Rui Lu

Sun Yat-Sen University, Shengcheng, Guangdong, China

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Publications (14)23.11 Total impact

  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cytokines are powerful mediators which play a central role in both innate and adapted immune responses. Aberrant productions of cytokines may lead to the onset of immune deficiency, allergy or autoimmunity, which are involved in the mechanisms of various immune-mediated inflammatory diseases. Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a chronic inflammation disease affecting the oral mucosa with unknown aetiology. Previous studies have described the abnormal expression patterns of various inflammation-related cytokines, such as IL-1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 12, 17, 18, TGF-β, IFN-γ and TNF-α, in lesions, saliva, serum and peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with OLP, which may reflect the immune dysregulation status and emerge as central players in the immunopathogenesis of OLP. Besides, the gene polymorphisms of several cytokines such as IFN-γ, TNF-α, IL-4, IL-10 have been found to be involved in the susceptibility of OLP. In this review, we gave a brief introduction of the characteristics and biological functions of these inflammation-related cytokines and summarized for the first time the current knowledge on the involvement of inflammation-related cytokines in OLP. Further research on the exact roles of these cytokines will aid the understanding of the pathogenesis and the identification of novel therapeutic approaches of OLP.
    Journal of Oral Pathology and Medicine 12/2013; · 2.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a T cell-mediated autoimmune disease of oral mucosa, in which T helper 1 (Th1) cells are greatly involved. Chemokine CCL5 is required for T cells infiltration and activation. CCR5, one of its receptors, specifically expressed on Th1 cells among CD4(+) T cells, can be up-regulated by Th1 cytokines like interleukin2 (IL-2) and interferon-gamma (IFN-γ), and down-regulated by Th2 cytokines like IL-4. The present study aimed to determine whether CCL5 and CCR5 had effects on the immune response of OLP. We analyzed the proportion of CCR5(+)CD4(+) T cells in CD4(+) T cells using flow cytometry and the serum levels of CCL5, IL-2, IFN-γ, and IL-4 with ELISA. MicroRNA-125a (miR-125a), a blocker of CCL5, was examined with RT-PCR. The results showed both the serum CCL5 and the percentage of CCR5(+)CD4(+) T cells elevated in OLP patients. Serum IL-2 and IFN-γ increased in OLP patients, but IL-4 decreased. MiR-125a was down-regulated in OLP patients, and there was a negative correlation between miR-125a content and the OLP severity which was measured with a RAE (reticular, atrophic and erosive lesion) scoring system. In conclusion, increasing CCl5/CCR5 might participate in the immune response of OLP. Th1-type cytokines environment presented in OLP probably performed as a magnifier for the CCR5. Moreover, miR-125a might be a candidate biomarker to estimate the severity of OLP.
    Cytokine 03/2013; · 2.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate the anticancer property of vesicular stomatitis virus matrix protein (VSVMP) in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) via in vitro and in vivo approaches. In this study, we found that OSCC cells treated with VSVMP showed retarded cell growth in vitro. The percentage of apoptotic cells in VSVMP group was much higher than that of the control groups. Moreover, our in vivo experiments showed that the growth of tumor xenografts was significantly suppressed by VSVMP treatment without any obvious side effects. Further studies revealed that the suppression of tumor growth may be caused by the synergistic effect of VSVMP related cell apoptosis enhancing and tumor angiogenesis suppression, and the latter is most likely correlated with the suppression of VEGF pathway. This study indicated that VSVMP treatment can effectively inhibited the cell growth and tumor angiogenesis in OSCC without obvious adverse effects. Therefore, VSVMP might be a potential and efficient strategy for OSCC treatment.
    Oral Oncology 02/2012; 48(2):110-6. · 2.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: China issued the New Enterprise Income Tax Law in 2007, which changed the corporate income tax rate from 33% to 25% and came into effect in 2008. Using the simulated marginal tax rate as an indicator of firms’ earnings management incentives, and discretionary current accruals as a proxy for earnings management, we find significant tax-induced earnings management in 2007. However, the downward earnings management becomes less obvious for firms that have a greater percentage of shares owned by the state-owned enterprises, have an audit committee on the board, and disclose certified internal control reports.
  • Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 09/2011; 65(3):677-9. · 4.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential pro-inflammatory role of the cytokine interleukin (IL-18) in oral lichen planus (OLP) so as to provide a reliable and early indicator for the diagnosis of OLP. One hundred three ethnic Chinese patients with OLP were enrolled in this study, as were 48 age- and sex-matched controls. IL-18 concentrations in serum and saliva were screened by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The protein content was expressed as picograms per milliliter. OLP patients showed a high-level of IL-18 expression profile in serum compared with the control group (OLP = 21.32 ± 8.26 pg/mL, control = 12.29 ± 5.11 pg/mL, P < 0.05), and the saliva partner had significantly higher concentrations of IL-18 compared to the control (OLP = 20.12 ± 5.78 pg/mL, control = 15.60 ± 4.17 pg/mL, P < 0.05). In patients with OLP, serum and salivary IL-18 are elevated, correlating with the severity of illness. These findings may be considered to improve the predictive or prognostic values of inflammatory cytokines for OLP and also to design possible novel therapeutic approaches.
