[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The majority of colorectal tumors are aneuploid because of the underlying chromosome instability (CIN) phenotype, in which a defective mitotic checkpoint is implicated. Adenomatous polyposis coli (APC), a tumor suppressor gene that is commonly mutated in colon cancers, has been suggested in causing CIN; however, the molecular mechanism remains unresolved. In this study, we report an interaction of tumor-associated N-terminal APC fragments (N-APC) with Mad2, an essential mitotic checkpoint protein, providing a direct molecular support for linking APC mutations to the generation of CIN. N-APC interacts with Mad2 in Xenopus egg extracts, colon cancer cells, and in vitro with purified components. The interaction between N-APC and Mad2 decreases the soluble pool of Mad2, which is essential for Mad2 cycling and releasing from unattached kinetochores to produce a diffusible |P;wait anaphase|P' signal. Addition of such an N-APC mutant of egg extracts inactivates the mitotic checkpoint. Expressing a tumor-associated N-APC mutant in mammalian cells with an intact mitotic checkpoint produces premature anaphase onset with missegregated chromosomes.
Molecular biology of the cell 04/2009; 20(9):2381-8. · 5.98 Impact Factor