in SNAP-25; and rs6551665, rs1947274, and rs2345039 in LPHN3 to examine the association of OROS MPH treatment response with each single nucleotide polymorphism. We first defined good response group when the Korean version of the ADHD rating scale score at 8 weeks was decreased for more than 50% of baseline scores and compared genotype frequencies in good response group with poor group. Second, we defined it when the Clinical Global Impression-Improvement score at 8 weeks was 1 or 2, and we also analyzed the genotype frequencies. Results: There was a significant association between the 1065 T>G of SNAP-25 gene and OROS MPH response, with the good response group defined by the Korean version of ADHD rating scale scores; 33.3% of the subjects with GG genotype showed a good response, whereas 74.7% of those with TT genotype and 72.5% of those with TG genotype showed good responses (P=0.034). SLC6A2 rs192303 was related with OROS MPH treatment response when we defined good treatment response by Clinical Global Impression-Improvement (P=0.009). Conclusions: Our study suggested that SNAP-25 gene and SLC6A2 were involved with OROS MPH response.
    Clinical Neuropharmacology 09/2014; 37(5):136-141. DOI:10.1097/WNF.0000000000000045 · 1.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: CFTR is a dynamically regulated anion channel. Intracellular WNK1-SPAK activation causes CFTR to change permeability and conductance characteristics from a chloride-preferring to bicarbonate-preferring channel through unknown mechanisms. Two severe CFTR mutations (CFTRsev) cause complete loss of CFTR function and result in cystic fibrosis (CF), a severe genetic disorder affecting sweat glands, nasal sinuses, lungs, pancreas, liver, intestines, and male reproductive system. We hypothesize that those CFTR mutations that disrupt the WNK1-SPAK activation mechanisms cause a selective, bicarbonate defect in channel function (CFTRBD) affecting organs that utilize CFTR for bicarbonate secretion (e.g. the pancreas, nasal sinus, vas deferens) but do not cause typical CF. To understand the structural and functional requirements of the CFTR bicarbonate-preferring channel, we (a) screened 984 well-phenotyped pancreatitis cases for candidate CFTRBD mutations from among 81 previously described CFTR variants; (b) conducted electrophysiology studies on clones of variants found in pancreatitis but not CF; (c) computationally constructed a new, complete structural model of CFTR for molecular dynamics simulation of wild-type and mutant variants; and (d) tested the newly defined CFTRBD variants for disease in non-pancreas organs utilizing CFTR for bicarbonate secretion. Nine variants (CFTR R74Q, R75Q, R117H, R170H, L967S, L997F, D1152H, S1235R, and D1270N) not associated with typical CF were associated with pancreatitis (OR 1.5, p = 0.002). Clones expressed in HEK 293T cells had normal chloride but not bicarbonate permeability and conductance with WNK1-SPAK activation. Molecular dynamics simulations suggest physical restriction of the CFTR channel and altered dynamic channel regulation. Comparing pancreatitis patients and controls, CFTRBD increased risk for rhinosinusitis (OR 2.3, p<0.005) and male infertility (OR 395, p<0.0001). WNK1-SPAK pathway-activated increases in CFTR bicarbonate permeability are altered by CFTRBD variants through multiple mechanisms. CFTRBD variants are associated with clinically significant disorders of the pancreas, sinuses, and male reproductive system.
    PLoS Genetics 07/2014; 10(7):e1004376. DOI:10.1371/journal.pgen.1004376 · 8.17 Impact Factor
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    Jinsei Jung, Min Goo Lee
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    ABSTRACT: Transepithelial bicarbonate secretion plays a key role in the maintenance of fluid and protein secretion from epithelial cells and the protection of the epithelial cell surface from various pathogens. Epithelial bicarbonate secretion is mainly under the control of cAMP and calcium signaling. While the physiological roles and molecular mechanisms of cAMP-induced bicarbonate secretion are relatively well defined, those induced by calcium signaling remain poorly understood in most epithelia. The present review summarizes the current status of knowledge on the role of calcium signaling in epithelial bicarbonate secretion. Specifically, this review introduces how cytosolic calcium signaling can increase bicarbonate secretion by regulating membrane transport proteins and how it synergizes with cAMP-induced mechanisms in epithelial cells. In addition, tissue-specific variations in the pancreas, salivary glands, intestines, bile ducts, and airways are discussed. We hope that the present report will stimulate further research into this important topic. These studies will provide the basis for future medicines for a wide spectrum of epithelial disorders including cystic fibrosis, Sjögren's syndrome, and chronic pancreatitis.
