Roberto Montanari

Università degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Modène, Emilia-Romagna, Italy

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Publications (50)8.33 Total impact

  • The Sixth International Conference on Advanced Cognitive Technologies and Applications.; 01/2014
  • Chiara Ferrarini, Eva Eriksson, Roberto Montanari, Ruth Sims
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    ABSTRACT: This paper describes the aim and preliminary results obtained during the first year of the project: "DEVICE: DEsign for Vulnerable generatIons- Children and Elderly". The aim of the project is to develop new educational programs for students and professionals with a specific focus on design for vulnerable generations, mainly children and elderly. The paper, whose focus is on design for children, describes the methodology and the preliminary results of the state of the art and analysis undertaken within the project, which consists of a list of training needs and educational programs that will be developed and validated during the next project months.
    12th International Conference on Interaction Design and Children, New York; 06/2013
  • Cognitive 2013, The fifth international conference on advanced cognitive technologies and applications; 01/2013
  • Chiara Ferrarini, Roberto Montanari, Francesco Tesauri
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    ABSTRACT: The paper presents the Italian Test site that has been recently carried out within the European project SAFEWAY2SCHOOL. The aim of the project is to design, develop, integrate and evaluate technologies for providing a holistic and safe transportation service for children, during their trip from their home door to the school door. The Italian pilot will focus on school transportation through two equipped buses, serving urban and extra-urban areas differing in the type of service offered and age of pupils served. As a local peculiarity, the role of adult assistants on the bus will be taken into account. (C) 2012 Published by Elsevier Ltd. Selection and/or peer review under responsibility of the Programme Committee of the Transport Research Arena 2012
    Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 12/2012; 48:3093-3101. DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.06.1275
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    ABSTRACT: D3-03 Deliverable for D3CoS
    08/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: D3-04 Deliverable for EU-D3CoS
    08/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: The use of standardized methods in driver distraction research is essential for comparing results across studies. This work examined the effects of in-vehicle information systems (IVIS) usage on eye blinks in a simulated Lane Change Test (LCT), a simple driving task specifically designed by the International Organization for Standardization. Fifteen participants performed the LCT in a driving simulator in both single- and dual-task conditions, the latter manipulated by introducing an IVIS task in the car cockpit. Results suggest that blink duration (BD), with respect to blink rate (BR), is a more sensitive and reliable indicator of driver visual workload. Besides considering mean BD values, a detailed analysis revealed that the distribution of BD follows a Gaussian-like curve in normal driving conditions: three duration classes (short, medium, long) were extracted from such distribution, and changes happening to each class were analyzed within the dual-task conditions. Short and long blinks reflect, respectively, the effects of visual workload and time on task: more short blinks occur with an IVIS interaction during driving, while more long blinks arise as time spent driving increases. These results may have practical implications for system design in automotive.Research highlights► In-vehicle information systems (IVIS) impair driver attention and road safety. ► Driver distraction research needs standardized methods like the Lane Change Test (LCT). ► Within the LCT eye movement metrics deserve further investigation. ► We studied eye blink duration during driver interaction with an IVIS. ► Eye blink duration indexes the effect of IVIS usage on driver visual workload.
    Transportation Research Part F Traffic Psychology and Behaviour 05/2011; 14(3):199-208. DOI:10.1016/j.trf.2010.12.001 · 1.99 Impact Factor
  • ASME 2011 world conference on innovative virtual reality : proceedings; 01/2011
  • Roberto Montanari, Andrea Borin, Andrea Spadoni
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    ABSTRACT: The enormous impact that road fatalities have in our society has attracted the attention of various official entities and policy makers in the last 15 years. Among motor vehicle accidents, which represent the second most frequent cause of death for people aged from 5-29 (2), motorcycle and moped fatalities account for 17,7% of the total number of road accident fatalities in Europe. It's clear that the social impact of this phenomenon is dramatically negative from the social point of view (9). SAFERIDER is a research project aimed at studying the potential of Advanced Riding Assistance System and On Bike Information System integration on motorcycle and develop a rider-friendly interaction elements with riders. The functionalities have been evaluated Europewide in simulators and motorcycle demonstrators, testing them on functional, usability and acceptance point of views. SAFERIDER outcomes prove that Intelligent Technology System in motorcycle might contribute to the significant enhancement of riders' safety and comfort.
