Qingquan Kong

Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan Sheng, China

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Publications (44)36.61 Total impact

  • Journal of spinal disorders & techniques. 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Cages have been widely used for the anterior reconstruction and fusion of cervical spine. Nonmetal cages have become popular due to prominent stress shielding and high rate of subsidence of metallic cages. This study aims to assess fusion with n-HA/PA66 cage following one level anterior cervical discectomy. Forty seven consecutive patients with radiculopathy or myelopathy underwent single level ACDF using n-HA/PA66 cage. We measured the segmental lordosis and intervertebral disc height on preoperative radiographs and then calculated the loss of segmental lordosis correction and cage subsidence over followup. Fusion status was evaluated on CT scans. Odom criteria, Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) and Visual Analog Pain Scales (VAS) scores were used to assess the clinical results. Statistically quantitative data were analyzed while Categorical data by χ(2) test. Mean correction of segmental lordosis from surgery was 6.9 ± 3.0° with a mean loss of correction of 1.7 ± 1.9°. Mean cage subsidence was 1.2 ± 0.6 mm and the rate of cage subsidence (>2 mm) was 2%. The rate of fusion success was 100%. No significant difference was found on clinical or radiographic outcomes between the patients (n=27) who were fused by n-HA/PA66 cage with pure local bone and the ones (n=20) with hybrid bone (local bone associating with bone from iliac crest). The n-HA/PA66 cage is a satisfactory reconstructing implant after anterior cervical discectomy, which can effectively promote bone graft fusion and prevent cage subsidence.
    Indian Journal of Orthopaedics 03/2014; 48(2):152-7. · 0.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the mid-term effectiveness of nano-hydroxyapatite/polyamide66 (n-HA/PA66) cage in the anterior spinal reconstruction. There were 177 patients who undergone the anterior decompression and fusion with n-HA/PA66 cage and internal fixation between January 2008 and January 2010 included in this study. There were 117 male and 60 female patients aged from 18 to 74 years. The diagnoses included cervical fracture in 47 patients, thoracic or lumbar fracture in 50 patients, cervical spondylopathy in 58 patients, spinal tuberculosis in 17 patients and spinal tumor in 5 patients. The X-ray and three-dimensional CT were followed up in all these patients to observe the spinal alignment, the rate of fusion and the rate of n-HA/PA66 cage subsidence and translocation. The neurological functions of patients with spinal fracture were evaluated by Frankel grading; the improvement of the clinical symptoms of the other patients were assessed by visual analogue scale (VAS) scores and Japan Orthopaedic Association (JOA) scores or SF-36 scores. All the 177 patients had been followed-up for 36 to 70 months after surgery (average 51 months). Except the slight cage translocation been found in the only one patient with cervical fracture, no cage prolapsed or breakage was exist in our patients up to the last follow-up. In the patients with spinal fracture, the mean time for fusion was 4.5 months, the rate of fusion was 95.9% and the rate of cage subsidence was 5.2%; while in the patients with cervical spondylopathy, the mean time for fusion was 4.4 months, the fusion rate was 96.5% and the subsidence rate was 5.2%; while in patients with spinal tuberculosis, the mean fusion time was 5.5 months, the rate of fusion was 94.0%, the rate of subsidence was 5.9%; and in the patients with tumor, the mean time for fusion was 6.0 months, the fusion rate was 100%, and the cage subsidence was found in only one patient. The preoperative symptoms of each patient were improved to varying degrees after surgery. At the last follow-up, the Frankel grading of patients of spinal fracture with incomplete paralysis improved 0 to 2 classes; the VAS, JOA or SF-36 scores of the other patients were improved significantly than their respective scores before surgery (t = 2.982, 4.126 and 3.980, P < 0.05). The n-HA/PA66 cage has much higher rate of osseous fusion and lower cage subsidence, it is an ideal cage which can provide effective restoring and maintaining for the spinal alignment and intervertebral height. Moreover, the mid-term clinical results of anterior reconstruction with this cage in the patients with spinal trauma, degeneration, tuberculosis or tumor are well content.
    Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery] 01/2014; 52(1):20-4.
