Gail Horan

Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridge, England, United Kingdom

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Publications (5)4.96 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background: Pulmonary artery sarcoma (PAS) is a rare but aggressive malignancy that leads to heart failure and death without treatment. Here we reviewed the presentation and management of patients treated at a national centre for pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA) and its associated hospital in Cambridge, UK. Methods: Details of PAS patients treated at Papworth and Addenbrooke’s Hospitals between 2000 and 2014 were reviewed. Results: Twenty patients were diagnosed with PAS (11 males, 9 females), with a median age of presentation of 57 years (range 27–77). Presenting symptoms include dyspnoea (20), chest pain/tightness (7), oedema (5), constitutional symptoms (5), cough (3) and haemoptysis (3). Twelve patients were in group III/IV of the NYHA functional classification of symptoms. Initial CT scans were suggestive of thromboembolism in seven patients. Histological findings were of intimal sarcoma (13) and high grade sarcoma NOS (6). Median overall survival (OS) was 17 months. Fourteen patients underwent PEA to relieve vascular obstruction, while six had inoperable and/or metastatic disease. There were three peri-operative deaths. Although there was no difference in median OS between patients who had PEA and those who did not (20 vs 17 months, P = 0.2488), surgery provided significant symptomatic improvement and some with long-term survival. Five patients received postsurgical chemotherapy (anthracycline +/− ifosfamide), and after completion four also had radiotherapy. Patients who received post-operative chemo- and radio-therapy showed a trend towards better survival compared to those who had surgery alone (24 vs 8 months, P = 0.3417). For palliative chemotherapy, partial responses were observed with the VID regimen and pegylated liposomal doxorubicin. Stable disease was achieved in a patient with intimal sarcoma with rhabdomyosarcomatous differentiation on third-line cisplatin and topotecan. The longest surviving patient (102 months) has had PEA, adjuvant epirubicin and radiotherapy. She developed lung metastases 7 years later, which were treated with radiofrequency ablation. Conclusions: PAS often presents with symptoms mimicking pulmonary hypertension, heart failure or thromboembolic disease. PEA provides good symptomatic relief and in some cases, offers a chance of long-term survival. Although outcome appears to be better when PEA is combined with post-operative chemo- and radio-therapy, further studies are warranted.
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    ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT Background: We retrospectively analyzed data from patients who had been treated with trabectedin at our institution between April 2009 and August 2011. Patients & Methods: Data from 25 patients with recurrent soft tissue sarcoma (leiomyosarcoma: n = 8; liposarcoma: n = 5) were used to assess the efficacy and safety of trabectedin 1.5 mg/m(2) given every 3 weeks. Results: Most patients (n = 14) had been heavily pretreated with ≥2 previous chemotherapy lines. Eight (32%) patients achieved a partial response according to dimensional and tumor density changes, and seven (28%) patients had stable disease for ≥3 months (clinical benefit rate = 60%; n = 15). Median progression-free survival was 6.4 months and overall survival 19.3 months. Common adverse events were fatigue, nausea, anemia and transient transaminase increases. Conclusion: Treatment with trabectedin is effective and well tolerated in heavily pretreated soft tissue sarcoma patients. Tapering dexamethasone courses and switching trabectedin administration to an every 4 weeks schedule effectively dealt with persistent fatigue without compromising effectiveness.
    Future Oncology 01/2014; DOI:10.2217/fon.14.10 · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Desmoplastic small round cell tumour (DSRCT) is a rare but frequently fatal sarcoma, and many of its characteristics still require further clarification. We retrospectively analysed 41 patients treated at or referred to two regional referral centres in the UK between 1991 and 2012. A review of the current literature was also performed. The median age of presentation was 27 years (range 16 to 45 years), with a male-to-female ratio of 3:1. Ninety percent of patients had disease in the abdomen. The median size of the presenting tumour was 13 cm (range 3.5 to 23 cm), and 80% had metastatic disease at diagnosis, mainly in the liver (33%) and lungs (21%). Time-to-progression (TTP) was 3.9, 2.3 and 1.1 months after first-, second- and third-line chemotherapy, respectively. First-line treatment with VIDE chemotherapy appeared to confer the longest TTP (median 14.6 months). Ifosfamide and doxorubicin resulted in TTP of >3.8 months when used in any-line setting. Eleven patients received targeted agents as part of a clinical trial. After a median follow-up of 