    Inflammation 04/2011; 35(2):399-404. · 2.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Honokiol (HNK) is a small organic molecule purified from magnolia species and has demonstrated anticancer activities in a variety of cancer cell lines; however, its effect on oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cells is unknown. We investigated the antitumor activities of HNK on OSCC cells in vitro for the first time. The inhibitory effects of HNK on the growth and proliferation of OSCC cells were demonstrated via in vitro 3-(4,5-dimethyl thiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) and propidium iodide (PI) assays, and the apoptotic cells were investigated by the observation of morphological changes and detection of DNA fragmentation via PI, TdT-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end labeling (TUNEL), and DNA ladder assays, as well as flow cytometry assay. The results showed that HNK inhibited the growth and proliferation of OSCC cells in vitro in a time and dose-dependent manner. The inhibitory effect was associated with the cell apoptosis induced by HNK, evidenced by the morphological features of apoptotic cells, TUNEL-positive cells and a degradation of chromosomal DNA into small internucleosomal fragments. The study also demonstrated here that the inhibition or apoptosis mediated by 15 microg x mL(-1) or 20 microg x mL(-1) of HNK were more stronger compared with those of 20 microg x mL(-1) 5-fluorouracil (5-Fu, the control) applied to OSCC cells, when the ratio of OSCC cell numbers were measured between the treatment of different concentrations of HNK to the 5-Fu treatment for 48 h. HNK is a promising compound that can be potentially used as a novel treatment agent for human OSCC.
    International Journal of Oral Science 01/2011; 3(1):34-42. · 2.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Data from epidemiological studies have indicated that diets rich in fruits and vegetables are likely to benefit many aspects of the prevention of oral malignancy. Lycopene is a red-coloured carotenoid predominantly accumulated in tomatoes as well as other fruits and vegetables. It has been claimed to alleviate chronic diseases such as cancers and cardiovascular disease. Hence, the aim of this review is to summarize the features and its potential significance of lycopene in the development, prevention and treatment of oral premalignant lesions and oral cancer. Studies showed that lycopene might have beneficial effects in the management of some premalignant lesions in the oral cavity including oral submucous fibrosis and oral leukoplakia and may be an adjunct in the prevention and therapy of oral cancer. However, more mechanistic studies and randomized controlled trials of large sample size are necessary to further confirm these effects and to eventually make lycopene to be used in the community prevention and clinically routine management of these diseases.
    Journal of Oral Pathology and Medicine 12/2010; 40(5):361-8. · 2.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a T-cell-mediated chronic inflammatory oral disease of unknown aetiology. Imbalanced cytokine production by Th1 and Th2 probably contributes to the pathogenesis of OLP. Growing evidence has suggested that two Th1/Th2-specific transcription factors, T-bet and GATA-3, may play a critical role in the development of Th1 and Th2 immunity. The aim of the present study was to investigate the mRNA expressions of T-bet and GATA-3 in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells of OLP subjects, and their expression patterns in relation to several clinical features. Expressions of T-bet and GATA-3 mRNA in peripheral blood mononuclear cells isolated from twenty-eight OLP subjects and sixteen controls were detected by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. When OLP subjects were regarded as a whole group, T-bet mRNA level and the ratio of T-bet/GATA-3 mRNA in OLP subjects were significantly higher (P<0.05) than those in controls. When the OLP subjects were divided according to different clinical forms, genders or age groups, T-bet, but not GATA-3, mRNA levels in reticular (P<0.01), female (P<0.05) and elder (age>55, P<0.05) OLP patients were significantly higher than those in control subjects. T-bet/GATA-3 mRNA ratio only in reticular (P<0.05) OLP subjects was significantly higher than that in control subjects. The results implicate a predominant role of Th1-type immune response in pathogenesis of OLP. Different gene expressions of T-bet in different clinical features may indicate different immunoregulatory mechanisms of OLP.
    Archives of oral biology 12/2010; 56(5):499-505. · 1.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To construct recombinant human TFF3 prokaryotic expressing plasmid, express it in E. coli and identify the expressed protein. The cDNA for mature peptide of TFF3 was amplified by RT-PCR from RNA of human colon tissue and inserted into the MCS of the prokaryotic expressing plasmid pET32a (+). Then TFF3 was expressed as a fusion protein by IPTG induction. The recombinant protein was determined by SDS-PAGE and Western blot with a rabbit anti-TFF3 polyclonal antibody. Sequencing result indicated that the obtained TFF3 fragment was inserted into plasmid pET32a (+) successfully and the sequence was correct. The expression level of the fusion protein was highest after 6h induction with 1 mmol/L IPTG. The result of Western blot demonstrated that the relative molecular mass of recombinant protein was about 24 x 10(3) and the protein had good antigenicity and specificity. The expression plasmid pET32a-TFF3 was constructed and expressed successfully. This study will provide a substantial basis for further study of human TFF3.
