Asghar Abbasi

Universitätsklinikum Tübingen, Tübingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany

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Publications (13)25.77 Total impact

  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The capacity of whole blood cultures to produce cytokines in response to endotoxin (LPS) was studied in athletes before, 30 min after, 3 h after and 24 h after a half-marathon run. Eight well trained men and 8 well trained women (6 of them in the late luteal phase of their cycle) participated. EDTA blood was incubated with or without LPS for 1 h, and cytokine concentration and gene expression were determined. To quantify LPS-dependent release on a per monocyte basis (LDR), the mean values of the difference (delta) between cytokine concentration in stimulated and unstimulated cultures, normalized to monocyte numbers, were calculated. LDR of TNF-alpha was significantly reduced by exercise with identical kinetic in men and women. TNF-alpha mRNA expression was slightly down-regulated following exercise (P < 0.05), but significantly so only in women. LDR of IL-6 was also reduced, but with a faster kinetic in women than in men. Similarly, 30 min post-exercise; LDR and spontaneous release of IL-1ra were significantly less in women than men. Concomitantly, IL-Ira mRNA was significantly elevated in unstimulated and in stimulated cultures in men only. IL-10 and IL-10 mRNA were significantly induced 30 min following exercise in absence of any detectable LDR. Women showed significantly lower levels than men. LDR and spontaneous release of IL-8 was enhanced in men and TGF-beta1 in women. A significant up-regulation was seen in unstimulated IL-8 mRNA for women and LPS-stimulated IL-8 mRNA expression for men following exercise. Altogether, LPS-dependent ex vivo cytokine release was strongly influenced by exercise and these changes could only in part be attributed to changes in messenger RNA. Results for IL-1ra, IL-6 and IL-10 pointed to a less pronounced anti-inflammatory response in women as compared with men. Our results also indicate an early production of IL-10 by peripheral blood cells in response to exercise.
    Exercise immunology review 01/2013; 19:8-28. · 7.05 Impact Factor
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    02/2012; , ISBN: 978-953-51-0005-8
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    ABSTRACT: To examine the effect of ingestion of omega-3 (N-3) fatty acids on the production of interleukin (IL) 6, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) α, prostaglandin (PG) E2, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), creatine kinase (CK), and myoglobin (Mb) during an eccentric exercise program. A randomized, double-blinded, repeated measures design was used for this study. The study was performed in the Exercise Physiology Laboratory of the Urmia University. Forty-five men, who had not participated in any training program for 60 days before their participation in this study, were recruited. Plasma levels of PGE2, IL-6, TNF-α, CK, LDH, and Mb were taken before supplementation, pre-exercise, and immediately, 24, and 48 hours after eccentric exercise. Subjects were assigned to one of the experimental (1.8 g/d N-3), placebo, or control groups. Plasma levels of PGE2, IL-6, and TNF-α were assessed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays kits. Plasma level of LDH, Mb, and CK were measured using an autoanalyzer, a c-counter, and an automatic blood analyzer, respectively. The experimental group showed less elevation in TNF-α and PGE2 immediately, 24, and 48 hours after exercise, when compared with the other groups. Significantly less elevation was shown in the concentration of IL-6, CK, and Mb for the experimental group at 24 and 48 hours after exercise. The experimental group also demonstrated a significant trend toward reduction in the plasma concentration of LDH immediately, 24, and 48 hours after the exercise program. Ingestion of N-3 can be effective in ameliorating, eccentric exercise-induced, inflammatory markers.
