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Publications (8)8.77 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Sulfur mustard (SM) is a strong toxic agent that causes acute and chronic health effects on a myriad of organs following exposure. Although the primary targets of inhaled mustard gas are the epithelia of the upper respiratory tract, the lower respiratory tract is the focus of the current study, and upper tract complications remain obscure. To our knowledge there is no study addressing the secretory IgA (S-IgA), C5a, alpha 1 antitrypsin (A1AT) in the saliva of SM-exposed victims. In this study, as many as 500 volunteers, including 372 SM-exposed cases and 128 control volunteers were recruited. A 3ml sample of saliva was collected from each volunteer, and the level of secretory IgA, C5a, and alpha 1 antitrypsin in the samples were compared between the two groups. The SM-exposed group showed a significantly higher amount of salivary alpha 1 antitrypsin and secretary IgA compared to the control group (p<.006 and p<.018 respectively). The two groups showed no significant difference (p=0.192) in the level of C5a. The results also showed that the level of salivary A1AT is more than that of IgA in severely injured cases. The findings presented here provide valuable insight for both researchers and practitioners dealing with victims of the chemical warfare agent, sulfur mustard. This research indicates that certain branches of the inflammatory processes mandate serious attention in therapeutic interventions.
    International immunopharmacology 01/2013; · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Toxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular protozoan parasite, capable of infecting all species of mammals including man. Congenital toxoplasmosis is more important during pregnancy for the first time. In this study we expressed and purified P43 Toxoplasma gondii tachyzoite and bradyzoite specific surface antigen. The recombinant pGEMEX-1 contained Toxoplasma P43 coding sequence was transformed into E. coli and mass cultured in LB medium contained 100 μg/ml ampicillin at 37°C over night. The T7 promoter was induced by 1mM isopropyl-1-thio-ß-D-galactopyranoside (IPTG. Recombinant protein was purified by affinity chromatography and confirmed by gel diffusion dot blot and western blot,-using specific anti Toxoplasma antibodies. Recombinant plasmid was induced by IPTG and analyzed by SDS-PAGE. Recombinant protein was confirmed by Western-blot and dot blot using anti human Toxoplasma antibody. Recombinant Toxoplasma P43 was produced successfully.
    Iranian journal of parasitology. 01/2012; 7(3):48-53.
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND AND THE PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Heat Shock Protein 90 (Hsp90) is typically the most abundant chaperone in the eukaryotic cell cytoplasm, and its expression is essential for loading immunogenic peptides onto major histocompatibility complex molecules for presentation to T-cells. Therefore, it may act as a good candidate as an adjuvant molecule in vaccine technology. Initially the human Hsp90β gene was cloned into the heat inducible expression vector pGP1-2 and then the recombinant protein was isolated by ion exchange chromatography. After intradermal injection of confirmed purified band of protein to rabbits and isolation of the serum IgG antibody, for its affinity purification, the rabbit's purified Hsp90 specific IgG was coupled to the cyanogen bromide-activated Sepharose 4B. The recovery of the purified protein of interest by affinity chromatography was 50%. This research enabled purification of human heat shock protein by a laboratory prepared column chromatography.
    DARU-JOURNAL OF FACULTY OF PHARMACY 01/2010; 18(1):64-8. · 0.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sulfur mustard (SM) has short- and long-term toxicity against various organs including the respiratory system. However, the basic and molecular mechanisms of SM long-term toxicity have not clearly been defined. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the association of soluble Fas ligand (sFasL) as well as nitric oxide (NO) serum levels with long-term pulmonary complications in a SM exposed population 20 years after SM exposure. In this historical cohort study 372 male SM exposed subjects and 128 age-matched unexposed controls were studied. Clinical evaluation and pulmonary function tests were carried out for all participants and serum concentrations of sFasL and NO measured. According to our results, the serum levels of sFasL and NO were not significantly different between the exposed and control groups. However, the serum levels of sFasL in the exposed group with pulmonary problems were significantly higher than their corresponding in the control group (116.711+/-81.166 vs 86.027+/-30.199 and p=0.028). Furthermore a significant elevation in sFasL levels was found in the exposed subjects with pulmonary problems compared to those exposed participants without pulmonary problems (116.711+/-81.166 vs 90.692+/-57.853 and p=0.004). Based on Global Initiative for chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) classification analysis a positive correlation was observed between sFasL levels and pulmonary problems. There was also a significant negative correlation between sFasL and the white blood cell (WBC) count in the SM exposed cohort, but not in the control group. No significant association was shown between NO and pulmonary impairment in the SM exposed subjects. Thus, our results indicate that elevated serum levels of sFasL may be associated with progression of pulmonary diseases in the SM exposed subjects.
