Luciane Belmonte Pereira

Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria da Boca do Monte, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

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Publications (28)56.92 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The ex vivo and in vitro effects of quercetin on NTPDase, adenosine deaminase (ADA), and acetycholinesterase (AChE) activities in lymphocytes, as well as the effects of quercetin on butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) activity in serum and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity in plasma were determined in rats. For the ex vivo experiment, animals were orally exposed to Cadmium (Cd) for 45 days. Animals were divided into eight groups: saline/ethanol, saline/Querc 5 mg/kg, saline/Querc 25 mg/kg, saline/Querc 50 mg/kg, Cd/ethanol, Cd/Querc 5 mg/kg, Cd/Querc 25 mg/kg, and Cd/Querc 50 mg/kg. The ex vivo data showed an increase in the ATP and ADP hydrolysis and ADA activity in Cd-exposed rats when compared to the control group. The treatment with quercetin 25 and 50 mg/kg prevented this increase in the ATP and ADP hydrolysis, while the treatment with quercetin 5, 25, and 50 mg/kg prevented the increase in the ADA activity. AChE, BChE, and MPO activities ex vivo presented an increase in the Cd-exposed group when compared to the control group, and the treatment with quercetin 5, 25, and 50 mg/kg prevented this increase caused by Cd exposure. The in vitro experiment showed that quercetin 5, 10, 25, or 50 µM decreased the ADA activity proportionally to the increase of the concentrations of quercetin when compared to the control group. Thus, we can suggest that the quercetin is able to modulate NTPDase, ADA, AChE, and MPO activities and contribute to maintain the levels of ATP, adenosine, and acetylcholine normal, respectively, exhibiting potent pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory actions.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 07/2014; · 2.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Diabetes is associated with long-term complications in the brain and reduced cognitive ability. Vitamin D3 (VD3 ) appears to be involved in the amelioration of hyperglycaemia in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Our aim was to analyse the potential of VD3 in avoiding brain damage through evaluation of acetylcholinesterase (AChE), Na(+) K(+) -adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) and delta aminolevulinate dehydratase (δ-ALA-D) activities and thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS) levels from cerebral cortex, as well as memory in STZ-induced diabetic rats. Animals were divided into eight groups (n = 5): control/saline, control/metformin (Metf), control/VD3 , control/Metf + VD3 , diabetic/saline, diabetic/Metf, diabetic/VD3 and diabetic/Metf + VD3 . Thirty days after treatment, animals were submitted to contextual fear-conditioning and open-field behavioural tests, after which they were sacrificed and the cerebral cortex was dissected. Our results demonstrate a significant memory deficit, an increase in AChE activity and TBARS levels and a decrease in δ-ALA-D and Na(+) K(+) -ATPase activities in diabetic rats when compared with the controls. Treatment of diabetic rats with Metf and VD3 prevented the increase in AChE activity when compared with the diabetic/saline group. In treated diabetic rats, the decrease in Na(+) K(+) -ATPase was reverted when compared with non-treated rats, but the increase in δ-ALA-D activity was not. VD3 prevented diabetes-induced TBARS level and improved memory. Our results show that VD3 can avoid cognitive deficit through prevention of changes in important enzymes such as Na(+) K(+) -ATPase and AChE in cerebral cortex in type 1 diabetic rats. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Cell Biochemistry and Function 06/2014; · 1.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The present study investigated the effects of quercetin on the impairment of memory and anxiogenic - like behavior induced by cadmium (Cd) exposure. We also investigated possible alterations in acetylcholinesterase (AChE), Na(+),K(+)-ATPase and δ - aminolevulinate dehydratase (δ-ALA-D) activities as well as in oxidative stress parameters in the CNS. Rats were exposed to Cd (2.5mg/Kg) and quercetin (5, 25 or 50mg/Kg) by gavage for 45days. Animals were divided into eight groups (n=10-14): saline/control, saline/Querc 5mg/kg, saline/Querc 25mg/kg, saline/Querc 50mg/kg, Cd/ethanol, Cd/Querc 5mg/kg, Cd/Querc 25mg/kg and Cd/Querc 50mg/kg. Results