    Clinical journal of sport medicine: official journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine 03/2011; 21(2):131-7. · 1.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: An ever-growing volume of peer-reviewed publications speaks to the recent and rapid growth in both scope and understanding of exercise immunology. Indeed, more than 95% of all peer-reviewed publications in exercise immunology (currently >2, 200 publications using search terms "exercise" and "immune") have been published since the formation of the International Society of Exercise and Immunology (ISEI) in 1989 (ISI Web of Knowledge). We recognise the epidemiological distinction between the generic term "physical activity" and the specific category of "exercise", which implies activity for a specific purpose such as improvement of physical condition or competition. Extreme physical activity of any type may have implications for the immune system. However, because of its emotive component, exercise is likely to have a larger effect, and to date the great majority of our knowledge on this subject comes from exercise studies. In this position statement, a panel of world-leading experts provides a consensus of current knowledge, briefly covering the background, explaining what we think we know with some degree of certainty, exploring continued controversies, and pointing to likely directions for future research. Part one of this position statement focuses on 'immune function and exercise' and part two on 'maintaining immune health'. Part one provides a brief introduction and history (Roy Shephard) followed by sections on: respiratory infections and exercise (Maree Gleeson); cellular innate immune function and exercise (Jeffrey Woods); acquired immunity and exercise (Nicolette Bishop); mucosal immunity and exercise (Michael Gleeson and Nicolette Bishop); immunological methods in exercise immunology (Monika Fleshner); anti-inflammatory effects of physical activity (Charlotte Green and Bente Pedersen); exercise and cancer (Laurie Hoffman-Goetz and Connie Rogers) and finally, "omics" in exercise (Hinnak Northoff, Asghar Abbasi and Perikles Simon). The focus on respiratory infections in exercise has been stimulated by the commonly held beliefs that the frequency of upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) is increased in elite endurance athletes after single bouts of ultra-endurance exercise and during periods of intensive training. The evidence to support these concepts is inconclusive, but supports the idea that exercised-induced immune suppression increases susceptibility to symptoms of infection, particularly around the time of competition, and that upper respiratory symptoms are associated with performance decrements. Conclusions from the debate on whether sore throats are actually caused by infections or are a reflection of other inflammatory stimuli associated with exercise remains unclear. It is widely accepted that acute and chronic exercise alter the number and function of circulating cells of the innate immune system (e.g. neutrophils, monocytes and natural killer (NK) cells). A limited number of animal studies has helped us determine the extent to which these changes alter susceptibility to herpes simplex and influenza virus infection. Unfortunately, we have only 'scratched the surface' regarding whether exercise-induced changes in innate immune function alter infectious disease susceptibility or outcome and whether the purported anti-inflammatory effect of regular exercise is mediated through exercise-induced effects on innate immune cells. We need to know whether exercise alters migration of innate cells and whether this alters disease susceptibility. Although studies in humans have shed light on monocytes, these cells are relatively immature and may not reflect the effects of exercise on fully differentiated tissue macrophages. Currently, there is very little information on the effects of exercise on dendritic cells, which is unfortunate given the powerful influence of these cells in the initiation of immune responses. It is agreed that a lymphocytosis is observed during and immediately after exercise, proportional to exercise intensity and duration, with numbers of cells (T cells and to a lesser extent B cells) falling below pre-exercise levels during the early stages of recovery, before returning to resting values normally within 24 h. Mobilization of T and B cell subsets in this way is largely influenced by the actions of catecholamines. Evidence indicates that acute exercise stimulates T cell subset activation in vivo and in response to mitogen- and antigen-stimulation. Although numerous studies report decreased mitogen- and antigen-stimulated T cell proliferation following acute exercise, the interpretation of these findings may be confounded by alterations in the relative proportion of cells (e.g. T, B and NK cells) in the circulation that can respond to stimulation. Longitudinal training studies in previously sedentary people have failed to show marked changes in T and B cell functions provided that blood samples were taken at least 24 h after the last exercise bout. In contrast, T and B cell functions appear to be sensitive to increases in training load in well-trained athletes, with decreases in circulating numbers of Type 1 T cells, reduced T cell proliferative responses and falls in stimulated B cell Ig synthesis. The cause of this apparent depression in acquired immunity appears to be related to elevated circulating stress hormones, and alterations in the pro/anti-inflammatory cytokine balance in response to exercise. The clinical significance of these changes in acquired immunity with acute exercise and training remains unknown. The production of secretory immunoglobulin A (SIgA) is the major effector function of the mucosal immune system providing the 'first line of defence' against pathogens. To date, the majority of exercise studies have assessed saliva SIgA as a marker of mucosal immunity, but more recently the importance of other antimicrobial proteins in saliva (e.g. alpha-amylase, lactoferrin and lysozyme) has gained greater recognition. Acute