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    ABSTRACT: This retrospective study analyzed 276 cases of giant cell tumour of bone in the appendicular skeleton of patients first diagnosed and treated at the Orthopaedic Department of the West China Hospital in Sichuan University between 1988 and 2007. Fifty-eight percent of the tumours involved the knee region. The most common primary treatment was curettage (162 patients) combined with adjuvant local therapy. The effects of bone cement (PMMA), high-speed burring, electro- cauterization, liquid nitrogen, and phenol on the recurrence rate were also analyzed. The differences in local recurrence rates were analyzed between giant-cell tumours confined to bone (Campanacci grades I and II) and giant-cell tumours with extraosseous extension (Campanacci grade III) treated with intralesional curettage. The recurrence rate of patients who received the first treatment at our institution was 11.2%. Recurrence was observed in 31 cases and multiple recurrences were observed in 5 cases. Treatment included intralesional curettage (173%), marginal excision (143%), wide excision (1.9%), or radical resection (0%). Metastases, which mainly involved the lung, occurred in 6 cases (2.2%). There was a significantly lower recurrence rate (p = 0.004) following intralesional curettage combined with high-speed burring (n = 102) as compared with intralesional curettage without high-speed burring (n = 60). Although the efficacy of liquid nitrogen and electrocauterization did not reach significance, they seem to have a similar effect to high-speed burring. Therefore, we recommend high-speed burring as a necessary adjuvant therapy. The combination of all adjuvants (burring, liquid nitrogen, and electro-cauterization) is recommended as a standard treatment. Cement filling of the cavity after curettage was not widely used in this series, but its merits have been reported in several studies; we therefore recommend that cement filling should be added to the adjuvants to be used after burring, liquid nitrogen and/or electrocauterization.
    Acta orthopaedica Belgica 12/2013; 79(6):731-7. · 0.63 Impact Factor
  • Xi Yang, Yueming Song, Qingquan Kong
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    ABSTRACT: La dysplasie pseudorhumatoïde progressive (DPP) est une maladie autosomique récessive rare. L’atteinte polyarticulaire périphérique de la DPP a déjà été bien décrite auparavant. Cependant, l’atteinte rachidienne ainsi que son traitement chirurgical ont rarement été mentionnés. Un patient âgé de 44 ans, diagnostiqué de façon erronée comme atteint d’une polyarthrite rhumatoïde à début juvénile (PRJ) et déjà opéré avec la mise en place d’une prothèse totale de la hanche, souffrait essentiellement de problèmes rachidiens au moment de sa consultation. Les radiographies avaient mis en évidence une platyspondylie, des lésions Scheuermann-like du rachis et une atteinte périphérique ressemblant aux lésions de PRJ. L’absence de syndrome inflammatoire et l’absence des facteurs rhumatoïdes avaient suggéré le diagnostic de DPP. Une mutation de type délétion nucléotidique homozygote a été retrouvée au niveau du gène WISP3, confirmant le diagnostic de DPP. Une laminectomie décompressive associée à une fixation postérieure ont été réalisées. Un très bon résultat clinique a été constaté un an après la décompression et la fusion : la douleur du membre inférieur et l’hypoesthésie ont disparu et la fusion osseuse était complète. Il s’agit du premier cas documenté de décompression rachidienne chez un adulte atteint de DPP.
    Revue du Rhumatisme 12/2013; 80(6):615–617.
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    ABSTRACT: Percutaneous endoscopic interlaminar discectomy (PEID) is a widely used minimally invasive procedure which shows satisfying outcomes in the adult population. However, pediatric lumbar disc herniations (PLDH) occur in growing spines and are less related to degeneration, which makes them different from the adult disc herniations. This study evaluates the clinical outcomes of PEID in treating PLDH. A prospect study was done in the period from June 2010 to December 2012, which included 29 consecutive pediatric patients with a mean age of 16.4 years (range, 13 to 18 years) who underwent PEID for single level lumbar disc herniation. The following measuring tools were used: visual analog scale (VAS) for back and leg pain, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), and Macnab criteria. There were no severe complications such as dural tear or nerve root damage found in our study. The mean follow-up period was 19.7 months. The VAS score for leg and back pain decreased dramatically at 1 day postoperatively and kept decreasing until the follow-up visit at 3 months postoperatively, when it became stable at a low level. ODI kept improving until the follow-up visit at 6 months postoperatively when it reached a stable low level. Of the patients, 91 % reported no longer having leg pain and 9 % had occasional leg pain at last follow-up. PEID shows a satisfying outcome with a minimal rate of complications. It has the advantages of minimal traumatization and scar formation and is a safe and effective treatment for PLDH.