demonstrated that Cd impaired memory and has anxiogenic effect.Quercetin prevented these harmful effects induced by Cd. AChE activity decreased in cerebral cortex and hippocampus and increased in hypothalamus of Cd-exposed rats. The Na(+),K(+)-ATPase activity decreased in cerebral cortex, hippocampus and hypothalamus of Cd-exposed rats. Quercetin prevented these effects in AChE and Na(+),K(+)-ATPase activities. Reactive oxygen species production, thiobarbituric acid reactive substance levels, protein carbonyl content and double - stranded DNA fractions increased in cerebral cortex, hippocampus and hypothalamus of Cd-exposed rats. Quercetin prevents totally or partially these effects caused by Cd. Total thiols (T-SH), reduced glutathione (GSH), reductase glutathione (GR) activities decreased and glutathione S-transferase (GST) activity increased Cd exposure rats. Co-treatment with quercetin prevented reduction in T-SH, GSH, GR activities and the rise of GST activity. The present findings show that quercetin prevents alterations in oxidative stress parameters as well as AChE and Na(+),K(+)-ATPase activities, consequently preventing memory impairment and anxiogenic-like behavior displayed by Cd exposure. These results may contribute to a better understanding of the neuroprotective role of quercetin, emphasizing the influence of this flavonoid in the diet for human health, possibly preventing brain injury associated with Cd intoxication.
    Physiology & Behavior 06/2014; · 3.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is one of the main chronic inflammatory diseases of the central nervous system (CNS) that cause functional disability in young adults. It has unknown etiology characterized by the infiltration of lymphocytes and macrophages into the brain. The aim of this study was to evaluate the acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity in lymphocytes and whole blood, as well as butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) and adenosine deaminase (ADA) activities in serum. We also checked the levels of nucleotides, nucleosides, biomarkers of inflammation such as cytokines (IL-1, IL-6, IFN-γ, TNF-α and IL-10) and C-reactive protein (CRP) in serum from 29 patients with the relapsing-remitting form of MS (RRMS) and 29 healthy subjects as the control group. Results showed that AChE in lymphocytes and whole blood as well as BChE, and adenosine deaminase (ADA) activities in serum were significantly increased in RRMS patients when compared to the control group (P<0.05). In addition, we observed a decrease in ATP levels and a significant increase in the levels of ADP, AMP, adenosine and inosine in serum from RRMS patients in relation to the healthy subjects (P<0.05). Results also demonstrated an increase in the IFN-γ, TNF-α, IL-1, IL-6 and CRP (P<0.05) and a significant decrease in the IL-10 (P<0.0001) in RRMS patients when compared to control. Our results suggest that alterations in the biomarkers of inflammation and hydrolysis of nucleotides and nucleosides may contribute to the understanding of the neurological dysfunction of RRMS patients.
    Neuroscience 02/2014; · 3.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study investigated the δ-aminolevulinate dehydratase (δ-ALA-D) activity in whole blood as well as the parameters of oxidative stress, such as reactive species (RS) levels in serum, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) levels, the superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) activities, as well as total thiols (T-SH) and non-protein thiols (NPSH) levels in platelets. Moreover, the content of vitamin C and E in plasma and serum, respectively, in lung cancer patients was also investigated. We collected blood samples from patients (n = 28) previously treated for lung cancer with chemotherapy. Patients were classified as stage IIIb and IV according to the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC). Results showed a decrease of 37% in δ-ALA-D activity in patients with lung cancer when compared to the control group. RS and TBARS levels were 8% and 99% higher in the patient group, respectively. The activity of SOD and CAT as well as the vitamin C content were 41%, 35% and 127% lower in patients when compared with controls, respectively. However, T-SH and vitamin E levels were 27% and 44% higher in lung cancer patients, respectively. Results show that the overproduction of reactive species in patients with lung cancer may be interfering with the activity of δ-ALA-D. Likewise, the decrease in the activity of this enzyme may be contributing for the oxidative stress.
    Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy. 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with brain alterations that may contribute to cognitive dysfunctions. Chlorogenic acid (CGA) and caffeine (CA), abundant in coffee (CF), are natural compounds that have showed important actions in the brain. The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of CGA, CA, and CF on acetylcholinesterase (AChE), Na(+), K(+)-ATPase, aminolevulinate dehydratase (δ-ALA-D) activities and TBARS levels from cerebral cortex, as well as memory and anxiety in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Animals were divided into eight groups (n = 5-10): control; control/CGA 5 mg/kg; control/CA 15 mg/kg; control/CF 0.5 g/kg; diabetic; diabetic/CGA 5 mg/kg; diabetic/CA 15 mg/kg; and diabetic/CF 0.5 g/kg. Our results demonstrated an increase in AChE activity and TBARS levels in cerebral cortex, while δ-ALA-D and Na(+), K(+)-ATPase activities were decreased in the diabetic rats when compared to control water group. Furthermore, a memory deficit and an increase in anxiety in diabetic rats were observed. The treatment with CGA and CA prevented the increase in AChE activity in diabetic rats when compared to the diabetic water group. CGA, CA, and CF intake partially prevented cerebral δ-ALA-D and Na(+), K(+)-ATPase activity decrease due to diabetes. Moreover, CGA prevented diabetes-induced TBARS production, improved memory, and decreased anxiety. In conclusion, among the compounds studied CGA proved to be a compound which acts better in the prevention of brain disorders promoted by DM.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 12/2013; · 2.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the efficacy of rosmarinic acid (RA) in preventing lipid peroxidation and increased activity of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in the brain of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. The animals were divided into six groups (n = 8): control, ethanol, RA 10 mg/kg, diabetic, diabetic/ethanol and diabetic/RA 10 mg/kg. After 21 days of treatment with RA, the cerebral structures (striatum, cortex and hippocampus) were removed for experimental assays. The results demonstrated that the treatment with RA (10 mg/kg) significantly reduced the level of lipid peroxidation in hippocampus (28%), cortex (38%) and striatum (47%) of diabetic rats when compared with the control. In addition, it was found that hyperglycaemia caused significant increased in the activity of AChE in hippocampus (58%), cortex (46%) and striatum (30%) in comparison with the control. On the other hand, the treatment with RA reversed this effect to the level of control after 3 weeks. In conclusion, the present findings showed that treatment with RA prevents the lipid peroxidation and consequently the increase in AChE activity in diabetic rats, demonstrating that this compound can modulate cholinergic neurotransmission and prevent damage oxidative in brain in the diabetic state. Thus, we can suggest that RA could be a promising compound in the complementary therapy in diabetes. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Cell Biochemistry and Function 12/2013; · 1.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study evaluated the effects of curcumin and/or insulin on antioxidant enzyme activity in blood, liver, and kidney, as well as on lipid peroxidation and delta aminolevulinic dehydratase (δ-ALA-D) activity, and a histopathological analysis of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. The animals were divided into six groups (n = 6): control/saline (C); control/curcumin (CCur); diabetic/saline (D); diabetic/insulin (DIns); diabetic/curcumin (DCur); and diabetic/insulin/curcumin (DInsCur). After 30 days of treatment with curcumin and/or insulin, the animals were sacrificed and the liver, kidney, and serum were used for experimental determinations. Results of histopathological analysis showed that the treatment with insulin ameliorate renal and hepatic lesions from both DIns and DInsCur groups. TBARS levels were significantly increased in serum, liver, and kidney in D group and the administration of curcumin and insulin prevented this increase in DIns and DCur groups. The activities of catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase, and δ-ALA-D presented a significant decrease in the liver and kidney D group when compared to C group (P < 0.05). The animals treated with curcumin and insulin presented an increase of CAT activity, revealing a positive interaction between both substances. The treatments with curcumin or insulin prevented oxidative stress in blood, through modulation of enzymatic antioxidant defenses. These findings contributed to the comprehension that antioxidants from medicinal plants could be used as adjuvant in the treatment of this endocrinopathy and not as single therapy.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 10/2013; · 2.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to evaluate whether the oxidative stress caused by aluminum (Al) toxicity is a symptom that can trigger root growth inhibition in oat genotype seedlings. Oat seedlings were grown in a nutrient solution (pH4.0) with 0 and 370μM Al. At 12, 24, and 36h after Al addition, growth (root length) and biochemical parameters (catalase - CAT, ascorbate peroxidase - APX, and superoxide dismutase - SOD activities, lipid peroxidation, ascorbic acid (ASA) and non-protein thiol group (NPSH) concentration) were determined. The aluminum content was measured in oat seedlings. Regardless of the exposure time, root of the tolerant genotype grew normally with any Al treatments. Al supply caused lipid peroxidation only in the Al-sensitive genotype in roots and shoots (at 12, 24, and 36h). In sensitive genotype seedlings, CAT, APX, and SOD were activated only at 24 or 36h. In tolerant and intermediate genotypes, CAT, APX, and SOD were activated at 12, 24, and 36h. Data for root growth and lipid peroxidation suggested that lipid peroxidation in the sensitive genotype may be an effect of Al toxicity on root growth. Therefore, the tolerant, intermediate, and sensitive genotypes differ in the expression of the amount, type of antioxidants, and speed of activation of antioxidant system, suggesting a varying capacity of these genotypes to deal with oxidative stress, which resulted in varying sensitivity and tolerance to Al.