bouts of moderate exercise have little impact on mucosal immunity but prolonged exercise and intensified training can evoke decreases in saliva secretion of SIgA. Mechanisms underlying the alterations in mucosal immunity with acute exercise are probably largely related to the activation of the sympathetic nervous system and its associated effects on salivary protein exocytosis and IgA transcytosis. Depressed secretion of SIgA into saliva during periods of intensified training and chronic stress are likely linked to altered activity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, with inhibitory effects on IgA synthesis and/or transcytosis. Consensus exists that reduced levels of saliva SIgA are associated with increased risk of URTI during heavy training. An important question for exercise immunologists remains: how does one measure immune function in a meaningful way? One approach to assessing immune function that extends beyond blood or salivary measures involves challenging study participants with antigenic stimuli and assessing relevant antigen-driven responses including antigen specific cell-mediated delayed type hypersensitivity responses, or circulating antibody responses. Investigators can inject novel antigens such as keyhole limpet haemocyanin (KLH) to assess development of a primary antibody response (albeit only once) or previously seen antigens such as influenza, where the subsequent antibody response reflects a somewhat more variable mixture of primary, secondary and tertiary responses. Using a novel antigen has the advantage that the investigator can identify the effects of exercise stress on the unique cellular events required for a primary response that using a previously seen antigen (e.g. influenza) does not permit. The results of exercise studies using these approaches indicate that an acute bout of intense exercise suppresses antibody production (e.g. anti-KLH Ig) whereas moderate exercise training can restore optimal antibody responses in the face of stressors and ageing. Because immune function is critical to host survival, the system has evolved a large safety net and redundancy such that it is difficult to determine how much immune function must be lost or gained to reveal changes in host disease susceptibility. There are numerous examples where exercise alters measures of immunity by 15-25%. Whether changes of this magnitude are sufficient to alter host defence, disease susceptibility or severity remains debatable. Chronic inflammation is involved in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance, atherosclerosis, neurodegeneration, and tumour growth. Evidence suggests that the prophylactic effect of exercise may, to some extent, be ascribed to the anti-inflammatory effect of regular exercise mediated via a reduction in visceral fat mass and/or by induction of an anti-inflammatory environment with each bout of exercise (e.g. via increases in circulating anti-inflammatory cytokines including interleukin (IL)-1 receptor antagonist and IL-10). To understand the mechanism(s) of the protective, anti-inflammatory effect of exercise fully, we need to focus on the nature of exercise that is most efficient at allieviating the effects of chronic inflammation in disease. The beneficial effects of endurance exercise are well known; however, the antiinflammatory role of strength training exercises are poorly defined. In addition, the independent contribution of an exercise-induced reduction in visceral fat versus other exercise-induced anti-inflammatory mechanisms needs to be understood better. There is consensus that exercise training protects against some types of cancers. Training also enhances aspects of anti-tumour immunity and reduces inflammatory mediators. However, the evidence linking immunological and inflammatory mechanisms, physical activity, and cancer risk reduction remains tentative. (ABSTRACT TRUNCATED)
    Exercise immunology review 01/2011; 17:6-63. · 7.05 Impact Factor
  • European Journal of Pain Supplements 01/2011; 5(1):219-219.
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of ingestion of omega-3 (n-3) and aerobic exercise intervention on the calcium regulating hormones in healthy postmenopausal women. To this end, 56 healthy sedentary postmenopausal women with mean age 57.7 ± 3.5 yrs participated in this study. Participants were randomly divided into exercise plus supple-ment (E+S; n = 14), exercise (E; n = 14), supplement (S; n = 14) and control (Con, n = 14) groups. The subjects in E+S and E groups performed aerobic exercise training (walking and jog-ging) up to 65% of exercise HRmax, three times a week for 16 weeks. Subjects in E+S and S groups were asked to consume 1000 mg/d omega-3 for 16 weeks. The blood ionized Calcium (Ca(+2)), Parathyroid hormone (PTH), estrogen and Calcitonin (CT) were measured before and after 16 weeks of exercise training. Results indicated that consuming 1000 mg·day(-1) omega-3 during 16 weeks and or the aerobic exercise, significantly increased CT (p = 0.001) in E+S, E and S groups and significantly decreased PTH (p = 0.001) levels in E+S and E groups, also significantly increased estrogen (p = 0.024) levels in E+S and E groups, but had no significant effects on blood Ca(+2) (p = 0.619) levels. The results of present study demonstrate that omega-3 in combination with regular aerobic exercise training have significant effects on serum CT, estrogen and PTH in non-athletic post-menopausal women, suggesting that participating in moderate intensity weight-bearing exercise and incorporating sources of omega-3 in the diet a possible intervention to help slow the loss of bone that occurs following menopause. Key pointsLong-term weight-bearing exercise was shown to prove positive effects on bone metabolism.Serum calciotropic hormone levels and Ca(+2) can be affected by exercise intensity as well as dura-tion.There is a good relationship between dietary omega-3 (n-3) and bone metabolism in post-menopausal women.Omega-3 in combination with long-term weight-bearing exercise training has significant effects on serum calciotropic hormone levels in non-athlete post-menopausal women.
