Weiwei Zhang

Chinese Academy of Sciences, Peping, Beijing, China

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Publications (5)19.52 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Cucumber fruits that have tubercules and spines (trichomes) are known as possessing a warty (Wty) phenotype. In this study, the tuberculate fruit gene Tu was identified by map-based cloning, and was found to encode a transcription factor (TF) with a single C2 H2 zinc finger domain. Tu was identified in all 38 Wty lines examined, and was whilst completely absent from all 56 non-warty (nWty) lines. Transgenic cucumber plants of Tu (TCP) revealed that Tu was required for the Wty fruit phenotype. Subcellular localization showed the fusion protein GFP-Tu mainly localized to the nucleus. Based on analyses of semi-quantitative and quantitative RT-PCR, and mRNA in situ hybridization, we found Tu was specifically expressed in fruit spine cells during development of fruit tubercules. Moreover, cytokinin (CTK) content measurements and cytological observations in Wty and nWty fruits revealed that the Wty fruit phenotype was correlated with high endogenous CTK concentration. Further analyses on transcriptomic profile of nWty fruit epidermis and TCP fruit warts, expression of CTK-associated genes, and hormone content in nWty fruit epidermis, Wty fruit warts and epidermis, and TCP fruit warts and epidermis, we found that Tu probably promoted CTK biosynthesis in fruit warts. Here we showed Tu could not be expressed in the glabrous and tubercule-free mutant line gl though with Tu, which futher confirmed the epistatic effect of the trichome (spine) gene Gl over Tu. Taken together, these data made us propose a genetic pathway for the Wty fruit trait that would guide future mechanistic studies. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    The Plant Journal 04/2014; · 6.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mottled/uniform color at the flower end of immature fruit is a highly important external quality trait that affects the market value of cucumber. Genetic analysis of different F2 and backcross populations revealed that one single recessive gene, u (uniform immature fruit color), determines the uniform immature fruit color trait in cucumber. Based on earlier studies, the u locus is located on chromosome 5 (Chr. 5). By combining bulked segregant analysis using 60 published molecular markers on Chr. 5, we found that eight markers are polymorphic and are linked to the u locus. In addition, we developed five new relevant polymorphic simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers between markers SSR16203 and SSR15818. Subsequently, the F2 population (477 individuals) from the cross of S06 (uniform fruit color line) × S94 (mottled fruit color line) was used for fine mapping of the u gene. The u gene was mapped to a 313.2-kb region between markers SSR10 and SSR27, at a genetic distance of 0.8 and 0.5 cM, respectively. Moreover, validity analysis of the codominant markers SSR10 and SSR27 was performed using 50 lines with mottled/uniform fruit color, demonstrating that these two SSR markers can be used for marker-assisted selection of the mottled/uniform fruit color trait in cucumber breeding. The results of this study will facilitate the cloning of the u gene.
    Euphytica 04/2014; 196(3). · 1.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Dull/glossy fruit skin is a highly valuable external quality trait that affects the market value of cucumbers. In this study, genetic analysis showed that one single dominant gene, D (dull fruit skin), determines the dull fruit skin trait in cucumber. By combining bulked segregant analysis with 11 published polymorphic molecular markers on chromosome 5, the D/d gene was preliminarily mapped between markers SCZ69 and SSR16203, at genetic distances of 0.3 and 0.6 cM, respectively. Subsequently, a larger F2 (S06 × S94) population (842 individuals in total) was used for high-resolution mapping of the D/d gene. Finally, the D/d gene was fine-mapped between markers SSR37 and SSR112, at a physical distance of 244.9 kb (containing 31 candidate genes), using eight newly developed polymorphic simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers between SCZ69 and SSR16203. Based on semi-quantitative RT-PCR analysis, the possible candidate gene D was identified as Csa016880 or Csa016887. Meanwhile, validity analysis of the markers SSR37 and SSR112 was performed with 72 dull/glossy fruit lines, and showed that the two co-dominant SSR markers could be used for marker-assisted selection of the dull/glossy fruit trait in cucumber breeding. Moreover, this study will be helpful for cloning of the D gene in cucumber.
    Molecular Breeding 01/2014; · 3.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Warty fruit is one of the highly valuable external quality traits related to the market values of cucumber. Genetic analysis has shown that a single dominant gene, Tu (Tuberculate fruit), determines the warty fruit trait in the cucumber plant. An F(2) population (247 individuals) from the cross of S06 x S52 was used for the mapping of the Tu/tu locus. By combining bulked segregant analysis with the sequence-related amplified polymorphism (SRAP) and simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers, 15 markers (9 SRAPs and 6 SSRs) linked to the Tu/tu locus were identified. Of nine SRAP markers, three closely linked to the Tu/tu locus were successfully converted into sequence characterized amplified region (SCAR) markers. The Tu/tu locus was mapped between the co-dominant SSR marker SSR16203 and the SCAR marker C_SC933, at a genetic distance of 1.4 and 5.9 cM, respectively. Then the linked SSR markers in the study were used as anchor loci to locate the Tu/tu locus on cucumber chromosome 5. Moreover, the validity analysis of the C_SC69 and C_SC24 markers was performed with 62 cucumber lines of diverse origins, showing that the two SCAR markers can be used for marker-assisted selection (MAS) of the warty fruit trait in cucumber breeding. The information provided in this study will facilitate the map-based cloning of the Tu/tu gene.
    Theoretical and Applied Genetics 10/2009; 120(3):645-54. · 3.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sex determination in plants involves a variety of mechanisms. Here, we report the map-based cloning and characterization of the unisexual-flower-controlling gene M. M was identified as a previously characterized putative 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid synthase gene, while the m allele that mutated at a conserved site (Gly33Cys) lost activity in the original enzymatically active allele.
    Genetics 06/2009; 182(4):1381-5. · 4.39 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

45 Citations
19.52 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2014
    • Chinese Academy of Sciences
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2009
    • Shanghai University
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
    • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
      • School of Agriculture and Biology
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China