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Publications (3)19.11 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Tocopheryl succinates (TOSs) are, in contrast to tocopherols, highly cytotoxic against many cancer cells. In this study the enzyme activity of secretory phospholipase A(2) towards various succinate-phospholipid conjugates has been investigated. The synthesis of six novel phospholipids is described, including two TOS phospholipids conjugates. The studies revealed that the TOS conjugates are poor substrates for the enzyme whereas the phospholipids with alkyl and phenyl succinate moieties were hydrolyzed by the enzyme to a high extent.
    Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry 05/2012; 20(13):3972-8. · 2.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Secretory phospholipase A(2) (sPLA(2)) is an interesting enzyme for triggered liposomal drug delivery to tumor tissue due the overexpression of sPLA(2) in cancerous tissue. A drug delivery system based on the triggered release of therapeutics from sPLA(2)-sensitive liposomes constituted of pro anticancer ether lipids, which become cytotoxic upon sPLA(2)-catalyzed hydrolysis has previously been established. To optimize the hydrolysis rate of the lipids and thereby optimizing the release profile of the drugs from the liposomes, we have synthesized a thio-ester pro anticancer ether lipid. Liposomes constituted of this lipid showed an altered rate of hydrolysis by sPLA(2). We have tested the cytotoxicity of the thio-ester pro anticancer ether lipids toward cancer cells, and the results showed that the cytotoxicity is indeed maintained upon sPLA(2) exposure. To further understand the origin for the observed different hydrolysis rates for the esters, we have applied molecular dynamics simulations and density functional theory. The combination of these theoretical methods has given valuable insight into the molecular mechanism for sPLA(2) action on sulfur-containing phospholipids. It appears that the enzyme-catalyzed hydrolysis of thio-esters follow a different pathway compared to the hydrolysis pathway of the free thio-ester.
    Journal of the American Chemical Society 09/2009; 131(34):12193-200. · 10.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The synthesis and biophysical characterization of four prodrug ether phospholipid conjugates are described. The lipids are prepared from the anticancer drug chlorambucil and have C16 and C18 ether chains with phosphatidylcholine or phosphatidylglycerol headgroups. All four prodrugs have the ability to form unilamellar liposomes (86-125 nm) and are hydrolyzed by phospholipase A(2), resulting in chlorambucil release. Liposomal formulations of prodrug lipids displayed cytotoxicity toward HT-29, MT-3, and ES-2 cancer cell lines in the presence of phospholipase A(2), with IC(50) values in the 8-36 microM range.
    Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 05/2009; 52(10):3408-15. · 5.61 Impact Factor