Euglena Puzzangara

University of Catania, Catania, Sicily, Italy

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Publications (5)12.19 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: About 30 to 50% of patients undergoing cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) may not show clinical or echocardiographic improvement, despite fulfilling guidelines recommendations for CRT. For this reason, we need a more accurate method to assess CRT eligibility. The aims of this study were to verify, on a 12-month follow-up, the usefulness of QT corrected dispersion (QTcD) in a patient's selection for CRT. We stratified 53 patients who underwent CRT, into two groups based on the estimation of QTcD, that is, QTcD > 60 ms and QTcD ≤ 60 ms. In all patients were performed New York Heart Association (NYHA) class determination, six-minute walking test, QtcD, and QRS measurements, and complete echocardiographic assessment at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after implantation. At baseline, there were no significant differences in clinical, echocardiographic, and electrocardiographic parameters duration between two groups. At 12-month follow-up between the two groups, there were significant differences in NYHA (1.2 ± 0.4 vs 2 ± 0.6; P < 0.01), six-minute walking distance (422 ± 68 vs 364 ± 68; P < 0.01), left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (34 ± 7% vs 28 ± 6%; P < 0.01), LV end-diastolic diameter (57 ± 7 vs 63 ± 8; P < 0.01), and LV intraventricular dyssynchrony (24 ± 14 vs 39 ± 23; P < 0.01). This study suggests that QTc dispersion in addition to QRS duration could improve the sensitivity of electrocardiogram in a patient's selection for CRT.
    Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology 05/2012; 35(7):850-5. · 1.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Conduction disorders and permanent pacemaker (PPM) implantation are common complications in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Previous studies, evaluating small populations, have identified several different predictors of PPM implantation after TAVI. The aim of this study was to assess the incidence rate of conduction disorders and the predictors of postoperative PPM requirement in a large series of patients undergoing TAVI. Data were analyzed from 181 consecutive patients at high-risk surgery who underwent TAVI at our institute between July 2007 and April 2011. All patients underwent implantation of the third-generation percutaneous self-expanding CoreValve® prosthesis (CoreValve, Inc., Irvine, CA, USA). In all patients, a 12-lead electrocardiogram and a 24-h holter monitoring was recorded before and after the procedure in order to assess the presence of conduction disorders. Clinical data, preoperative conduction disorders, echocardiographic patterns, and procedural data were tested as predictors of PPM implantation after TAVI. Left bundle branch block (LBBB) was the most common conduction disorder, with an incidence of 50.3% at discharge. Fifty-two (32.1%) patients developed a persistent complete AVB requiring PPM implantation. PPM implantation was strongly correlated with the presence of preoperative right bundle branch block (RBBB) which was found to be the only independent predictor of PPM implantation (HR 16.5, CI 3.3-82.3, p < 0.001). LBBB and PPM implantation requirement after TAVI are common occurrences using the self-expanding CoreValve prosthesis. In this large series of consecutive patients, only RBBB was found to be a strong predictor of PPM requirement.
    Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology 11/2011; 34(2):189-95. · 1.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To compare functional and structural changes of the left ventricle and long-term clinical outcomes in diabetic and nondiabetic patients with heart failure undergoing cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). Sixty-eight patients with heart failure undergoing CRT were included: 18 were diabetic patients and 50 nondiabetic patients. The CRT eligibility was established by echocardiographic assessments. CRT improved ventricular geometry and dyssynchrony in both diabetic and nondiabetic patients, with no significant difference in the magnitude of the effects on the left ventricular function. Over a median follow-up of 30.6 ± 6.2 months, there were no significant differences in the rates of any cause death (16.7 vs. 14.0%, P = 0.72), cardiac death (11.1 vs. 8.0%, P = 0.65) and heart rehospitalization (5.6 vs. 6.0%, P = 1.0), between diabetic and nondiabetic patients, respectively. Diabetes was not found to be an independent factor associated with worse clinical outcome. Resynchronization therapy provided significant functional and hemodynamic improvements in both diabetic and nondiabetic patients. Long-term prognosis in heart failure patients with diabetes was comparable with that in those without diabetes.
    Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine 12/2010; 12(6):396-400. · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The assessment of defibrillation efficacy using a safety margin of 10 J has long been the standard of care for insertion of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD), but physicians are concerned about complications related to induction test. Therefore, the need for testing has been recently questioned. The aim of our study was to assess the impact of defibrillation threshold (DFT) testing of ICD on the efficacy of ICD therapy. We analyzed data obtained from follow-up visits of 122 consecutive patients who underwent ICD implantation at our institute from April 1996 to June 2008, with (n = 42) or without (n = 80) DFT testing. Patients in the DFT group were less likely to be men (83.3% vs 96.3%, P < .031) than those in the non-DFT group. Conversely, the 2 groups were similar in age, left ventricular ejection fraction at baseline, functional class, and underlying cardiovascular disease. Results during a 12-month follow-up, 13 (31.0%) and 30 (37.5%) ventricular tachyarrhythmic episodes were recorded in the DFT and non-DFT groups, respectively (P = .472). Antitachycardia pacing (ATP) terminated most of episodes, reducing the need of defibrillation at 7.7% in the DFT group and 3.3% in the non-DFT group (P = .533). Similar percentages of inappropriate ATP interventions (7.1% vs 3.8%, P = .413) and shock deliveries (2.4% vs 5.0%, P = .659) were recorded between DFT and non-DFT groups. At 1-year follow-up, the performance of DFT testing does not seem to add any significant efficacy advantage in patients undergoing ICD implantation. Prospective randomized trials and long-term follow-up are warranted to clarify whether routine DFT testing may be safely abandoned leading to a revision of current guidelines.
    American heart journal 01/2010; 159(1):98-102. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Percutaneous aortic valve replacement (PAVR) may be an alternative therapy for patients with severe aortic stenosis who are denied valve surgery because of age and comorbidity. Data are few regarding the incidence of early conduction disorders (CD) after PAVR. We examined the incidence and characteristics of CD in the immediate postoperative period after PAVR, and the need for permanent pacemaker (PPM) implantation. Between June 2007 and June 2008 30 patients (mean age = 82.1 +/- 8.5 years) underwent PAVR in our institution. The incidence of new, postoperative CD, diagnosed by 12-lead or 24-hour Holter electrocardiogram, was 68.0%. Left bundle branch block was the most common conduction abnormality, with an incidence of 45.8%. The incidence of complete atrioventricular block requiring PPM implantation was 20%. We observed a higher incidence of early conduction disorders and need for PPM implantation after PAVR than generally reported after surgery. Whether this observation is clinically important requires larger prospective studies and follow up.
    Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology 04/2009; 32 Suppl 1:S126-30. · 1.75 Impact Factor