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ABSTRACT: To investigate the prevalence of anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) and anti-keratin antibodies (AKAs) in a cohort of patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathy.
In a cross-sectional study, we determined the presence of anti-CCP and AKAs by ELISA and IIF, respectively, in a cohort of 90 consecutive patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathy. Associations between anti-CCP and clinical manifestations or other autoantibodies were determined with the chi-square and Mann-Whitney U-tests. Radiographs of hands were retrospectively evaluated. Serum autoantibody profile was determined in all patients.
Twelve patients were positive to anti-CCP (13.3%); in eight cases values were moderate-high. AKAs were not detected in any patient. Comparison between patients positive and negative to anti-CCP did not show clinical or biological differences. Arthritis joint erosions or positive status to anti-synthetase antibodies were not more frequent in patients with anti-CCP antibodies. Prevalence of RF was the only variable significantly associated with the presence of these antibodies (P = 0.043).
High titres of anti-CCP can occasionally be found in patients with inflammatory myopathy. Therefore, a possible diagnosis of RA should be considered with caution in these patients.
Rheumatology (Oxford, England) 05/2009; 48(6):676-9. DOI:10.1093/rheumatology/kep065 · 4.44 Impact Factor