    Journal of sports science & medicine 01/2010; 9(2):245-52. · 0.89 Impact Factor
  • 01/2010: pages 39-50; , ISBN: 978-3-642-01331-7
  • B Tartibian, N Azadpoor, A Abbasi
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate inflammatory markers and muscle damage indices in response to two different intensity exercises, eighteen young volunteers participated in this study. The participants were randomly divided into two groups: moderate exercise (60% VO(2) max) and intensive exercise (75% VO(2) max). Each group had to run on the treadmill for 30 minutes. Blood samples were collected before, immediately after and two hours after exercise to determine IL-6, CK, CRP and WBC. Blood inflammatory markers and muscle damage indices levels significantly increased in both exercise groups immediately after exercise (P<0.05), but there was no significant difference between the two groups (a time * group effects) in all of the variables (P>0.05). The results of the present study suggest that in young untrained males, exercise intensity cannot be considered as the main factor that determines the inflammatory responses and aerobic exercise, regardless of intensity, results in increased plasma inflammatory responses.
    The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness 07/2009; 49(2):214-23. · 0.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of omega-3 supplementation on young wrestler's pulmonary function during intensive wrestling training. Forty healthy young male wrestlers participated in this study. The subjects were randomly divided into experimental (n=10), placebo (n=10), active control (n=10) and inactive control (n=10) groups. Participants in experimental, placebo and active control groups performed wrestling incremental training up to 95% of exercise MHR, three times a week, for 12 weeks. The inactive control group did not participate in any exercise training. Subjects in the experimental group were asked to consume omega-3 (1000 mg/day for 12 weeks), while those in placebo were refused any doses of omega-3. The pulmonary variables were measured at baseline and at the end of 12 weeks of training program. Results indicated that consuming omega-3 during 12 weeks training had a significantly positive effect on pulmonary variables such as FEV1, FVC, VC, MVV, FEF25-75, FIV1 (p=0.001), but no significant changes were observed in FEV1% (p=0.141) and FIV1% (p=0.117). The results of the present study suggest that consuming omega-3 during intensive wrestling training can improve pulmonary function of athletes during and in post-exercise.
    Journal of science and medicine in sport / Sports Medicine Australia. 07/2009; 13(2):281-6.
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of ingestion of omega-3 on perceived pain and external symptoms of delayed onset muscle soreness after eccentric exercise in knee extensors. A randomized, double-blinded, repeated measures design was used for this study. The study was performed in the Exercise Physiology Laboratory at the Faculty of Humanities of Urmia University. Twenty-seven men, who had not participated in any training program 60 days before their participation in this study, were recruited. All subjects finished the study. Knee range of motion (ROM), perceived pain, and thigh circumference of the right leg were taken before, immediately, and after 24 and 48 hours after an eccentric exercise. Subjects were assigned to one of the experimental (1.8 g/d omega-3), placebo (R.P. Scherer), or control groups. Subjects self-reported the perceived pain level of the lower limbs using the Talag mentally corrected scale. Thigh circumference was measured by using a Gulick anthropometric tape. Knee ROM was determined by using a Jamar goniometer. No differences among treatments were observed for pain and ROM before, immediately, and 24 hours after the exercise. However, observed differences in perceived pain and ROM were obvious at 48 hours postexercise. In the case of thigh circumference, differences were at 24 and 48 hours postexercise, and there was no difference before and immediately after exercise. Ingestion of omega-3 can be effective in ameliorating delayed onset muscle soreness induced by eccentric exercise.