    Sichuan da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Sichuan University. Medical science edition 01/2010; 41(1):114-7.
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    ABSTRACT: To prepare monoclonal antibody (McAb) specific to protoscolex of Echinococcus multilocularis. BALB/c mice were immunized with crude antigen derived from E. multilocularis metacestodes. Spleen cells from immunized BALB/c mice were fused with SP2/0 myeloma cells by using hybridoma technique. ELISA and immunohistochemical staining were used to select hybridomas that secreted McAb P325 which especially against protoscolex. The number of metaphase chromosomes of hybridoma cells was counted. Characteristics of McAb P325 were identified by ELISA and immunohistochemical staining. One hybridoma cell clone secreting McAb against protoscolex was obtained. The number of metaphase chromosomes found in hybridoma cells was 98, which showed the characteristics of their parents. Immunohistochemical analysis showed that McAb P325 demonstrated binding activity to the germinal layer and protoscolex of E. multilocularis, especially to the hooklets and suckers, while did not bind with E. granulosus metacestodes and Cysticercus tenuicollis. The McAb is a valuable tool for immunohistochemical analysis, cell classification of E. multilocularis protoscolex, and study of specific antigen.
    Zhongguo ji sheng chong xue yu ji sheng chong bing za zhi = Chinese journal of parasitology & parasitic diseases 08/2009; 27(4):328-31.
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to construct and express recombinant prokaryotic plasmid pET32a (+)- ast1 in E. coli BL21(DE3). Amastin gene was amplified from genomic DNA of Leishmania Donovani and its transmembran region was predicted by the methods of SOSUI and Tmpred; astl located in N-terminus of amastin gene was amplified and cloned into prokaryotic plasmid pET32a(+), which was named pET32a(+)-ast1, and then rAST1 was expressed in E. coli BL21(DE3). The results of SDS-PAGE and immunobloting assay showed that a fusion protein rAST1 (relative molecular mass about 27 kDa) was able to express in BL21. The recombinant prokaryotic plasmid pET32a(+)- ast1 was successfully constructed, and noted to be efficiently expressed in E. coli BL21(DE3).
    Sheng wu yi xue gong cheng xue za zhi = Journal of biomedical engineering = Shengwu yixue gongchengxue zazhi 08/2009; 26(4):820-4.
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    ABSTRACT: Nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) is believed to be involved in the pathogenesis of various inflammatory diseases, including oral lichen planus (OLP). The objective of the present study was to investigate the possible relationship between NF-kappaB activation and expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) in OLP and their expression pattern in relation to several clinical features. Thirty OLP cases were divided into atrophic-erosive form (14 cases) and reticular form (16 cases) according to their clinical manifestations. The expression of NF-kappaB p65 and TNF-alpha of both two groups were investigated by immunohistochemical staining, and the percentage of positive cells was calculated in each case. Biopsies of 10 normal oral mucosa (NOM) also underwent the same procedure as controls. Nuclear factor-kappa B p65 nuclear staining was found in nuclei of basal and suprabasal epithelial keratinocytes in OLP, however, no positive staining was found in NOM. Positive TNF-alpha staining was detected in cytoplasm of basal epithelial keratinocytes in OLP, and only scattered staining was detected in NOM. Expression of NF-kappaB p65 and TNF-alpha were significantly different with respect to clinical forms and lesion sites (P < 0.05), except for genders (P > 0.05) in 30 OLP cases. NF-kappaB nuclear staining positively correlated (r = 0.676, P < 0.01) with TNF-alpha overexpression in OLP. Nuclear factor-kappa B activation and its correlation with overexpression of TNF-alpha may play an important role in pathogenesis of OLP. There might be a positive regulatory loop between NF-kappaB and TNF-alpha, which may contribute to inflammation in OLP; NF-kappaB may also protect epithelial keratinocytes from excessive apoptosis.
    Journal of Oral Pathology and Medicine 06/2009; 38(7):559-64. · 2.06 Impact Factor
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    Bing-Xuan Lin, Rui Lu
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    ABSTRACT: We study the relationship between compensation gap and firm performance in the Chinese market. Extant studies have shown that, for the publicly traded companies in China, compensation gap between senior executives plays a tournament role and motivates managers to achieve higher level of performance. Ordinary least squares (OLS) regression results confirm the above result. However, simultaneous regression results indicate that the tournament effect is more significant in firms with high managerial powers. Our finding suggests that previous findings using OLS might be incomplete. We also show that firms with better performance and greater managerial power tend to have greater compensation gap. Meanwhile, the relationship between managerial power and firm performance is, on average, negative.
    Global Finance Journal. 01/2009;

Publication Stats

23 Citations
23.11 Total Impact Points


  • 2009–2011
    • Sun Yat-Sen University
      Shengcheng, Guangdong, China
  • 2010
    • Wuhan University
      • School and Hospital of Stomatology
      Wuhan, Hubei, China
    • Sichuan University
      • Department of Parasitology
      Chengdu, Sichuan Sheng, China