    Child s Nervous System 11/2013; · 1.24 Impact Factor
  • Source
    The spine journal: official journal of the North American Spine Society 11/2013; · 2.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effect of the penetration of mini-plate mass screws into facet joint on axial symptoms in cervical laminoplasty. A retrospective analysis was made on the clinical data of 52 patients who underwent unilateral open-door cervical expansive laminoplasty fixed with Centerpiece mini-plate between September 2009 and December 2011. There were 42 males and 10 females, with a mean age of 61.2 years (range, 34-83 years). Seventeen patients exhibited simple degeneration cervical canal stenosis, 25 patients had multilevel cervical disc protrusion, and 10 patients had ossification of posterior longitudinal ligaments. Disease duration ranged 1-120 months (median, 11 months). The Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) score was used to assess neurological function, and JOA recovery rates were calculated. The visual analogue score (VAS) and the neck disability index (NDI) were used to evaluate the axial pain and neck daily activities. The axial symptoms and other complications were recorded. The cervical canal diameter, cervical curvature, cervical canal cross area, and open angle were measured according to the X-ray films, CT scans, and MRI scans. The postoperative CT three dimensional (3-D) reconstruction images were used to identify whether the screws penetrated into the facet joints. All the patients were divided into 3 groups according to involved facet joints: no joint penetrating group (no penetrated facet joint), oligo-joint penetrating group (one or two penetrated facet joints), and multi-joint penetrating group (three or more penetrated facet joints). Five patients suffered from C5 nerve palsy, and 2 patients had cerebrospinal fluid leakage. The follow-up time ranged 3-35 months (mean, 15.7 months). At the final follow-up, the JOA scores, NDI, cervical canal diameter, and cervical canal cross area were significantly improved when compared with preoperative ones (P < 0.05). At 1 week after operation, CT 3-D reconstruction showed that 16 patients had no penetrated facet joint, 23 patients had one or two penetrated facet joints, and 13 patients had three or more penetrated facet joints. There was no significant difference in age, gender, disease duration, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, and follow-up time among 3 groups (P > 0.05). And at the final follow-up, there was no significant difference in JOA score, VAS score, cervical curvature, cervical canal diameter, cervical canal cross area, the JOA recovery rates, and lamiae open angle among 3 groups (P > 0.05). The NDI of the multi-joint penetrated group was significantly higher than that of other 2 groups (P < 0.05). Axial pain occurred in 1 case of no penetrating group, in 4 cases of oligo-joint penetrating group, and in 5 cases of multi-joint penetrating group, showing no significant difference among 3 groups (Chi(2)=4.881, P=0.087). The penetrations of lateral mass screws into articular surface of facet joint may contribute to the axial symptoms after cervical laminoplasty. The risk of axial symptom raises accompany with increased penetrated facet joints.
    Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery 11/2013; 27(11):1324-30.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the influence of Nogo extracellular peptide residues 1-40 (NEP1-40) gene modification on the survival and differentiation of the neural stem cells (NSCs) after transplantation. NSCs were isolated from the cortex tissue of rat embryo at the age of 18 days and identified by Nestin immunofluorescence. The lentiviruses were transduced to NSCs to construct NEP1-40 gene modified NSCs. The spinal cords of 30 Sprague Dawley rats were hemisected at T9 level. The rats were randomly assigned to 3 groups: group B (spinal cord injury, SCI), group C (NSCs), and group D (NEP1-40 gene modified NSCs). Cell culture medium, NSCs, and NEP1-40 gene modified NSCs were transplanted into the lesion site in groups B, C, and D, respectively at 7 days after injury. An additional 10 rats served as sham-operation group (group A), which only received laminectomy. At 8 weeks of transplantation, the survival and differentiation of transplanted cells were detected with counting neurofilament 200 (NF-200), glial fibrillary acidic portein (GFAP), and myelin basic protein (MBP) positive cells via immunohistochemical method; the quantity of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) positive nerve fiber was detected via HRP neural tracer technology. At 8 weeks after transplantation, HRP nerve trace showed the number of HRP-positive nerve fibers of group A (85.17 +/- 6.97) was significantly more than that of group D (59.25 +/- 7.75), group C (33.58 +/- 5.47), and group B (12.17 +/- 2.79) (P < 0.01); the number of groups C and D were significantly higher than that of group B, and the number of group D was significantly higher than that of group C (P < 0.01). Immunofluorescent staining for Nestin showed no obvious fluorescence signal in group A, a few scattered fluorescent signal in group B, and strong fluorescence signal in groups C and D. The number of NF-200-positive cells and MBP integral absorbance value from high to low can be arranged as an order of group A, group D, group C, and group B (P < 0.05); the order of GFAP-positive cells from high to low was group B, group D, group C, and group A (P < 0.05); no significant difference was found in the percentage of NF-200, MBP, and GFAP-positive cells between group C and group D (P > 0.05). NEP1-40 gene modification can significantly improve the survival and differentiation of NSCs after transplantation, but has no induction on cell differentiation. It can provide a new idea and reliable experimental base for the study of NSCs transplantation for SCI.
    Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery 11/2013; 27(11):1368-74.
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the correction effect of hemivertebra resection for unbalanced multiple hemivertebrae by measuring corresponding parameters in both coronal and sagittal planes on series posteroanterior and lateral radiographs and report the related complications. Twelve children with unbalanced multiple hemivertebrae were operated on by hemivertebra resection through a combined anterior and posterior approach or a posterior-only procedure. Mean age at time of surgery was 9.8 years (range 2-14 years). They were retrospectively studied with a mean follow-up of 48.7 months (range 30-60 months). The mean Cobb angle of the main curve was 65.3° (range 45°-92°) before surgery and 13.8° (range 4°-30°) at the last follow-up. The correction rate was 80.0 % (range 65.5-92.4 %). The compensatory cranial curve was corrected from 25.8° (range 5°-53°) to 11.7° (range 0°-34°) with a correction rate of 65.9 % (range 33.3-100 %), and the compensatory caudal curve was corrected from 32.4° (range 17°-57°) to 7.1° (range 0°-20°) with a correction rate of 81.4 % (range 53.1-100 %). The angle of segmental kyphosis was 41.3° (range 12°-76°) before surgery and 17.0° (range -12° to 45°) at the final follow-up. The coronal imbalance was -1.0 cm (range -3.5 to 3 cm) before surgery and 0.0 cm (range -1.0 to 1.5 cm) at the most recent follow-up. The sagittal imbalance was 0.9 cm (range -3.2 to 3 cm) before surgery and 0.6 cm (range -3.0 to 3.5 cm) at the most recent follow-up. Complications including pedicle fractures, and pseudarthrosis were found in two patients (20 %). In the patients with unbalanced multiple hemivertebrae, hemivertebra resection allows for excellent correction in both the coronal and sagittal planes, and great care should be taken to reduce the rate of complications.
    European Spine Journal 10/2013; · 2.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A comparative study of the spinopelvic sagittal alignment in patients with lumbar disc degeneration or herniation (LDD/LDH) in normal population was designed to analyse the role of sagittal anatomical parameter (pelvic incidence, PI) and positional parameters in the pathogenesis and development of the disease. Several comparative studies of these patients with asymptomatic controls have been done. However, in previous studies without lumbar MRI, a certain number of asymptomatic LDD patients should have been included in the control group and then impacted on the results. Based on MRI findings, we divided 60 LDD or LDH patients and 110 asymptomatic volunteers into the normal group (NG) and the degeneration group (DG), which was further subdivided into the symptomatic (SDG) and asymptomatic (ADG) subgroups according to patients' symptoms. Standing full spine radiographs were used to measure sagittal parameters, including PI, sacral slope (SS), pelvic tilt (PT), lumbar lordosis (LL), thoracic kyphosis (TK), sagittal vertical axis (SVA), and sacrum-bicoxofemoral distance (SFD). The PI, SS and LL in DG were significantly lower than NG, while the SVA and SFD were significantly greater (P < 0.05). PI correlated well with the SS and LL in all subjects. However, the trend lines of SS or LL over PI were downward in DG. PI was similar in SDG and ADG (P = 0.716) but SS and LL were significantly lower and SVA was significantly greater (P < 0.05). PI may play a predisposing role in the pathogenesis of lumbar disc degenerative diseases. The secondary structural and compensatory factors would lead to a straighter spine after disc degenerative change.
    European Spine Journal 10/2013; · 2.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the surgical indications for posterior expansive open-door laminoplasty (EOLP) extended to the C1 level. Seventeen patients undergoing C3-7 or C2-7 open-door laminoplasty were included as the case group between September 2005 and January 2010, whose spinal cord injury symptoms were not alleviated or aggravated again because of the cervical stenosis at C-4 level, and the causes of the surgery itself were eliminated, all of these patients underwent reoperation with decompress upward to C1 level. Fifteen patients with cervical stenosis who underwent C2-7 laminoplasty and C1 laminectomy were selected as the control group. There was no significant difference in gender, age, and disease duration between 2 groups (P > 0.05). The pre- and post-operative cervical curvature and spinal cord compression were evaluated according to the patients' imaging data; the pre- and post-operative neurological recovery situation was evaluated by Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) 17 score and spinal cord function Frankel grade; the neurological recovery rate (according to Hirabayashi et al. method) was used to assess the postoperative neurological recovery situation. In the case group, 8 patients underwent primary C37 laminoplasty. In 3 of these patients, there was a cervical stenosis at C1, 2 level, and discontinuous cerebrospinal fluid around the spinal cord was observed; 5 of them with a compression mass which diameter was exceed 7.0 mm in the C2-4 segments. The remaining 9 patients in the case group underwent primary C2-7 laminoplasty, and the diameter of the compression mass was exceed 7.0 mm in the C2-4 segments. In all 17 patients of the case group, reoperation was performed with the decompression range extended to the C1 level, and the follow-up time was 35-61 months with an average of 45.6 months. Cervical curvature: there were 11 cases of cervical lordosis, 4 cases of straight spine, and 2 cases of cervical kyphosis before operation; but after operation, 2 cases of cervical lordosis became straight spine and 1 straight case became kyphosis. The postoperative neurological improvement was excellent in 8 cases, good in 7, and fair in 2. In the control group, all the patients had a compression mass which anteroposterior diameter was exceed 7.0 mm in the C2-4 segments before operation. The follow-up time was 30-58 months with an average of 38.7 months. Cervical curvature: there were 13 cases of cervical lordosis and 2 cases of straight spine before operation; but after operation, 1 case of cervical lordosis became straight spine. The postoperative neurological improvement was excellent in 8 cases, good in 6, and fair in 1. No significant difference was found in the JOA score at pre- and post-operation between 2 groups (P > 0.05); however, there were significant differences (P < 0.05) in the JOA score between at last follow-up and at preoperation. The initially surgical indications which can be used as a reference for EOLP extended to C1 are as follows: (1) Upper cervical (C1, 2) spinal stenosis: C1 posterior arch above the lower edge part of cerebrospinal fluid around the spinal cord signal is not continuous, and the anteroposterior diameter of the spinal canal actual is less than 8.0 mm as judgment standard. (2) There is a huge compression at the lower edge of C2-4 vertebrae, and the most prominent part of the diameter is exceed 7.0 mm, which can not be removed through the anterior cervical surgery, or the operation is high-risk.
    Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery 10/2013; 27(10):1214-20.
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    ABSTRACT: The titanium mesh cage (TMC) is a typical metal cage device which has been widely used in cervical reconstruction for decades. Nano-hydroxyapatite/polyamide-66 (n-HA/PA66) cage is a novel biomimetic non-metal cage device growing in popularity in many medical centres in recent years. There has been no comparison of the efficacy between these two anterior reconstructing cages. The purpose of this study was to compare the radiographic and clinical outcomes of these two different devices. Sixty-seven eligible patients with single-level ACCF using TMC or n-HA/PA66 cage for cervical degenerative diseases, with four-year minimum follow-up, were included in this prospective non-randomised comparative study. Their radiographic (cage subsidence, fusion status, segmental sagittal alignment [SSA]) and clinical (VAS and JOA scales) data before surgery and at each follow-up was recorded completely. The fusion rate of the n-HA/PA66 group was higher than TMC at one year after surgery (94 % vs. 84 %) though their finial fusion rates were similar (97 % vs. 94 %). Finial n-HA/PA66 cage subsidence was 1.5 mm with 6 % of severe subsidence over three millimetres, which was significantly lower than the respective 2.9 mm and 22 % of TMC (P < 0.0001). Lastly, SSA, VAS and JOA in TMC group were worse than in the n-HA/PA66 group (P = 0.235, 0.034 and 0.007, respectively). The n-HA/PA66 cage is associated with earlier radiographic fusion, less subsidence and better clinical results than TMC within four years after one-level ACCF. With the added benefit of radiolucency, the n-HA/PA66 cage may be superior to TMC in anterior cervical construction.
    International Orthopaedics 09/2013; · 2.32 Impact Factor
  • Quan Gong, Qingquan Kong
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    ABSTRACT: To review the research progress of the risk factors for slip progression and the pathogenesis of lumbosacral spondylolisthesis, and to discuss the value of Spinal Deformity Study Group (SDSG) classification system for lumbosacral spondylolisthesis. Recent articles about the risk factors for slip progression and the pathogenesis of lumbosacral spondylolisthesis were reviewed and comprehensively analyzed with SDSG classification system of lumbosacral spondylolisthesis. Pelvic incidence (PI) is the key pathogenic factor oflumbosacral spondylolisthesis. The Meyerding grade of slip, PI, sacro-pelvic balance, and spino-pelvic balance not only are the fundamental risk factors of slip progression, but also are the key factors to determine how to treat and influence the prognosis. Therefore, compared with Wiltse, Marchetti-Bartolozzi, and Mac-Thiong-Labelle classification systems oflumbosacral spondylolisthesis, SDSG classification based on these factors mentioned above, has better homogeneity between the subjects of subgroup, and better reliability, moreover, could better guide operative plan and judge the prognosis. It is suggested that the SDSG classification system should be the standard classification for lumbosacral spondylolisthesis for the clinical and research work.
    Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery 09/2013; 27(9):1134-7.
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    ABSTRACT: To analyze the clinical features and preliminary outcome of posterior operation for traumatic lumbar spondylolisthesis. The clinical data of 11 patients with traumatic lumbar spondylolisthesis who underwent surgeries between January 2008 and June 2012 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 6 male and 5 female patients, aged from 13 to 60 years with a median age of 38 years. The mechanism of injury included heavy pressure injury in 4 cases, falling injury from height in 4 cases, and traffic accident injury in 3 cases. The time of injury to operation was between 3 days and 13 years (median, 20 days). According to Frankel neurological function grading, 2 patients were rated as grade E, 4 as grade D, 3 as grade C, and 2 as grade B before operation; according to Meyerding spondylolisthesis grading, 4 cases were classified as degree I, 4 as degree II, 2 as degree III, and 1 as degree IV preoperatively. The affected segments included L4 in 3 and L5 in 8 patients. The surgical fixation segments were L4, 5 in 2 patients, L5, S1 in 7, and L4-S1 in 2. Eight patients underwent circumferential fusion, while 3 patients underwent posterolateral fusion. The reduction of spondylolisthesis and bone graft fusion were assessed on X-ray films and three-dimensional CT scans during follow-up. The clinical outcomes were evaluated by visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry disability index (ODI) scores. All patients achieved primary healing of incision after operation. And all patients were followed up 6-40 months with a median time of 12 months. There was no pulling-out or breaking of internal fixation. The fusion rate was 100% on three-dimensional CT scans, and the fusion time was 3-6 months (mean, 4.5 months). The spondylolisthesis was degree 0 in 10 cases and degree I in 1 case according to Meyerding grading, showing significant difference when compared with preoperative spondylolisthesis grading (Z = -2.979, P = 0.003). The Frankel neurological function grading were E in 6, D in 3, and C in 2 at last follow-up, which were significantly improved when compared with preoperative one (Z = -2.271, P = 0.014). At 1 week after operation and last follow-up, VAS and ODI scores were significantly improved when compared with the preoperative scores (P < 0.05); however, no significant difference was found between at 1 week and at last follow-up (P > 0.05). If lumbar X-ray films suggest multiple fractures of transverses in emergency combined with the mechanism of injury, it strongly indicates the diagnosis of traumatic lumbar spondylolisthesis, moreover earlier decompression and fusion can provide the recovering of the neurological function and satisfactory preliminary effectiveness in these patients.
    Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery 08/2013; 27(8):965-8.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the application of artificial lamina of multi-amino-acid copolymer (MAACP)/nano-hydroxyapatite (n-HA) in prevention of epidural adhesion and compression of scar tissue after posterior cervical laminectomy. Fifteen 2-year-old male goats [weighing, (30 +/- 2) kg] were randomly divided into experimental group (n=9) and control group (n=6). In the experimental group, C4 laminectomy was performed, followed by MAACP/n-HA artificial lamina implantations; in the control group, only C4 laminectomy was performed. At 4, 12, and 24 weeks after operation, 2, 2, and 5 goats in the experimental group and 2, 2, and 2 goats in the control group were selected for observation of wound infection, artificial laminar fragmentation and displacement, and its shape; Rydell's degree of adhesion criteria was used to evaluate the adhesion degree between 2 groups. X-ray and CT images were observed; at 24 weeks after operation, CT scan was used to measure the spinal canal area and the sagittal diameter of C3, C4, and C5 vertebrea, 2 normal goats served as normal group; and MRI was used to assess adhesion and compression of scar tissue on the dura and the nerve root. Then goats were sacrificed and histological observation was carried out. After operation, the wound healed well; no toxicity or elimination reaction was observed. According to Rydell's degree of adhesion criteria, adhesion in the experimental group was significantly slighter than that in the control group (Z= -2.52, P=0.00). X-ray and CT scan showed that no dislocation of artificial lamina occurred, new cervical bone formed in the defect, and bony spinal canal was rebuilt in the experimental group. Defects of C4 vertebral plate and spinous process were observed in the control group. At 24 weeks, the spinal canal area and sagittal diameter of C4 in the experimental group and normal group were significantly larger than those in the control group (P < 0.05), but no significant difference was found between experimental group and normal group (P > 0.05). MRI showed cerebrospinal fluid signal was unobstructed and no soft tissue projected into the spinal canal in the experimental group; scar tissue projected into the spinal canal and the dura were compressed by scar tissue in the control group. HE staining and Masson trichrome staining showed that artificial lamina had no obvious degradation with high integrity, some new bone formed at interface between the artificial material and bone in the experimental group; fibrous tissue grew into defect in the control group. The MAACP/n-HA artificial lamina could maintaine good biomechanical properties for a long time in vivo and could effectively prevent the epidural scar from growing in the lamina defect area.
    Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery 07/2013; 27(7):829-35.
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    ABSTRACT: To compare the rib regeneration in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) after convex short length rib resection or conventional thoracoplasty. Between January 2005 and December 2009, 36 patients with Lenke 1 AIS underwent posterior correction, instrumentation, and fusion, and the clinical data were retrospectively analyzed. Conventional thoracoplasty was performed in group A (n=14), convex short length rib resection in group B (n=22). There was no significant difference in gender, age, Cobb angle of major curve, flexibility, and preoperative rib hump between 2 groups (P > 0.05). The standing long-cassette anteroposterior and lateral X-ray films of spine were taken at 3 months, 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years respectively after operation. Rib regeneration classification established by Philips was used to analyze the rib formation. All patients were followed up 32 months on average (range, 24-48 months). Cobb angle of major curve and rib hump were significantly improved when compared with preoperative values in 2 groups (P < 0.05), and there was no obvious correction loss. At each time point after operation, there was no significant difference in Cobb angle of major curve between 2 groups (P > 0.05), but the rib humb of group B was significantly bigger than that of group A (P < 0.05). The rib regeneration in group B was better than that in group A, showing significant difference (P < 0.05). At 3 months after operation, 80.0% rib regeneration was below grade 4 in group A, and 96.3% rib regeneration reached grade 4 or above in group B. At 2 years after operation, 52.0% and 96.3% rib regeneration reached grade 6 or above in groups A and B, respectively. The rib regeneration in patients with AIS after convex short length rib resection is better than that after conventional thoracoplasty.
    Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery 07/2013; 27(7):814-8.
  • Xi Yang, Yueming Song, Qingquan Kong
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    ABSTRACT: Progressive pseudorheumatoid dysplasia (PPD) is a rare autosomal-recessive disorder. The polyarthritis of PPD has been detailed before. However, the spinal disorder and surgical treatment been rarely mentioned. A 44-year-old patient who has been misdiagnosed as juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) and given unilateral total hip replacement yet, suffers mainly from severe spinal disorder this time. The platyspondyly, Scheuermann-like lesions of the spine and JRA-like features of the peripheral joints were found on radiographic films, combining negative inflammatory and rheumatoid factors, which most suggested the diagnosis of PPD. As the homozygous nucleotide deletion was found in WISP3 gene, diagnosis of PPD was definite. Neurological examination and further imaging examination indicated severe compression of thoracic and lumbar spinal cord which might lead to his conspicuous spinal disorder. Decompressive laminectomy, posterior fusion and fixation were performed. And an excellent clinical outcome was achieved 1year after the decompression and fusion: leg pain and hypoesthesia resolved and osseous fusion performed. This is the first reported decompression in the adult spine of PPD. Surgical treatment could receive satisfactory result in PPD, however, it is a palliative therapy which has less help to prevent the development of this disease. Early diagnosis and rehabilitation interventions remain the most important. Clinical, radiographic and genetic features in PPD are crucial in the differential diagnosis.
    Joint, bone, spine: revue du rhumatisme 04/2013; · 2.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the technique of reduction by posterior approach for severe spondylolisthesis, and to discuss the method to prevent nerve stretch injury. Between July 2007 and April 2011, 17 patients with severe spondylolisthesis underwent reduction, fixation, and fusion by posterior approach. There were 2 males and 15 females with a median age of 15 years (range, 8-67 years) and a median disease duration of 18 months (range, 5 months-16 years and 4 months). The level of spondylolisthesis was at L4 in 1 case and Ls in 16 cases; the spondylolisthesis was at degree III in 12 cases and degree IV in 5 cases according to Meyerding classification. There were 16 cases of developmental spondylolisthesis (high-dysplastic and low-dysplasia spondylolisthesis in 9 and 7 cases, respectively) and 1 case of traumatic spondylolisthesis; 16 cases of developmental spondylolisthesis at L5 level included 6 cases of type 4, 9 case of type 5, and 1 case of type 6 according to Spinal Deformity Study Group (SDSG) classification. All cases underwent posterior spinal decompression, Schanz screw fixation for the slipped vertebrae, the intervertebral and posterolateral fusion and reduction of the slipped vertebrae, and correction of the lumbosacral kyphosis. The reductive degree of slipped vertebrae was modulated according to the strain of exiting spinal root. The slip degree should be reduced within Meyerding degree II. The anteroposterior and lateral radiographs of whole spine were taken in a standardized standing position to observe the correction of displacement severity and lumbosacral angle. The nerve function and pain score of lower extremity were evaluated by neurological Frankel grade and visual analogue scale (VAS). Bony fusion was assessed by followed-up CT three-dimentional reconstruction. Results Exiting nerve root paralysis occurred in 1 case after operation, and released at 4 weeks after operation; no aggravation of nerve damage was observed in the other patients. The incisions primarily healed. All the patients were followed up 12-48 months (mean, 25 months). The slip percentage, the lumbosacral angle, and VAS score of lower extremity were improved from 72% +/- 10%, (18.2 +/- 3.5) degrees, and 7.0 +/-1.5 at preoperation to 12% +/- 6%, (-7.3 +/- 2.9) degrees , and 1.5 + 1.3 at 12 months after operation respectively, all showing significant differences (P < 0.05). Osteosynthesis was seen at the bone grafting area by CT three-dimentional reconstruction at 12 months after operation. No breakage of screw and rod or reduction loss occurred. It can obtain satisfactory clinical result to use spinal canal decompression by posterior approach, the Schanz screw fixation of the slipped vertebrae, the intervertebral and posterolateral fusion for severe spondylolisthesis. The risk of nerve stretch injury can be prevented by choosing the lowest height of intervertebral cage, modulating the reductive degree of slipped vertebrae according to the strain of exiting spinal root, and correcting lumbosacral kyphosis.
    Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery 04/2013; 27(4):393-8.
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    ABSTRACT: To compare the short-term effectiveness of minimally invasive surgery-transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) versus open-TLIF in treatment of single-level lumbar degenerative disease. Between February 2010 and February 2011, 147 patients with single-level lumbar degenerative diseases underwent open-TLIF in 104 cases (open-TLIF group) and MIS-TLIF in 43 cases (MIS-TLIF group), and the clinical data were analyzed retrospectively. There was no significant difference in gender, age, disease type, lesion level, disease duration, preoperative visual analogue scale (VAS), and preoperative Oswestry disability index (ODI) between 2 groups (P > 0.05). The operation time, intraoperative radiological exposure time, intra- and post-operative blood loss, postoperative hospitalization time, and postoperative complications were compared between 2 groups. The VAS score and ODI were observed during follow-up. The imaging examination was done to observe the bone graft fusion and the locations of internal fixator and Cage. There was no significant difference in operation time between 2 groups (t = 0.402, P = 0.688); MIS-TLIF group had a decreased intra- and post-operative blood loss, shortened postoperative hospitalization time, and increased intraoperative radiological exposure time, showing significant differences when compared with open-TLIF group (P < 0.05). Cerebrospinal fluid leakage (2 cases) and superficial infection of incision (2 cases) occurred after operation in open-TLIF group, with a complication incidence of 3.8% (4/104); dorsal root ganglion stimulation symptom (3 cases) occurred in MIS-TLIF group, with a complication incidence of 7.0% (3/43); there was no significant difference in the complication incidence between 2 groups (chi2 = 0.657, P = 0.417). The patients were followed up 18-26 months (mean, 21 months) in MIS-TLIF group, and 18-28 months (mean, 23 months) in open-TLIF group. The VAS scores and ODI of 2 groups at each time point after operation were significantly improved when compared with those before operation (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in VAS score between 2 groups at discharge and 3 months after operation (P > 0.05); VAS score of MIS-TLIF group was significantly lower than that of open-TLIF group at last follow-up (t = 2.022, P = 0.047). At 3 months and last follow-up, no significant difference was found in the ODI between 2 groups (P > 0.05). The imaging examination showed good positions of Cage and internal fixator, and bone graft fusion in 2 groups. The shortterm effectiveness of MIS-TLIF and open-TLIF for single-level degenerative lumbar diseases was similar. MIS-TLIF has the advantages of less invasion and quick recovery, but the long-term effectiveness needs more observation.
    Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery 03/2013; 27(3):262-7.

Publication Stats

34 Citations
36.61 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2010–2011
    • Sichuan University
      • Department of Orthopedic Surgery
      Chengdu, Sichuan Sheng, China
  • 2009
    • West China School of Medicine
      Hua-yang, Sichuan, China