    International immunopharmacology 10/2009; 9(13-14):1489-93. · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sulfur mustard (SM) is highly toxic for various organs. The eyes, skin, respiratory tract, as well hematopoietic and immune systems are the main organs affected by SM. Granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is a potent cytokine that plays an important role in the hematopoietic and immune system. The aim of this study was to determine the serum levels of GM-CSF and its relation to blood cell count and other inflammatory cytokines 20 years after SM exposure. The association of GM-CSF with the clinical severity of pulmonary, ophthalmic and dermatologic complications has also been studied. In this historical cohort study named as Sardasht-Iran Cohort Study (SICS), 369 SM exposed male participants and 125 unexposed volunteers were studied. The serum concentrations of cytokines were measured by ELISA technique. The severity of clinical complications was graded according to the criteria verified by the Medical Committee of the Foundation of Martyr and Veterans Affairs. The serum levels of GM-CSF in the SM exposed group did not display any significant differences with the control group. Median of GM-CSF was 7.33 and 9.39 pg/ml in the SM exposed group and the controls respectively. There was a positive correlation between the serum levels of GM-CSF and the percent of eosinophils only in the exposed group. Moreover, positive correlations were found between circulating levels of GM-CSF with IL-1alpha, IL-1beta, TNF-alpha and IL-6. This correlation was not observed between GM-CSF and IL-8 in both study groups. The serum levels of GM-CSF did not show any significant association with clinical complications.
    International immunopharmacology 10/2009; 9(13-14):1499-503. · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Until recently, the only tool for detection of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) was the tuberculin skin test (TST). QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube test (QFT) is a promising in vitro diagnostic test for LTBI that has potential advantages over the TST. In this study we aimed to compare QFT with TST for diagnosis of LTBI. A total of 186 BCG-vaccinated subjects enrolled in study. They underwent TST and QFT assay. They divided in two groups. Group 1 includes individuals who were at low risk for exposure to M. tuberculosis (LRG) and Group 2 includes individuals who were likely to have been exposed to M. tuberculosis infections (HRG). Overall agreement between QFT and TST was 89.3% (kappa = 0.052). In LRG, agreement between the two tests was 52.6% (95% confidence interval, 44-60%) with kappa-values of 0.019. In HRG agreement between the two tests was 63.2% (95% confidence interval, 42-84%) with kappa-values of 0.28. In conclusion, the QFT assay showed acceptable results for determining latent M. tuberculosis infection in vaccinated population. The decision to select QFT over TST will depend on the population, purpose of testing and resource availability.
    Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 03/2009; 15(1):148-51. · 1.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this research, we confirmed the positive SVC in three Indian carps spp. (1) Rohu ( Labeo rohita ), (2) Merigal ( Cirrhinus merigala ) and (3) Catla ( Catla catla ) with typical histopathologic signs and PCR sequencing. Nested-PCR used to amplify a fragment of viral glycoprotein gene in Shahid Beheshti University M.C. and PCR product was purified and submitted to sequencing and deposited to GenBank at accession No. FJ711168. Two sites in this research that, were placed in Khuzestan Province (Ahvaz City, South of Iran) and Gilan Province (Astaneh Ashrafieh City, North of Iran) aquaculture farms. Samples were prepared for PCR method in both sites (30 pieces from Khuzestan and 30 pieces from Gilan Province), that all of the (100%) samples were positive in Nested-PCR. In addition, other 60 samples for histopathologic studies in both sites (30 pieces from Khuzestan and 30 pieces from Gilan Province), (according to 10% prevalence). All of the (100%) typically samples were with major histopathologic signs. The results of this study indicate that SVC infection can be found in some Indian carp in Iran.
    Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences. 01/2008;
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    International Journal of Infectious Diseases - INT J INFECT DIS. 01/2008; 12.