    Journal of inorganic biochemistry 07/2013; · 3.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study investigated the effect of quercetin on nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase (NTPDase), 5'-nucleotidase, adenosine deaminase (ADA), and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activities in synaptosomes from cerebral cortex of adult rats exposed to cadmium (Cd). Rats were exposed to Cd (2.5 mg/Kg) and quercetin (5, 25 or 50 mg/Kg) by gavage for 45 days. Rats were randomly divided into eight groups (n = 8-10): saline/ethanol, saline/Querc 5 mg/kg, saline/Querc 25 mg/kg, saline/Querc 50 mg/kg, Cd/ethanol, Cd/Querc 5 mg/kg, Cd/Querc 25 mg/kg, and Cd/Querc 50 mg/kg. Results demonstrated that AChE activity increased in the Cd/ethanol group when compared to saline/ethanol group. Treatment with quercetin prevented the increase in AChE activity when compared to Cd/ethanol group. Quercetin treatment prevented the cadmium-induced increase in NTPDase, 5-nucleotidase, and ADA activities in Cd/ethanol group when compared to saline/ethanol group. Our data showed that quercetin have a protector effect against Cd intoxication. This way, is a promising candidate among the flavonoids to be investigated as a therapeutic agent to attenuate neurological disorders associated with Cd intoxication.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 06/2013; · 2.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study investigated the ex vivo effects of the moderate red wine (RW) and grape juice (GJ) consumption, and the in vitro effects of the resveratrol, caffeic acid, gallic acid, quercetin, and rutin on NTPDase (nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase), ecto-nucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase (E-NPP), 5'-nucleotidase, and adenosine deaminase (ADA) activities in platelets and platelet aggregation from streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. The animals were divided into six groups (n = 10): control/saline, control/GJ, control/RW, diabetic/saline, diabetic/GJ, and diabetic/RW. RW and GJ were administered for 45 days; after this period, the blood was collected for experimental determinations. Results showed that NTPDase, E-NPP, 5'-nucleotidase, and ADA activities as well as platelet aggregation were increased in the diabetic/saline group compared to the control/saline group. Treatment with RW and GJ increased ectonucleotidases activities and prevented the increase in the ADA activity in the diabetic/GJ and diabetic/RW groups. Platelet aggregation was also decreased by the treatment with RW and GJ in the diabetic/GJ and diabetic/RW groups. In the in vitro tests, resveratrol, caffeic acid, and gallic acid increased ATP, ADP, and AMP hydrolysis, while quercetin and rutin decreased the hydrolysis of these nucleotides in platelets of diabetic rats. The ADA activity and platelet aggregation were reduced in platelets of diabetic rats in the presence of all polyphenols tested in vitro. These findings suggest that RW, GJ, and all polyphenols tested were able to modulate the ectoenzymes activities. Moreover, a decrease in the platelet aggregation was observed and it could contribute to the prevention of platelet abnormality, and consequently vascular complications in diabetic state.