    Clinical journal of sport medicine: official journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine 04/2009; 19(2):115-9. · 1.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The immunological reaction to exercise has been investigated with increasing intensity in the last 10-20 years, with most human studies performed in male subjects. Recently, gender-specific aspects have received growing attention, but studies carefully monitoring the influence of gender including the menstrual cycle, are rare. Here, we report gene expression patterns in response to a run at 93% of the individual anaerobic threshold of 9 women with regular menstrual cycles and no use of oral contraceptives who ran both at day 10 (follicular phase, F) and at day 25 (luteal phase, L) of their cycle. 12 male subjects (M) served as controls. The mRNA was pooled group wise and processed on a gene expression microarray encompassing 789 genes, including major genes of the inflammatory and anti-inflammatory reaction. The differences of gene expression between time points to (before run) and t1 (after run) were analyzed. Females in L showed a higher extent of regulation than females in F or men. Among those genes which were up-regulated above 1.5 fold change (log2) pro-inflammatory genes were significantly enriched (p = 0.033, after Bonferroni correction) in L, while this was not the case in F or M. Conversely, women in L showed a strong trend towards downregulation of anti-inflammatory genes. Some prominent genes like IL6 (coding for interleukin-6), and IL1RN (also termed IL1RA, coding for interleukin-1 receptor antagonist) were clearly regulated in opposite directions in L as opposed to F and M. In conclusion, women in L showed a distinctly different pattern of gene regulation in response to exercise, compared with women in F or M. The overall direction of gene expression changes of women in L is clearly pro-inflammatory. This finding accentuates a need for careful consideration of the female cyclic phase when investigating women in exercise immunology studies. Our results may also have implications relevant to other forms of stress in females.
    Exercise immunology review 02/2008; 14:86-103. · 7.05 Impact Factor
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    Bakhtyar Tartibian, Asghar Abbasi
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study has been the prediction a nd comparison of maximum O2pulse in athletic girls. For this purpose, 28 athletic girls with a mean (S. D) age, weight and height of 22 ± 1 year, 57.3 ± 6. 63 Kg and 162.52 ± 3.85 cm, respectively, who were sampled randomly, participated in this research. To predi ct the maximum O2pulse, the subjects performed 3 exercise tests: 1 mile track walk test, peak power outpu t cycle ergometry test, and the Siconolfi step test. Then the values obtained from 3 exercise tests, wer e compared with Jones predictive criterion protocol. The 1 mile track walk test and peak power output cycle ergometry test revealed objective prediction of maximum O2pulse (14.58±1.37 ml/beat, P= 0.345, 14.55±1.39 ml/beat, P=0.572) and showed no significant difference with the Jones pro tocol. However the Siconolfi step test (13.06±2.47 ml/beat, P=0.001) significantly differed (with rega rd to overestimate, under estimate) from Jones's protocol. These results suggest that the maximum O2pulse, as an indicator variable of cardiopulmonary efficiency, is predicted more objectively by 1 mile track walk test and peak power output ergometry te st than the Siconolfi step test, therefore, these two exercise tests can be used considerably for the pre diction of maximum O2pulse in athletic girls.
    01/2007;
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    ABSTRACT: Background MiRNAs are essential mediators of many biological processes. The aim of this study was to investigate the dynamics of miRNA-mRNA regulatory networks during exercise and the subsequent recovery period. Results Here we monitored the transcriptome changes using microarray analysis of the whole blood of eight highly trained athletes before and after 30 min of moderate exercise followed by 30 min and 60 min of recovery period. We combined expression profiling and bioinformatics and analysed metabolic pathways enriched with differentially expressed mRNAs and mRNAs which are known to be validated targets of differentially expressed miRNAs. Finally we revealed four dynamically regulated networks comprising differentially expressed miRNAs and their known target mRNAs with anti-correlated expression profiles over time. The data suggest that hsa-miR-21-5p regulated TGFBR3, PDGFD and PPM1L mRNAs. Hsa-miR-24-2-5p was likely to be responsible for MYC and KCNJ2 genes and hsa-miR-27a-5p for ST3GAL6. The targets of hsa-miR-181a-5p included ROPN1L and SLC37A3. All these mRNAs are involved in processes highly relevant to exercise response, including immune function, apoptosis, membrane traffic of proteins and transcription regulation. Conclusions We have identified metabolic pathways involved in response to exercise and revealed four miRNA-mRNA networks dynamically regulated following exercise. This work is the first study to monitor miRNAs and mRNAs in parallel into the recovery period. The results provide a novel insight into the regulatory role of miRNAs in stress adaptation.
    BMC Physiology 13(1).

Publication Stats

155 Citations
253 Downloads
1k Views
25.77 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013
    • Universitätsklinikum Tübingen
      • Institute for Clinical and Experimental Transfusion Medicine IKET
      Tübingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
  • 2011–2012
    • University of Tuebingen
      • • Institute of Sports Science
      • • Institute for Clinical and Experimental Transfusion Medicine (IKET)
      Tübingen, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • 2009–2011
    • Urmia University
      • Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Science
      Tabrīz, East Azarbaijan, Iran