14 months, the overall median survival (MS) was 16 months. There was no difference in MS with regards to age, gender, or size of the presenting tumour. Patients with extra-abdominal disease survived longer compared to those with tumours in the abdomen (all still alive vs MS of 15 months; P = 0.0246). Patients with non-metastatic intra-abdominal disease who underwent surgery had an MS of 47 months (16 months for those who did not have surgery; P = 0.0235). Radiotherapy for locoregional control in patients with metastatic intra-abdominal DSRCT was associated with longer survival (MS of 47 vs 14 months; P = 0.0147). DSRCT is a rare but often fatal disease that mainly affects younger male patients. Those with intra-abdominal DSRCT have a poorer prognosis, although surgical resection for localised disease and radiotherapy in the metastatic setting are associated with improved survival. A patient's age, gender and size of presenting tumour do not have prognostic significance.
    11/2013; 3(1):14. DOI:10.1186/2045-3329-3-14
    This article is viewable in ResearchGate's enriched format
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Historically, GISTs were often misdiagnosed as other tumours. However, with the increasing awareness of GISTs, one needs to be careful in confirming the diagnosis since other tumours can simulate GISTs on endoscopy/imaging/histology. We report our 8 year experience of GIST mimics from the CGSG database. Methods: 250 cases discussed in the specialist multidisciplinary meeting from 2004 – 2012 were reviewed. Tumours initially suspected to be GISTs but turned out to be other tumours were included in this analysis. Patient demographics, endoscopic, imaging and histological features were analysed in 41 GIST mimics. Central review by specialist histopathologist was undertaken with immunohistochemical and molecular analysis to differentiate these tumours from GISTs. Results: GIST mimics N= 41. Median age 56 years (range 11 – 82 years), male:female ratio 1:1. Median size 8 cm (range 1.9 – 30 cm). Site of origin of tumours: stomach 34%, oesophagus/junction 15%, mesentery 12%, small bowel 10%, colon 5%, retroperitoneum 5%, pancreas 5%, liver 2% and indeterminate site of origin 12%. Suspicion of GIST was raised from imaging (46%), endoscopy (41%) and histology (39%). The histological subtypes of GIST mimics are summarised in the Table. Conclusions: Many benign and malignant tumours do mimic GISTs on imaging/endoscopy or histology. The diagnosis of GISTs should be made by a specialist multidisciplinary team with experience in imaging and histopathology. Distinguishing GISTs from their mimics is of critical importance both for prognosis and management. Histological subtype % of GIST mimics Histological subtype % of GIST mimics Leiomyoma 17 Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour 5 Leiomyosarcoma 17 Solitary fibrous tumour 5 Carcinomas 10 Metastatic melanoma 2 Inflammatory fibroid polyp 7 Other sarcomas 10 Neuroendocrine tumour 7 Other benign lesions 15 Intraabdominal desmoid 5
    2013 American Society of Clinical Oncology Annual Meeting; 05/2013
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    ABSTRACT: Background Supratentorial PNET (sPNET) are rare CNS tumors of embryonal origin arising in children and adults. The treatment of sPNET for all age groups at our cancer center has been based on the management of medulloblastoma (MB), involving neurosurgical debulking followed by cranio-spinal irradiation (CSI) and systemic chemotherapy.Methods Medical records were reviewed to gather demographic and clinical data about all embryonal CNS tumors in children and adults from 2001 to 2007. Tumor pathology, clinical management and survival data were also assessed, particularly as regards those patients who received the Packer chemotherapy regimen for either sPNET or MB.ResultsEleven patients (five children and six adults) were identified with non-pineal sPNET, three children with pineal sPNET, and 19 patients (18 children and 1 adult) with MB. There was no difference in overall survival (OS) rates between pediatric and adult sPNET. When all sPNET were compared to all MB, 5-year OS was 14% versus 73%, respectively, but was only 9% for non-pineal sPNET. When only considering those patients treated with the Packer chemotherapy regimen, the 5-year OS was 12% for sPNET versus 79% for MB.Conclusion This retrospective study demonstrates that non-pineal sPNET are clinically distinct from MB and are resistant to the Packer chemotherapy regimen. We suggest that it is time to reconsider the use of this regimen in teenage and young adult non-pineal sPNET and to investigate the utility of alternative approaches. Pediatr Blood Cancer 2009;52:796–803. © 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Pediatric Blood & Cancer 07/2009; 52(7):796 - 803. DOI:10.1002/pbc.21899 · 2.35 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

10 Citations
4.96 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013–2015
    • Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
      Cambridge, England, United Kingdom