    Cell biochemistry and biophysics 09/2012; · 3.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The phytotoxic effects of aluminum and the mechanisms of genetically-based Al tolerance have been widely investigated, as reported in many papers and reviews. However, investigations on many Al-sensitive and Al-resistant species demonstrate that Al phytotoxicity and Al-resistance mechanisms are extremely complex phenomena. The objective of the present study was to analyze the effects of aluminum on the activity of antioxidant enzymes such as catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and ascorbate peroxidase (APX). Also was evaluated the lipid peroxidation, H(2)O(2) content, levels of ascorbic acid (ASA), non-protein thiols (NPSH) and Al content in three genotypes of oat, Avena sativa L. (UFRGS 930598, UFRGS 17, and UFRGS 280). The genotypes were grown in different concentrations of Al ranging from 90 to 555 μM for 5 days. The antioxidant system was unable to overcome toxicity resulting in negative effects such as lipid peroxidation and H(2)O(2) content in UFRGS 930598. The results showed that UFRGS 930598 was the most sensitive genotype. UFRGS 17 and UFRGS 280 were more resistant to Al toxicity. These results suggest that UFRGS 17 has mechanisms of external detoxification and UFRGS 280 has mechanisms of internal detoxification. The different behavior of enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants of the genotypes showed that aluminum resistance in UFGRS 17 and UFRGS 280 may be related to oxidative stress.
    Biology of Metals 02/2011; 24(1):73-83. · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aluminum (Al) is one of the most abundant elements of the planet and exposure to this metal can cause oxidative stress and lead to various signs of toxicity in plants. Plants are essential organisms for the environment as well as food for humans and animals. The toxic effect of aluminum is the major cause of decreased crop productivity. Thus, the objective of the present study was to analyze the effects of aluminum on the activity of antioxidant enzymes such as catalase (CAT - E.C. 1.11.1.6), superoxide dismutase (SOD - E.C.1.15.1.1) and ascorbate peroxidase (APX - E.C. 1.11.1.11), and on lipid peroxidation, electrolyte leakage percentage (ELP) and chlorophyll and protein oxidation levels in Cucumis sativus L. (cv. Aodai). Seedlings were grown at different concentrations of aluminum ranging from 1 to 2000 microM for 10 days. The increase in ELP and H(2)O(2) production observed in the seedlings may be related to the decreased efficiency of the antioxidant system at higher aluminum concentrations. The antioxidant system was unable to overcome toxicity resulting in negative effects such as lipid peroxidation, protein oxidation and a decrease in the growth of Cucumis seedlings. Aluminum toxicity triggered alterations in the antioxidant and physiological status of growing cucumber seedlings.
    Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 08/2010; 48(8):683-9. · 2.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Oxidative stress caused by mercury (Hg) was investigated in Pfaffia glomerata plantlets grown in nutrient solution using sand as substrate. Thirty-day-old acclimated plants were treated for 9 days with four Hg levels (0, 1, 25 and 50 microM) in the substrate. Parameters such as growth, tissue Hg concentration, toxicity indicators (delta-aminolevulinic acid dehidratase, delta-ALA-D, activity), oxidative damage markers (TBARS, lipid peroxidation, and H(2)O(2) concentration) and enzymatic (superoxide dismutase, SOD, catalase, CAT, and ascorbate peroxidase, APX) and non-enzymatic (non-protein thiols, NPSH, ascorbic acid, AsA, and proline concentration) antioxidants were investigated. Tissue Hg concentration increased with Hg levels. Root and shoot fresh weight and delta-ALA-D activity were significantly decreased at 50 microM Hg, and chlorophyll and carotenoid concentration were not affected. Shoot H(2)O(2) concentration increased curvilinearly with Hg levels, whereas lipid peroxidation increased at 25 and 50 microM Hg, respectively, in roots and shoots. SOD activity showed a straight correlation with H(2)O(2) concentration, whereas CAT activity increased only in shoots at 1 and 50 microM Hg. Shoot APX activity was either decreased at 1 microM Hg or increased at 50 lM Hg. Conversely, root APX activity was only increased at 1 microM Hg. In general, AsA, NPSH and proline concentrations increased upon addition of Hg, with the exception of proline in roots, which decreased. These changes in enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants had a significant protective effect on P. glomerata plantlets under mild Hg-stressed conditions.