    Proceedings of the 9th ACM SIGCHI Italian Chapter International Conference on Computer-Human Interaction: Facing Complexity, CHItaly 2011, Alghero, Italy, September 13-16, 2011; 01/2011
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    ABSTRACT: Background In recent studies it has been investigated how the decrease of situation awareness is related to the level of drivers’ attention Background In recent studies it has been investigated how the decrease of situation awareness is related to the level of drivers’ attention dedicated to the road and to drivers’ incorrect expectation on traffic events. This paper is aimed at investigating the effects dedicated to the road and to drivers’ incorrect expectation on traffic events. This paper is aimed at investigating the effects of a distracting visual research task and drivers’ expectations on traffic behaviour on drivers’ on-road performances. of a distracting visual research task and drivers’ expectations on traffic behaviour on drivers’ on-road performances. Methods Methods Twenty drivers were involved in a driving experiment where they were asked to perform several car followings, with and without Twenty drivers were involved in a driving experiment where they were asked to perform several car followings, with and without interacting with a visual research task. Expectations of traffic behaviour were reproduced by varying (i) the lead vehicle interacting with a visual research task. Expectations of traffic behaviour were reproduced by varying (i) the lead vehicle speed: proceeding at a variable speed and sudden brake and (ii) size: a car for predictable conditions, a bus (obstructing speed: proceeding at a variable speed and sudden brake and (ii) size: a car for predictable conditions, a bus (obstructing follower sight) for unpredictable. Average Time Headway and Brake Reaction Time were selected as on-road performance indicators. follower sight) for unpredictable. Average Time Headway and Brake Reaction Time were selected as on-road performance indicators. Result Results confirmed literature findings in terms of driver behaviour impairment in the visual research task conditions; at Result Results confirmed literature findings in terms of driver behaviour impairment in the visual research task conditions; at the same time, the unpredictability of lead driver behaviour negatively influenced the longitudinal behaviour, in particular the same time, the unpredictability of lead driver behaviour negatively influenced the longitudinal behaviour, in particular when drivers were asked to also deal with the secondary task. when drivers were asked to also deal with the secondary task. Conclusion Conclusion The interesting aspect of the results is the negative effect on the longitudinal behaviour of the reproduced unexpected events. The interesting aspect of the results is the negative effect on the longitudinal behaviour of the reproduced unexpected events. Even if this is a small scale experiment, significant differences have been found, even worst if drivers also have to deal Even if this is a small scale experiment, significant differences have been found, even worst if drivers also have to deal with a secondary task. Data collected and experiment findings have also been used to design a driver model for the prediction with a secondary task. Data collected and experiment findings have also been used to design a driver model for the prediction of driver’s distraction, currently under development. of driver’s distraction, currently under development. KeywordsAdvanced Driver Assistance Systems-Automotive environment-Modelling distraction-Driver vehicle interction KeywordsAdvanced Driver Assistance Systems-Automotive environment-Modelling distraction-Driver vehicle interction
    12/2010: pages 241-248;
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    ABSTRACT: For more than one decade the European Commission has been focusing on the enhancement of road safety by funding research on Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) and Intelligent Vehicle Information Systems (IVIS) in the field of automotive. However, the application of such technologies for motorcycles is currently lacking behind. While in the automotive sector extended knowledge has been generated also on the Human-Machine Interface (HMI) for ADAS and IVIS this does not apply for the motorcycle sector. In the 7th framework program the European Commission is therefore funding the motorcycle research project SAFERIDER (Advanced telematics for enhancing the safety and comfort of motorcycle riders) [1]. Within the project five Advanced Riding Assistance Systems (ARAS) and four On-Bike Information Systems (OBIS) have been adapted for the use on motorbikes. Furthermore innovative haptic, visual and acoustic elements for the design of the HMI (Human Machine Interface) have been developed. This paper focuses on the user-centered design approach applied in the development of the HMI. Therefore the procedure of DIN EN ISO 13407 has been chosen, consisting of: understanding the uses cases, analysis of the (user) requirements, design and evaluation. This method enables a continuous control of the development and ensures the development of systems that comply with the context of use and user requirements and expectations. For a new topic like ARAS and OBIS this is necessary to enable a stepwise and early correction of the HMI concept where needed.
    8th International Motorcycle Conference, Köln; 10/2010
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    C Calefato, R Montanari, F Tesauri
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    ABSTRACT: This paper is focused on the importance of collaboration during the par-allel phases of a design process. A User Centered Design (UCD) chain is usually led jointly by interaction designers and software developers teams. In order to make this chain efficient and effective, both teams must share a common view of the project, allowing to keep parallel processes, aware of each other's needs and aims. A study is reported here, aimed at pointing out stages and features that can reinforce and improve the effectiveness of groups of designers coming from dif-ferent backgrounds at work. The objective was to apply UCD in a critical way, in order to give to some concepts a more precise meaning and to increase its power.
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    ABSTRACT: This is a conference paper. Further deatils of the conference can be found at: http://www.itsworldcongress.kr/ This paper presents the European Large Scale Collaborative Project TeleFOT, describing its status and its first results. The paper is structured into two main sections: The first paragraph briefly introduces the justification and core elements of TeleFOT, showing the scope and primary objectives of the project. Significant research and development in Europe in recent years have been focusing on Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS), since they are contributing to a change in mobility. The number of devices supporting transportation is increasing. In particular, the market penetration of aftermarket nomadic devices as personal navigation devices (PND) or smart phones is growing exponentially according to the market trends, but no scientific evidence of impacts directly related to the use of aftermarket and nomadic devices in vehicle exist yet. Therefore there is a need to test via Field Operational Tests (FOT) the impacts of driver support functions on the driving task, including future interactive traffic services that will become part of driving environment systems. The second paragraph of this paper illustrates the Field Operational Tests to be conducted in TeleFOT and progress reached so far in the project. These include (but are not limited to) large scale test sites in 8 member states, FOT framework creation, benchmarking, piloting and data analysis planning. Published
  • Fabio Tango, Marco Botta, Luca Minin, Roberto Montanari
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    ABSTRACT: Driver's distraction has become an important and growing safety concern with the increasing use of the so-called In-Vehicle Information Systems (IVIS), such as cell-phones, navigation systems, etc. A very promising way to overcome this problem is to detect driver's distraction and thus to adopt in-vehicle systems accordingly, in order to avoid or mitigate the negative effects. The purpose of this paper is to illustrate a method for the non-intrusive detection of visual distraction, based on the vehicle dynamic data; in particular, we present and compare two models, applying Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) and Support Vector Machines (SVM) which are well-known data-mining methods. Despite of what already done in literature, our method does not use eye-tracker data in the final classifier. With respect to other similar works, we regard distraction identification as a classification problem and, moreover, we extend the datasets, both in terms of data-points and of scenarios. Data for training the models were collected using a static driving simulator, with real human subjects performing a specific secondary task (SURT) while driving. Different training methods, model characteristics and features selection criteria have been compared. Potential applications of this research include the design of adaptive IVIS and of "smarter" Partially Autonomous Driving Assistance Systems (PADAS), as well as the evaluation of driver's distraction.
    ECAI 2010 - 19th European Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Lisbon, Portugal, August 16-20, 2010, Proceedings; 01/2010
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    ABSTRACT: The acceleration of rhythm of everyday life requires efficiency and flexibility in daily routines. The real expectations and needs of people concerning intelligent home devices should be carefully researched. The project Moon 2.0 by Indesit Company presents alternative ways of producing household appliance services developing a 2.0 Human Machine Interface and programs setting unit for washing machines, totally manageable by smart phones or I-Phones. Users cannot explicitly control washing machines when they would like to use a feature combination that has not application in a current washing program. The application of the Web 2.0 philosophy to the washing machine let the user the possibility to directly control all the existing features of the washing programs and to decide time by time how many programs their machine should have, with regards to the transparency and interactivity concepts of the ambient intelligence. Moon 2.0 should not be confused with an hand held personal home assistant capable of controlling a wide range of electronic home devices. The smart phone behaves the intelligence of the washing machine and offers the user endless customisation possibilities.
    Proceedings of the International Conference on Advanced Visual Interfaces, AVI 2010, Roma, Italy, May 26-28, 2010; 01/2010
  • Fabiana Vernero, Roberto Montanari
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    ABSTRACT: This paper describes how persuasive technologies have been introduced in the interface (HCI) of a production processes management system (PPMS) adopted into a high-risk chemical plant, making the operators’ tasks safer and less afflicted by human errors. The hypothesis that persuasive technologies can contribute to improve safety was empirically confirmed in a study carried out on a real PPMS. It has been observed that this PPMS implements a persuasion strategy called tunnelling, aimed at forcing the operators to strictly follow a step-by-step and start-to-end execution of the tasks. First, a survey was conducted on a sample of 13 operators in order to investigate the role played by the PPMS, comparing it with the “functional triad” proposed by Fogg (Persuasive technology. Using computers to change what we think and do. Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, San Francisco, 2002). Then, an analysis on production volumes and accidents revealed that the PPMS actually encourages safer behaviours and contributed to a reduction of the number of dangerous slips and lapses since its adoption.
    Cognition Technology and Work 01/2010; 12:51-60. DOI:10.1007/s10111-009-0128-5 · 1.00 Impact Factor