    Cell calcium 06/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.ceca.2014.02.002 · 4.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lung adenocarcinoma is a highly heterogeneous disease with various etiologies, prognoses, and responses to therapy. Although genome-scale characterization of lung adenocarcinoma has been performed, a comprehensive somatic mutation analysis of EGFR/KRAS/ALK-negative lung adenocarcinoma in never-smokers has not been conducted. We analyzed whole exome sequencing data from 16 EGFR/KRAS/ALK-negative lung adenocarcinomas and additional 54 tumors in two expansion cohort sets. Candidate loci were validated by target capture and Sanger sequencing. Gene set analysis was performed using Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA). We identified 27 genes potentially implicated in the pathogenesis of lung adenocarcinoma. These included targetable genes involved in PI3K/mTOR signaling (TSC1, PIK3CA, AKT2) and receptor tyrosine kinase signaling (ERBB4) and genes not previously highlighted in lung adenocarcinomas, such as SETD2 and PBRM1 (chromatin remodeling), CHEK2 and CDC27 (cell cycle), CUL3 and SOD2 (oxidative stress), and CSMD3 and TFG (immune response). In the expansion cohort (N = 70), TP53 was the most frequently altered gene (11%), followed by SETD2 (6%), CSMD3 (6%), ERBB2 (6%), and CDH10 (4%). In pathway analysis, the majority of altered genes were involved in cell cycle/DNA repair (P < 0.001) and cAMP-dependent protein kinase signaling (P < 0.001). The genomic makeup of EGFR/KRAS/ALK-negative lung adenocarcinomas in never-smokers is remarkably diverse. Genes involved in cell cycle regulation/DNA repair are implicated in tumorigenesis and represent potential therapeutic targets.
    Genome Medicine 02/2014; 6(2):18. DOI:10.1186/gm535 · 4.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Shank2 is a PDZ-based adaptor that has been suggested to regulate membrane transporting proteins in the brain and epithelial tissues. Here, we report that Shank2-mutant (Shank2-/-) mice exhibit aberrant fluid and ion transport in the intestine. Molecular characterization using epithelial tissues from Shank2+/+ and Shank2-/- mice revealed that a long spliceoform of Shank2 (Shank2E) is predominantly expressed in the pancreatic, renal, and intestinal epithelia. In functional assays, deletion of Shank2 increased the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR)-dependent short-circuit currents by 84% (P < 0.05) and 101% (P < 0.05) in the mouse colon and rectum, respectively. Disruption of the CFTR-Shank2-phosphodiesterase 4D protein complex appeared to be mostly responsible for the changes in the CFTR activities. Notably, Shank2 deletion profoundly increased cholera toxin-induced fluid accumulation in the mouse intestine (~90%, P < 0.01). Analyses with chemical inhibitors confirmed that the hyperactivation of CFTR channel function is responsible for the increased response to cholera toxin. These results suggest that Shank2 is a key molecule that participates in epithelial homeostasis, in particular to prevent overt secretory responses caused by epithelial pathogens.
    The Journal of Physiology 01/2014; 592(8). DOI:10.1113/jphysiol.2013.268631 · 4.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Na(+)/H(+) exchanger regulatory factor 3 (NHERF3) is a PSD-95/discs large/ZO-1 (PDZ)-based adaptor protein that regulates several membrane-transporting proteins in epithelia. However, the in vivo physiologic role of NHERF3 in transepithelial transport remains poorly understood. Multidrug resistance protein 4 (MRP4) is an ATP binding cassette transporter that mediates the efflux of organic molecules, such as nucleoside analogs, in the gastrointestinal and renal epithelia. Here, we report that Nherf3 knockout (Nherf3(-/-)) mice exhibit profound reductions in Mrp4 expression and Mrp4-mediated drug transport in the kidney. A search for the binding partners of the COOH-terminal PDZ binding motif of MRP4 among several epithelial PDZ proteins indicated that MRP4 associated most strongly with NHERF3. When expressed in HEK293 cells, NHERF3 increased membrane expression of MRP4 by reducing internalization of cell surface MRP4 and consequently, augmented MRP4-mediated efflux of adefovir, a nucleoside-based antiviral agent and well known substrate of MRP4. Examination of wild-type and Nherf3(-/-) mice revealed that Nherf3 is most abundantly expressed in the kidney and has a prominent role in modulating Mrp4 levels. Deletion of Nherf3 in mice caused a profound reduction in Mrp4 expression at the apical membrane of renal proximal tubules and evoked a significant increase in the plasma and kidney concentrations of adefovir, with a corresponding decrease in the systemic clearance of this drug. These results suggest that NHERF3 is a key regulator of organic transport in the kidney, particularly MRP4-mediated clearance of drug molecules.
    Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 01/2014; 25(4). DOI:10.1681/ASN.2013040438 · 9.47 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

3k Citations
1,078.00 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2001–2015
    • Yonsei University Hospital
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
      North Carolina, United States
  • 2000–2015
    • Korea University
      • • Department of Physiology
      • • Department of Biology
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 1997–2014
    • Yonsei University
      • • Department of Pharmacology
      • • Institute of Gastroenterology
      • • Department of Otorhinolaryngology
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • University of Texas at Dallas
      Richardson, Texas, United States
  • 2013
    • CHA University
      • School of Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2009–2013
    • Chonnam National University
      • • Department of Cardiology
      • • Department of Internal Medicine
      Gwangju, Gwangju, South Korea
  • 2010–2012
    • Chonnam National University Hospital
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2011
    • Chung-Ang University Hospital
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2007
    • University of Cincinnati
      Cincinnati, Ohio, United States
    • Stanford University
      • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
      Palo Alto, California, United States
  • 1999–2004
    • University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
      • Department of Physiology
      Dallas, TX, United States