    Biology of Metals 04/2010; 23(2):295-305. · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The present study was designed to study the process of stress adaptation in roots and shoot of Zea mays seedlings grown under hydroponic conditions during exposure to lead (Pb) (0-200 microM) for 1-7 d. The alterations in growth and in the level of various biochemical parameters were accessed vis-à-vis Pb accumulation. The accumulation of Pb increased in a concentration-duration-dependent manner, however its translocation from root to shoot was low. At the same time, the level of malondialdehyde (MDA) increased with increasing Pb concentration. However, growth parameters, such as dry weight and root length did not show a significant decline to any of the Pb concentrations. In addition, the level of photosynthetic pigments decreased only upon exposure to high Pb concentrations. These results suggested an alleviation of the stress that was presumably being achieved by antioxidants viz., superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) as well as ascorbic acid (AsA), which increased linearly with increasing Pb levels and exposure time. However, the level of non-protein thiols (NP-SH) in roots, in general, showed a decline beyond 4d that could be attributed to their consumption for the purpose of Pb detoxification. In conclusion, Zea mays can be used as an indicator species for Pb, and the various antioxidants might play a key role in the detoxification of Pb induced toxic effects.
    Journal of hazardous materials 08/2009; 172(1):479-84. · 4.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to evaluate whether the oxidative stress caused by aluminum (Al) toxicity is an early symptom that can trigger root growth inhibition in Macaca (Al-sensitive) and SMIC148-A (Al-tolerant) potato clones. Plantlets were grown in a nutrient solution (pH 4.00) with 0, 100 and 200mg Al L(-1). At 24, 72, 120 and 168h after Al addition, root length and biochemical parameters were determined. Regardless of exposure time, root length of the Macaca clone was significantly lower at 200mg Al L(-1). For the SMIC148-A clone, root length did not decrease with any Al treatments. Al supply caused lipid peroxidation only in Macaca, in both roots (at 24, 72, 120 and 168h) and shoot (at 120 and 168h). In roots of the Macaca, catalase (CAT) and ascorbate peroxidase (APX) activity decreased at 72 and 120h, and at 24, 72 and 120h, respectively. At 168h, both activities increased upon addition of Al. In roots of the SMIC148-A, CAT activity increased at 72 and 168h, whereas APX activity decreased at 72h and increased at 24, 12 and 168h. The Macaca showed lower root non-protein thiol group (NPSH) concentration at 200mg Al L(-1) in all evaluations, but the SMIC148-A either did not demonstrate any alterations at 24 and 72h or presented higher levels at 120h. This pattern was also observed in root ascorbic acid (AsA) concentration at 24 and 120h. The cellular redox status of these potato clones seems to be affected by Al. Therefore, oxidative stress may be an important mechanism for Al toxicity, mainly in the Al-sensitive Macaca clone.
    Chemosphere 07/2009; 76(10):1402-9. · 3.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In order to evaluate the effect of cadmium (Cd(2+)) toxicity on mineral nutrient accumulation in potato (Solanum tuberosum L.), two cultivars named Asterix and Macaca were cultivated both in vitro and in hydroponic experiments under increasing levels of Cd(2+) (0, 100, 200, 300, 400 and 500 microM in vitro and 0, 50, 100, 150 and 200 microM in hydroponic culture). At 22 and 7 days of exposure to Cd(2+), for the in vitro and hydroponic experiment, respectively, the plantlets were separated into roots and shoot, which were analyzed for biomass as well as Cd(2+), and macro (Ca(2+), K(+) and Mg(2+)) and micronutrient (Cu(2+), Fe(2+), Mn(2+) and Zn(2+)) contents. In the hydroponic experiment, there was no reduction in shoot and root dry weight for any Cd(2+) level, regardless of the potato cultivar. In contrast, in the in vitro experiment, there was an increase in biomass at low Cd(2+) levels, while higher Cd(2+) levels caused a decrease. In general, Cd(2+) decreased the macronutrient and micronutrient contents in the in vitro cultured plantlets in both roots and shoot of cultivars. In contrast, the macronutrient and micronutrient contents in the hydroponically grown plantlets were generally not affected by Cd(2+). Our data suggest that the influence of Cd(2+) on nutrient content in potato was related to the level of Cd(2+) in the substrate, potato cultivar, plant organ, essential element, growth medium and exposure time.
    Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 05/2009; 47(9):814-21. · 2.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A hydroponic experiment was carried out to characterize the oxidative stress responses of two potato cultivars (Solanum tuberosum L. cvs. Asterix and Macaca) to cadmium (Cd). Plantlets were exposed to four Cd levels (0, 50, 100, 150 and 200 microM) for 7 days. Cd concentration was increased in both roots and shoot. Number of sprouts and roots was not decreased, whereas Cd treatment affected the number of nodal segments. Chlorophyll content and ALA-D activity were decreased in both cultivars, whereas carotenoids content was decreased only in Macaca. Cd caused lipid peroxidation in roots and shoot of both cultivars. Protein oxidation was only verified at the highest Cd level. H(2)O(2) content was increased in roots and shoot of Asterix, and apparently, a compensatory response between roots and shoot of Macaca was observed. SOD activity was inhibited in roots of Asterix at all Cd treatments, whereas in Macaca it was only increased at two highest Cd levels. Shoot SOD activity increased in Asterix and decreased in Macaca. Root CAT activity in Asterix decreased at 100 and 150 microM, whereas in Macaca it decreased only at 50 microM. Shoot CAT activity was decreased in Macaca. Root AsA content in Macaca was not affected, whereas in shoot it was reduced at 100 microM and increased at 200 microM. Cd caused increase in NPSH content in roots and shoot. Our results suggest that Cd induces oxidative stress in both potato cultivars and that of the two cultivars, Asterix showed greater sensitivity to Cd levels.
    Biology of Metals 04/2009; 22(5):779-92. · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, the effects of cadmium chloride (CdCl2) on plant growth, histology of roots, photosynthetic pigments content, δ-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase (ALA-D; E.C. 4.2.1.24) and acid phosphatase activities (AP; E.C. 3.1.3.2), soluble phosphorus (Pi) measurement and mineral nutrients content in cucumber seedlings (Cucumis sativus L.) were investigated. Cucumber seedlings were grown in vitro in an agar-solidified substrate containing four CdCl2 treatments (0, 100, 400, and 1000 μM) for ten days. Cd was readily absorbed by seedlings and its content was greater in the roots than in the shoot. Cd reduced shoot and root length, and fresh and dry biomass of seedlings. Inhibition of root cell elongation in Cd-treated seedlings was observed by the increase of the mean radial size of cells belonging to three zones of the root tip. The highest level of Cd reduced in a similar manner chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b and total chlorophyll contents. Increasing concentrations of Cd resulted in a linear decrease in carotenoids levels of cotyledons. Interestingly, the ALA-D activity in cotyledons was inhibited only at the highest level of Cd. Root and shoot AP activities were, respectively, activated and inhibited at all CdCl2 concentrations. Root Pi concentration was increased in all Cd treatments and it was not altered in the shoot tissues. Moreover, in general, the nutrient contents were increased in the root and decreased in the shoot. Therefore, we suggest that Cd affects negatively growth, photosynthetic pigments, ALA-D and AP activities and partition of mineral nutrients in cucumber seedlings.
    Biologia 01/2009; 64(2):310-318. · 0.51 Impact Factor
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    Brazilian Journal of Plant Physiology 12/2008; 21(3):175-186.

Publication Stats

185 Citations
56.92 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2006–2014
    • Universidade Federal de Santa Maria
      • • Centre of Natural and Exact Sciences (CCNE)
      • • Department of Chemical Engineering (DEQ)
      Santa Maria da Boca do Monte, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
  • 2009
    • Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology from Rio Grande do Sul
      Farroupilha, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
  • 2008
    • Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
      • Departamento de Bioquímica
      Porto Alegre, Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil