Fumiyo Kitaoka

Kanazawa University, Kanazawa-shi, Ishikawa-ken, Japan

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Publications (2)3.37 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The stems of Akebia plants, Akebiae Caulis, have long been used in traditional Chinese and Japanese medicines, and are mainly produced in western Japan. Three Akebia plants, Akebia quinata (AQ), A. trifoliata (AT), and A. pentaphylla (AP) grow wild in Japan. With the aim of carrying out molecular biological identification of Akebia plant species and discriminating Akebiae Caulis from other related crude drugs originating from non-Akebia plants, sequencing analysis of Akebia plants collected from various parts of Japan and the southern Korean Peninsula was performed. Specimens identified morphologically as AQ and AT had their respective common internal transcribed spacer one (ITS1) sequences, which could be distinguished. Cloning experiments of AP specimens showed that their ITS1 contained both common sequences of AQ and AT as well as their chimera. These chimeric sequences were not identical between AP specimens, suggesting that AP is not a species with uniform DNA sequences but a group of individuals with hybrid genomes of AQ and AT. Based on the sequences of Akebia species found here, we propose polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphisms (PCR-RFLP) methods to discriminate Akebiae Caulis from the related crude drugs and to distinguish three Akebia plants. Comparison of triterpene-rich fractions of extracts from Akebia plants by TLC showed that AP had an intermediate profile of AQ and AT.
    Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 05/2009; 32(4):665-70. · 1.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The stem of the Akebia plant, "Mokutsu", is a crude diuretic and antiphlogistic drug. Japanese products prepared from wild Akebia plants cover most of the Mokutsu market. Two Akebia plants, Akebia quinata Decaisne (Aq) and A. trifoliata Koidzumi (At) of Lardizabalaceae, are standardized as Mokutsu in Japanese pharmacopoeia. These two Akebia plants along with A. x pentaphylla Makino (Ap), which is considered a hybrid with the morphology of Aq and At, can be distinguished by DNA sequence analysis of internal transcribed spacers 1 and 2 (ITS) of nuclear ribosome DNA. Here, we report the results of molecular genetic analysis of Akebia plants grown in various wild habitats in Japan. We found that each of three Akebia plants could be distinguished in terms of their locality according to their nucleotide sequence in ITS, specifically at positions 91, 128, 133, 134, and 221. Plants with a comparable habitat had similar nucleotide sequences at these five points. We also found Aq with ITS and nucleotide deletion at position 86 that was distributed only around Awajishima in Shikoku (A), Harimanada (B), and Kinki (C), including the chief production center of Akebia Caulis. The results of these ITS sequences enabled discrimination of plants originating from Akebia Caulis.
    Journal of Natural Medicines 04/2009; 63(3):368-74. · 1.52 Impact Factor