Michael G Kindred

Oklahoma State University - Tulsa, Tulsa, Oklahoma, United States

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Publications (2)10.24 Total impact

  • Article: Reply.
    William C Jennings · Michael G Kindred · Thomas A Broughan ·

    Journal of the American College of Surgeons 12/2009; 209(6):794. DOI:10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2009.09.014 · 5.12 Impact Factor
  • William C Jennings · Michael G Kindred · Thomas A Broughan ·
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    ABSTRACT: The radiocephalic arteriovenous fistula (RC-AVF) at the wrist is the recommended first choice for hemodialysis access. Several authors have reported early thrombosis or failure of RC-AVFs to mature in up to 20% to 57% of patients. We report a consecutive series of individuals in whom physical and ultrasonography (US) examinations predicted success with RC-AVFs. Records of all patients who underwent vascular access operations by the communicating author from June 2003 through June 2008 were reviewed to identify those individuals with RC-AVF procedures. Physical examination and US screening criteria for creating a RC-AVF included a continuous and uninterrupted outflow vein diameter > or = 2.5 mm and a normal radial artery inflow examination with vessel diameter > or = 2.0 mm. A venous branching point at the wrist was identified to create a broad patch for the RC-AVF anastomosis. We reviewed 796 consecutive vascular access operations, identifying 75 RC-AVFs created in 74 patients. Patient ages were 20 to 82 years (mean 57 years). Eighteen were women and 42 were diabetic. Mean followup was 14.5 months. Primary, primary-assisted, and cumulative (secondary) patency were 58.3%, 96.2%, and 100%, respectively, at 12 months and 48.1%, 91.5%, and 95.7%, respectively, at 24 months. RC-AVF at the wrist remains our first choice for vascular access in the subset of patients meeting specific preoperative criteria by physical and United States examinations. Cumulative patency was 100% at 12 months and 95.7% at 24 months. Although RC-AVF construction technique is important, careful patient selection is believed to be the critical element in creating functional and durable RC-AVFs.
    Journal of the American College of Surgeons 04/2009; 208(3):419-25. DOI:10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2008.11.015 · 5.12 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

24 Citations
10.24 Total Impact Points


  • 2009
    • Oklahoma State University - Tulsa
      Tulsa, Oklahoma, United States